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  • 1. Reading Works! 3 Textbook
  • 2. Reading Works! 3TextbookPhilippine Copyright 2012 by DIWA LEARNING SYSTEMS INCAll rights reserved. Printed in the PhilippinesEditorial, design, and layout by University Press of First AsiaNo part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic ormechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval systems, withoutpermission in writing from the copyright owner. Exclusively distributed by DIWA LEARNING SYSTEMS INC 4/F SEDCCO 1 Bldg. 120 Thailand corner Legazpi Streets Legaspi Village, 1229 Makati City, Philippines Tel. No.: (632) 893-8501 * Fax: (632) 817-8700 ISBN 978-971-46-0294-6AuthorLilian A. Alegre holds a master’s degree in education with specialization in elementary education anda bachelor’s degree in elementary education from the Philippine Normal University. She is currentlyteaching at the PAREF Woodrose School, where she has spent the majority of her 18 years in theacademe. Ms. Alegre has attended various academic seminars and symposia in different subject areas,including English, reading, and language.ConsultantCorazon Y. Delgado holds a master’s degree in education, major in English, and a bachelor’s degreein elementary education both from the University of the Philippines–Diliman. She is presently a part-time professor of English at Far Eastern University–Makati. Ms. Delgado was a former faculty memberof the Colegio San Agustin–Makati, where she served as the academic coordinator in reading andthe head teacher for grades 4 and 5. She was a part-time college professor of English at the De LaSalle University–Manila and a full-time professor of English at the Far Eastern University–East AsiaCollege, where she was also a staff member of the English Resource Center.ReviewerAnthere Paul S. Buñales is currently taking his master’s degree in psychology at the Ateneo de ManilaUniversity, where he also earned his bachelor’s degree in the same field. He is currently the Languageand Grammar coordinator of Assumption College Basic Education Division, where he has taught gradeschool and high school English since 2002. He also taught Reading and Language at Miriam CollegeGrade School from 1999–2002. Mr. Buñales has attended various academic seminars and symposia.
  • 3. To the Pupils The Reading Works! series was especially designed and created for you, the21st century learner. It aims to make you see that reading is still an important andenjoyable activity even in this very modern world dominated by super computersand hi-tech gadgets. To do this, the selections were specifically written to matchyour actual experiences as a family member, as a pupil, as a community member,and as a Filipino citizen. Each textbook is divided into four units. Unit 1 will let you get to know yourselfthrough your views, ideas, and feelings as a person. Unit 2 will help you developa deeper and more meaningful relationship with others, particularly your family,your friends, and the people in your community. Unit 3, will help you prepare forthe future and its many challenges. Finally, Unit 4 will tell you more about yourrole in ensuring a better tomorrow for yourself, your family, your community, andthe world. Each unit contains useful discussions and activities which will help youbecome a critical, highly skilled, and well-rounded person. • Connect – contains activities that will relate your stock knowledge and previous experiences to the lessons • Search – contains activities that will help you discover the meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases • Download – contains specially written stories, poems, essays, and scripts which will engage your interest • Click – contains comprehension questions which will measure your understanding of the reading selection • Link – contains discussions and exercises on important reading skills • Upload – contains activities that will help you apply what you have learned in each lesson It is hoped that through this book, you will be able to learn not only a varietyof readings skills, but also important life lessons which will help you become thebest person you can possibly be. Happy reading!
  • 4. Table of ContentsUnit 1 Knowing MyselfChapter 1 Knowing My Inner Self ...............................................................1Lesson 1 Tracing My Roots ..............................................................................2 (Recognizing Words Using Patterns as Clues: Initial Consonant Blends)Lesson 2 A Little Act of Sacrifice ....................................................................9 (Recognizing Words Using Patterns as Clues: Final Consonant Blends)Chapter 2 Developing Social Skills ............................................................16Lesson 1 Showing Respect .............................................................................16 (Noting Explicit and Implied Details in a Story)Lesson 2 Learning How to Obey....................................................................25 (Following Two-Step Directions)Lesson 3 Making Friendship Work ...............................................................33 (Getting the Main Idea)Lesson 4 Mastering One’s Emotions .............................................................41 (Predicting Outcomes)Chapter 3 Getting to Know My Identity....................................................49Lesson 1 Revisiting the Filipino Family .......................................................49 (Drawing Conclusions)Lesson 2 Looking Back ..................................................................................58 (Inferring)Unit Test .........................................................................................................66Unit 2 Growing with OthersChapter 4 Observing the People around Me ............................................76Lesson 1 Having Sense and Sensibility ........................................................76 (Prefixes)Lesson 2 Meeting New Friends .....................................................................83 (Outlining)Lesson 3 Responding to the Environment ....................................................92 (Writing a One-Paragraph Report)
  • 5. Chapter 5 Adapting to My Environment.................................................102Lesson 1 Choosing Friends Wisely ..............................................................102 (Sequencing Events)Lesson 2 Having Fun while Learning .........................................................112 (Retelling the Best-Liked Parts of a Story)Chapter 6 Respecting the Rights of Others ............................................121Lesson 1 Discovering Your Talents .............................................................121 (Drawing Conclusions)Lesson 2 Recognizing Individual Differences .............................................129 (Identifying Cause-Effect Relationships)Lesson 3 Knowing Other Filipino Groups ..................................................136 (Identifying Irrelevant Ideas in the Text)Unit Test .......................................................................................................143Unit 3 Gearing Up for SuccessChapter 7 Showing Filipino Characteristics to the World .................152Lesson 1 Making a Difference .....................................................................152 (Sequencing Events)Lesson 2 Showing Excellence ......................................................................159 (Interpreting Lines in a Poem)Chapter 8 Using Positive Traits to Succeed ...........................................165Lesson 1 Achieving Success through Determination .................................165 (Telling Whether an Event is Fantasy or Reality)Lesson 2 Succeeding through Teamwork and Cooperation .......................171 (Comparing and Contrasting Text Information with Prior Knowledge)Chapter 9 Discovering What Makes You Unique ..................................176Lesson 1 Weaving Success ...........................................................................176 (Evaluating and Making Judgments Based on a Text)Lesson 2 Showing Filipino Ingenuity..........................................................183 (Giving Opinions and Making Decisions Using De Bono’s Six Thinking Hats)
