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Developing Countries Pursuing Nuclear Technology

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In This Podcast, We'll Be Discussing Nuclear Proliferation. We'll Take a Look at Two Well-Known Developing Countries Who have Nuclear Ambitions, and Explain The implications of allowing these …

In This Podcast, We'll Be Discussing Nuclear Proliferation. We'll Take a Look at Two Well-Known Developing Countries Who have Nuclear Ambitions, and Explain The implications of allowing these countries to develop nuclear technology.

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  • 1. Nuclear Proliferation in Developing Countries Robby Lock 4th Period Mrs. Blocker’s Contemporary World Issues Class
  • 2. Why Do Developing Countries Pursue Nuclear Technology ?
    • Increased International Attention and Influence
    • Demonstrates Country’s Technological Ability
    • Country Lacks Nuclear Deterrent
    • Neighbors Developed/Developing Nuclear Technology
    • Negotiating Asset
  • 3. Iran’s Pursuit of Nuclear Technology Reason for Controversy
    • Controversy exists over Iran’s Uranium Enrichment Program.
    • United States claims Iran is intending to develop Nuclear Weapons
    • Israel- Threat to Sole Possession of Nuclear Technology
    • Iran pursuing Nuclear weapons encourages neighboring countries to pursue nuclear technology
  • 4. Iran’s Pursuit of Nuclear Technology Introduction
    • 1950’s- Nuclear Technology Introduced to Iran
    • 1970- Iran Ratifies Nuclear NPA
    • 1974- Saudi Arabia Tests Nuclear Device
    • 1979- Iranian Revolution
    • First Nuclear Power Plant: Bushehr I
    • Iranian Government Asserts Program is Peaceful, not for Arms.
    Iranian Leader Tours Nuclear Research Center Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • 5. Iran’s Pursuit of Nuclear Technology Recent Developments
    • August 2002 – Uranium Enrichment Plant in Natanz, Iran Discovered
    • December 2002 – U.S. accuses Iran of Pursuing Nuclear Weapons
    • December 2006- Nuclear Technology Trade Ban Introduced
    • Israel Threatens to Attack Iran’s Nuclear Facilities
    • Iran now has approximately 1 Metric Ton of enriched Uranium
    • Iran has imported some “Weapons Grade” Uranium
    • Not Sufficient for A Bomb
    • Cannot Produce “Weapons Grade” Uranium Domestically (April 2009)
  • 6. North Korea’s Pursuit of Nuclear Technology Background Information
    • 1993- North Korea Quits Nuclear Nonproliferation treaty
    • 1994- U.S. and Pyongyang Agreement: International Aid Developing Nuclear Power in Exchange for Dismantlement of North Korean Nuclear Program
    • 1998- North Korea Launches Missile over Japan into Pacific Ocean
    • 2000- U.S. Nuclear Power Construction in North Korea Delayed, Threatens to Restart Nuclear Arms Program
    • 2002- President George Bush Declares North Korea in “Axis of Evil”
    North Korea Leader: Kim Jong Il
  • 7. North Korea’s Pursuit of Nuclear Technology Recent Developments
    • 2006- North Korea Tests Taepodong 2 Missile. Test Fails.
    • 2007 – North Korea Agrees to Dismantle Nuclear Arms Plants
    • April 5 2009 - North Korea Claims to Launch Satellite into Space, U.S. says test failed
    • April 10 2009 - announces it will tighten economic sanctions against North Korea to punish the communist regime for its launch of a rocket
    • April 13 2009- UN Demands North Korea: No More Rocket Launches
    • April 18 2009- North Korea says any Sanctions imposed will be considered “Act of War”
  • 8. How Do We Prevent Nuclear Proliferation?
    • The Goal is to Maintain Peaceful uses of Nuclear Technology (Like Nuclear Power), while simultaneously preventing the spread of nuclear weapons.
    • Early 1960’s – Many Military and Political Leaders feared spread of Nuclear Weapons
    • Late 1960’s – United States and Russia Develop Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty
  • 9. Citation Page
    • Text Sources:
    • &quot;Nuclear Weapons - Iran.&quot; Global Security. 24 Apr 2009 <http:// www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/iran/nuke.htm >.
    • Bruno, Greg. &quot;Iran's Nuclear Program.&quot; Council on Foreign Affairs. 24 Apr 2009 <http://www.cfr.org/publication/16811/>.
    • Iran's Nuclear Development . Washington Post. 27 Apr 2009 <http://www.washingtonpost.com/wpdyn/content/custom/2006/01/17/CU2006011701017.html>.
    • Karimi , Nasser. Iran warns Israel not to attack nuclear sites . The Associated Press. 27 Apr 2009 <http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5hi58geGWwMsGjnKsymks3m8U-rbQD97MUILO0>.
    • Montlake, Simon. &quot;US officials weigh Iran's nuclear weapons capability.&quot; Christian Science Monitor. 27 Apr 2009 <http://www.csmonitor.com/2009/0302/p99s01-wome.html>.
    • &quot;Timeline: N. Korea Nuclear Dispute.&quot; CNN. 27 Apr 2009 <http://www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/asiapcf/04/22/nkorea.timeline/>.