Government 1-1 and 1-3

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Notes from Chapter 1 section 1 and Chapter 1 Section 3

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Government 1-1 and 1-3

  1. 1. Government Chapter 1
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>Civics- the study of the rights and duties of citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship/ being a citizen- community members who owe loyalty to the government and are entitled to protection from it </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vocabulary <ul><li>Service economy- having many citizens earning a living by providing services (doctors, lawyers, teachers) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Vocabulary <ul><li>Popular sovereignty- government by the governed </li></ul><ul><li>Institutions- sets of ideas that people have about relationships, obligations, roles, and functions. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Key Ideas <ul><li>What it means to be a citizen and a citizens duties within a democratic country </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1600s-1700s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1800s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1900s </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Key Ideas <ul><li>Changes in Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The average age of the citizen is climbing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher educated population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hispanic population is the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Key Ideas <ul><li>Difference between principles and values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom, equality, opportunity, justice, democracy, unity, respect, and tolerance </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 1-3 Vocabulary <ul><li>Government- the ruling authority for a community </li></ul><ul><li>Community- a group of people who share the same interests and concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Enforce- to carry out by force or ensure compliance </li></ul>
  9. 9. Vocabulary <ul><li>Public policy- the course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem </li></ul><ul><li>Budget- a plan for making and spending money </li></ul><ul><li>Democracy- a government in which citizens hold the power to rule </li></ul>
  10. 10. Vocabulary <ul><li>Direct Democracy- a form of democracy in which the people vote firsthand </li></ul><ul><li>Representative Democracy- a government in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchy- a government with a hereditary ruler- a king, queen, or other royal figure who inherits this position of power </li></ul>
  11. 11. Vocabulary <ul><li>Majority rule- political principle providing that a majority of the members of a community has the power to make laws binding upon all the people </li></ul><ul><li>Authoritarian- a government in which one leader or group of people holds absolute power </li></ul>
  12. 12. Vocabulary <ul><li>Constrain- to force or limit, to hold back </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarian- a system in which government control extends to almost all aspects of people’s lives </li></ul>

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