  • 6. Lesson 3 Unleashing Creativity ..................................................................190 (Responding in Writing Using De Bono’s Six Thinking Hats)Lesson 4 Laying the Foundation of a Good Government ...........................198 (Determining an Author’s Perspective on a Certain Topic)Unit Test .......................................................................................................206Unit 4 Keeping Up with the WorldChapter 10 Knowing the World ...................................................................214Lesson 1 Going “Techie”...............................................................................214 (Evaluating the Likelihood of a Story to Happen)Lesson 2 Celebrating the Good Life ............................................................221 (Drawing Conclusions)Chapter 11 Gearing Up for Challenges......................................................231Lesson 1 Being Watchful and Hopeful ........................................................231 (Story Grammar)Lesson 2 Keeping in Touch with the World ................................................240 (Making an Inference)Lesson 3 Understanding Environmental Problems ...................................247 (Identifying Sufficient Details to Justify a Conclusion)Chapter 12 Exploring the World .................................................................253Lesson 1 Seeing the World Closely .............................................................253 (Determining the Author’s Purpose)Lesson 2 Coping with the World through Humor ......................................262 (Distinguishing between Fact and Opinion)Lesson 3 Reaching Out to the World ...........................................................269 (Identifying Similes and Metaphors)Unit Test .......................................................................................................275Bibliography
  • 7. Knowing Myself UNIT 1 In this unit, you will discover more about yourself. The fun andexciting activities here will lead you to appreciate your talents andabilities. Let us start your journey of self-discovery! Knowing Myself 1
  • 8. Chapter 1 Knowing My Inner Self What’s in a Name? This chapter will help you learn more about yourself—where youcame from, what you can do for others, and what you can contributeas a young individual. The activities here will allow you to share yourexperiences with your classmates and relate these to the situations inthe selections. The different tasks in this unit will also allow you tohave fun and learn at the same time. In addition, you will learn how toimprove yourself, develop teamwork, enhance your relationships withother people, and make good decisions even at a young age. Lesson 1 Tracing My Roots Connect How well do you know yourself ? What are your characteristics?What are the things that you can and cannot do? What are the thingsyou want to learn? Discuss your answers with your seatmates. Search Match the word in column A with its meaning in column B. Write theletter of the correct answer on the blank before each number. A B_____ 1. thoughtful a. a song used to put a child to sleep_____ 2. precious b. concerned for the needs of others_____ 3. lullaby c. dear or beloved2 Reading Works! 3
  • 9. _____ 4. fragile d. being in a state of sleep_____ 5. grateful e. persons who wish others well_____ 6. asleep f. not conditional or limited_____ 7. pleased g. thankful_____ 8. well-wishers h. glad_____ 9. unconditionally i. easily broken_____ 10. yawning j. decrease k. opening the mouth wide and taking a deep breath Download Wow, what a thought! Have you ever How about finding out wondered why we are for ourselves where we here in this world? came from? Knowing Myself 3
  • 10. I Am a Gift “Congratulations for having a new baby!” Mom and Dad read the message from the card attached to the basket of fruits. Mom said, “How thoughtful of Tita Marie. She has never failed to greet us and celebrate with us whenever there is an addition to our family.” “We are grateful to have her around as one of our well- wishers,” said Dad. “Nicole, when you came to this world eight years ago, we were so pleased to see our hospital room filled with visitors. Our friends and relatives went straight to the hospital after work. They were as excited as we were, and they really spent time to see you,” Mom said. “I showed you to them, and I told them, ‘Look at our angel, the greatest gift we have received!’” Dad added. “How am I a gift?” I asked.4 Reading Works! 3
  • 11. “Your mom and I love each other so much, so we got married.Then we were given a very special gift. That gift is you. That iswhy we love you so much. We are here to love and take care of youunconditionally,” Dad explained. Mom said softly, “Always remember that children are themost wonderful gifts that parents can ever receive. That is whyyou, children, are precious. You make us happy. Now, we haveyour baby brother, Nathan. He, too, is a gift. He will make ourfamily even happier.” Mom smiled at me. Then she added, “It is important that youlove and look after your baby brother because we are a family.When we are not around, you are the next person that he willdepend on.” Mom then touched Nathan’s face. “Look at Nathan’s smallface,” she said. “Hold his small hands and fingers gently. Feel hissoft and smooth skin. Smell him, too. You will see and feel howfragile your baby brother is. He needs special attention. That iswhy we need to love and take care of him.” Just then, Nathan started yawning. “Oh, your baby brotheris yawning,” Mom said. “He is so cute, isn’t he? Can you help meput him to sleep, Ate Nicole?” “Let us sing him a lullaby, Mom,” I said. After a few minutes, baby Nathan went to sleep. “It is a joy for us parents to see our children loving each otherand taking care of one another,” Dad said. “I promise I will love him,” I said. “I will do my best to helpyou take care of him. I will make you happy, Mom and Dad.” Knowing Myself 5
  • 12. Click1. Who is Nicole?2. What message is expressed in the story?3. Why should Nicole take care of her baby brother?4. What important roles do parents play in the lives of their children?5. Why are children important to their parents?6. How did Nicole respond to her role as a responsible member of the family? LinkRecognizing Words Using Patterns as Clues:Initial Consonant Blends A consonant blend is composed of two or more consonantssounded as one. The following are examples of consonant blends in theinitial position. bl br cl cr dr fl fr gl gr p pi pr sc sk sl sm sn sp st str sw tr tw6 Reading Works! 3
  • 13. Read aloud the following words with initial consonant blends. /fr/ /cr/ /sm/ /pl/ /tw/ free crash smart play twin fresh crew smell plead twig friend crib smile plenty twirl friction cross smoke plot twist front crop small plump twitchActivity 1 Pair up with a partner. Complete the table with words that havethe same consonant blend as the given examples. black draw floor grind stay clay star sweet Knowing Myself 7
  • 14. Activity 2 Complete the sentence by supplying the correct word that beginswith a consonant blend. Use the clue provided before each sentence.(fr) 1. My mother brings a basket of __________________ to the hospital whenever she visits my sick grandma.(bl) 2. I am __________________ to have caring and loving parents.(str) 3. John needs to buy a __________________ for his guitar.(sm) 4. The flowers in the room give a fragrant __________________.(tw) 5. The movie ended with a __________________. Upload What do you think are your “great gifts” so far? List them belowand tell a partner why you consider each as a great gift. The Great Gifts I Have Received8 Reading Works! 3
  • 15. Lesson 2 A Little Act of Sacrifice Connect Look at the pictures below. Describe to a partner what the siblingsin each picture are doing. Knowing Myself 9
  • 16. Search Supply the missing letters to complete each word. Use the clueprovided after each number. c n s u e 1. to eat and drink p l a 2. the sense of taste p f e e c 3. choice or selection a t r s 4. clients or customers 5. a fashion or a manner of f conduct g l 6. mouthful, gobble e i s t n t 7. determined10 Reading Works! 3
  • 17. Download Have you ever sacrificed for somebody? Narrate the sacrifice you made. When and why do you think should sacrifices be made? Oh, Boy! One summer, I went to a convention for working moms. Myhusband and son tagged along with me. Yuan, my nephew, wentwith us, too. We left quite early in the morning. Because of this,he missed his breakfast. So we decided to drop by a fast-food chainon a nearby town. Like a typical boy aged six, Yuan is a littlechoosy when it comes to food. Considering his preference, it wasbest to give him something to consume just to tickle his palate.His order was spaghetti and a burger, a favorite among kids whoprefer the fast-food fad. Knowing Myself 11
  • 18. Since it was already past Yuan’s breakfast time, I was expecting him to eat all his food. I noticed that he only consumed half of the serving of his spaghetti. All of a sudden, he spoke softly, “I can’t finish my food, Auntie.” “What about the burger? You forgot to eat it,” I immediately replied. He shook his head and told me, “I will bring it home for Ate Bea.” He was referring to his nine-year-old sister who was left at home. I was surprised, but I tried to convince him to finish the food since he might still be hungry. I even promised to buy the same meal for his sister, but he was persistent in saying that he could not really finish his food and insisted not to have another order. So, we agreed to take home his leftover. On our way back home, Yuan said that he wanted a drink. I bought him two bottles of fruit juice. His eyes twinkled when I gave him the two bottles. He proudly said, “I can finish these in a gulp. You see, I am a Pacman, too! Just like Vinoknok!” He was12 Reading Works! 3
