Interfacing with the State and Local levels on transportation funding


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This is part of a multipart presentation on understanding the state and local transportation planning, and therefore funding, process.

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  • First Reading: A bill is introduced or read the first time when the bill number, the name of the author, and the descriptive title of the bill is read on the floor of the house. The bill is then sent to the Office of State Printing. No bill may be acted upon until 30 days has passed from the date of its introduction. Second and Third Readings: Bills passed by committees are read a second time on the floor in the house of origin and then assigned to third reading. Bill analyses are also prepared prior to third reading. When a bill is read the third time it is explained by the author, discussed by the Members and voted on by a roll call vote. Bills that require an appropriation or that take effect immediately, generally require 27 votes in the Senate and 54 votes in the Assembly to be passed. Other bills generally require 21 votes in the Senate and 41 votes in the Assembly. If a bill is defeated, the Member may seek reconsideration and another vote.
  • MPO will have a committee under various names– a quick search included Transportation Technical Committee (Birmingham), Transportation Planning Committee (Tucson), Partnership Technical Advisory Committee (Bay Area), Transit Technical Advisory Subcommittee (LA), Transportation Planning Board Technical Committee (DC), Transportation Planning Council (Miami), Transportation and Air Quality Committee (Atlanta), Regional Transportation Advisory Council (Boston), Regional Technical Advisory Committee (Jersey), Transportation Advisory Committee (Columbus and here in Vermont), Technical Advisory Committee (Houston), Surface Transportation Technical Committee (Arlington, TX). Frequently, there are also TDM sub-committees or task forces whose memberships are not filled.
  • Interfacing with the State and Local levels on transportation funding

    1. 1. Federal Funding Streams<br />What are we working with at the state and local levels?<br />
    2. 2. Federal Funding Basics<br />Heavy Vehicle Taxes<br />Federal Fuel Taxes<br />Tire Tax<br />Congress<br />Title 23 - Highway<br />Title 49 - Transit<br />
    3. 3. Requirements<br />Projects must be included in the approved Statewide Transportation Improvement Program (STIP) and, in Urbanized Areas (UZAs), the metropolitan transportation plan (Plan) and Transportation Improvement Program (TIP).<br />
    4. 4. <ul><li>49 USC Chapter 53 governs transit
    5. 5. Planning and operations standards
    6. 6. Specific programs and funding
    7. 7. Formula funding</li></ul>Funding – Title 49<br />
    8. 8. Federal Transit Administration (FTA)<br />Section 5307 (MPOs)<br />Large Urban Formula ($$$/Rev-Mile, NTD)<br />Small Urban Formula ($$$/Rev-Mile, NTD)<br />Section 5311 (State DOTs)<br />Rural (A, B & C categories)<br />Other<br />Job Access & Reverse Commute<br />
    9. 9. <ul><li>49 USC 5307 – Urban Formula Funding
    10. 10. Formula funds for systems operating in areas with a population greater than 200K
    11. 11. 80/20 federal share (adjust for federal lands)
    12. 12. Annual appropriation
    13. 13. Capital costs only</li></ul>Funding– Title 49<br />
    14. 14. <ul><li>49 USC 5340 – Growing and High Density
    15. 15. Additional funding for areas meeting any of six performance characteristics
    16. 16. Funding attached with 5307 funding</li></ul>Funding– Title 49<br />
    17. 17. Where does the Formula $$$ go?<br />
    18. 18. <ul><li>49 USC 5311 – Formula grants for other than urbanized areas
    19. 19. Formula funding for areas less than 200K
    20. 20. Capital plus some eligible operating expenses
