SS8CG6 The student will explain how the
Georgia court system treats juvenile
a. Explain the difference between delinquent
behavior and unruly behavior and the
consequences of each
b. Describe the rights of juveniles when taken
c. Describe the juvenile justice system,
emphasizing the different jurisdictions,
terminology, and steps in the juvenile justice
d. Explain the seven delinquent behaviors that
can subject juvenile offenders to the adult
criminal process, how the decision to transfer to
adult court is made, and the possible
Who are juveniles?
Juveniles are citizens under the age of
As a citizen, juveniles must follow the
same local, state, and federal laws
that all other citizens follow.
But juveniles have special status
under the law, and they must also
follow some laws that do not apply to
What is a juvenile?
What is the difference between a delinquent act
and an unruly behavior?
What are the consequences for a delinquent act
and an unruly behavior?
What rights do juveniles have when taken into
What are the steps in the juvenile justice process?
What are the seven delinquent behaviors, and how are
decisions made to send juveniles accused of these
behaviors to adult court?
Two terms that are important to
understand when dealing with
juvenile laws and courts.
A delinquent act – is an act that would
be considered a crime if committed by
A status offense- also known as an
unruly behavior. It is an act that would
not be considered a crime if
committed by an adult.
Law and Order
Georgia’s Juvenile Court
In 1906, the Georgia General
Assembly passed a law establishing a
special court for juveniles.
In 1911, Fulton County became the
first county in Georgia to set up a
Today, every county in Georgia has
one. The judges in juvenile courts are
appointed to that position by the
superior court judges.
Juvenile Court System’s
To help and protect the well-being of
To make sure that any child coming
under the jurisdiction of the court
receives the care, guidance, and
To provide care for children who
have been removed from their
Steps in the Juvenile Justice
Intake- When a juvenile is taken into
2. Detention -If juvenile is detained, a
probable cause hearing before the
juvenile judge must be held within 72
hours. The juvenile judge has three
options: dismiss case, have an informal
adjustment, or have a formal hearing.
3. Informal adjustment –This is held for
first time offenders, and the juvenile is
held under supervision of the court for
at least 90 days.
Formal hearing (is the third step if
informal adjustment is not held.) This
hearing is divided into two parts.
1st Adjudicatory hearing- somewhat like
a trial, juvenile judge hears the case
and evidence against the juvenile
and the defense.
2nd Dispositional hearing- where judge
determines punishment for the
Appeal- A juvenile has the right to
appeal his or her case.
Show your S.W.A.G
when your cup is
Work with your group!
Analyze the situation you
have been given!
Generate a court case!
Each Group will have these
Record keeper-you will decide which
act the juvenile character in your
group committed, and why.
Characters: Tray, Sarah, and
Analyze what Georgia’s Seven Deadly
When each case is presented your
group will decided whether the act
committed by the juvenile character
was one of Georgia’s Seven Deadly
If a case is taken to the superior court
you three will be the jury.