  • 19. referring to his pet. However, he was able to consume only one bottle and kept the other. The long journey was difficult for all of us; the day was terribly hot. At one point, Yuan asked for water. I asked Yuan about the fruit juice he set aside, but I did not get any answer. He ignored my question, so I did not ask him any more questions. All I could do was guess what was on his mind. Finally, we got home. Still, I kept an eye on him. I watched him gather the spaghetti he did not eat and the burger and bottled fruit juice he had set aside. He rushed to his sister and said excitedly, “Ate, I have a lot of pasalubong for you!” Click1. Who is the main character in the story?2. What is the story all about?3. What trait of the boy is described in the story?4. What sacrifice did Yuan make?5. What will Bea most likely say once she finds out that Yuan sacrificed for her?6. Why do you think Yuan sacrificed for his sister? Knowing Myself 13
  • 20. LinkRecognizing Words Using Patterns as Clues:Final Consonant BlendsRead aloud the words with final consonant blends /sk/ and /st/. /sk/ /st/ desk cast husk most risk just task nest mask testActivity 1Group the words in the box according to their final consonant blends. musk fast honest mask rest list tusk ask vest disk /sk/ /st/14 Reading Works! 3
  • 21. Activity 2 List down four words from the story that contain the final consonantblends /sk/ and /st/. 1. ___________________________ 2. ___________________________ 3. ___________________________ 4. ___________________________ Upload Write in the box a short paragraph about a sacrifice you made inthe past. Limit your paragraph to four to six sentences. Be prepared toshare it with your classmates afterward. ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ Knowing Myself 15
  • 22. Chapter 2 Developing Social Skills What’s in a Name? This chapter will let you find out how your actions and words affectpeople. It will make you realize that what you do and what you say canmake other people happy, sad, or angry. It will also let you understandhow your words and actions can make people feel loved, or how theycan hurt them as well. In addition, you will learn various skills thatwill help you become a better person. Lesson 1 Showing Respect Connect Put a () on the blank before each courteous expression. Thendiscuss with a partner why you need to use such expressions._____ 1. Hello, good morning! May I speak with Trina?_____ 2. Please wait for a while, I will call Trina._____ 3. Opo, Lola. I will help my sister with her assignment._____ 4. Give me the phone now! I need to make a call!_____ 5. Walk faster! I am in a hurry._____ 6. May I inform you that you still have 10 minutes to finish your test._____ 7. Mrs. Santos, I would like you to meet my friend, Alexandra._____ 8. Stay away from me! I need some privacy._____ 9. May I go now, Ms. Araneta?_____ 10. Thank you so much for your cooperation!16 Reading Works! 3
  • 23. Search Tell the meaning of the underlined word in each number. Encirclethe letter of the correct answer.1. The idea of a bonding activity thrilled Penninah, especially when Trina, Gia, Mariz, and Megan accepted the invitation. a. saddened c. bored b. inspired d. excited2. Trina tells a lot of stories from the books she has read. She is a bookworm. a. A person who reads a lot of books b. A person who likes to tell stories c. A person who buys good books d. A person who gives good books to her friends3. Penninah and his father had a compromise. They both agreed that she will go home right after the get-together. a. agreement to end an argument b. quarrel c. promise d. suggestion4. Taking a memento from someone’s home to be reminded of the visit is not allowed. a. photo c. souvenir b. food d. book5. You are too young to engage in a sleepover party. a. use c. participate b. fight d. organize Knowing Myself 17
  • 24. Download How should the visit be conducted? Have you ever visited or slept at your friend’s home? Little Miss Courteous Penninah received an invitation from Megan for an overnight get-together over the weekend. She learned that Trina, Gia, and Mariz had been invited, too. The image of a bonding activity thrilled her. Penninah thought of activities such as drawing, painting, singing, dancing, playing computer games, sharing stories, and eating. She then listed some personal things she might need for the weekend sleepover.18 Reading Works! 3
  • 25. “Mom, Dad, will you allow me to go to Megan’s sleepover partythis weekend? Here is the invitation. It is going to be fun! Therewill be five of us. Trina, Gia, and Mariz have been permitted togo,” Penninah narrated. “Why did Megan plan a sleepover?” Dad asked. “I think you are too young to engage in such an activity,”Mom said. “She is celebrating her birthday, and she wants it to be simplebut fun,” Penninah explained. “We know we are still young, butwe are all responsible girls. We all have assigned tasks at home;we can set the table, wash the dishes, fix our beds, and clean ourown rooms,” she added. “Okay, but do all of you know how to act properly wheneveryou are with other people? You will be visiting a home. You mightdisturb Megan’s family,” Dad said. “Oh, does it mean you will not allow me to go?” Penninahalmost cried. “Knowing Megan, she is a good girl. We always talkabout and do good things together. We study well and we do notbully our classmates.” Penninah then told her parents that she had prepared herart materials already. “I see a fun-filled night of bonding andlearning,” she said. “There will be a sharing of talents. Megansketches well. Trina tells awesome stories; in fact, she is abookworm. Gia and Mariz are good singers and I can show themmy educational computer games,” added Penninah as she tried toconvince her parents. “Penninah, please listen to your father. We know that Meganis going be a perfect host. We also have no doubts about your Knowing Myself 19
  • 26. friends’ capabilities and talents. One thing we are concerned about is that you will be visiting someone’s home and sleeping there. You are too young for such an activity,” Mom explained. “I understand that you really want to bond with your friends. You may go to Megan’s party, but we have to compromise. We will bring you there at five in the afternoon and then pick you up at nine in the evening. You may do all the planned activities with them but you will not sleep there. One more thing, you must know how to conduct yourself as a guest,” Dad emphasized. Dad then looked at Penninah’s older brother, Pijo. Dad asked the young man, “Care to tell your little sister how to conduct herself in someone else’s house, Son?” “Well,” said Pijo. “Guests must show grace and courtesy. They should greet the owners or members of the household and the other visitors upon arriving. They should wait for the hosts before they do anything such as sitting, eating, or any planned activity. When they eat, they should get only enough food. They should also say ‘Thank you’ and ‘Please’ whenever necessary.”20 Reading Works! 3
  • 27. Mom, who was listening intently, then tapped Penninah onthe shoulder and said, “Good guests must also observe the rulesand restrictions set by the owners of the house. For example, ifthe owners say that you cannot go to the third floor of the house,then you should obey them. In addition, guests should respectthe privacy of the owners by not entering the bedrooms unlessinvited to do so. You also show respect by asking permission touse the bathroom or any appliances or facilities in the house,”added Mom. “Oh, and by the way, taking a memento is a no-no!” saidMom. “The best thing to do is to wait for a giveaway or a token tobe given to you. Furthermore, informing the host of the time youwish to leave is very important. This way, they can arrange theiractivities in advance. Believe me, you will never go wrong if youpractice what we have told you.” “Trust me, Mom,” answered Penninah. “I am sure, you willbe proud of me!” Knowing Myself 21
  • 28. The much-awaited weekend came. Penninah enjoyed the company of her friends. At the same time, she learned how to compromise with her parents. She did turn out as Little Miss Courteous! Megan’s mom praised her. On their way home, Penninah said, “If Megan decides to have another overnight get-together next year, would you allow me to go? Please… please… oh, Mom and Dad….” Click1. What did Penninah receive from Megan?2. Who were invited to Megan’s overnight get-together?3. What thrilled Penninah to go to the get-together?4. Why did Megan plan an overnight get-together?5. Why were Penninah’s parents hesitant to allow her to go to the overnight get-together?6. How should a guest conduct himself or herself when visiting someone’s home?22 Reading Works! 3
  • 29. LinkNoting Explicit and Implied Details in a Story An explicit detail is the exact event specifically described andclearly expressed in the text. Meanwhile, an implied detail is asuggested event that is indirectly stated. It is usually inferred fromthe text. Study the examples below based on the selection you haveread.Examples:• Penninah asked her parents if she could go to Megan’s sleepover party. (explicit detail)• Pijo knows how to conduct himself in someone else’s house. (implied detail)Activity Draw a ( ) on the blank if the sentence tells an explicit detailfrom the story. If it tells an implied detail, put a () instead.______ 1. Penninah received an invitation from Megan.______ 2. Penninah’s parents did not allow her to sleep at Megan’s house.______ 3. Penninah wanted to go to Megan’s overnight get-together.______ 4. Megan knows how to spend her time wisely.______ 5. If Megan arranged another sleepover, Penninah would love to join again. Knowing Myself 23
