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Paraphrasing the Enlightenment

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  • 1. Paraphrasing the Enlightenment
  • 2. Sources for Valid Research Material
    Use reliable sources
    Databases
    Online encyclopedias
    E-books and/or E-reference
    LibGuides
    Created for you by Library Staff
  • 3. LibGuide for Western World Enlightenment
  • 4. Searching the Sources
    Use strong key words
    Use numerous databases and/or sources
    Read articles carefully for information
    Use encyclopedias mainly for background information
  • 5. Taking Notes on Information
    When you find material you like, what should you do with it?
  • 6. Step One
    Write down, or copy/paste citation information
  • 7. Step Two
    Take the text you would like to use and paraphrase it.
  • 8. What is Paraphrasing?
    Taking the ideas or information from another source and putting it into your own words.
    Give the source credit. Cite them.
    If not, plagiarism.
  • 9. What is Plagiarism?
    Taking someone else’s work and using it as though it were your own.
    What are the consequences of plagiarism?
  • 10. How do we avoid Plagiarism?
    Get very good at paraphrasing!!
  • 11. Tips to Paraphrasing
    Change the order of ideas
    Keep length of paraphrase close to length of original text
    Do not reuse key terms or phrases
  • 12. Let’s Practice Paraphrasing
    Enlightenment Information
    Where is the citation?
  • 13. Sample 1
    Text:
    Central to Enlightenment thought were the use and the celebration of reason, the power by which man understands the universe and improves his own condition.
    Paraphrase: The main idea of the Enlightenment was to use reason, the way a person comprehends the world and himself.
    Citation: "Enlightenment." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 16 Nov. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/188441/Enlightenment>.
  • 14. Sample 1 Again
    Text:
    Central to Enlightenment thought were the use and the celebration of reason, the power by which man understands the universe and improves his own condition.
    Paraphrase: To enhance his life and understand the way of the world, men during the Enlightenment were encouraged to use reasonable thinking.
    Citation: "Enlightenment." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 16 Nov. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/188441/Enlightenment>.
  • 15. Practice 1
    Text:
    The philosophers believed that the scientific method could be applied to the study of human nature.
    Paraphrase:
    Creech, James. "Enlightenment." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2010. Web.  16 Nov. 2010.
  • 16. Practice 2
    Text:
    Locke believed that anyone can reason, providing the capacity is allowed to develop. He therefore emphasized the importance of education and insisted on the right of free speech and on toleration for conflicting ideas.
    Paraphrase:
    Creech, James. "Enlightenment." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2010. Web.  16 Nov. 2010.
  • 17. Works Cited
    Creech, James. "Enlightenment." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2010. Web.  16
    Nov. 2010.
    "Enlightenment." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 16
    Nov. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/188441/Enlightenment>.
    Houdon, Jean-Antoine: “Voltaire”. Photograph. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Web.
    16 Nov. 2010 <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic- art/188441/11761/Voltaire-bronze-by-Jean-Antoine-Houdon-in-the- Hermitage-St>.