www.nvcc.edu/workfo
EDUC 1816: Teaching Content ESL

American Culture & Language Institute, TESOL Certificate Program
Northern Virginia Commun...
Overview
•
•
•
•
•

What is Content ESL/ESP?
Origins of ESP
ESL Course Design
Materials Adaptation
Putting it into Practic...
What is Content ESL?
“ESP is an approach to language teaching in
which all decisions as to content and method
are based on...
What is Content ESL?
• Focus on learner’s needs on the job
• Content specific – pragmatics, speech acts,
jargon
• Most oft...
A Comparison
General ESL
Children or Adults
Study

ESP
Adults
Work

Language as Content
School Subject
Four language skill...
Origins of ESP
• World War II created growth in scientific,
technical, & economic activity worldwide
• English as lingua f...
English for Social
Science (ESS)

English for
Science &
Technology (EST)

English for
Business &
Economics (EBE)

English ...
Case in Point
• ESL students working in the health-care field would
study English for Science & Technology (EST)
English f...
Try It!
• Choose a type of ESP
– Social Science (ESS), Science & Tech. (EST), or
Business & Economics (EBE)

• Choose a su...
ESP Course Design
• Observe the worksite/educational institution
to identify pragmatics, speech acts, &
vocabulary.
• Cond...
ESP Course Design (cont.)
• Design activities so that students practice
–
–
–
–

Productive and receptive skills
Rehearsed...
Materials Adaptation
“ ESP teachers find themselves in a situation
where they are expected to produce a course
that exactl...
Materials Adaptation (cont.)
• Create a resource bank of job-related realia
– Forms
– Pamphlets or brochures
– Instruction...
Put it into Practice
• In pairs:
– Choose a field and subfield of ESP.
– Go to a local business and observe the
pragmatics...
Local Business

www.nvcc.edu/workfo
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Educ 1816 content esl

  1. 1. www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  2. 2. EDUC 1816: Teaching Content ESL American Culture & Language Institute, TESOL Certificate Program Northern Virginia Community College www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  3. 3. Overview • • • • • What is Content ESL/ESP? Origins of ESP ESL Course Design Materials Adaptation Putting it into Practice www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  4. 4. What is Content ESL? “ESP is an approach to language teaching in which all decisions as to content and method are based on the learner’s reason for learning.” Hutchinson & Walters, 1987 www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  5. 5. What is Content ESL? • Focus on learner’s needs on the job • Content specific – pragmatics, speech acts, jargon • Most often used with adult learners • Designed for intermediate to advanced level students • Often called English for Specific Purposes (ESP) www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  6. 6. A Comparison General ESL Children or Adults Study ESP Adults Work Language as Content School Subject Four language skills taught equally Language in Context Real-World Focus on language skills most needed for work www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  7. 7. Origins of ESP • World War II created growth in scientific, technical, & economic activity worldwide • English as lingua franca • Linguistics changed to focus on learners’ needs – Pre 1980s: focus on features of language + accuracy – Post 1980s: focus on language use in the real world + fluency www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  8. 8. English for Social Science (ESS) English for Science & Technology (EST) English for Business & Economics (EBE) English for Academic Purposes (EAP) English for Academic Purposes (EAP) English for Academic Purposes (EAP) English for Occupational Purposes (EOP) English for Occupational Purposes (EOP) English for Occupational Purposes (EOP) www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  9. 9. Case in Point • ESL students working in the health-care field would study English for Science & Technology (EST) English for Dental Technicians (EOP) • Greeting patients • Interviewing patients & writing notes • Advising the dentist and patient English for Medical Studies (EAP) • Reading textbooks • Writing reports/papers • Speaking with the professor & classmates • Listening & note taking www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  10. 10. Try It! • Choose a type of ESP – Social Science (ESS), Science & Tech. (EST), or Business & Economics (EBE) • Choose a subtype – English for Occupational Purposes – English for Academic Purposes • List three pragmatic acts or speech acts • Present to the class www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  11. 11. ESP Course Design • Observe the worksite/educational institution to identify pragmatics, speech acts, & vocabulary. • Conduct a needs assessment of major stakeholders. • Identify a methodology to promote real-world practice. – TBLT or TPR for example www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  12. 12. ESP Course Design (cont.) • Design activities so that students practice – – – – Productive and receptive skills Rehearsed and spontaneous speech acts Problem solving Correct vocabulary (register) for the workplace • Assess students’ success in meeting their goals. www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  13. 13. Materials Adaptation “ ESP teachers find themselves in a situation where they are expected to produce a course that exactly matches the needs of a group of learners, but are expected to do so with no, or very limited, preparation time.” Johns, 1990 www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  14. 14. Materials Adaptation (cont.) • Create a resource bank of job-related realia – Forms – Pamphlets or brochures – Instruction manuals • Adapt ESL textbook activities • Search YouTube for Dos & Don’ts of workplace or institutional behavior www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  15. 15. Put it into Practice • In pairs: – Choose a field and subfield of ESP. – Go to a local business and observe the pragmatics, speech acts, and vocabulary. – Collect any job-related realia – Create a 10 minute ESP mini lesson. – Teach the class. www.nvcc.edu/workfo
  16. 16. Local Business www.nvcc.edu/workfo
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