Dalton Conley IntroductionIntroduction to Sociology Monday, 1/23/12
IntroductionConley opens with the example of why you arereading the chapter in front of you. What is hetrying to do with this example?
Thinking Like a Sociologist"making the familiar strange"
C. Wright MillsThe sociological imagination● Our lives are "ordinary" - i.e., typical of the time period in which we live● But we are not alone - we have our time period and experiences in common with othersThus, the sociological imagination keeps usfrom being "falsely conscious" of our lives.
Pulp FictionWhat is the dialogue from Pulp Fiction meant toillustrate?What do we mean by "xenophobia" and why isthis an important concept for sociologists?
The True Costs of EducationHow does Conley complicate the idea that ifyou go to college, youll make more money?What does he conclude?What are the alternate explanations Conleyprovides? (page 5)
Social Institution"A social institution is a group of socialpositions, connected by social relations,performing a social role."How can we think of college as a socialinstitution, using our classroom as an example?What does Conley mean when he states socialinstitutions are "not monolithic"?
The Sociology of SociologyKey figures in the founding of sociology as adiscipline
Auguste Comte19th Century, France"social physics" or "positivism"3 epistemological stages of society: theological,metaphysical, and scientificIntroduces theme of "morals"
Harriet Martineau19th Century, EnglandTranslated Comte into EnglishExtended theme of morals to U.S.Wrote about methods, using the socialinstitution of marriage as an example
Karl Marx19th Century, GermanyHistorial materialismClass conflict - capitalists vs workers (orowners vs proletariat)
Max Weber19th/20th Centuries, GermanyBrought ideas back in (so - challengedhistorical materialism)Prosestant Ethic and the Spirit of CapitalismVerstehen - "understanding" - interpretation
Emile Durkheim19th/20th Centuries, FranceDivision of laborWhat holds society together?Anomie - normlessnessPositivism
The Chicago SchoolHelps found American sociologyWhat is going on in Chicago at the turn of the20th century that shapes sociological analysis?
The Sociological SelfCharles Horton Cooley - "looking-glass self"George Herbert Mead - "generalized other"
W.E.B. DuBoisFirst African American to receive a PhD fromHarvardDouble consciousnessTalented tenth
Jane AddamsUrban displacement and disorderHull House - "settlement house movement"Applied or public sociology
Structural Functionalism"organicism" & DurkeimParts of society = systems andorgans of the human bodyMerton: manifest and latent functionsWhat about the Chicago School?
Conflict TheoryMarxInequality and competition characterize modernsociety
Feminist TheoryRelated to conflict theoryFocuses on "social construction of gender"SocializationLooking-glassgendered self?
Symbolic InteractionismWhat makes this different from structuralfunctionionalism and conflict theory?Erving Goffman - dramatugical theory