Introduction to LINUX by Cybernazi


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Introduction to LINUX by Cybernazi

  1. 1. GNU GPL<br />Vikas Mishra [ the Č Ý B Ē Я Ñ Ā Ź | ™ ]<br />Viswanathan Karthik<br />Linux<br />
  2. 2. Moving to LinuxKiss the Blue Screen of Death Goodbye!<br /> It&apos;s time!<br /> Say &quot;Goodbye&quot; to Windows<br /> crashes, viruses, hassles,<br /> and costs!<br />
  3. 3. The Birth of Linux<br />From: torvalds@klaava.Helsinki.FI (Linus Benedict Torvalds)<br /> Newsgroups: comp.os.minix<br /> Subject: What would you lik to see most in minix?<br /> Summary: small poll for my new operating system<br /> Message-ID: &lt;1991Aug25.205708.9541@klaava.Helsinki.FI&gt;<br /> Date: 25 Aug 91 20:57:08 GMT<br /> Organization: University of Helsinki<br /> Hello everybody out there using minix -<br /> I&apos;m doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won’t be big and professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been brewing since april, and is starting to get ready. I&apos;d like any feedback on things people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it somewhat (same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical reasons) among other things).<br /> I&apos;ve currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40), and things seem to work. This implies that I&apos;ll get something practical within a few months, and I&apos;d like to know what features most people would want. Any suggestions are welcome, but I won&apos;t promise I&apos;ll implement them :-)<br /> Linus (<br /> PS. Yes - it&apos;s free of any minix code, and it has a multi-threaded fs. It is NOT protable (uses 386 task switching etc), and it probably never will support anything other than AT-hard disks, as that&apos;s all I have :-(.<br />
  4. 4. Introduction<br />What is Linux<br />Linux is a kernel, the brains or control center a collection of software packages, usually referred to as a Linux distribution. Popular distributions include Mandrake, Red Hat, SuSE, Debian, and others.<br />Is Linux really FREE?<br />TANSTAAFL (Robert A. Heinlein)<br />A free download will still cost you connection time on the Internet, disk space, time to burn the CDs, and so on.<br />&quot;Free as in speech&quot;<br />&quot;Free as in beer&quot;<br />Distributed under the GPL<br />
  5. 5. What do you gain?<br />No operating system will ever be perfect, but Linux is getting pretty close. With Linux, you&apos;ll gain :<br />Better Security<br />Increased Stability<br />Power from your OS<br />Money (saved!)<br />Freedom from legal hassles<br />
  6. 6. What do you lose?<br />Hardware and peripheral support<br />Some hardware is designed to run exclusively with Windows (eg: Winmodems). Linux developers continue to work on drivers<br />Shrink-wrapped software. <br />Hot new games or popular packages may not be available at your local software store. Still, thousands of packages exist for Linux a click away.<br />A step into the unknown. Learning curve.<br />Even moving from 95 to XP will take some retraining.<br />
  7. 7. What about support?<br />Corporate support through large vendors like Red Hat, SuSE, Mandrake, IBM, HP, and others.<br />Worldwide community support : IRC chats, Linux User Groups, mailing lists<br />Linux Documentation Project<br /><br />HOWTOs, man pages, books<br />Linux technical support &quot;among the best&quot;<br />
  8. 8. Getting Linux<br />Buy a boxed set of Red Hat, Mandrake, SuSE, Xandros, Lindows, and others.<br />Download ISOs (images) from the vendors or visit<br />Borrow disks from a friend, copy, and burn your own.<br />Redistribute them yourself<br />
  9. 9. Linux with Windows?<br />Set up a dual boot system<br />Use VMWare and run multiple distributions<br /><br />Win4Lin for Win 95, 98, or ME<br /><br />WINE or FREEDOS for simple applications<br />CrossOver Office or CrossOver Plugin<br />lets you run some of the more popular apps without requiring a copy of Windows.<br />
