Paraphrasing the Enlightenment

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Paraphrasing the Enlightenment

  1. 1. Paraphrasing the Enlightenment
  2. 2. Sources for Valid Research Material • Use reliable sources – Databases – Online encyclopedias – E-books and/or E-reference • LibGuides – Created for you by Library Staff
  3. 3. LibGuide for Western World Enlightenment
  4. 4. Searching the Sources • Use strong key words • Use numerous databases and/or sources • Read articles carefully for information • Use encyclopedias mainly for background information
  5. 5. Taking Notes on Information • When you find material you like, what should you do with it?
  6. 6. Step One • Write down, or copy/paste citation information
  7. 7. Step Two • Take the text you would like to use and paraphrase it.
  8. 8. What is Paraphrasing? • Taking the ideas or information from another source and putting it into your own words. • Give the source credit. Cite them. • If not, plagiarism.
  9. 9. What is Plagiarism? • Taking someone else’s work and using it as though it were your own. • What are the consequences of plagiarism?
  10. 10. How do we avoid Plagiarism? • Get very good at paraphrasing!!
  11. 11. Tips to Paraphrasing • Change the order of ideas • Keep length of paraphrase close to length of original text • Do not reuse key terms or phrases
  12. 12. Let’s Practice Paraphrasing • Enlightenment Information • Where is the citation?
  13. 13. Sample 1 Text: Central to Enlightenment thought were the use and the celebration of reason, the power by which man understands the universe and improves his own condition. Citation: "Enlightenment." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 16 Nov. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/188441/Enlightenment>. Paraphrase: The main idea of the Enlightenment was to use reason, the way a person comprehends the world and himself.
  14. 14. Sample 1 Again Text: Central to Enlightenment thought were the use and the celebration of reason, the power by which man understands the universe and improves his own condition. Citation: "Enlightenment." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 16 Nov. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/188441/Enlightenment>. Paraphrase: To enhance his life and understand the way of the world, men during the Enlightenment were encouraged to use reasonable thinking.
  15. 15. Practice 1 Text: The philosophers believed that the scientific method could be applied to the study of human nature. Creech, James. "Enlightenment." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2010. Web. 16 Nov. 2010. Paraphrase:
  16. 16. Practice 2 Text: Locke believed that anyone can reason, providing the capacity is allowed to develop. He therefore emphasized the importance of education and insisted on the right of free speech and on toleration for conflicting ideas. Creech, James. "Enlightenment." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2010. Web. 16 Nov. 2010. Paraphrase:
  17. 17. Works Cited Creech, James. "Enlightenment." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2010. Web. 16 Nov. 2010. "Enlightenment." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 16 Nov. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/188441/Enlightenment>. Houdon, Jean-Antoine: “Voltaire”. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Web. 16 Nov. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic- art/188441/11761/Voltaire-bronze-by-Jean-Antoine-Houdon-in-the- Hermitage-St>.

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