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MCOM 510 Class 11
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  • Plethora of tech CTIA – International assoc. for wireless telecommunication industry (2010) - # of wireless subscribers increased 78% from 1995 – 2009, with 276.6 million in june 2009 1.36 trillion SMS messages (short message service) in 2009, recent article teenage girls send ave of 100 text messages daily FB – more than 3.5 billion pieces of content (web links, news stories, posts, pics, etc) every week
  • Emotional impact Li and Beran (2005) - Students report feeling angry, sad and hurt when CB Chapell et al (2006) – number of studies found that most school shooters had been bullied Sanchez et al (2009) – 60% of health professional report at least one patient with a “problematic internet experience,” 54% of those reported were 18 0r younger News reports of teens turning to suicide (Megan Meier – mom acted like BF, 2007); Phoebe Prince (2 teenagers suspended in Mass for CB, 2010)
  • Trad vs. CB Kowalski & Limber (2007) – 24/7 access – unlike trad when students could be safe at home Ybarra, Diener-West & Leaf (2007) – CB 12 or more times a year may result in increased behavior problems; 1 in 5 reported bringing weapon to school within month before survey Juvonen & Gross (2008) – survey 1,454 12 – 17 year old; 19% CB 7 or more times in past year Anonymity Ability to bully w/o victim knowing who the bully is gives bully more power Kowalski & Limber (2007) – victim doesn’t know if there is one, or several bullies Emotional Impact Bully is buffered from concern about victim b/c no personal contact w/ CB (Kowalski & Limber, 2007); may believe they are just joking, can’t see the emotional response of victim (Kowalski & Raskuaskas) Camera phones – intimate pics are quickly disseminated via cell phones and social networking (Kowalski & Limber)
  • Connection Juvonen – N = 1,454, 72% of youth reported being CB at least once in the past year, youth bullied in school face higher probability of being CB Ybarra – N = 1500, 64% who reported CB were not being harassed in school Culture Li – Middle school students in Canada and China – 157 students 25% of Cnadian and 202 students, 60% of chinese had been CB Ybarra & Mitchell (2007) – Hispanic and white youth were most likely to frequently harass others using the Internet Gender – Girls – (Dilmac, 2009) -covert style, less evident, but reported more concern Boys – (Li, 2005, Ybarra & Mitchell, 2007) - overt CB, less likely to see a problem with it
  • Understanding technology used Kowalksi – 3,767 middle school students Raskuaskas – 84 students 13 – 18 years Autonomy of youth – Jovonen & Gross (2008) – those being bullied think they are capable of dealing w/ it alone by blocking screen names or ignoring & don’t turn to parents b/c afraid of losing access to technology Agatston, Kowalski, & Limber (2005) – students unlikely to report CB to the school, don’t think adults can help resolve the issue Involvement of adults Kowalski & Limber (2007) – admin has to educate teachers and youth of issue Rasuaskas & Stoltz, Ybarra, Diener-West, & Leaf (2007) – parents need to be willing to assist admin DISCUSS
  • Free response – type your concept or understanding of what a PLN is Discuss, then click for all images
  • Finding Feeds • Blogs, podcasts, news sites, and many other media services syndicate their content through RSS feeds
  • Open Google, go to Reader and show how to search for cyberbullying news feed Click Add a subscription and type in CB
  • A microblog differs from a traditional blog in that its content is typically smaller in both actual and aggregate file size. Microblogs "allow users to exchange small elements of content such as short sentences, individual images, or video links".[1]
  • iTunes and Podcasts

Transcript

  • 1. Class 11
  • 2.
    • Students will analyze events on the Internet and collaborate to develop methods to help students deal with negative Internet experiences.
    • Students will evaluate the concept of Personal Learning Networks (PLN) to establish an Internet PLN for continuing education.
    Objectives
  • 3.  
  • 4.
    • Definition:
      • “ The use of interactive technologies . . . to deliberately and repeatedly deliver slanderous, harrassing, obsessive, or obscene messages that result in harm to the recipient” (Walker, et al. 2011).
    • Plethora of Technology
      • 276.6 million wireless subscribers, June 2009
      • 1.36 trillion SMS messages in 2009
      • 3.5 billion pieces of content every week (Facebook, 2010)
  • 5.  
  • 6.
    • Traditional vs. Cyber
      • 24/7 Access (Kowalski & Limber, 2007; Raskuaskas & Stoltz, 2007)
      • Frequency (Ybarra, Diener-West & Leaf, 2007)
    • Anonymity
      • Greater disparity of power (Raskuaskas & Stoltz, 2007)
    • Using Cyber – tools to Bully
      • Bully (Kowalski & Limber, 2007; Raskuaskas & Stoltz, 2007)
      • Camera Phones (Kowalski & Limber, 2007)
  • 7.
