Lecture 1- Technology in Education


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  • Several definitions exist and have evolved over time. Here we use two: 1) The Association of Educational Communications and Technology AECT & 2) Roblyeret.al, 2006. There is no specific definition based on any one particular technology. It’s FLUID. It’s dynamic. It’s always evolving. This is an adaptive process.
  • It is situational, contextual.It all depends on where you are
  • Instruction is the arrangement of information and the environment to facilitate learning.
  • 90% focused on learning and student performance, 10% on technology. Some would argue for a 70:30 ratio. What ratio would you define?
  • Be aware of the differences. We’ll be exploring, using and manipulating these for integration into some form of instruction.
  • Tools have become increasingly user-centric. Tools are only as good as their users. Teachers are students are very different users of technology. The concept of “expert” can be blurry. There is no silver bullet to learning. The competent and knowledgeable teacher is still and will always be RELEVANT to the learning process. A good teacher is ESSENTIAL. Our focus therefore is always on instructionally sound lessons.
  • What’s the rationale for using technology in education?How would you do so?
  • Mobile Handheld Electronic Communications Devices
  • Lecture 1- Technology in Education

    1. 1. + Educational Technology Understanding the context, your role and your mission SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    2. 2. + 2 Session 1  Define Educational Technology (What is it? Why do we use it? What purpose does it serve? How?)  Classify Technological Issues in Education (What are the kinds of impact spaces associated with EdTech?)  Discuss the Technological Issues in Education (What kinds of challenges arise? What is your context?)  Self-evaluate with regard to the NETS/UNESCO standards (What is your role? Where do you see yourself in this big picture? What part will you play? How can you prepare?)SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    3. 3. + 3 What is Educational Technology?  Educational technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources (Januszewski and Molenda, 2008)  BREAK-IT-DOWN:  WHAT [ A study and ethical practice]  PURPOSE [ to facilitate learning and improve learner performance]  HOW [by creating, using and managing]  WITH [appropriate technological processes and resources]SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    4. 4. + 4 Educational Technology is multi-faceted  Educational technology is a combination of the processes and tools involved in addressing educational Instructional needs and problems, by Processes applying the most current tools […] (Roblyer, 2006) Learner Needs ICTs Ed TechSANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    5. 5. + 5 Features of successful instructional processes: Social Active Interaction Participation Realistic Practice Contexts Individual Feedback differenceSANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    6. 6. + 6 Educational Technology’s primary focus is on learning & performance As teachers, we are not in the business of designing or inventing the software or hardware.  We create/ set up learning environments  We design learning experiences to deepen our learners’ understanding.  We assess learners and evaluate the quality of their performance.SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    7. 7. 7SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    8. 8. +  Text (book, poster,..more? 8  Audio (voice, music, sounds…more?  Visuals (diagrams, drawings, comics..more?  Motion (video, film, animation…more?  Manipulatives (3-dimensional objects..BASIC TYPES of  People (instructors, students, guestMEDIA speakers…more?A medium (plural, media) is a meansof communication and source oninformation.Mass media are diversified media Discuss Mass Mediatechnologies intended to reach a largeaudience by mass commmunication. [Print media, broadcast media, Outdoor media, Digital media, Internet media] SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    9. 9. + 9 Process + Tool  Tools are user-centric.  Tools are only as good as their users.  Teachers & Students are users.  Skills & usage will vary.  A tool is not a REPLACEMENT or a CURE for the learning process.  A competent & knowledgeable teacher is essential.SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    10. 10. + 10 So why use Education Technology? Why? How?  To improve learner’s  Gain attention [ENGAGE] learners motivation, attitude and interest with visuals, interactivity and media towards the topic  [ILLUSTRATE]  To enhance instruction and complex/abstract/unfamiliar/new influence learner’s academic concepts performance  [SIMULATE] real-world application  To increase productivity of the and significance overall instructional and administrative processes  Provide immediate feedback  To help prepare learner for the  [Collaborate] [Share] & [Expand] with 21st century workforce. others on topics of interest  […more?]  […more?]SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    11. 11. + 11 How technologies foster learning (Jonassen, 2008)  As tools to support knowledge  As authentic context to support exploration & construction learning by doing  Representing learner’s  Simulating problems ideas, understanding  Defining safe, controllable  Producing organized problem spaces for students knowledge  As social medium to support  As an intellectual partner to learning by conversing & support learning by reflecting collaborating  Help learners articulate what  Discussing, arguing, building they know consensus,  Reflect on what they learn  Mean-makingSANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    12. 12. + Instructional Process meets Technology: An Example 12SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    13. 13. + 13 All that glitters is not…?  “Something started to go wrong with the digital revolution round the turn of the 21st century. The WWW was flooded by a torrent of petty designs sometimes called web 2.0. This ideology promoted radical freedom on the surface of the web, but that freedom ironically is more for machines than people.  Anonymous blog comments, rapid video pranks, and lightweight mash-ups may seem trivial and harmless but as a whole, this widespread practice of fragmentary, interpersonal communication has demeaned interpersonal interaction” (Lanier, J. 2010)SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    14. 14. + 14 Pitfalls:  Computer/ technological  Technology-mediated teaching literacy offers limited integration and learning can be expensive.  Technology-based lessons are  The quality of technology time-consuming and sometimes products varies. complex.  Just because technology makes something possible, there is no guarantee that it is desirable or feasible.  Technology is constantly evolving, sometimes faster than teachers can keep up.SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    15. 15. + 15 Understanding Challenges  Digital Natives vs. Digital  The Digital Divide Immigrants: the generation  Social gap?  Economic  Managing expectations  Inclusion  Role Reversal  New literacies vs. old literacies  Ethics  Surfing and Reading  Copyright  Plagiarism  Piracy  Privacy  DisinformationSANKARSINGH,C TECH1001
    16. 16. + 16Managing ExpectationsIt is the policy of the Ministry that MHECDs be used: • to support the effective and efficient delivery of education in schools and at school related activities • to promote knowledge and use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT), providing they are used in a managed, responsible, safe and legal manner.It is the intent of the Ministry that the use of MHECDs beeffectively managed, not banned, in schools and at school relatedactivities. [Handbook on the USE of Mobile Handheld ElectronicCommunication Devices in Schools, Republic of Trinidad &Tobago, Ministry of Education]SANKARSINGH,C TECH1001