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  • 1. Let’s Feed Somalia
  • 2. The people of Somalia are starving, and the whole world is trying to lend support, but experiencing difficulties. However, if we were able to send food to help Somali people, what should we send? This project was conducted to test several types of flour and decide which one would be most beneficial in feeding Somalia.
  • 3. This Flour Would Have to…
    Have enough nutrients to support the average Somali individual for one day
    Have a relatively low cost so more flour can be sent
    Be readily available
    Have more nutrients in less flour to reduce costs
  • 4. For people four years or older, eating 2,000 calories per day, the amount of each macronutrient needed daily is :
    Total Fat-65 g
    • Saturated Fatty Acids 20 g
    Total Carbohydrate 300 g
    Fibre 25 g
    Protein 50 g
  • 5. Nutrient Content of Flours
  • 6. Nutrient Content of Flours Continued
  • 7. Cost of Flours
    Quinoa- $13.2/kg
    Wheat (white)- $4.03/kg
    Rice (white)- $4.34/kg
    Buckwheat- $2.01/kg
    Corn- $2.69/kg
    Greenpea- $5.38/kg
    Blackbean- $6.73/kg
    Soy- $8.06/kg
    Rye- $7.26/kg
  • 8. Conclusion
    After testing all the flours, I have come to the conclusion that Soy flour is the best to send to Somalia. Although more is needed to meet the carbohydrate requirements, it is the only flour that met the fat requirements without needing an extremely large quantity. If only 400g of flour could go to a person each day, it would be most beneficial to have a flour that is high in fat. Fat contains a large amount of stored energy. By eating 100g of fat, you take in 3780kJ of energy, but if you eat 100g of carbohydrates or proteins you take in 1680 kJ of energy. This poses a problem to Canadians who never miss a meal, as it results in weight gain. However, the extra energy is extremely beneficial to hungry Somali people, who may go for days without food. Although Soy is expensive relative to the other flours, it is much more nutrient rich. The Somali people could live off of an average of 400g of Soy flour a day, whereas the next best flour requires 500g, and only contains half the daily fat requirements. I believe these factors make Soy flour the most beneficial to send to Somalia.
  • 9. Bibliography
    "14. Appendix F: Calculate the Percent Daily Value for the Appropriate Nutrients." U S Food and Drug Administration Home Page. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <http://www.fda.gov/Food/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/GuidanceDocuments/FoodLabelingNutriti on/FoodLabelingGuide/ucm064928.htm>.
    "Buckwheat." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Sept. 2011.
    <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckwheat>.
    "Dietary Reference Intake." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dietary_Reference_Intake>.
    "Nutrition - Fat, Protein and Carbohydrates." Redirect to Index Page. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <http://www.brianmac.co.uk/nutrit.htm>.
    "Nutrition Facts and Analysis for Rice Flour, White." Nutrition Facts, Calories in Food, Labels, Nutritional Information and Analysis – NutritionData.com. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/cereal-grains-and-pasta/5726/2>.
    "Nutrition Facts and Analysis for Rye Flour, Dark." Nutrition Facts, Calories in Food, Labels, Nutritional Information and Analysis – NutritionData.com. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/cereal-grains-and-pasta/5728/2>.
    "Quinoa." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quinoa#Nutritional_value>.
    "Reference Daily Intake." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reference_Daily_Intake>.
    "Rye." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rye>.
    "UN Still Trying to Provide Aid to Somalia | Casualinfo." Casualinfo. Web. 21 Sept. 2011. <http://casualinfo.com/2011/07/un-still-trying-to-provide-aid-to-somalia/>.