  • 30. ______ 6. Penninah compromised with her parents. She was allowed to go to Megan’s party, but she had to go home before bedtime.______ 7. Penninah’s friends know how to spend their time wisely.______ 8. A guest needs to observe courtesy when visiting someone’s home.______ 9. Penninah’s parents love her very much.______ 10. Penninah enjoyed the company of her friends. Upload Your teacher will divide the class into groups and assign a situationto each group. With your group mates, act out different situations thatrequire the use of courteous expressions.24 Reading Works! 3
  • 31. Lesson 2 Learning How to Obey Connect Are you obedient? Put a () on the blank before the item that youdo or practice. ________ Follow the anti-littering campaign in school and the community ________ Cross using the pedestrian lane ________ Follow classroom rules ________ Submit homework or school requirements on time ________ Respect my teachers ________ Do household chores ________ Help my siblings in doing their household chores What did you discover? Can you follow simple orders or rules?Why or why not? __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________ Knowing Myself 25
  • 32. Search Tell the meaning of the underlined word in each number.Encircle the letter of the correct answer.1. Yaya Maring is retiring and leaving us soon. a. changing a job b. looking for a new job c. beginning a new job d. withdrawing from a job2. We will no longer be hiring a household help, so each one of you has assigned chores. a. subjects c. tasks b. services d. projects3. Rina had a prolonged telephone conversation with a friend. It lasted for about an hour. a. limited c. shortened b. lessened d. extended4. He procrastinated the tasks assigned to him because he did not feel like finishing them right away. a. rushed c. delayed b. changed d. improved5. Doing work with joy is not burdensome. a. enjoyable c. easy b. challenging d. difficult26 Reading Works! 3
  • 33. Download Yes! I have several Have you been given a chores at home, and I household chore? What always do them. was it? An Obedient Child Father made an announcement over dinner. “Yaya Maringis retiring, and she is leaving us soon. There will be changes inour chores here at home because we will no longer replace herwith another household help. We cannot afford to pay a new helpanymore. You see, your mother and I are working, and we cannotdo all the household chores. So each one of you will be given chores.We really need help from the three of you.” Knowing Myself 27
  • 34. “Your schedule will be posted on the corkboard near the computer area. Rachelle, since you are the eldest, you will wash the dishes and monitor all the supplies in the house. Carlo, you can already clean the car weekly and take care of our pets as well. Feed our pets and keep them clean. Jopet, will set the table and water the plants every day. Each one of you will also have to fix your own bed and clean your own room,” Mom said. ANGSR3TXU01C02L02aa Day one of Yaya Maring’s absence finally came. The kids started to do their assigned chores. Day by day, Rachelle and Carlo fell short of expectations because they focused too much on playing computer games, had prolonged conversations with friends over the phone, and procrastinated simply because they did not feel the need to finish their duties on time. Jopet was always assisting Rachelle and Carlo in their tasks. At times, they passed their duties to Jopet. At the end of each day, their parents checked if they had done their duties at home. Among the three, Jopet received the most complements from their parents.28 Reading Works! 3
  • 35. One Sunday afternoon, Jopet’s grandparents visited thefamily. His mother prepared lasagna. His grandparents weredelighted to know that Jopet was assisting his mother in cooking.His mother narrated that his helpful and obedient son wasaround during the whole preparation. “He is so good at followingdirections and he is very quick at handing me all the ingredientsand cooking materials. In fact, we seemed to be just playing thewhole time.” “Oh, really? Jopet, can you share with us how you helpedyour mom in cooking? What did you do? What instructions weregiven to you?” Grandmother asked. “Mother told me to gather all the ingredients and group themaccording to how they are prepared. For example, the ingredientsthat need to be peeled or sliced must be placed on a tray and theingredients that need to be cut or opened should be arranged wellon the chopping board. Mother also asked me to clean the pots,baking trays, and other cooking ware. I also prepared the trashbags and separated all the trash into wet, dry, and recyclable,”Jopet answered. Grandfather said, “That is great, Grandson!” He then explainedthat if work is organized, it will not be burdensome. “You mustput your heart into whatever you do so that it will feel just likeplaytime. When it is done with joy, work is never boring,” he added.Then he looked at Rachelle and Carlo, “You know, your Mom toldme that she was not happy about your work. She told me thatyou regularly fail to do the chores assigned to you and that youoften procastinate your duties at home. I want to share with you asaying about obedience from a martyr named Dietrich Bonhoeffer.He said, ‘One act of obedience is better than one hundred sermons.’So if I were you, I will start doing chores right now.” Knowing Myself 29
  • 36. Click1. What did Jopet’s father announce?2. What changes did the children experience?3. Why did the family decide not to hire a new household help?4. How did the parents distribute the tasks among the children?5. How can the saying “One act of obedience is better than one hundred sermons” be best interpreted? LinkFollowing Two-Step Directions Two-step directions are commands requiring the doer or receiverof the action to apply two tasks in a single instruction. Try followingthese directions:1. Throw and catch the ball.2. Stand up and move around the classroom.3. Draw a rectangle and divide it into five parts.4. Shake your hands upward while marching in place.5. Go to the table and get the chalk.Activity 1 Fill out the table below by writing the two-step directions given toRachelle, Carlo, and Jopet.Rachelle30 Reading Works! 3
  • 37. CarloJopetActivity 2 Research a simple task such as drawing a human figure or makinga paper boat. Give two-step directions on how to do this particulartask. Write the directions on a sheet of paper and let a partner do it. UploadA. Do the following. Write your answers on the blanks. 1. You see a grade one pupil who fell from the monkey bars in the playground. Write two sentences to describe what you will do. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 2. Write two sentences on how to prepare or cook your favorite snack. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ Knowing Myself 31
  • 38. 3. Your classmates are noisy. Write two steps that you must do as the class president. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 4. You have received your allowance for the week. What two things can you do to save money? _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 5. You cannot find your science book. List two things you will do to solve this problem. _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________B. After doing activity A, share with your classmates your realizations when it comes to giving and following directions.32 Reading Works! 3
  • 39. Lesson 3 Making Friendship Work ConnectWhat would you do if there are new pupils in your class?________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Search Tell the meaning of the underlined word in each number.Encircle the letter of the correct answer.1. The boy had a relaxing weekend. He felt rejuvenated. a. tired c. refreshed b. excited d. disappointed2. The girls’ boisterous laughter filled the classroom. It seemed that they really had fun. a. soft c. calm b. noisy d. moderate Knowing Myself 33
  • 40. 3. Paulo thought of a dull recess when Joseph did not go to school. a. boring c. lively b. cool d. happy4. Joseph was assigned as Paulo’s buddy. The two boys must always go together. a. critic b. guest c. enemy d. companion Download Have you experienced being the new kid in What did you do to school? make new friends?34 Reading Works! 3
