Reading Works! 1     Textbook
Reading Works! 1TextbookPhilippine Copyright 2012 by DIWA LEARNING SYSTEMS INCAll rights reserved. Printed in the Philippi...
To the Pupils       The Reading Works! series was especially designed and created for you, the21st century learner. It aim...
Table of ContentsUnit 1      Knowing MyselfChapter 1   Discovering Me .......................................................
Lesson 3    Having Fun Together with Friends .................................................71            (More on Probl...
Lesson 3    Making Pictures ..............................................................................161            (...
Knowing Myself                                            UNIT                                                         1  ...
Chapter 1                             Discovering Me    In this chapter, you will learn about consonant and vowelsounds as...
Search   Box the word that has the same meaning as each encircledword.1. sting            bite         hit            crat...
Special Like Me                            M.G. Bustos         I look around and I see different things.      Birds have w...
Click1. Name three animals that are mentioned in the poem.2. What can these animals do?3. Can you do any of the things the...
Rhyming Words   By using the sounds of letters to form words, you can alsomake words rhyme. Making words rhyme just like i...
Activity 2   Make words rhyme by completing the poem below. Circlethe correct word in each line. Then read the poem aloud....
Lesson   2             I Recognize How I Feel     Connect    Below are five kinds of feelings. Draw one kind in eachcircle...
Download Why are you               My room is a mess! sad, Sara?                          You are right, Darren. I needThe...
I can comb my hair or put on a cap,              Or brush my teeth after a nap.      I can eat by myself and then pack awa...
LinkReading Stories or Poems    When you read stories or poems, you feel different kindsof emotions. The emotions you feel...
Upload    Make a mask to show how you feel. You will need thefollowing materials: paper plate, markers or crayons,string o...
Lesson   3               I Take Care of Myself     Connect   Answer the following questions. Then share your answerswith t...
DownloadKeeping ourselves                        Yes, Darren! That isclean will make us                       why I shower...
The next morning, Kassey got ready for school. Shewashed herself again, brushed her teeth, combed her hair,and put on some...
“Margaret forgot to clean herself! That is what she did not do!” said Kassey, sure of her answer.    “That is right, Kasse...
A telling sentence tells about someone or something. Itends with a period (.).   Examples:   •   She always washes her fac...
Activity 1   Reread the story “Keep It Clean.” As you read, look for anexample of each kind of sentence. Write it on the b...
Lesson   4       I Am Thankful for Being Me     Connect   Study each picture. Tell what might happen next. Circlethe lette...
Search    Guess what is being described in each sentence. Circle theletter of the correct answer.1. This light that cuts a...
My Big Sister                          M.G. Bustos   It was a stormy night. Thunder and lightning shookthe dark skies. The...
“Is the rain over?” asked Josh as soon as he saw his sister.     “Yes, Josh. The rain is over. Look,” Mandy pointed to the...
science class that dark clouds and cold wind are signs of acoming rain.    You can also make predictions when reading. It ...
Activity 2   Read the situation below. Make three predictions on whatmight happen next. Write your predictions below.     ...
Chapter 2                       Proud to Be Me     In this chapter, you will listen to and read selections about families ...
____ 1.    I am small and still cannot walk. I drink a lot of           milk to help me grow.____ 2.    I help take care o...
Download How did you feel when                   Of course, I was so your baby brother                       excited! He w...
“We will have to wait until he wakes up,” Kaye’s mom said. “For now, you can help me fix some fresh clothes for the baby s...
3. Why was Kaye excited?4. What did Kaye promise to do for her baby brother?5. Do you think Kaye’s parents will be happy i...
3. An animal with wings that makes   nests for its babies     ________________________________________Activity 2    Read t...
3. Who surprised Grace?   ______________________________________________________________4. How would you describe Grace?  ...
Lesson   2             I Spend Time with My Family     Connect   Tell something about your father or mother. Share yourans...
DownloadWhere are you going,Sara?                                     My family and I are going                           ...
