GNU GPL Vikas Mishra [ the Č Ý B Ē Я Ñ Ā Ź | ™ ] Viswanathan Karthik Linux
Moving to LinuxKiss the Blue Screen of Death Goodbye! It's time! Say "Goodbye" to Windows crashes, viruses, hassles, and costs!
The Birth of Linux From: torvalds@klaava.Helsinki.FI (Linus Benedict Torvalds) Newsgroups: comp.os.minix Subject: What would you lik to see most in minix? Summary: small poll for my new operating system Message-ID: <1991Aug25.205708.9541@klaava.Helsinki.FI> Date: 25 Aug 91 20:57:08 GMT Organization: University of Helsinki Hello everybody out there using minix - I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won’t be big and professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been brewing since april, and is starting to get ready. I'd like any feedback on things people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it somewhat (same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical reasons) among other things). I've currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40), and things seem to work. This implies that I'll get something practical within a few months, and I'd like to know what features most people would want. Any suggestions are welcome, but I won't promise I'll implement them :-) Linus (email@example.com) PS. Yes - it's free of any minix code, and it has a multi-threaded fs. It is NOT protable (uses 386 task switching etc), and it probably never will support anything other than AT-hard disks, as that's all I have :-(.
Introduction What is Linux Linux is a kernel, the brains or control center a collection of software packages, usually referred to as a Linux distribution. Popular distributions include Mandrake, Red Hat, SuSE, Debian, and others. Is Linux really FREE? TANSTAAFL (Robert A. Heinlein) A free download will still cost you connection time on the Internet, disk space, time to burn the CDs, and so on. "Free as in speech" "Free as in beer" Distributed under the GPL
What do you gain? No operating system will ever be perfect, but Linux is getting pretty close. With Linux, you'll gain : Better Security Increased Stability Power from your OS Money (saved!) Freedom from legal hassles
What do you lose? Hardware and peripheral support Some hardware is designed to run exclusively with Windows (eg: Winmodems). Linux developers continue to work on drivers Shrink-wrapped software. Hot new games or popular packages may not be available at your local software store. Still, thousands of packages exist for Linux a click away. A step into the unknown. Learning curve. Even moving from 95 to XP will take some retraining.
What about support? Corporate support through large vendors like Red Hat, SuSE, Mandrake, IBM, HP, and others. Worldwide community support : IRC chats, Linux User Groups, mailing lists Linux Documentation Project http://www.tldp.org HOWTOs, man pages, books Linux technical support "among the best"
Getting Linux Buy a boxed set of Red Hat, Mandrake, SuSE, Xandros, Lindows, and others. Download ISOs (images) from the vendors or visit http://www.linuxiso.org Borrow disks from a friend, copy, and burn your own. Redistribute them yourself
Linux with Windows? Set up a dual boot system Use VMWare and run multiple distributions http://www.vmware.com Win4Lin for Win 95, 98, or ME www.netraverse.com WINE or FREEDOS for simple applications CrossOver Office or CrossOver Plugin lets you run some of the more popular apps without requiring a copy of Windows.
Installations Modern Linux distributions are even easier to install than Windows Most will repartition your drive automatically or resize it to allow for a Linux/Windows dual-boot system Answer a few questions, click Next a few times and you are running Linux
Desktop Options KDE (K Desktop Environment) mature, friendly, integrated, and slick east to use first choice for new desktop users GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment) also very nice with GNOME 2 releases IceWM, WindowMaker (dock apps!), XFCE
Desktop Customization KDE is very customizable icons, fonts, colors, backgrounds, window decorations, themes, sounds, etc desktop can be themed to suit any personal tastes or to adhere within a corporate look and feel Visit http://www.kdelook.org for lots of ideas
File Management KDE's file manager is Konqueror Konqueror is many things file manager web browser CVS browser image gallery and digital camera tool universal viewer
Konqueror Konqueror showing off file manager, icon view, and shell access.
Internet Access Linux supports pretty much every form of network access Dial-up through Kppp or wvdial Cable modem connections through dhcp ADSL Modern distributions provide wizards for getting you connected, like Mandrake's Drakconf tool or SuSE's YaST2.
Dial Up Configuration Kppp makes it easy to set up a dial up Internet connection.