  • 41. An Amazing Friend Paulo always goes to school early. On a Monday morning, hefelt so rejuvenated because he was able to rest and relax well overthe weekend. He was carrying his school bag and a big lunch boxwhile walking fast. His movements showed excitement. He opened the door. “Good morning Mica, Arthur, and Nina,”he said. He noticed that there was one person missing. Hiseyes moved around the classroom. “Oh boy, where are you?” hewhispered. “Not this day! Not now!” He felt sad. “This is unusual!It is still too early anyway. I will unpack my things first.” Thoughworried, Paulo was still hoping to see that one person he waslooking for. While Paulo was unpacking his things, he saw his classmatescoming in one by one. The classroom was slowly filled withboisterous laughter, loud conversations, the sounds of draggedfootsteps and chairs. Still, Paulo’s buddy was nowhere to befound. “Aaah, the bell! It is time for the flag ceremony,” said Paulo. “Flag ceremony, classmates!” a girl exclaimed. Paulo felt uneasy. He could not concentrate. He thought of adull recess. “This day is going to be a bad day!” he thought. In a moment, Paulo recalled his first day in school when hewas introduced as a new pupil. His family had just transferred tothe city because it was close to where his father works. On that first day, the teacher told Paulo that he will not bealone because he will be assigned a buddy to be with him. Hisbuddy was named Joseph, and he turned out to be an amazingfriend. Paulo discovered they have many things in common. Hefound it easy to adjust to the new school environment because of Knowing Myself 35
  • 42. Joseph’s help. His new buddy helped him feel comfortable. Paulo got to know his classmates and won their hearts, too. He also became familiar with the school policies and facilities through his buddy. He hardly noticed that two months had quickly passed since his first day in class. When the second period came, the door opened. He saw his buddy sneaking in. Joseph handed a slip of paper to his teacher. The teacher nodded and gave him a signal to take his seat. Paulo got excited. He waved to Joseph. “Hey! How come you are late?” Paulo asked. “The school bus broke down. Let us talk later because our teacher is looking at us,” Joseph answered. During recess, the boys rushed to the cafeteria and sat on their favorite spot. Paulo brought out his lunch box and took out a sandwich. “Joseph, my mother prepared this chicken sandwich for you. Look, it is so appetizing! My mom makes great sandwiches. Here is a cup of juice, too,” Paulo explained. “This is great! I’m so hungry. In fact, I ate my food already while waiting for the mechanic to fix the bus,” said Joseph. “Oh, yummy! Thank you so much, Pau. You must bring more food tomorrow!” Joseph added jokingly. The boys laughed and enjoyed the food they shared together.36 Reading Works! 3
  • 43. Click1. How did Paulo feel on an early Monday morning?2. What made Paulo worry when he arrived in school?3. Why was Paulo excited to go to school that Monday morning?4. Why did the teacher assign Joseph as Paulo’s buddy?5. How did Joseph make Paulo comfortable in his new school?6. How did Paulo value Joseph’s effort? LinkGetting the Main Idea The main idea is the central thought of a passage or a paragraph.It tells what the passage or paragraph is talking about. In getting themain idea, the following questions must be considered.1. What is being described in the passage or paragraph?2. What idea does the author want to tell?3. How can the details be best summarized?Activity 1Encircle the letter of the main idea of each given passage.1. Paulo went to school early. He felt excited as he carried a big lunch box. He wanted to reach the classroom as fast as he can. a. Paulo was counting his footsteps. b. Paulo was excited to go to school. Knowing Myself 37
  • 44. c. Paulo did not want to go to school. d. Paulo was carrying a big lunch box.2. Paulo greeted his classmates who came early. He looked around. He was hoping to see someone. He was saddened when he did not see the person he was looking for. He unpacked his things first while waiting. a. Paulo was waiting for someone. b. Paulo was angry at someone. c. Paulo was happy not to see his friend. d. Paulo saw the person he was looking for.3. Paulo noticed that his classmates were beginning to arrive. He waited until the bell rang for the flag ceremony. Still, Paulo’s buddy was nowhere to be found. a. Paulo was still waiting for his friend. b. Paulo was excited to see someone. c. Paulo talked to his classmates while waiting. d. Paulo saw the person he was looking for.4. Paulo lost hope when two class periods had passed. He was worried and thought of a dull recess. He wondered where the person was. a. Paulo was happy. b. Paulo saw the person he was looking for. c. Paulo thought that he would no longer see the person he was waiting for. d. Paulo was eagerly waiting to see someone.38 Reading Works! 3
  • 45. Activity 2 Write the main idea of each paragraph. Write your answer onthe blank.1. The teacher introduced Paulo to his new set of classmates. She also assigned Joseph as his buddy. Joseph introduced Paulo to the school authorities. He also told him about the policies of the school. Paulo was able to adjust easily in school because of Joseph. Main idea: __________________________________________2. Joseph became Paulo’s buddy in the new school. He exerted effort to make Paulo’s adjustments to the new school environment easy. He always accompanies Paulo. They both enjoy each other’s company. Main idea: __________________________________________3. Paulo was excited to go to school with his big lunch box. He brought an appetizing snack for Joseph. He wanted Joseph to know how much he valued his friendship by sharing with his friend the sandwiches his mother prepared. Main idea: __________________________________________ Knowing Myself 39
  • 46. Upload Write a five-sentence paragraph about friendship. Underline themain idea and then give a creative title for your paragraph. ______________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________40 Reading Works! 3
  • 47. Lesson 4 Mastering One’s Emotions Connect Answer the following questions. Discuss your answers with apartner.1. Do you get mad easily? __________________________________________________________________2. When do you get mad? __________________________________________________________________3. What do you do when you get mad? __________________________________________________________________4. Do you know how to control your temper? __________________________________________________________________ Search Tell the meaning of the underlined word in each number.Encircle the letter of the correct answer.1. Miguel threw a tantrum when Joshua accidentally broke his favorite pen. a. politeness b. bad temper c. cheerfulness d. disobedience Knowing Myself 41
  • 48. 2. The teacher had a diplomatic discussion with Miguel after he threw tantrums. a. polite b. serious c. impolite d. cheerful3. Miguel was commended by his teacher for controlling his temper. a. punished b. disciplined c. praised d. respected4. Antonio invited Jayvee reluctantly since he is still not sure of his friend’s behavior. a. excitedly b. cheerfully c. unwillingly d. happily5. Miguel’s parents patted him on the back for a job well done. a. tapped b. pushed c. pinched d. rubbed42 Reading Works! 3
  • 49. Download Have you ever encountered a person What can a person who easily gets mad? do to control anger? Discovering Self-Control Blag! Blag! Blag! The whole class was shocked. “Miss Reyes,look at Miguel. He got mad. I just told him to put his bag on thecorner, but he left it on the floor,” said Trixie. Blag! Blag! Blag!“Teacher, Miguel is throwing tantrums!” Trixie cried out loud. Knowing Myself 43
  • 50. “Miguel, what are you doing?” Miss Reyes asked. “Please stop kicking your bag. I would like to know what went wrong, so let us talk about it outside the classroom later. Kindly put your bag in the proper place and go back to your seat,” she said in a diplomatic tone. Miguel obeyed her right away. After class, Miguel and Miss Reyes had a long conversation. She told Miguel that he needed to learn how to control his temper. She advised him to count from 1 to 10 before doing or saying anything. She also explained to Miguel the bad things that could happen if he does not learn how to control his emotions. “I will be monitoring your behavior every day. Please be reminded, too, of our classroom policy—a place for everything and everything in its place. I hope that you will obey me, Miguel,” Miss Reyes said. Miguel just nodded. During lunch break the next day, Antonio, Miguel’s seatmate, invited him. “I have a new PlayStation 3 at home. Would you like to play with me?” Antonio asked. “Yes, I would love to,” Miguel answered. Miguel and Antonio did not notice that Jayvee was on the other side and suddenly spoke, “May I go with you?” Antonio reluctantly answered, “Um... okay, you may.” Jayvee spent the most time playing video games while Miguel was able to play only once. Antonio told Jayvee to let44 Reading Works! 3