  10. 10. Installations<br />Modern Linux distributions are even easier to install than Windows<br />Most will repartition your drive automatically or resize it to allow for a Linux/Windows dual-boot system<br />Answer a few questions, click Next a few times and you are running Linux<br />
  11. 11. Desktop Options<br />KDE (K Desktop Environment)<br />mature, friendly, integrated, and slick<br />east to use <br />first choice for new desktop users<br />GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment)<br />also very nice with GNOME 2 releases<br />IceWM, WindowMaker (dock apps!), XFCE<br />
  12. 12. Desktop Customization<br />KDE is very customizable<br />icons, fonts, colors, backgrounds, window decorations, themes, sounds, etc<br />desktop can be themed to <br />suit any personal tastes or to<br />adhere within a corporate<br />look and feel<br />Visit for lots of ideas<br />
  13. 13. File Management<br />KDE&apos;s file manager is Konqueror<br />Konqueror is many things<br />file manager<br />web browser<br />CVS browser<br />image gallery and digital camera tool<br />universal viewer<br />
  14. 14. Konqueror<br />Konqueror<br />showing off<br />file manager, <br />icon view, <br />and shell<br />access.<br />
  15. 15. Internet Access<br />Linux supports pretty much every form of network access<br />Dial-up through Kppp or wvdial<br />Cable modem connections through dhcp<br />ADSL <br />Modern distributions provide wizards for getting you connected, like Mandrake&apos;s Drakconf tool or SuSE&apos;s YaST2.<br />
  16. 16. Dial Up Configuration<br />Kppp makes it <br />easy to set up a<br />dial up Internet <br />connection.<br />
  17. 17. Instant Messaging<br />Linux Instant Messaging clients support many protocols and networks : Yahoo!, MSN, Jabber, ICQ, AOL, etc.<br />Popular clients <br /> include :<br />GAIM<br />Kopete<br />
  18. 18. Electronic Mail<br />Linux provides many different packages for electronic mail. From a variety of text-only clients to full featured graphical programs, you won&apos;t lack for anything.<br />Text only<br />mutt, pine, & elm are among the more popular<br />Graphical<br />Kmail, Evolution, Sylpheed, Mozilla, and more<br />
  19. 19. Kmail Features<br />Integrates beautifully into KDE desktop<br />Supports IMAP, POP3, & multiple accounts<br />Includes privacy features like PGP/GnuPG encryption, user defined filters, and SSL/TLS.<br />PGP/MIME and S/MIME attachments<br />Fully configurable interface (colors/fonts)<br />Multi-level folders, drag and drop, spell checking, multiple identities, and more . . .<br />
  20. 20. KDE&apos;s Kmail<br />
  21. 21. Evolution Features<br />Integrates email, calendaring, scheduling, contact management in one place<br />Users coming from Outlook will feel right at home with the interface design.<br />With &quot;Ximian Connector&quot;, Evolution can easily integrate into an MS Exchange environment.<br />Supports IMAP/POP and secure connects<br />Multiple identities<br />
  22. 22. Evolution: Email & more<br />
  23. 23. Web Browsing<br />As with Email, Linux has a number of options for web browsing, in both text-only and full graphical mode.<br />Text-only browsers include :<br />links, lynx, w3m (limited graphics capability), & more<br />Graphical browsers :<br />Konqueror, Mozilla, Galeon, Opera, & more<br />
  24. 24. Konqueror Features<br />Aside from being a great browser, Konqueror is also a powerful file manager. <br />Supports Java, JavaScript, Netscape and Mozilla plugins (Flash, RealAudio, etc)<br />HTML 4.0, SSL, CSS 1 and 2<br />Tabbed browsing, multi-pane, multi-featured!<br />Use it to block pop-up ads, cookies<br />Will impersonate many other browsers<br />
  25. 25. Browsing with Konqueror<br />