    21. 21. Some set-asides for intercity bus, tribal transportation, and technical assistance
    22. 22. % share changes based on project</li></ul>Funding– Title 49<br />
    23. 23. FTA Section 5311 Eligibility<br />Areas not currently in UZA are eligible for Sec. 5311 funding, even if they are included in metro area planning boundary (which includes the air quality non-attainment boundary)<br />Projects may include transportation TO and FROM urbanized areas<br />Service area may include destinations ACROSS a state line<br />
    24. 24. Category A<br />Category B<br />Category C – “Program Reserve”<br />State may not assign more than 10% of Section 5311 program to Category C<br />FTA Section 5311 Eligibility<br />
    25. 25. <ul><li>Other programs that may be mentioned
    26. 26. 5310 Elderly & Disabled
    27. 27. 5317 New Freedoms (disabled)
    28. 28. 5316 JARC
    29. 29. More strings than other funding sources
    30. 30. 50/50 Operating, 80/20 Capital only</li></ul>Funding – Title 49<br />
    31. 31. <ul><li>Certain highway funds can be “flexed” to cover projects defined as transit
    32. 32. National Highway System (NHS)
    33. 33. Surface Transportation Program (STP)
    34. 34. Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program (CMAQ)</li></ul>Funding– Title 23<br />
    35. 35. Federal Highway Administration(FHWA)<br />Funds May be Used for Highway or Transit Purposes<br />National Highway System (NHS) <br />Interstate Maintenance (IM) <br />Surface Transportation Program (STP) <br />Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation (HBRRP) <br />Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement Program (CMAQ) <br />Transportation, Community, and System Preservation Program (TCSP)<br />
    36. 36. <ul><li>National Highway System
    37. 37. May be flexed to transit projects meeting program criteria (improvements or maintenance on interstates)
    38. 38. Most applicable option: major reconstruction project mitigation</li></ul>Funding– Title 23<br />
    39. 39. <ul><li>Surface Transportation Program (STP)
    40. 40. Discretionary on part of recipient as to type of project
    41. 41. Any project meeting FTA criteria is eligible</li></ul>Funding– Title 23<br />
    42. 42. <ul><li>Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Program (CMAQ)
    43. 43. Funding focused on areas not meeting air quality standards
    44. 44. Most frequently used funding source for TDM projects
    45. 45. Depending on the project, may have a time limit on use</li></ul>Funding– Title 23<br />
    46. 46. <ul><li>Note: States may choose to move NHS and other highway funds into the STP program, and then use those funds for transit projects</li></ul>Funding– Title 23<br />
    47. 47. So how is this money then spent? <br /><ul><li>It all depends on who is receiving it and what the plan says…</li></ul>Funding & Planning Overview<br />
    48. 48. <ul><li>Funding is split by formula between states and metropolitan regions
    49. 49. State funding to DOTs
    50. 50. Metropolitan funding goes to Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs)</li></ul>Planning Overview<br />
    51. 51. <ul><li>Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs)
    52. 52. Must be designated by the state to cover major metros
    53. 53. Each has their own project selection process and involvement to meet federal criteria, end result is embodied in the Transportation Improvement Plan (TIP)</li></ul>Planning Overview<br />
    54. 54. <ul><li>State DOTs
    55. 55. Generally have their own planning section responsible for the state TIP
    56. 56. Frequently generic, project selection is often done through the state legislature off of a project selection list provided by the DOT</li></ul>Planning Overview<br />
    57. 57. <ul><li>So how do we interact with the TIP/STIP?