  • 51. Miguel play, but Jayvee just ignored Antonio. “It’s my turn now!You have been playing for a long time! Give it to me!” Miguelthen said angrily. Jayvee ignored Miguel, and he continued to play. Miguel,being a short-tempered boy, grabbed the PlayStation 3 and threwit on the floor. Blag! “Oh no! You broke my PlayStation 3! Whatwill I tell my mom? I’m sure she will punish me!” Antonio said,crying. Miguel got scared. He did not know what to do. So, he decidedto call his parents to inform them of what happened. The parents of the three boys met and discussed what todo. They then agreed to lecture the boys on the importance ofselflessness, patience, and kindness. Miguel’s parents, in particular, warned him about his shorttemper. Miguel felt bad about the trouble he caused. He promisedhis dad that he would try his best to control his temper. He thenremembered the advice of Miss Reyes to count from 1 to 10 beforedoing or saying anything whenever he was mad. Miguel madea promise to himself: he was going to do his best to control histemper, and he will do it by following the advice of Miss Reyes. In school, Miss Reyes observed him. One time, she was amazedwhen Miguel was able to manage his anger well. She commendedMiguel’s effort to control his temper. “Miguel, I am so proud ofyou! Keep it up!” Miss Reyes said. “Yes,” replied Miguel. “I will always do my best to control myemotions.” Miss Reyes smiled at Miguel and patted him on the back.“I’m sure you will, Miguel. I’m sure you will.” Knowing Myself 45
  • 52. Click1. What did Miss Reyes notice about Miguel?2. Why did Miss Reyes implement the rule “a place for everything and everything in its place”?3. Why must a person learn how to control his or her temper?4. How did Miguel try to overcome his problem?5. How did Miguel’s parents and teacher help him manage his temper? LinkPredicting Outcomes To predict an outcome is to tell what is going to happen next basedon previous knowledge or story clues presented in the text. Read the passage below and its predicted outcome. Do you thinkthe predicted outcome is possible based on the details presented in thepassage? Why or why not? Passage Predicted Outcome Miguel, being a short-tempered boy, Antonio’s parents got mad grabbed the PlayStation 3 and when they learned that threw it on the floor. Blag! “Oh no! the PlayStation 3 was You broke my PlayStation 3! What damaged. will I tell my mom? I’m sure she will punish me!” Antonio said, crying.46 Reading Works! 3
  • 53. Activity 1 Supply the information needed to complete the story star below.Choose the appropriate outcome in the box. Write the number of youranswer in the correct space as indicated by each arrow. What could have happened if Trixie did not tell Miguel to put his bag in the proper place? What could have happened if Miss Reyes failed to talk What could have happened to Miguel in a diplomatic had Jayvee not joined manner? Miguel and Antonio? What could have happened onceWhat is most likely to Antonio’s parentshappen if Miguel does found out that thenot count from 1 to 10 PlayStation 3 waswhen he gets mad? damaged? What could have happened if Jayvee allowed Miguel to take his turn in playing the video game? 1. Some of Miguel’s classmates would have tripped on his bag. 2. Miguel would have said nasty words. 3. Miguel might not be able to control his temper. 4. Miguel might not have grabbed and thrown the PlayStation 3. 5. Jayvee could have learned to be considerate next time. 6. Miguel might have enjoyed playing the video game with Antonio. 7. Antonio’s parents would have been mad. Knowing Myself 47
  • 54. Activity 2 Give a possible outcome for each given situation.1. Miguel apologized to Antonio and his parents for throwing the PlayStation 3 on the floor. ____________________________________________________________2. Miguel was beginning to get angry at his classmate when Miss Reyes reminded him to count from 1 to 10. ____________________________________________________________3. Miguel asked Jayvee and Antonio to play with him. Miguel promised that he will control his emotions better this time. ____________________________________________________________4. Miss Reyes noticed that Miguel has been able to consistently control his temper. She was very impressed. ____________________________________________________________ Upload If you were given a chance to give the story a different ending, howwould you like the story to end? Write on a sheet of paper a differentending to the story. Then explain briefly why you gave that ending.48 Reading Works! 3
  • 55. Chapter 3 Getting to KnowName? What’s in a My Identity A person’s practices and beliefs contribute to his or her identity.In this chapter, you will discover your identity by reading variousselections and by doing different tasks such as drawing conclusionsand making inferences. Lesson 1 Revisiting the Filipino Family Connect Look at the pictures below and write three sentences about eachon the blanks. Knowing Myself 49
  • 56. Search Tell the meaning of the underlined word in each number.Encircle the letter of the correct answer.1. Filipinos treasure their families as their source of strength. a. value c. forget b. throw away d. collect2. We Filipinos have close-knit families. a. highly prized c. strongly bonded b. highly valued d. strongly opposed3. A birthday celebration is one of the important affairs observed in the Philippines. a. values c. decisions b. traditions d. activities4. Offering and serving the best to the visitors are marks of Filipino hospitality. a. pride c. friendliness b. happiness d. cooperativeness5. Family members savor the memorable moments they experience during family holidays. a. enjoy c. show b. control d. provide50 Reading Works! 3
  • 57. DownloadHome is definitely What comes to yourthe place to be, mind whenever youespecially for young read the expressionpeople like us. “Home sweet home”? The Filipino Famiy Filipino families are usually close knit. They always puttheir families first in whatever they do. In a Filipino family, values are taught at home. Some ofthese values are respect for elders and other people, obedience,love for country, and faith in God. Such values are alive inalmost every Filipino home. Filipinos who are in other countriesalso bring with them the values they have learned from theirfamilies. Knowing Myself 51
  • 58. In addition, education is highly valued in every Filipino family. Parents strive hard to send their children to school. It is a hope in every Filipino family that each child receives a college diploma or at least finishes high school. Filipinos believe that it is through education that they can improve their lives. Filipinos are also known for being hospitable. They offer and serve the best to their guests. Filipinos are very friendly. They value friendships and work hard to maintain good relationships with others. Strong family ties, meanwhile, make Filipinos go back to their families wherever they may be. Since many Filipinos work abroad, they still find time to take a vacation once a year or whenever there is a chance. Similarly, OFWs never forget their parents back here. These OFWs often cannot stand being away from their children or parents for a long time. The same goes for those who have been living in other countries permanently—they usually visit their families or relatives in the Philippines on a monthly or weekly basis, depending on their schedule. Some OFWs who have saved enough money often go back here so they can spend their remaining years with their loved ones. Strong family ties are also shown by Filipino families when they bond together during celebrations and special occasions. Birthdays, Christmas, New Year’s Eve, fiestas, Holy Week, and the like are among the special events that Filipino families always celebrate or observe. On such occasions, family members savor the fun and excitement as these are often the only chance for the family to be complete.52 Reading Works! 3
  • 59. Filipinos are also family oriented. The love and harmonious relationships within the family, the values taught, and the traditions practiced by the family are among the many things that bind Filipino families. For Filipinos, being with their families is truly being “home sweet home.” Click1. What type of family do Filipinos have?2. Why do Filipinos always go back to their families?3. Why do parents give their best to send their children to school?4. How can Filipinos best reunite with their families?5. How do Filipinos treasure their families? Knowing Myself 53
  • 60. LinkDrawing Conclusions Drawing a conclusion involves coming up with a generalstatement that tells something about a person, an event, or an ideabased on given details.Example:Given detail: She wanted to live in a place where people did not know who shewas and where she could play with children her age.Conclusion: She wanted to live and play like other ordinary children.Activity 1 Check the Yes column if the statement is a conclusion based onthe selection. If not, check the No column. Practice Yes No1. Filipino families teach the values of respect, obedience, and love.2. Filipino families bond together during holidays.3. Filipino families show strong family ties.4. Filipino families give importance to education.5. Filipinos are very happy people.54 Reading Works! 3
