The Dalai Lama, Tibet's political and spiritual leader, fled Tibet in 1959 to Dharamsala, India, followed by over 100,000 Tibetans and established the Tibetan Government-in Exile
Torture remains widespread in Tibet and is used by the authorities to send a clear signal to Tibetans that political dissent is dangerous and often deadly. Women, children and men are all known to have been subjected to torture.
Tibetan Buddhist monk PaldenGyatsospent the majority of 33 years in prison, enduring brutal physical and psychological abuse and torture by the Chinese authorities attempting to break his will. In 1992 he finished serving his sentence and escaped to India, smuggling with him several torture instruments used on him in prison
Common torture methods in Tibet are: beatings, use of electric shock batons, submersion in pits of sewage, exposure to conditions of extreme heat or cold, deprivation of sleep, food or water, prolonged solitary confinement, denial of medical treatment, hard labor, harassment by dogs and being hanged upside down.
Torture is an everyday reality in Tibet. Torture is used by China as a weapon against dissent, creating a climate of fear. Torture must stop.