Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Educ 1724 teaching pronuciation
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Educ 1724 teaching pronuciation


Published on

Teaching pronunciation to ESL adults

Teaching pronunciation to ESL adults

Published in: Education, Technology

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide
  • Seinfeld video: low talker:
  • Cooking the rice activity handout.
  • Beach Boys – Wouldn’t it be nice handout.
  • State names & noun/verb stress shift
  • Kazoo handout.
  • Transcript

    • 1.
    • 2. EDUC 1724: Teaching Pronunciation American Culture & Language Institute, TESOL Certificate Program Northern Virginia Community College
    • 3. Overview • What is Pronunciation? • Pronunciation Myths • Stress, Pausing, Thought Groups, Intonation • Sounds (Phonemes) of American English • Noticing and Self Correction
    • 4. Reflection • Think about a time you either… – Couldn‟t understand what someone was saying – Couldn‟t make yourself understood. • What did you do?
    • 5. What is Pronənsiešən? • The way in which a language, a word, or a sound is spoken aloud • Communicative Language Teaching (CLT), focuses on the rhythm of speech as a whole, not on individual sounds. • The result? Fluency and more comprehensible speech!
    • 6. Pronunciation Myths • Only native speakers can teach it. • Teachers must speak „clearly,‟ not naturally as in normal conversation. • Pronunciation is about correctly producing consonant and vowel sounds. • Accent reduction teaches you to sound like an American.
    • 7. In the past.. Teacher Students Teacher Teacher • Demonstrates proper pronunciation of individual sounds or words. • Try to imitate teacher‟s speech. • Points out errors. Asks S to “listen harder.” • Repeats steps 1-3, slower and louder each time.
    • 8. Today.. Consonants & Vowels Stress, Thought Groups, Intonation, Linking • • • • • • Active Listening Noticing Monitoring Self-Correction Cultural Expectations Body Language Loudness & Pausing
    • 9. How the Brain Works Left Hemisphere Math, Logic, Analysis Grammar Rules Sequence Right Hemisphere Music Emotions & Facial Expressions Intonation To help students move from text bound speech, use right-hemisphere activities.
    • 10. Loudness • Different cultures have different expectations on what‟s appropriate. • Appropriate Loudness for English speaking culture: – Speaking too softly interferes with communication. – Speaking too loudly distorts speech. ELLs need time to comprehend. They aren‟t deaf.
    • 11. Teaching Appropriate Loudness • Discuss how body language interferes with speech. • Discuss how loudness is perceived in US vs. other cultures. • Indicate when we can‟t hear = Noticing • Discuss the pitfalls of inappropriate loudness.
    • 12. Pausing • The length of wait time between connected ideas/Thought Groups – Wait one clap between ideas. – Wait two claps at end punctuation. • ELLs often don‟t pause long enough or pause in the wrong places! • Result: Americans lose track of what ELLs are saying.
    • 13. Teaching Pausing • Create an activity with ordinal numbers or a series of steps: – Instructions – Recipes • Help ELLs identify when and how long to pause. • Practice choral repetition of instructions with pausing.
    • 14. Thought Groups • A group of words that express an idea • In writing, commas and periods mark thought groups. • In speaking, we pause slightly at commas and longer at periods. – I‟ll call you / when I finish my homework. – 202/546/7309
    • 15. Teaching Thought Groups • Choose known, lower-level reading material, poetry, or songs. • Encourage hypothesis testing, i.e. ELLs predict thought group position, based on punctuation. • Have ELLs listen to check predictions. • Practice choral reading, pausing at thought groups.
    • 16. Stress • A syllable in a word that sounds longer, louder, or changes in pitch. • Vowels receive stress. Consonants don‟t. • Often indicated with CAPITAL letters. • In English, stress carries meaning. – It‟s COLD. You NEED a COAT!
    • 17. Stress (cont.) • In natural speech… • Content Words are stressed: – nouns, main verbs, adjectives, adverbs, negatives • Function Words are unstressed or reduced: – aux verbs, prepositions, articles, pronouns
    • 18. Stress (cont.) • ELLs from syllable-timed languages put the stress on each word or syllable. – This makes ELLs sound angry, impatient, or robotic. – It makes Americans lose track of the meaning.
    • 19. Teaching Stress • Count syllables in multisyllabic words. • Compare stress shift between nouns & verbs. • Practice identifying and using stress with content words in sentences. • Rubber bands and clapping.
    • 20. Intonation • • • • • The change in pitch – rising or falling Yes/No Questions use rising intonation – Did you lock the door? Wh- Questions use falling intonation – What time does the bus arrive? Statements use falling intonation – I like chocolate. Choice questions use rising/falling intonation – Do you like Fall or Spring?
    • 21. Teaching Intonation • Teach intonation as in the context of an information exchange. – Asking for directions – Ordering food at a restaurant • Use kazoos to focus on the sound.
    • 22. English Phonemes • A unit of sound that distinguishes one word from another. – Rope – Leaf Robe Leave • In English speech, there are: – 24 consonant phonemes – 16 vowel phonemes
    • 23. Producing English Consonants t, d, s, z, n, l p, b, m, w ch, sh, r, y f, v k, g, x, w, ng th h
    • 24. Producing English Vowels u, ʊ i, I e, ɛ ə o, ɔ a/ɒ æ
    • 25. Producing English Diphthongs Iy ow ɛy oy ay
    • 26. Teaching Phonemes • Generally used as a repair strategy • Minimal Pairs: – die vs. tie or wed vs. wet – bit vs. beat or hoot vs. hot • Use mirrors and lollypops to aid in place of articulation identification. • Use rubber bands as kinesthetic input.
    • 27. Put it into Practice • Choose one aspect of pronunciation: pausing, stress, intonation. • Choose a participatory style: pairs, choral, small group, etc. • Create and teach a 10 minute mini lesson teaching an aspect of pronunciation.
    • 28. Useful Links • IPA Pronunciation Symbols – – – .htm phabet_for_English • Color Vowel Chart –
    • 29. Useful Textbooks • • • • Well Said, Linda Grant Targeting Pronunciation, Sue Miller Clear Speech from the Start, Judy Gilbert Learner English, Swan & Smith