International Workshop onCitizen-Governance Integration for Model Governance12th May, 2012 Shared Vision of a World-Class Neighborhood
Shared VisionHealthy Vaishali, Happy Vaishali is an initiativefor the people, by the people and of thepeople of Vaishali to make it world-classneighborhood progressively by 2017.
What will we do? SMART3-track program with support and cooperation of all the residents, GREEN CLEAN government, corporate and non- government stakeholders.
"If you live in a city, you dontneed to own a car." - A vision shared by Ford Motor Co. Chairman William Clay Ford Jr. in 2000
SMaRT VaishaliPersonalized Mobility Service for movement of people andgoods based on the V-Smart model that has been appreciatedworldwide and presented at international conferences as thefuture of transport system (Ref 1-5).It will provide on-demand transport service based on choiceand affordability that will set a new global benchmark forsmart transportation.This will also generate tremendous savings for the communityas well as unclutter land and roadspace to pave the way forthe Clean Vaishali and Green Vaishali program. The servicewill be made available by 15th August, 2012
Vehicle Population is exploding Billions of man hours are lost with people “stuck in traffic”. Explosive growth in the number of motor vehicles Coupled with limitations on the amount of road space that can be provided. During 1981 to 2001, population of India’s six major metropolises increased by about 1.9 times, Number of motor vehicles went up by over 7.75 times Between 2001 to 20012 number of private vehicles has grown at a still higher rate Situation further expected to deterioratewith onset of Rs. 1 lac. cheap cars as “people’scars” and pervasive inefficiencies and risingcost of road building Average speeds on the road are 10-12 kmphin these cities.Source: National Urban Transport Policy, GoI
Where are the Roads ? Cost of construction of roads, linked to various inputs including the cost of bitumen, has increased 20% over the last year. From Rs 5 crore per km last year, the present cost of construction is Rs 6-6.5 (Source: Economic Survey, 2007) crore per km. In 2004, the price of refined bitumen was as low as Rs 13,000 per tonne,whereas today it stands at over Rs 21,000,” a 40% increase in bitumenprices. The Rakesh Mohan Committee (1996) estimated that the economic costof bad roads ranges from Rs 20,000-30,000 crore (Rs 200-300 billion)annually over and above the Rs 5,500 crore of social costs of the accidentscaused by them.
Automobile Dependency & Sedentary Lifestyle Diseases A recent report by the World Health Organisation has labelled India as the country with the largest growing population of 42 million diabetes patients in the world, followed by China and the United States. By 2020 AD, the number of cases in India is expected to touch 58 million, the report added. With a large section of people in cities leading sedentary but highlystressful lives. Many children and young adults are being diagnosed with Type-2diabetes, which was unheard of few years ago. In addition to heredity, lackof physical activity and obesity is blamed for this.
Livable Neighborhoods or “Parking Lots” Can I walk and run and bicycle outside on “my streets”? Why is my mother so scared when I want to play outside like “others” on TV? Point to Ponder
What’s gone wrong?• “Urban Transport has been rightly labeled as an institutional orphan?” Pg. ES-16 – How?• “Provision of multi-storied parking garages should be left to the private entrepreneur?” Pg. ES-16 – Why?• 44,000 Household Survey Sample for 21 cities with aggregate population of about 3 crores. Pg. 1-7 – Sample size of 0.147% of aggregate population – The report does not elaborate on the Household Survey MethodologySource: TTPSUI, RITES, 1994
Caught in a Mouse Trap “With rise in disposable incomes, vehicle ownership will rise. But with measures as listed in alternative (c), there use will come down.” What should I eat? Resins CashewsExcerpts from Traffic and Transportation Policies and Strategies for India pg. ES-15, RITES, 1994
Points to Probe• Can neighborhood areas restrict access to heavy, fast moving or polluting automobiles and only allow Neighborhood Vehicles e.g. bicycles, electric or CNG vehicles weight < 150 kgs peak speed < 30 kmph?• Should it be mandatory for vehicles to have working, accurate odometers and for the odometer reading to be recorded every time a vehicle has to refuel, like households are required to have proper electricity meters?• A new category for private owned vehicles should be created as “Shared Use Vehicles” (SUVs) where such vehicles can be enrolled with “Mobility Service Providers” for high occupancy usage based on prescribed “terms and conditions”• Government should facilitate setting up of multi-storied parking stations for such SUVs with appropriate capacity and location
Approach and Methodology Traffic and Transportation Study Pre-Survey Media Campaign Registration Travel Diary Urban Transport Database Decision Support for Policies and Programs
Travel Survey Registration Datasheet Household- Level Residential Address and period of stay questionnaire Socio-demographic information Gross household income (in income categories) Number of household vehicle Individual- Level Work Address (as applicable) questionnaire Driving license and vehicle driven details Education Employment, occupation and industry details Work Address and travel mode to work Types of physical disability affecting mobility (if any) Vehicle Make, model and fuel tank size questionnaire Registration details More Parking details (Residence/Workplace) Data Collection Language Preference questionnaire Pocket Diary or Mobile/Handheld device
Travel Diary Datasheet Journey purposeDiary data at Origin of journey (as per Location Code)journey Destination of journey (as per Location Code)Diary data on Mode of transportJourney Vehicle Type and License Plate Number- stage level Driver /Self-driven/ Passenger Number in party Waiting time (between journey readiness and vehicle start time) Origin and End Point (in that stage) Start and End Time Stoppage occurrence, Location Code and Start and End time Nature of stoppage – a. traffic signal, b. too many vehicles, c. very large vehicle – trailer etc. , d. vehicle break-down due to collision, e. mechanical failure, e. wrong turning, f. bus stoppage (assigned stop or ad hoc), g. road repair, h. diversion, i. construction of flyovers, j. construction of mass transit line k. others (specify) (of more than 60 sec or any perceptibly slow moving stretch <10 kmph) Parking
Mobile Phone-Based Travel Surveyin Japan Source: Proceedings of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, Vol. 5, pp. 1104 - 1115, 2005 at http://www.easts.info/on-line/proceedings_05/1104.pdf
Part II METROLITE TRANSPORT-LAND USE SYSTEM APPROACH
MetroLITE– Key Features Expands mass transit network at a lower cost particularly for areas where passenger density is not high Creates door-to-door reach by seamless integration of feeder service and with other modes Similar in many ways, it is an advancement over conventional Bus Rapid Transit Systems in terms of commuter benefits and affordability
MetroLITE – “Think Rail, Use Roads”• Demand-responsive Service : – Uses a Fleet of Eco-friendly Vehicle (EV) for Feeder Trips (<3kms.) for Bus Service/ Carpool Service and Short Trips (<8 kms.) – Develop a network of EV Stations at 0.5 km distance around the city.• EV-friendly routes connect inner residential areas to arterial routes (with congestion/emission charging for space-inefficient, polluting vehicles )and encourage more and more people to “avoid” cars for short trips/ single-driven/low occupancy trips.• It facilitates “attractive” bus service as well as transaction- oriented, personalised car sharing/pooling service running on congestion-free arterial roads at good “uncongested” speeds.