    58. 58. Have the most recent document with project lists on hand
    59. 59. Research who the project selection committee is and what their process is
    60. 60. Pay attention to the meeting notices</li></ul>Planning Overview<br />
    61. 61. <ul><li>Note:
    62. 62. TIPs/STIPs only cover highway and discretionary transit projects
    63. 63. Projects using formula funds (5307) are at the discretion of the receiving transit agency, therefore must find a transit improvement plan or transit development plan to determine agency intent</li></ul>Planning Overview<br />
    64. 64. <ul><li>Know the state DOT structure
    65. 65. Know the transit agencies
    66. 66. Know who the MPOs are
    67. 67. Be willing to work in multiple formats</li></ul>So where do I start?<br />
    68. 68. State & Local Communication<br />How do I take what I know and make it work for me?<br />
    69. 69. State Legislature<br />To borrow a phrase: it’s similar but different<br />Similarities:<br />2 chambers<br />Regular schedule<br />Process for passage involving both chambers and executive veto possibility<br />Differences:<br />Limited Schedules<br />More bill procedure (i.e. leadership control of calendar)<br />Less staff support<br />
    70. 70. Session Calendars<br />
    71. 71. State Legislative Process is more involved<br />
    72. 72. State Legislative Process is more involved<br />
    73. 73. State DOT basics<br />Responsible for all federal highway funds outside of designated metropolitan areas<br />Level of responsibility within metropolitan areas varies based on state law and appropriations<br />Responsible for all federal transit funds outside of designated metropolitan areas<br />Constrained with JARC, New Freedoms to those projects contained within Consolidated Human Service Plans<br />Must have a State Transportation Improvement Program (TIP)<br />Although yearly program funds may be appropriated by Legislature first<br />
    74. 74. State DOT basics<br />Planning, Transit, and Finance are often completely separate groups<br />Developing friends or internal advocates is key<br />May delegate responsibilities on a regional basis<br />Not enough to just know the folks at HQ<br />State funding programs vary widely<br />Take the time to educate yourself on the funding streams<br />
    75. 75. MPO basics<br />Designated by Governor to receive federal transportation funding, both highway and transit<br />Best list currently available at<br />Required to have a Metropolitan Transportation Improvement Program and a Consolidated Human Services Plan<br />May have responsibilities that go well beyond transportation <br />Long Range Planning<br />Zoning and Land Use<br />Water/Sewer<br />
    76. 76. MPO basics<br />Governance frequently done by some sort of city/county representation<br />Current requirements for regular, formal citizen outreach often conducted through a committee<br />Requirement of a transit technical committee<br />No requirement for proportionate representation<br />MPO TIP governs the use of transit funds<br />Important point, as many MPOs simply follow the transit program for funding to the point of simply having one line item for transit monies<br />
    77. 77. Communication basics remain the same<br />Your method of communication depends on the message<br />Volume ≠ Effectiveness<br />Don’t assume they know you or your issue, even if you’ve met with them before<br />Be specific<br />Be a resource<br />Be polite and patient, but do follow-up<br />Don’t vilify the opposition<br />
    78. 78. Beyond the basics<br />
    79. 79. 1. Know who you are dealing with<br />Each state DOT has an assigned person/group to deal with your issue (even Tennessee)<br />Each MPO has someone assigned to the planning division to work with transit agencies and/or someone to manage the TIP process<br />Know who these folks are and how they fit into the hierarchy of their organization<br />
    80. 80. 2. You have a right to be at the meeting<br />Frequent, open meetings offered at DOT level<br />Planning<br />Commission<br />TIP input<br />State Conferences<br />MPO requirement for input from citizens and technical committees<br />Public notice on meeting places and times<br />
    81. 81. 3. The important part of the meeting isn’t the meeting<br />Who is sitting around the table?<br />What are the qualifications for being at the table?<br />Are these people you already meet with regularly, or whose subordinates you already meet with?<br />“make friends and influence people”<br />If you can help someone do their job more effectively, they will make the time to listen to you<br />
    82. 82. 4. Know as much or more than the folks you are dealing with<br />Become a resource for them to help solve their problems<br />Be consistent in your explanations of programs, funding, and barriers<br />Note what is working, not just what isn’t working<br />Know their issues as well as your own<br />
    83. 83. 5. Don’t be afraid of the guys in the suits<br />Government is simply a different business model<br />Non-profit<br />Public shareholders<br />Job responsibilities, just like you<br />Goals and objectives, just like you<br />At the end of the day, is trying to get something done or a need met<br />