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Foundations of geography

Foundations of geography






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    Foundations of geography Foundations of geography Presentation Transcript

    • What do geographers study?????
    • Geographers want to know where are things located?? And why are they there???
    •  The four most important directions are called the cardinal directions ◦ North ◦ South ◦ East ◦ West • Intermediate directions are used to describe directions that are not exactly north, south, east and west  Northeast  Southeast  Northwest  Southwest
    •  Geographers use a system of lines on a grid to determine location on the Earth’s surface ◦ Lines that run left to right are lines of LATITUDE  To measure degrees North and South one would use lines of latitude  O degrees latitude is known as the Equator  There are 0-90 degrees of latitude
    •  Lines that run top to bottom are called lines of longitude ◦ To measure degrees East and West one would use lines of longitude  0 degrees longitude is known as the PRIME MERIDIAN  There are 0-179 degrees of longitude  180 degrees is known as the international date line
    •  Latitude and Longitude coordinates are used to find exact location  Latitude is always first and longitude second  Parallel is a line of latitude  Meridian is a line of longitude
    •  Location  Region  Place  Movement  Human-Environment Interaction ◦ These five themes are used to help geographers organize information about Earth and its people.
    •  Geographers use location to find where an area is—latitude and longitude provide exact location  Cardinal and intermediate directions along with landmarks provide relative location Now find an example in the book…
    •  Unifying physical or human characteristic such as population, history, climate, or landforms. Now find an example in the book…
    •  Human and physical features that describe an area such as hot or cold climate, or land that is hilly Now find an example in the book…
    •  How people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another.  Example- When people from other countries came to the United States, they brought traditional foods that enriched the American way of life. How else is this theme important?? Use the book!!
    •  Explores how people affect their environment, or their natural surroundings, and how their environment affects them.
    •  How would a description of your home town as a place be different from a description of your home town’s location?
    •  There are five different kinds of maps: ◦ Political  Shows boundaries that people have set up to show the different countries and states ◦ Physical  Shows natural features such as mountains, rivers, and forests ◦ Population  Lets you see how many people live in a particular area, rural and suburban ◦ Economic  Shows how people make a living in a given area ◦ Natural Resource  Provides a link between the resources of the land and they way people use them