Neng got the jug with juice and filled it with ice cubes. When everything was ready, Neng and her family headed to the par...
Click1. Who are the characters in the story?2. Where did the family go?3. What things did Neng and her family bring to the...
Activity 1    Read the paragraph below and answer the questions thatfollow.      She walks slowly. Her back is bent and sh...
Upload   Form a group with three to four members. With yourgroup mates, play a game of charades about different kinds ofpe...
Lesson     3             My Family Helps Me      Connect    Have you ever gotten lost in a mall or in a place wherethere a...
3. worry   a. to be happy   b. to feel or experience concern or anxiety4. barn   a. a place where different kinds of fishe...
DownloadWhat is the problem?                       Please help me. I lost                                           my fav...
“One, two, three…” Mother Duck counted. But she suddenly stopped and said, “One of my ducklings is missing.” She counted a...
4. Why did Mother Duck become worried?5. What was the baby duck doing when Mother Duck found   him?6. If you were Mother D...
2. You are playing outside with your friends. One of your   friends trips and begins to cry. What will you do?   a. I will...
Activity 2   Provide a solution to each problem. Complete the givensentence in each number.1. A boy is late again in class...
Lesson   4           I Am Thankful for My Family     Connect    Who takes care of you when you are sick? What does yourmot...
DownloadHi, Sara. Look, here is                          Yes, Darren. I am verya photo of me and my                       ...
was sick. Her mom was running a fever yet she was stillthinking about her chores.    As they enteredthe house, everythingw...
Sidney decided to work on her homework while she waited for her dad to come home. As soon as she finished, her dad got hom...
For example, to alphabetize the words ant, car, and bag,you first look at the beginning letter of each word. The firstlett...
Unit TestRead the selection below. Then do the tasks that follow.                        My Name Is Jay                   ...
A. Circle the letter of your answer.   1. Who is the boy in the story?       a. Ben                            c. Dan     ...
B. Read the word beside each number. Choose a word that   rhymes with it. Circle the letter of your answer.     1. fun    ...
5. The key is in my pocket.       a. telling                c.   commanding       b. asking                 d. exclamatory...
E. Answer each question. Circle the correct answer.     1. Which word has a long /a/ sound?         a. bake               ...
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  1. 1. Reading Works! 1 Textbook
  2. 2. Reading Works! 1TextbookPhilippine Copyright 2012 by DIWA LEARNING SYSTEMS INCAll rights reserved. Printed in the PhilippinesEditorial, design, and layout by University Press of First AsiaNo part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic or mechanical,including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval systems, without permission in writingfrom the copyright owner. Exclusively distributed by DIWA LEARNING SYSTEMS INC 4/F SEDCCO 1 Bldg. 120 Thailand corner Legazpi Streets Legaspi Village, 1229 Makati City, Philippines Tel. No.: (632) 893-8501 * Fax: (632) 817-8700 ISBN 978-971-46-0290-8AuthorsMa. Genevieve Bustos holds a master’s degree in Education from Miriam College, where she earned her bachelor’s degree inchild development and education. She is presently a preschool teacher at Miriam College Child Study Center and an instructor for aspecial program launched by the Quezon City government and Miriam College. A part of the academe for more than 19 years now,Ms. Bustos has taught in various levels in different disciplines. She has also authored several short stories for children’s magazines,workbooks for preschoolers, and training manuals for teachers.Andrea Pauline B. Perlas is presently pursuing her master’s degree in early childhood education at the Philippine NormalUniversity, where she earned her bachelor’s degree in early childhood education. She is currently a preschool teacher at GCF SouthMetro Christian School. Ms. Perlas previously taught language and reading classes for elementary pupils at Woodridge College.She has been teaching early language and reading literacy for four years.ConsultantCorazon Y. Delgado holds a master’s degree in education, major in English, and a bachelor’s degree in elementary education bothfrom the University of the Philippines–Diliman. She is presently a part-time professor of English at Far Eastern University–Makati.Ms. Delgado was a former faculty member of the Colegio San Agustin–Makati, where she served as the academic coordinator inreading and the head teacher for grades 4 and 5. She was a part-time college professor of English at the De La Salle University–Manila and a full-time professor of English at the Far Eastern University–East Asia College, where she was also a staff member ofthe English Resource Center.ReviewerBryan Alvin Gregory T. Nespral is currently finishing his practicum paper for his master’s degree in basic education fromthe Ateneo De Manila University, where he also earned his bachelor’s degree in psychology. He has worked as abasic education teacher, focusing on reading and language in Assumption College Grade School, Assumption SanLorenzo from 2000–2010. Mr. Nespral has attended various academic seminars and workshops facilitated by local organizationssuch as the Reading Association of the Philippines and the International Reading Association.