  • 61. Activity 2 Encircle the letter of the correct conclusion based on the givendetails in each passage.1. In a Filipino family, values are taught at home. Some of these values are respect for elders and other people, obedience, love for country, and faith in God. a. Family members are not respected. b. Families do not share common values. c. Filipino homes serve as schools. d. Values are preserved in Filipino homes.2. Filipino parents work hard to send their children to school. It is the hope of each Filipino family that each child receives a college diploma or at least finishes high school. Filipinos believe that it is through education that they can improve their lives. a. Children are required to go to school. b. The Filipino family preserves many traditions. c. Filipinos have high regard for education. d. Parents have a duty to send their children to school.3. Celebrations and special occasions are the best opportunities for family members to reunite. Family get- togethers are often held during the holidays. On these occasions, family members savor the fun and excitement as these are often the only chance for the families to be complete. Knowing Myself 55
  • 62. a. Filipino families are hospitable. b. Family members care for each other. c. Family members reunite and celebrate during holidays. d. Filipinos have deep respect for elders.4. Some OFWs go back home for a vacation once a year or when they retire. Other Filipinos who have been living or staying abroad for a long time see to it that they pay a visit to their respective families. a. Filipinos are hospitable. b. Family members like to visit different places. c. Filipinos know how to wait patiently for their vacations. d. Filipinos always go home to their families when they can.5. Filipinos also maintain good relationships with others. Equally important is the practice of hospitality, which Filipinos are known for worldwide. Filipinos offer and serve the best to their guests. a. Filipinos are hospitable people. b. Filipinos show hospitality to a few people. c. Filipinos care for the members of the family. d. Home is the foundation of the Filipino nation.56 Reading Works! 3
  • 63. Upload Form a group with three to four members. With your group mates,read the following sentences and choose one topic. Act out your chosentopic in class.1. Filipino homes teach values such us respect, obedience, and love.2. The preservation of customs and traditions are important to Filipino families.3. Filipinos always go home or return to their families as a sign of strong family ties.4. Filipinos have high regard for education.5. In Filipino homes, families show love and care for each member. Knowing Myself 57
  • 64. Lesson 2 Looking Back Connect Write a sentence that describes each picture.58 Reading Works! 3
  • 65. Search Tell the meaning of the underlined word in each number. Encirclethe letter of the correct answer.1. Our heroes defended our nation from intruders. a. hosts c. friends b. guests d. trespassers2. The Filipinos’ advocacy of freedom was shown during People Power. a. support for c. protection b. hope d. disobedience3. The EDSA People Power Revolution of 1986 is a milestone of the Filipinos’ desire to preserve democracy. a. tradition c. commitment b. belief d. achievement4. We as a country have diverse traditions and beliefs. a. similar b. related c. alike d. different5. Many of our customs and traditions are based on spiritual beliefs. a. laws c. ways of life b. celebrations d. rules Knowing Myself 59
  • 66. Download How would you describe yourself as I am a proud Filipino with a Filipino? good values, big dreams, and a great family.60 Reading Works! 3
  • 67. Who Are the Filipinos? Who are the Filipinos? Filipinos belong to the brown-skinned race, and they are thepeople of the Philippines. This beautiful country is an archipelagoknown as the “Pearl of the Orient.” Many Filipinos have shown bravery and love for theircountry by defending the country’s freedom from intruders. Thestrong will of the Filipinos, their heroic heart, and their advocacyfor peace and freedom were also seen during the EDSA PeoplePower Revolution of 1986. To this day, this event is considereda milestone in preserving independence and democracy in thecountry. Moreover, Filipinos are known for their politeness, patience,perseverance, resourcefulness, creativity, hospitality, industry,skills, and intelligence. Filipinos prove these values at work, in Knowing Myself 61
  • 68. school, in social gatherings, in sporting events, and in special occasions. Overseas Filipino workers, for their part, show positive attitudes, which is one of the main reasons why employers around the world prefer Filipino workers. Along with these positive attitudes are customs and traditions anchored on various spiritual beliefs. These customs and traditions in turn, are preserved and practiced by Filipinos even when they are far from home. Therefore, it is important that Filipinos protect their reputation as a distinct group of people blessed with positive values, unique characteristics, and diverse skills. Similarly, Filipinos should also do their best to preserve and protect the country’s many scenic spots and natural resources. Click1. To what race do Filipinos belong?2. What characteristic is shown by the Filipinos’ willingness to defend the country’s freedom?3. How do the indigenous people contribute to the nation?4. Which characteristics do Filipinos exhibit regularly?5. Why should Filipinos be proud of their race?62 Reading Works! 3
  • 69. LinkInferring Inferring refers to understanding the hidden or suggested meaningof a text. Using hints, clues, or prior knowledge can help you understandthe meaning of the text.Example: Princess Lexine introduced herself to the little girl and gave her some food. The little girl stopped crying and introduced herself to the princess as well. Why did the little girl stop crying? Inference: The little girl is hungry. She also felt that someone cares for her.Activity 1 Infer the message of each given passage. Write your inference onthe blank. Then write a brief explanation on how you came up withyour inference.1. The Philippines is known as “The Pearl of the Orient.” It is an archipelago. The islands and islets are stretched like beads on the Pacific Ocean. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Knowing Myself 63
  • 70. 2. The Philippines is filled with magnificent scenic spots and abundant resources. Its long coastlines offer famous beaches and diving sites. There are also captivating marine sanctuaries and good fishing grounds. The land also gives a variety of plants, animals, and huge mineral deposits. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________3. Filipinos also have unique talents, skills, and intelligence. Overseas Filipino workers, for their part, show positive attitudes which is one of the main reasons why employers around the world prefer hiring them. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________Activity 2 Write a one-sentence inference based on each passage. Write yourinference on the blank.1. Filipinos belong to the brown-skinned race. The blood that runs through their veins speaks of the greatness of heroes— the men and women who defended the country’s freedom from foreign rule. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________64 Reading Works! 3
  • 71. 2. Filipinos have roles to play as protectors of its distinct cultural heritage. Filipinos also have big roles in preserving and protecting the country’s many scenic spots and natural resources. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________3. The strong will of the people was shown in the EDSA People Power of 1986. It was a milestone that showed the Filipinos’ desire to preserve democracy. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________4. The indigenous Filipino groups contribute to the preservation of the cultural heritage of the nation. The different ethnic groups share similar characteristics such as politeness, patience, perseverance, resourcefulness, creativity, hospitality, and industry. __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Upload Watch a video about the Philippines on the Internet. Createa similar presentation to convince foreigners to come and visit ourcountry. Act it out in front of the class. Be sure to use props and costumeto make it more interesting. Knowing Myself 65
  • 72. Unit Test Read the story below and answer the questions that follow. Encirclethe letter of your answer. The Fruit with a Hundred Eyes Long ago, Aling Rosa and her only child, Pinang, lived in a small fishing village in Iloilo. Pinang’s father, a fisherman, died when she was still a baby. Aling Rosa felt heartbroken then, but she found very little time to mourn because she had to take care of her only daughter. When Pinang reached the age of 10, Aling Rosa began teaching her how to take care of herself and do housework. She taught young Pinang how to cook, clean, and wash her own clothes. She wanted to make sure that Pinang would grow up to be a responsible, hardworking person. However, Pinang did not enjoy housework at all. Instead, she preferred to play piko with her friends in the town plaza. There, she and her friends would spend countless hours playing. Every day, the neighbors would hear Aling Rosa shouting, “Pina-aaaang! Pina-aaa-aaang! Come home!” to remind her daughter that it was time to come home. One day, Aling Rosa fell ill and had to stay in bed. So she asked Pinang to cook porridge. Pinang obeyed her mother. However, she had to check with her mother every step of the way to see if she was doing things right. After putting some rice and water into the pot, she left it on the stove and ran off to play with her friends.66 Reading Works! 3