  26. 26. Mozilla Features<br />Mozilla is a combination web browser, email client, HTML editor, IRC chat client, and more!<br />Standards compliant, SLL, <br />Also stop popup ads, cookies, etc.<br />Features tabbed browsing<br />Available for Linux, Windows, Mac OS/X<br />For Mozilla&apos;s lightweight &apos;browser only&apos;, check out Mozilla Firebird.<br />
  27. 27. Browsing with Mozilla<br />
  28. 28. Updates by Distribution<br />Red Hat Linux<br />up2date<br />Mandrake<br />urpmi / Mandrake Update (or through drakconf)<br />SuSE<br />Online Update through YaST2<br />Debian<br />apt-get<br />
  29. 29. Word Processors<br />As with so many things in the Linux world, there are a lot of word processor choices. The most powerful is Writer, part of the suite (and its commercial cousin, StarOffice).<br />Microsoft Word users find themselves very comfortable with OpenOffice.<br />More than 99% Microsoft Word compatible.<br />&quot;Moving to Linux&quot; was written with OO Writer.<br />Other options include Abiword, Kword, etc.<br />
  30. 30. Working with OO Writer<br />
  31. 31. Working with OO Calc<br />
  32. 32. Working with Impress<br />
  33. 33. Scanning Images<br />Most popular scanning tools are XSane and Kooka (the GIMP also features scanner plugins)<br />Kooka is KDE&apos;s scanning tool. It is friendly and easy to use. With gocr, Kooka does optical character recognition (OCR)<br />XSane, while powerful, may not be quite as polished looking. On the other hand, it also makes a great fax machine and photocopier.<br />
  34. 34. Scanning Images and Text<br />
  35. 35. Image Manipulation<br />The GIMP is an amazingly powerful image manipulation package (similar to Adobe PhotoShop)<br />Create professional looking logos in seconds.<br />Easily manipulate digital camera images, adjust light levels, get rid of red eyes, and add special effects.<br />ripples, metallic embossing, borders, flares, shadows, canvas and cloth effects, distorts, blurs, and more!<br />
  36. 36. Working with the GIMP<br />
  37. 37. Multimedia<br />Modern Linux distributions offer an impressive selection of programs to satisfy your cravings for the multimedia experience. These include :<br />Mixers<br />Audio players<br />CD players, rippers, and burning tools<br />Video conferencing<br />Video and DVD players<br />
  38. 38. Playing Music<br />For CD&apos;s, look at KsCD<br />For MP3 and OGG files, XMMS and NoAtun.<br />XMMS and NoAtun are slick, skinnable, and feature many visual and audio plugins.<br />
  39. 39. Watching Movies<br />Many options including Mplayer, xine, and Ogle.<br />Watch video <br />clips, DVDs, etc.<br />Mplayerplugin<br />and Kmplayer lets<br />you integrate<br />mplayer into your<br />browser.<br />
  40. 40. Playing Games<br />There are tons of games available for Linux. Several will be installed as part of your KDE setup. More again with GNOME. <br />They include single and multiplayer, networked games, board, adventure, and arcade games.<br />At this time, most &apos;boxed&apos; commercial Windows games will not play under Linux. You can, however, use WineX to play many of the most popular games without resorting to Windows.<br />
  41. 41. Card Games<br />Play poker, Solitaire, and many patience-type games.<br />
  42. 42. Board Games<br />Board games are still cool! Cooler if you consider <br />that you can <br />now play <br />games like <br />battleship and <br />monopoly <br />over the <br />Internet.<br />
  43. 43. Educational Games<br />Learn about the stars and planets. Learn to type. Or just make faces with the Potato Guy.<br />
  44. 44. Arcade Action<br />You&apos;ll find a lot of your old favorites as well as some new ones.<br />
  45. 45. Here comes your footer  Page 45<br />The Future<br />I hope you&apos;ve enjoyed this little tour of Linux and the Linux Desktop. With all the power, stability, security, fun, and flexibility at your command . . . <br />Linux is the future of computing!<br />
  46. 46. Here comes your footer  Page 46<br />THANK YOU ;-) <br />Linux is the future of computing!<br /><br /><br /><br />