  3. 3. To the Pupils The Reading Works! series was especially designed and created for you, the21st century learner. It aims to make you see that reading is still an important andenjoyable activity even in this very modern world dominated by super computers andhi-tech gadgets. To do this, the selections were specifically written to match youractual experiences as a family member, as a pupil, as a community member, and asa Filipino citizen. Each textbook is divided into four units. Unit 1 will let you get to know yourselfthrough your views, ideas, and feelings as a person. Unit 2 will help you develop adeeper and more meaningful relationship with others, particularly your family, yourfriends, and the people in your community. Unit 3 will help you prepare for the futureand its many challenges. Finally, Unit 4 will tell you more about your role in ensuringa better tomorrow for yourself, your family, your community, and the world. Each unit contains useful discussions and activities which will help you becomea critical, highly skilled, and well-rounded person. • Connect – contains activities that will relate your stock knowledge and previous experiences to the lessons • Search – contains activities that will help you discover the meaning of unfamiliar words and phrases • Download – contains specially written stories, poems, essays, and scripts which will engage your interest • Click – contains comprehension questions which will measure your understanding of the reading selection • Link – contains discussions and exercises on important reading skills • Upload – contains activities that will help you apply what you have learned in each lesson It is hoped that through this book, you will be able to learn not only a varietyof readings skills, but also important life lessons which will help you become the bestperson you can possibly be. Happy reading!
  4. 4. Table of ContentsUnit 1 Knowing MyselfChapter 1 Discovering Me ............................................................................... 2Lesson 1 I Am Special ...................................................................................... 2 (Consonant and Vowel Sounds/Rhyming Words)Lesson 2 I Recognize How I Feel .......................................................................8 (Reading Stories or Poems)Lesson 3 I Take Care of Myself ......................................................................13 (Kinds of Sentence)Lesson 4 I Am Thankful for Being Me ...........................................................19 (Making Predictions)Chapter 2 Proud to Be Me ............................................................................ 25Lesson 1 Me and My Family ...........................................................................25 (Characters of a Story)Lesson 2 I Spend Time with My Family .........................................................32 (Analyzing Story Characters)Lesson 3 My Family Helps Me ........................................................................38 (Problem and Solution in a Story)Lesson 4 I Am Thankful for My Family ..........................................................45 (Alphabetizing)Unit Test ......................................................................................................... 50Unit 2 Growing with OthersChapter 3 Meeting New Faces ...................................................................... 56Lesson 1 I Am Not Alone ............................................................................... 56 (Identifying the Main Idea)Lesson 2 Making Friends………………………………………………………… 65 (Story Characters)
  5. 5. Lesson 3 Having Fun Together with Friends .................................................71 (More on Problem and Solution)Lesson 4 My Friends Are Special Like Me .....................................................77 (Cause and Effect)Chapter 4 Let Us Be Friends ........................................................................ 82Lesson 1 I Can Be a Friend .............................................................................82 (Sequencing Events in a Story)Lesson 2 I Care for My Friends .......................................................................89 (Comparison and Contrast)Lesson 3 My Friends and I Are Uniquely Different ......................................96 (More on Comparison and Contrast)Lesson 4 I Am Thankful for My Friends ......................................................102 (Cause and Effect in Stories)Unit Test .........................................................................................................109Unit 3 Gearing Up for SuccessChapter 5 Key to My Success ...................................................................... 