Instant Messaging Linux Instant Messaging clients support many protocols and networks : Yahoo!, MSN, Jabber, ICQ, AOL, etc. Popular clients include : GAIM Kopete
Electronic Mail Linux provides many different packages for electronic mail. From a variety of text-only clients to full featured graphical programs, you won't lack for anything. Text only mutt, pine, & elm are among the more popular Graphical Kmail, Evolution, Sylpheed, Mozilla, and more
Kmail Features Integrates beautifully into KDE desktop Supports IMAP, POP3, & multiple accounts Includes privacy features like PGP/GnuPG encryption, user defined filters, and SSL/TLS. PGP/MIME and S/MIME attachments Fully configurable interface (colors/fonts) Multi-level folders, drag and drop, spell checking, multiple identities, and more . . .
Evolution Features Integrates email, calendaring, scheduling, contact management in one place Users coming from Outlook will feel right at home with the interface design. With "Ximian Connector", Evolution can easily integrate into an MS Exchange environment. Supports IMAP/POP and secure connects Multiple identities
Web Browsing As with Email, Linux has a number of options for web browsing, in both text-only and full graphical mode. Text-only browsers include : links, lynx, w3m (limited graphics capability), & more Graphical browsers : Konqueror, Mozilla, Galeon, Opera, & more
Mozilla Features Mozilla is a combination web browser, email client, HTML editor, IRC chat client, and more! Standards compliant, SLL, Also stop popup ads, cookies, etc. Features tabbed browsing Available for Linux, Windows, Mac OS/X For Mozilla's lightweight 'browser only', check out Mozilla Firebird.
Updates by Distribution Red Hat Linux up2date Mandrake urpmi / Mandrake Update (or through drakconf) SuSE Online Update through YaST2 Debian apt-get
Word Processors As with so many things in the Linux world, there are a lot of word processor choices. The most powerful is Writer, part of the OpenOffice.org suite (and its commercial cousin, StarOffice). Microsoft Word users find themselves very comfortable with OpenOffice. More than 99% Microsoft Word compatible. "Moving to Linux" was written with OO Writer. Other options include Abiword, Kword, etc.
Scanning Images Most popular scanning tools are XSane and Kooka (the GIMP also features scanner plugins) Kooka is KDE's scanning tool. It is friendly and easy to use. With gocr, Kooka does optical character recognition (OCR) XSane, while powerful, may not be quite as polished looking. On the other hand, it also makes a great fax machine and photocopier.
Image Manipulation The GIMP is an amazingly powerful image manipulation package (similar to Adobe PhotoShop) Create professional looking logos in seconds. Easily manipulate digital camera images, adjust light levels, get rid of red eyes, and add special effects. ripples, metallic embossing, borders, flares, shadows, canvas and cloth effects, distorts, blurs, and more!
Multimedia Modern Linux distributions offer an impressive selection of programs to satisfy your cravings for the multimedia experience. These include : Mixers Audio players CD players, rippers, and burning tools Video conferencing Video and DVD players
Playing Music For CD's, look at KsCD For MP3 and OGG files, XMMS and NoAtun. XMMS and NoAtun are slick, skinnable, and feature many visual and audio plugins.
Watching Movies Many options including Mplayer, xine, and Ogle. Watch video clips, DVDs, etc. Mplayerplugin and Kmplayer lets you integrate mplayer into your browser.
Playing Games There are tons of games available for Linux. Several will be installed as part of your KDE setup. More again with GNOME. They include single and multiplayer, networked games, board, adventure, and arcade games. At this time, most 'boxed' commercial Windows games will not play under Linux. You can, however, use WineX to play many of the most popular games without resorting to Windows.
Card Games Play poker, Solitaire, and many patience-type games.
Board Games Board games are still cool! Cooler if you consider that you can now play games like battleship and monopoly over the Internet.
Educational Games Learn about the stars and planets. Learn to type. Or just make faces with the Potato Guy.
Arcade Action You'll find a lot of your old favorites as well as some new ones.
Here comes your footer Page 45 The Future I hope you've enjoyed this little tour of Linux and the Linux Desktop. With all the power, stability, security, fun, and flexibility at your command . . . Linux is the future of computing!
Here comes your footer Page 46 THANK YOU ;-) Linux is the future of computing! thecybernazi.blogspot.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com