  • 73. When she finally remembered to go home to check on theporridge, much of the rice had been burned already. Much ofthe rice, in fact, got stuck on the bottom of the pot because itwas not stirred at all while cooking. When Pinang served theporridge to her mother, it tasted bitter. Still, Aling Rosa didnot mind. She was quite pleased that her daughter actuallytried to cook. Aling Rosa was sick for a few days. Pinang had no choice butto cook porridge. Aling Rosa was ecstatic that her only daughterwas finally beginning to do things by herself. One afternoon, while Pinang was getting ready to cookporridge again, she found out that the wooden ladle that she usesto stir the porridge was missing. She had used it earlier, so it hadto be around somewhere. Impatient to look for the wooden ladle,she, instead, woke up her mother and asked, “Mother, have youseen the wooden ladle?” Aling Rosa felt upset that Pinang woke her up. So she shoutedat her young daughter. “You foolish girl! Why ask me? I have notbeen in the kitchen for days!” She knew that her daughter could not find the wooden ladlebecause she was not looking hard enough for it. “Pinang, you arelooking with your mouth, not with your eyes. I wish you had ahundred eyes to help you see what you are looking for!” she saidangrily. Pinang did not say a word. Though she admitted to herselfthat she did not, indeed, look hard enough for the wooden ladle,she still felt extremely hurt by her mother’s comment. She sat onthe front stairs of their house and began crying. Knowing Myself 67
  • 74. Soon, night fell and it was time for supper. Aling Rosa was surprised that Pinang had not come home. So she forced herself out of bed, went outside, and called out her daughter. “Pinaaang!” she called faintly. There was no answer. Aling Rosa did not worry at first. “Pinang probably went out to play piko with her friends,” she thought to herself. But she began to worry when her daughter was still not home after several hours. Days passed before Aling Rosa recovered from her sickness and regained her strength. Terribly worried that Pinang had not come home for days, she began to ask her neighbors. However, only an old woman remembered seeing Aling Rosa’s daughter. “I remember seeing Pinang sitting on the steps in front of your house. She was crying.” Aling Rosa did not know where else to look, so she just hoped and prayed that her daughter would one day come home. To help her forget her worries and sadness, she busied herself with housework. One morning, Aling Rosa noticed a strange plant that had grown right in front of the house. The mysterious plant had green leaves that looked like sharp, long blades. She dug out the plant carefully and moved it to a place where there was sunlight. As days passed, the plant produced a strange-looking fruit. It looked like a person’s head with eyes all around. There must have been hundreds of them!68 Reading Works! 3
  • 75. Then Aling Rosa remembered what she said to Pinang several nights before. At that moment, she realized that what she said came true. She knew the fruit she was holding was actually Pinang. Her daughter turned into a fruit with many eyes. She felt sorry for what she said, but she knew that there was nothing more she could do. Aling Rosa decided to just take care of the plant and its fruit the way she used to take care of her beloved daughter. She even called the plant “Pinang.” Eventually, more and more people learned about the plant and its delicious fruit. The name slowly evolved into pinya, now the name of a juicy, edible tropical fruit popular here in the Philippines. Source: Reading for Young Achievers 31. What situations broke Aling Rosa’s heart? a. death of her husband and loss of her daughter b. getting sick and negative attitudes of her daughter c. finding her daughter and discovering the plant d. staying in bed and eating burnt porridge2. Which describes Pinang? a. a responsible child b. a loving child c. a happy-go-lucky child d. an obedient child Knowing Myself 69
  • 76. 3. How did Aling Rosa prepare Pinang to become a responsible person? a. by sending Pinang to school b. by giving Pinang a set of rules about her conduct c. by teaching Pinang to do housework d. by requesting other people to supervise Pinang in doing her tasks4. Why did Aling Rosa get mad at Pinang? a. Pinang broke the wooden ladle. b. Pinang did not cook porridge. c. Pinang played all day long. d. Pinang did not look for the wooden ladle hard enough.5. How did Aling Rosa discover that Pinang was missing? a. a friend informed her b. nobody cooked for her c. the neighbors told her d. Pinang did not come home for several days.6. Which group of words from the selection shows initial consonant blends? a. ask, just, first b. only, died, take c. clean, play, shout d. felt, work, sunlight7. What word in the sentence “Pinang had to check her sick mother” shows initial consonant blends? a. sick b. check c. Pinang d. mother70 Reading Works! 3
  • 77. 8. Which group of words from the selection shows final consonant blends? a. ask, just, first b. only, died, take c. clean, play, shout d. felt, work, sunlight 9. What word in the sentence “I wish you had a hundred eyes!” shows a final consonant blend? a. had b. eyes c. wish d. hundred10. What word with an initial consonant blend can best complete the sentence “Pinang ________________ the rice that got stuck on the bottom of the pot?” a. stirred b. cleaned c. stopped d. whipped11. What statement is implied in the selection? a. Pinang learned how to cook well by herself. b. The origin of the pineapple is based on a curse. c. Pinang learned how to become a responsible daughter. d. Controlling one’s temper is the best way of handling a confrontation. Knowing Myself 71
  • 78. 12. Which is an example of a two-step direction given by Aling Rosa to Pinang? a. Pinang, take a bath now. b. Pinang, it is time to cook porridge. c. Pinang, look for the wooden ladle hard enough. d. Pinang, in cooking porridge, you must wash the rice first before putting water in the pot. .13. What two-step procedure did Pinang follow in preparing porridge for her sick mother? a. putting some rice and water into the pot b. checking every procedure with her mother c. remembering where to keep the wooden ladle d. serving the porridge to her mother with a bitter taste14. What is the main idea of the following paragraph? One morning, Aling Rosa noticed a strange plant that had grown right in front of the house stairs. The mysterious plant had green leaves that looked like sharp, long blades. She dug out the plant carefully and moved it to a place where there was sunlight. As days passed, the plant produced a stranged- looking fruit. It looked like a person’s head with eyes all around. There must have been hundreds of them! a. A mysterious plant had grown in front of the house. b. Aling Rosa was surprised to see the mysterious plant in front of the house. c. Aling Rosa thought that the mysterious plant would die if it remains in the place where there is no sunlight. d. All of the above72 Reading Works! 3
  • 79. 15. What is the theme of the story? a. The story shows the origin of pineapple. b. A child has to look for the object well. c. A child has to be obedient to the parents. d. The pineapple resulted from a parent’s curse.16. What can be inferred from the statement “Pinang, you are looking with your mouth, not with your eyes. I wish you had a hundred eyes to help you see what you are looking for!”? a. Pinang had poor eyesight. b. Pinang was too lazy to look for the object. c. Pinang had to open her eyes wide to see all things. d. Pinang need not look for the objects because she may use other parts of her body.17. Which can you infer from the paragraph below? Aling Rosa decided to just take care of the plant and its fruit the way she used to take care of her beloved daughter. She even called the plant “Pinang.” Eventually, more and more people learned about the plant and its delicious fruit. The name slowly evolved into “pinya,” now the name of a juicy, edible tropical fruit popular here in the Philippines. a. The word “Pinya” originated from the word “Pinang.” b. Pineapples grow in tropical regions. c. Fruits become juicy if given proper care. d. All of the above Knowing Myself 73
  • 80. 18. What can you conclude when Pinang did not say a word when her mother scolded her? a. Pinang got scared. b. Pinang was very angry. c. Pinang was sorry for her bad action. d. Pinang ignored her mother19. What can you conclude from Aling Rosa’s situation when she hoped and prayed to see her daughter again? a. Aling Rosa was sorry for losing her temper. b. Aling Rosa missed her daughter so much. c. Aling Rosa wanted to make up for her bad action. d. All of the above20. What message does the selection want to impart to children and parents? a. Children and parents need to respect each other. b. Children and parents need to compromise over a difficult situation. c. Parents and children have to help each other solve their problems in a diplomatic way. d. All of the above74 Reading Works! 3