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Introduction to LINUX by Cybernazi


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This is a slide to Introduce beginners to world of Linux !!

This is a slide to Introduce beginners to world of Linux !!

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  • 1. GNU GPL
    Vikas Mishra [ the Č Ý B Ē Я Ñ Ā Ź | ™ ]
    Viswanathan Karthik
  • 2. Moving to LinuxKiss the Blue Screen of Death Goodbye!
    It's time!
    Say "Goodbye" to Windows
    crashes, viruses, hassles,
    and costs!
  • 3. The Birth of Linux
    From: torvalds@klaava.Helsinki.FI (Linus Benedict Torvalds)
    Newsgroups: comp.os.minix
    Subject: What would you lik to see most in minix?
    Summary: small poll for my new operating system
    Message-ID: <1991Aug25.205708.9541@klaava.Helsinki.FI>
    Date: 25 Aug 91 20:57:08 GMT
    Organization: University of Helsinki
    Hello everybody out there using minix -
    I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won’t be big and professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been brewing since april, and is starting to get ready. I'd like any feedback on things people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it somewhat (same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical reasons) among other things).
    I've currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40), and things seem to work. This implies that I'll get something practical within a few months, and I'd like to know what features most people would want. Any suggestions are welcome, but I won't promise I'll implement them :-)
    Linus (
    PS. Yes - it's free of any minix code, and it has a multi-threaded fs. It is NOT protable (uses 386 task switching etc), and it probably never will support anything other than AT-hard disks, as that's all I have :-(.
  • 4. Introduction
    What is Linux
    Linux is a kernel, the brains or control center a collection of software packages, usually referred to as a Linux distribution. Popular distributions include Mandrake, Red Hat, SuSE, Debian, and others.
    Is Linux really FREE?
    TANSTAAFL (Robert A. Heinlein)
    A free download will still cost you connection time on the Internet, disk space, time to burn the CDs, and so on.
    "Free as in speech"
    "Free as in beer"
    Distributed under the GPL
  • 5. What do you gain?
    No operating system will ever be perfect, but Linux is getting pretty close. With Linux, you'll gain :
    Better Security
    Increased Stability
    Power from your OS
    Money (saved!)
    Freedom from legal hassles
  • 6. What do you lose?
    Hardware and peripheral support
    Some hardware is designed to run exclusively with Windows (eg: Winmodems). Linux developers continue to work on drivers
    Shrink-wrapped software.
    Hot new games or popular packages may not be available at your local software store. Still, thousands of packages exist for Linux a click away.
    A step into the unknown. Learning curve.
    Even moving from 95 to XP will take some retraining.
  • 7. What about support?
    Corporate support through large vendors like Red Hat, SuSE, Mandrake, IBM, HP, and others.
    Worldwide community support : IRC chats, Linux User Groups, mailing lists
    Linux Documentation Project
    HOWTOs, man pages, books
    Linux technical support "among the best"
  • 8. Getting Linux
    Buy a boxed set of Red Hat, Mandrake, SuSE, Xandros, Lindows, and others.
    Download ISOs (images) from the vendors or visit
    Borrow disks from a friend, copy, and burn your own.
    Redistribute them yourself
  • 9. Linux with Windows?
    Set up a dual boot system
    Use VMWare and run multiple distributions
    Win4Lin for Win 95, 98, or ME
    WINE or FREEDOS for simple applications
    CrossOver Office or CrossOver Plugin
    lets you run some of the more popular apps without requiring a copy of Windows.
  • 10. Installations
    Modern Linux distributions are even easier to install than Windows
    Most will repartition your drive automatically or resize it to allow for a Linux/Windows dual-boot system
    Answer a few questions, click Next a few times and you are running Linux
  • 11. Desktop Options
    KDE (K Desktop Environment)
    mature, friendly, integrated, and slick
    east to use
    first choice for new desktop users
    GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment)
    also very nice with GNOME 2 releases
    IceWM, WindowMaker (dock apps!), XFCE
  • 12. Desktop Customization
    KDE is very customizable
    icons, fonts, colors, backgrounds, window decorations, themes, sounds, etc
    desktop can be themed to
    suit any personal tastes or to
    adhere within a corporate
    look and feel
    Visit for lots of ideas
  • 13. File Management
    KDE's file manager is Konqueror
    Konqueror is many things
    file manager
    web browser
    CVS browser
    image gallery and digital camera tool
    universal viewer
  • 14. Konqueror
    showing off
    file manager,
    icon view,
    and shell
  • 15. Internet Access
    Linux supports pretty much every form of network access
    Dial-up through Kppp or wvdial
    Cable modem connections through dhcp
    Modern distributions provide wizards for getting you connected, like Mandrake's Drakconf tool or SuSE's YaST2.
  • 16. Dial Up Configuration
    Kppp makes it
    easy to set up a
    dial up Internet
  • 17. Instant Messaging