118Lesson 1 Reviewing My ABCs .......................................................................118 (Alphabetizing Words)Lesson 2 Working on My Words ....................................................................124 (Words with Multiple Meanings)Lesson 3 Getting to Know My Book ..............................................................132 (Parts of a Book)Lesson 4 Searching for Information ..............................................................139 (Different Kinds of Reading Materials)Chapter 6 Ready, Get Set, Work ................................................................. 148Lesson 1 Putting Things Together ................................................................148 (Organizing Ideas)Lesson 2 Finding Connections .......................................................................154 (Perceiving Relationships)
  6. 6. Lesson 3 Making Pictures ..............................................................................161 (Making Inferences)Lesson 4 Seeing and Telling ..........................................................................167 (Predicting Outcomes)Unit Test .........................................................................................................173Unit 4 Keeping Up with the WorldChapter 7 Getting Along .............................................................................. 180Lesson 1 Stop, Look, and Find ......................................................................180 (Differentiating Pictures)Lesson 2 Reading Between the Lines ...........................................................189 (Understanding Maps)Lesson 3 Spotting Differences .......................................................................197 (Comparison and Contrast)Lesson 4 Read and Obey ................................................................................204 (Following Directions)Chapter 8 Moving Forward ......................................................................... 210Lesson 1 Stop, Listen, Learn, and Go! ..........................................................210 (Elements of a Story)Lesson 2 Going Back to My 123s ...................................................................218 (Sequencing of Events)Lesson 3 Going Straight to the Point ............................................................224 (Summarizing)Lesson 4 Obeying Signs .................................................................................233 (Common Signs)Unit Test .........................................................................................................242
  7. 7. Knowing Myself UNIT 1 This unit will review your understanding of what youhave learned during your preschool years. It will prepareyou to learn more listening, reading, writing, and speakingskills, too. Here, you will study about consonant and vowelsound and rhyming words. You will also find out how to makepredictions, and how to read and write simple sentences. The selections in this unit will introduce you to differentstory characters; and how and why they behave in stories.Finally, you will familiarize yourselves with the alphabet andwith alphabetizing.
  8. 8. Chapter 1 Discovering Me In this chapter, you will learn about consonant and vowelsounds as well as rhyming words. You will read poems withfeelings and write simple sentences. You will also learn to saywhat might happen next by making predictions. Lesson 1 I Am Special Connect Read the poem below. We are ready to go to school, because it is fun and cool. Come, let us go, let us all say hello! Say these pairs of words: school and cool; and go and hello.These pairs of words have the same ending sound. Can yougive other pairs of words that have the same ending sound?2 Reading Works! 1
  9. 9. Search Box the word that has the same meaning as each encircledword.1. sting bite hit cratch2. hum sing yell talk3. bunnies bread rabbits cats4. leap hop fly walk5. different same like unlike Download We are special because there is Oh! So that is no other person what makes us exactly like us! special. Knowing Myself 3
  10. 10. Special Like Me M.G. Bustos I look around and I see different things. Birds have wings and bunnies have long ears! Kangaroos hop and frogs leap. I may not do what they can, But I can do lots of things! Like bees and birds, I can hum and sing. Oh beetles and bugs––I wish I had wings. But I cannot fly. I do not sting! I can hop, but I cannot leap. But I am special too, you see. Everything else around is as special as me. Each can do things differently. Some can fly. Some can swim. Some can just move about, just like me!4 Reading Works! 1
