Government and economics 1-2

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Notes from Chapter 1 Section 1 and Chapter 1 Section 2

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Government and economics 1-2

  1. 1. Government and Economics Chapter 1 Section1
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Civics- the study of the rights and duties of citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship/ being a citizen- community members who owe loyalty to the government and are entitled to protection from it </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary <ul><li>Service economy- having many citizens earning a living by providing services (doctors, lawyers, teachers) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocabulary <ul><li>Popular sovereignty- government by the governed </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions- sets of ideas that people have about relationships, obligations, roles, and functions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Key Ideas <ul><li>What it means to be a citizen and a citizens duties within a democratic country </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1600s-1700s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1800s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1900s </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Key Ideas <ul><li>Changes in Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The average age of the citizen is climbing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher educated population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hispanic population is the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Key Ideas <ul><li>Difference between principles and values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom, equality, opportunity, justice, democracy, unity, respect, and tolerance </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Chapter 1-2 Vocabulary <ul><li>Immigrants- people who move permanently to a new country </li></ul><ul><li>Deport- send them back to their own country </li></ul>
  9. 9. Vocabulary <ul><li>Resident alien- a person from a foreign country who has established permanent residence in the Unites States </li></ul><ul><li>Nonresident alien- expects to stay for a short, specified period </li></ul><ul><li>Refugees- people fleeing their country to escape persecution </li></ul>
  10. 10. Key Ideas <ul><li>2 ways to become citizens </li></ul>
  11. 11. Key Ideas <ul><li>Steps to become a citizen </li></ul>
  12. 12. Key Ideas <ul><li>How to lose citizenship </li></ul>
  13. 13. Key Ideas <ul><li>Rights of legal aliens </li></ul>
  14. 14. Key Ideas <ul><li>Restrictions on legal aliens </li></ul>
  15. 15. Additional Information <ul><li>675,000 aliens are accepted into the country a year </li></ul><ul><li>Priorities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatives of citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Job skills that are needed within the Unites States </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Additional Information <ul><li>12 million aliens living illegally in the United States </li></ul>

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