MetroLITE – Far TripRoad Travel @ 60 kmph average speed @ 150 kmpl fuel efficiency
MetroLITE – Park & Ride Infrastructure EV StationsHigh-rise EV Parking
MetroLITE – Short Trips • Every Area has infrastructure for bicycle Urban/Rural Area servicing, electric vehicle charging, CNG vehicle fueling and parking bays. • Elevated Cross-over create seamless traffic conditions on express roads and a region-wide grid of connected walking and cycling tracks.
People-friendly Streets • People-friendly livable, neighborhoods do not require capital expenses • They can generate large numbers of sustainable livelihood opportunities • They require policy intervention that are objective, sensible and committed
Pedal Power The bicycle is the worlds cleanest, healthiest, most economical and most efficient form of transport, and (How can we) increase its integration into the economies and lifestyles of countries across the world? - Velo Mondial
MetroLITE – Information & Communication Technologies MetroLITE Premium MetroLITESmartcard/ Communication/ Navigation System
Clean VaishaliAn initial clean up drive will be launched to clean up land and water inVaishali with active participation of the residents and support from thelocal authorities.System and practices will be developed to create a Zero-to-Wasteenvironment in Vaishali. Workshops will be conducted for residents toshare insights and best practices from around the world.The Society will make available the most cost-effective and robustsolutions using renewable energy such as solar, wind and also convertsewage and residual waste into power.This will displace dirty diesel that are currently used for power back up.The initial clean-up drive will be completed by 2nd of October, 2012
SMaRT Vaishali Clean Vaishali• 4,000 Community Vehicles @ 60% in use >> 40,000 Private Vehicles @ 1% in use• 36,000 parking space less that are mostly parked on road – Eats into footpath/blocks scarce road space deters people from walking or cycling short trips public health hazard – Reduces ground water recharging – Reduces green cover GREEN Vaishali – Reduces playing space for children – Causes traffic jams road rage and accidents
SMaRT Vaishali Clean Vaishali• Contd… – Creates space for composting pits for converting organic waste as “bugs” to manure as “features” – Reduces urban heating as concrete and cement stores retains heat for longer – Eliminates so many drivers with suspect licenses easier to screen the fewer numbers for driving proficiency – Reduces roadside dust and sticky vehicular pollution public health hazard clothes and living space gets dirty faster more and stronger detergents used Water pollution
Green Vaishali• Trees are considered as members of the community – as friends, as children and as guardian angels in the Indian tradition.• Planting and nurturing trees are considered noble activities and their growth and good health is held as auspicious. In an endeavor to revive this tradition in a modern idiom and create emotional bonding, the Society proposes to invite and support all residents to plant trees.• Tree Plantation on birthdays, marriage anniversary as well as in the loving memory of the departed souls. In this program, we aim to plant 1 lakh trees by 5th of June, 2013 and to ensure their survival and good care.
Live, Work and Play• The Society will organize a variety of educational, training, social and cultural programs throughout the year to support each of these activities as well, to celebrate milestones and felicitate people who make extraordinary contributions.• The Society shall endeavor to create a variety of local livelihood and entrepreneurial opportunities for people to live, work and play. This will help create greater harmony and happiness, bonding, a sense of community identity and a healthy unity within the community.
Model for Local Self-Governance• The Society will officially launch its operations with a public function in Vaishali on the 5th of June, 2012.• By this date, we shall be selecting 40-50 Area Coordinators (AC) who will be primarily responsible for smooth coordination of all the 3 programs in their designated Area.• 1 ACs for every 3000 people. Each Area Coordinator shall then be creating a team of 10-20 volunteers each.• This will take forward the implementation of the 74th amendment on local self-governance for Urban Local Bodies in letter and spirit.
Creating a Virtuous Cycle (+) (-) Khushhaali Badhaali happiness & prosperity (+) Nirakar deprivation and poverty flexible forms and features that can(-) be accessed on-demand Ahamkar driven by private ownership and fixed possession