  11. 11. Click1. Name three animals that are mentioned in the poem.2. What can these animals do?3. Can you do any of the things the animals can do?4. What things can you do?5. Do you think everyone is special? Explain your answer.6. What makes you special? LinkConsonant and Vowel Sounds Consonants and vowels make up words. The followingletters are consonants: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t,v, w, x, y, z. The following letters are vowels: a, e, i, o, u. Eachletter has its own sound. Vowels have short and long sounds. Words such as bake,woke, and rise have long vowel sounds while words such astin, sun, and dot have short vowel sounds. Below are morewords with short and long vowel sounds. Read them aloudwith your teacher. Short Vowel Sound Long Vowel Sound tag cape set heel tin pie cot go mug flu Knowing Myself 5
  12. 12. Rhyming Words By using the sounds of letters to form words, you can alsomake words rhyme. Making words rhyme just like in a poemmakes reading fun. Rhyming words are words that soundthe same. The following are some rhyming words from thepoem “Special Like Me.” sing – sting see – me wings – thingsActivity 1 Now, it is your turn to write words with short and longvowel sounds. Use the pictures below as your guide.1. 3. _____________________ _____________________2. 4. _____________________ _____________________6 Reading Works! 1
  13. 13. Activity 2 Make words rhyme by completing the poem below. Circlethe correct word in each line. Then read the poem aloud. My Big Cat I have a (pet, pit) cat. Its name is (Mat, sat). Its eyes are (wig, big). It likes to (rub, dig). See how fast it can (run, bun), Under the hot sun! Upload Look for a partner. Together, create a poem about whatmakes you special. Your poem should have six lines andshould use words with short and long vowel sounds. It shouldalso rhyme. Write your poem below. Knowing Myself 7
  14. 14. Lesson 2 I Recognize How I Feel Connect Below are five kinds of feelings. Draw one kind in eachcircle. sad happy mad surprised scared Search Tell what kind of feeling is being shown in each picture.Choose your answer from the box. Write it on the blank. happy sad surprised1. 2. _____________________ _____________________8 Reading Works! 1
  15. 15. Download Why are you My room is a mess! sad, Sara? You are right, Darren. I needThen you need to pack away my toys, dust theto clean it. shelves, and fix my clothes. I Feel Good M.G. Bustos It is fun to do things on my own. I am surprised to know how much I have grown! I am happy to see what good things I can do, Do not be sad, you can do it, too! Knowing Myself 9
  16. 16. I can comb my hair or put on a cap, Or brush my teeth after a nap. I can eat by myself and then pack away after. Or feed my pet cat and give it some water. Things can be easy or hard as they say, But I learn a lot from day to day. Click1. What makes the person in the poem feel good?2. Name two things that the person in the poem can do on his or her own.3. What things can you do on your own?4. Does being able to do things on your own make you happy? Why or why not?5. What else makes you happy?10 Reading Works! 1
  17. 17. LinkReading Stories or Poems When you read stories or poems, you feel different kindsof emotions. The emotions you feel depend on how the story orpoem affects you. Some stories or poems can make you happy,sad, scared, surprised, or excited. Some can even make youfeel mad.Activity 1 Tell how each story makes you feel. Write your answer onthe blank before each number.______1. A story about two playmates who do not share their toys with each other. They even hurt each other.______2. A poem about a stormy night. There is thunder and lightning. Rain is pouring heavily on the roof. The wind is blowing so hard bending trees and destroying roofs.______3. A story about a little boy who is sick. He cannot go out to play. He cannot enjoy the day with his friends. He has to stay home and take his medicine.Activity 2 Recall an experience that made you feel each emotionbelow. Share your answers with your classmates.1. excited2. frightened3. glad Knowing Myself 11
  18. 18. Upload Make a mask to show how you feel. You will need thefollowing materials: paper plate, markers or crayons,string or rubber bands, and scissors. Then just follow theseinstructions:1. On a paper plate, draw a face that expresses the feeling you want to show.2. Cut out small circles for the eyes so you can see through.3. Color your drawing. You can even decorate it if you want.4. When you are done, wear the mask in class.12 Reading Works! 1
