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Ap caiii in text citations

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  • 1. MLA In-text Citations Direct Quote, Summary & Paraphrasing Examples
  • 2. Citing a Direct Quote “The key to the mission was the innovative idea of combining an aircraft carrier with the Billys. Japan assumed itself safe from air threats because land-based U.S. Army aircraft couldn’t reach the homeland from Hawaii or Midway” (Bradley 102). When you have text that you want to quote directly, follow these steps:  Copy the quote word- for-word, using the exact same punctuation, spelling, etc.  Attribute the author and the page number directly after the quoted text. Works Cited Bradley, James. Flyboys: A True Story of Courage. Little Brown and Company; New York, 2003.
  • 3. Direct Quote w/Author in text According to Bradley “the key to the mission was the innovative idea of combining an aircraft carrier with the Billys” (102). When you have text that you want to quote directly but you attribute the author in the quote, follow these steps:  Copy the quote word- for-word, using the exact same punctuation, spelling, etc. after your attribution.  Attribute only the page number directly after the quoted text. Works Cited Bradley, James. Flyboys: A True Story of Courage. Little Brown and Company; New York, 2003. Author name here, not needed in p.r. Bradley stated “the key to the mission was the innovative idea of combining an aircraft carrier with the Billys” (102). OR…
  • 4. Paraphrasing  When you have text that you paraphrase, follow these steps:  Read the quote, then put the quote in your own words.  Do not just choose a few words to change!!  Attribute the author and the page number directly after the quoted text. Works Cited Bradley, James. Flyboys: A True Story of Courage. Little Brown and Company; New York, 2003. Text: Japan assumed itself safe from air threats because land-based U.S. Army aircraft couldn’t reach the homeland from Hawaii or Midway. Because U.S. aircraft were grounded Japan thought air attacks weren’t likely (Bradley 102).
  • 5. Paraphrasing  Read the text to the right.  Then read the sample paraphrase below.  Is this is a good example of paraphrasing?  Why or why not? Original Paragraph The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty (Wooten). The state government should make a law so that judges can decide the death penalty without 12 jurors agreeing. The jurors should all agree the criminal is guilty, but the final punishment should be left up to the judge (Wooten). Works Cited Wooten, Jim. “Death Penalty: Fix What’s Broken.” Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Atlanta, GA). 15 Dec 2008: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 07 Oct 2010.
  • 6. Paraphrasing  Read the text to the right.  Then read the sample paraphrase below.  Is this is a good example of paraphrasing?  Why or why not? Original Paragraph from Source A The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty. Laws should be changed so that once jurors have unanimously determined a person’s guilt, the decision to charge capital punishment should be determined by the judge, not the jury (Source A).
  • 7. Working Source Name into Paraphrase  Use transitional terms such as: According to, furthermore, etc.  Use action verbs such as: stated, defended, argued, etc. Original Paragraph from Source A The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty. According to Source A laws should be changed so that once jurors have unanimously determined a person’s guilt, the decision to charge capital punishment should be determined by the judge, not the jury.
  • 8. Working Source Name into Paraphrase Original Paragraph from Source A The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty. Source A stated laws should be changed so that once jurors have unanimously determined a person’s guilt, the decision to charge capital punishment should be determined by the judge, not the jury (Source A).  Use transitional terms such as: According to, furthermore, etc.  Use action verbs such as: stated, defended, argued, etc.  What’s wrong with this? Why isn’t this necessary?
  • 9. Working Source Name into Paraphrase Original Paragraph The General Assembly should act to allow judges to impose capital punishment without requiring all 12 jurors to agree on death. All 12 should agree on guilt, but the penalty phase should be a simple recommendation to the judge who could impose the appropriate penalty (Source B). Judges should make the final decision as to a criminal’s punishment. Source B argued that laws should be changed so that once jurors have unanimously determined a person’s guilt, the decision to charge capital punishment should be determined by the judge, not the jury.  Use transitional terms such as: According to, furthermore, etc.  Use action verbs such as: stated, defended, argued, etc. Your thought or argument, followed by support from Source B
  • 10. Works Cited Bradley, James. Flyboys: A True Story of Courage. Little Brown & Company; New York, 2003. The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2010. Web. 07 Oct 2010. Wooten, Jim. "Death Penalty: Fix What's Broken." Atlanta Journal- Constitution (Atlanta, GA). 15 Dec 2008: n.p. SIRS Researcher. Web. 07 Oct 2010.