    Linux Instant Messaging clients support many protocols and networks : Yahoo!, MSN, Jabber, ICQ, AOL, etc.
    Popular clients
    include :
  • 18. Electronic Mail
    Linux provides many different packages for electronic mail. From a variety of text-only clients to full featured graphical programs, you won't lack for anything.
    Text only
    mutt, pine, & elm are among the more popular
    Kmail, Evolution, Sylpheed, Mozilla, and more
  • 19. Kmail Features
    Integrates beautifully into KDE desktop
    Supports IMAP, POP3, & multiple accounts
    Includes privacy features like PGP/GnuPG encryption, user defined filters, and SSL/TLS.
    PGP/MIME and S/MIME attachments
    Fully configurable interface (colors/fonts)
    Multi-level folders, drag and drop, spell checking, multiple identities, and more . . .
  • 20. KDE's Kmail
  • 21. Evolution Features
    Integrates email, calendaring, scheduling, contact management in one place
    Users coming from Outlook will feel right at home with the interface design.
    With "Ximian Connector", Evolution can easily integrate into an MS Exchange environment.
    Supports IMAP/POP and secure connects
    Multiple identities
  • 22. Evolution: Email & more
  • 23. Web Browsing
    As with Email, Linux has a number of options for web browsing, in both text-only and full graphical mode.
    Text-only browsers include :
    links, lynx, w3m (limited graphics capability), & more
    Graphical browsers :
    Konqueror, Mozilla, Galeon, Opera, & more
  • 24. Konqueror Features
    Aside from being a great browser, Konqueror is also a powerful file manager.
    Supports Java, JavaScript, Netscape and Mozilla plugins (Flash, RealAudio, etc)
    HTML 4.0, SSL, CSS 1 and 2
    Tabbed browsing, multi-pane, multi-featured!
    Use it to block pop-up ads, cookies
    Will impersonate many other browsers
  • 25. Browsing with Konqueror
  • 26. Mozilla Features
    Mozilla is a combination web browser, email client, HTML editor, IRC chat client, and more!
    Standards compliant, SLL,
    Also stop popup ads, cookies, etc.
    Features tabbed browsing
    Available for Linux, Windows, Mac OS/X
    For Mozilla's lightweight 'browser only', check out Mozilla Firebird.
  • 27. Browsing with Mozilla
  • 28. Updates by Distribution
    Red Hat Linux
    urpmi / Mandrake Update (or through drakconf)
    Online Update through YaST2
  • 29. Word Processors
    As with so many things in the Linux world, there are a lot of word processor choices. The most powerful is Writer, part of the suite (and its commercial cousin, StarOffice).
    Microsoft Word users find themselves very comfortable with OpenOffice.
    More than 99% Microsoft Word compatible.
    "Moving to Linux" was written with OO Writer.
    Other options include Abiword, Kword, etc.
  • 30. Working with OO Writer
  • 31. Working with OO Calc
  • 32. Working with Impress
  • 33. Scanning Images
    Most popular scanning tools are XSane and Kooka (the GIMP also features scanner plugins)
    Kooka is KDE's scanning tool. It is friendly and easy to use. With gocr, Kooka does optical character recognition (OCR)
    XSane, while powerful, may not be quite as polished looking. On the other hand, it also makes a great fax machine and photocopier.
  • 34. Scanning Images and Text
  • 35. Image Manipulation
    The GIMP is an amazingly powerful image manipulation package (similar to Adobe PhotoShop)
    Create professional looking logos in seconds.
    Easily manipulate digital camera images, adjust light levels, get rid of red eyes, and add special effects.
    ripples, metallic embossing, borders, flares, shadows, canvas and cloth effects, distorts, blurs, and more!
  • 36. Working with the GIMP
  • 37. Multimedia
    Modern Linux distributions offer an impressive selection of programs to satisfy your cravings for the multimedia experience. These include :
    Audio players
    CD players, rippers, and burning tools
    Video conferencing
    Video and DVD players
  • 38. Playing Music
    For CD's, look at KsCD
    For MP3 and OGG files, XMMS and NoAtun.
    XMMS and NoAtun are slick, skinnable, and feature many visual and audio plugins.
  • 39. Watching Movies
    Many options including Mplayer, xine, and Ogle.
    Watch video
    clips, DVDs, etc.
    and Kmplayer lets
    you integrate
    mplayer into your
  • 40. Playing Games
    There are tons of games available for Linux. Several will be installed as part of your KDE setup. More again with GNOME.
    They include single and multiplayer, networked games, board, adventure, and arcade games.
    At this time, most 'boxed' commercial Windows games will not play under Linux. You can, however, use WineX to play many of the most popular games without resorting to Windows.
  • 41. Card Games
    Play poker, Solitaire, and many patience-type games.
  • 42. Board Games
    Board games are still cool! Cooler if you consider
    that you can
    now play
    games like
    battleship and
    over the
  • 43. Educational Games
    Learn about the stars and planets. Learn to type. Or just make faces with the Potato Guy.
  • 44. Arcade Action
    You'll find a lot of your old favorites as well as some new ones.
  • 45. Here comes your footer  Page 45
    The Future
    I hope you've enjoyed this little tour of Linux and the Linux Desktop. With all the power, stability, security, fun, and flexibility at your command . . .
    Linux is the future of computing!
  • 46. Here comes your footer  Page 46
    THANK YOU ;-)
    Linux is the future of computing!