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Government 1-1 and 1-3

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Notes from Chapter 1 section 1 and Chapter 1 Section 3

Notes from Chapter 1 section 1 and Chapter 1 Section 3

Published in: Education, News & Politics

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Transcript

  • 1. Government Chapter 1
  • 2. Vocabulary
    • Civics- the study of the rights and duties of citizens
    • Citizenship/ being a citizen- community members who owe loyalty to the government and are entitled to protection from it
  • 3. Vocabulary
    • Service economy- having many citizens earning a living by providing services (doctors, lawyers, teachers)
  • 4. Vocabulary
    • Popular sovereignty- government by the governed
    • Institutions- sets of ideas that people have about relationships, obligations, roles, and functions.
  • 5. Key Ideas
    • What it means to be a citizen and a citizens duties within a democratic country
    • Immigration
      • 1600s-1700s
      • 1800s
      • 1900s
  • 6. Key Ideas
    • Changes in Population
      • The average age of the citizen is climbing
      • Higher educated population
      • Hispanic population is the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States
  • 7. Key Ideas
    • Difference between principles and values
      • Freedom, equality, opportunity, justice, democracy, unity, respect, and tolerance
  • 8. 1-3 Vocabulary
    • Government- the ruling authority for a community
    • Community- a group of people who share the same interests and concerns
    • Enforce- to carry out by force or ensure compliance
  • 9. Vocabulary
    • Public policy- the course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem
    • Budget- a plan for making and spending money
    • Democracy- a government in which citizens hold the power to rule
  • 10. Vocabulary
    • Direct Democracy- a form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand
    • Representative Democracy- a government in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf
    • Monarchy- a government with a hereditary ruler- a king, queen, or other royal figure who inherits this position of power
  • 11. Vocabulary
    • Majority rule- political principle providing that a majority of the members of a community has the power to make laws binding upon all the people
    • Authoritarian- a government in which one leader or group of people holds absolute power
  • 12. Vocabulary
    • Constrain- to force or limit, to hold back
    • Totalitarian- a system in which government control extends to almost all aspects of people‚Äôs lives