    • Connection between School and Cyberspace
      • Juvonen and Gross (2008)
      • Ybarra, Diener-West, and Leaf (2007)
    • Culture
      • Canadian & Chinese (Li, 2008)
      • Hispanic and White (Ybaara & Mitchell, 2007)
    • Gender
      • Girls (Dilmac, 2009)
      • Boys (Beran & Li, 2005; Ybarra & Mitchell, 2007)
    Gender and Culture
  • 8.
    • Understanding technology used
      • Instant messaging, email, chat rooms (Kowalski & Limber, 2007)
      • Text messaging, Internet or Website, camera phones (Raskuaskas & Stoltz, 2007)
    • Autonomy of youth
      • Agatston, Kowalski, & Limber (2005)
      • Jovonen & Gross (2008)
    • Involvement of adults
      • Parents, teachers, and administrators
  • 9. POWER IT UP! Your Personal Learning Network
  • 10. Functions of your PLN
  • 11. Personal / Professional Networks
  • 12. http://www.pbs.org/teachers/connect/
  • 13. http://www.linkedin.com/ LinkedIn Groups: • ISTE • Discovery Educator Network • Edubloggers • Learning, Education and Training Professionals Group
  • 14. Facebook Groups • Discovery Educator Network • ISTE • Classroom 2.0 • Using Wiki in Education • School 2.0
  • 15. Ning http://www.classroom20.com/ http://edubloggerworld.ning.com/ http://necc2008.ning.com/ http://linkedteachers.ning.com/ /
  • 16.
    • Consider what your national, state, and regional professional organizations offer for educators
    • • List of Professional Organizations:
    • http://snipurl.com/proforg
    Professional Organizations
  • 17. RSS Aggregators & Internet Start Pages
  • 18. Customized News Feeds http://www.google.com/reader/
  • 19. http://www.google.com/ig
  • 20. http://www.bloglines.com/
  • 21. Microblogs
  • 22. How one principal uses Twitter
  • 23. http://twitter.com/
  • 24. Why Tweet when you can Plurk? http://www.plurk.com/
  • 25. Podcasts
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28.
    • • Wikispaces
      • http://www.wikispaces.com/site/for/teachers
    • • PB Wiki
      • http://pbwiki.com/education.wiki
    Education-Friendly Wikis
  • 29. http://eduwikius.wikispaces.com/
  • 30. Mind Mapping http://bubbl.us/ http://www.gliffy.com/ http://www.mindmeister.com/ http://mindomo.com/ http://www.mind42.com/ http://www.wisemapping.com/ http://www.glinkr.net/ http://www.mywebspiration.com/ http://snipurl.com/freemind
  • 31.
    • Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2005). Cyber-harassment: A study of a new method for an old behavior. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 32(3), 265 – 277. Retrieved from http://navigator-iup.passhe.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ehh&jid=E69&site=ehost-live
    • Dilmac, B. (2009). Psychological needs as a predictor or cyber bullying: a Preliminary report on college students. Educational Sciences: Theory and Practice , 9(3), 1307 – 1325. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov:80/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_storage_01/0000019b/80/45/98/43.pdf
    • Haber, J. D. & Haber, S. B. (2007). Cyberbullying: A “virtual” camp nightmare? Camping Magazine, 80, 52 – 57.
    • Juvonen, J., & Gross, E. F. (2008). Extending the school grounds? – Bullying experiences in cyberspace. Journal of School Health , 78(9), 496 – 505. doi:10.1111/j.1746-1561.2008.00335.x
    • Kowalski, R. M., & Limber, S. P. (2007). Electronic bullying among middle school students. Journal of Adolescent Health 41, 22 – 30. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.08.018
    • Li, Q. (2008). A cross-cultural comparison of adolescents’ experience related to cyberbullying. Educational Research , 50(3), 223 – 234. doi:10.1080/00131880802309333
    • Raskauskas, J., & Stoltz, A.D. (2007). Involvement in traditional and electronic bullying among adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 43(3), 564 – 575. doi:10.1037/0012-1649.43.3.564
    • Ybarra, M.L., & Mitchell, K. J. (2004). Youth engaging in online harassment: Associations with caregiver-child relationships, Internet use, and personal characteristics. Journal of Adolescence , 27, 319 – 336. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2004.03.2007
    • Walker, C.M., Rajan Sockman, B., & Koehn, S. (2011) An Exploratory Study or Cyberbullying with Undergraduate College Students. Tech Trends: Leading and Learning in Education, 55(2), 31 – 38.
    • http://jdorman.wikispaces.com/
    Sources Cited