  19. 19. Lesson 3 I Take Care of Myself Connect Answer the following questions. Then share your answerswith the class.1. What will happen to your teeth if you brush them every day?2. What will happen to you if you eat plenty of vegetables and fruits? Search Margaret played the whole day. She is covered with sweat.Germs might make her sick! But she does not want to washherself. Now, she is starting to feel itchy all over! Help Margaretchoose the objects she needs to clean herself up so she will stopfeeling itchy. Color these objects. Knowing Myself 13
  20. 20. DownloadKeeping ourselves Yes, Darren! That isclean will make us why I shower every day.healthy. I also brush my teeth three times a day. Keep It Clean M.G. Bustos “It is time to go to bed. Please wash up now, Kassey.” Kassey heard her mother say after dinner. She knew what to do. She took out her pajamas and got ready to wash up. She took her towel and went straight to the bathroom. She washed her body with soap really well. She knew she had to clean herself before going to bed. After this, she brushed her teeth and combed her hair. Now, she is ready to go to bed.14 Reading Works! 1
  21. 21. The next morning, Kassey got ready for school. Shewashed herself again, brushed her teeth, combed her hair,and put on some fresh clothes. “Let us go, Kassey. You donot want to be late for school,” Kassey’s mom said. Kasseyhurriedly took her bag and off they went. “Good morning, children,” Miss Marti said. The children greeted her back. “Did you all have a goodnight’s rest?” she asked. Everyone seemed to have had agood night’s sleep, but one of Kassey’s classmates raisedher hand and said, “I did not, Miss Marti.” Miss Marti wondered and asked, “Is that so? Why didyou not sleep well, Margaret?” Margaret stood up and said,“I was itching all over! I could not sleep well because everypart of my body was itchy!” Margaret showed scratches onher arms and legs! “I wonder why, Margaret? What did you do yesterdaythat made you itchy?” asked Miss Marti. “I do not know,Miss Marti. All I know is that after school, I went home,did my homework, ate dinner, and then went to bed. Butwhile I was trying to get some sleep, my body started toitch!” The class listened as Margaret explained. “Ah!” said Miss Marti. “I think you forgot to do somethingbefore going to bed.” Margaret could not think of what she might haveforgotten. “I don’t remember, Miss Marti,” said Margaretwith a puzzled face. “I know, Miss Marti!” Kassey remembered what shedid last night before going to bed. “Yes, Kassey. What didMargaret forget before going to bed?” asked Miss Marti. Knowing Myself 15
  22. 22. “Margaret forgot to clean herself! That is what she did not do!” said Kassey, sure of her answer. “That is right, Kassey. You should clean yourself before going to bed. This will wash away all the dirt from your body. Doing many things during the day fills your body with dust, sweat, and germs,” explained Miss Marti. Everyone listened to what Miss Marti said. They all nodded and agreed to what she told them. Then, Margaret suddenly raised her hand and said, “Tonight, before I go to bed, I will wash myself well to keep my body clean.” Everyone clapped for Margaret. Kassey was so happy that she knew what to do. Click1. What did Kassey do before going to bed?2. How did she keep herself clean?3. What happened to Margaret? Did she sleep well? Why or why not?4. What will happen if you do not keep your body clean?5. How else can you keep yourself healthy? LinkKinds of Sentence A sentence is a group of words that has a completethought. It ends with a punctuation mark. Punctuation marksare marks put at the end of every sentence.16 Reading Works! 1
  23. 23. A telling sentence tells about someone or something. Itends with a period (.). Examples: • She always washes her face. • They ride on a bus. An asking sentence asks questions. It ends with aquestion mark (?). Examples: • What are you doing? • Who are you? A commanding sentence gives a command or order.Like a telling sentence, a commanding sentence ends with aperiod (.) Examples: • Please come here. • Please pass the sugar. An exclamatory sentence shows a strong feeling. It endswith an exclamation point (!). Examples: • Wow! • Help! Knowing Myself 17
  24. 24. Activity 1 Reread the story “Keep It Clean.” As you read, look for anexample of each kind of sentence. Write it on the blank.1. telling sentence ______________________________________________________________2. asking sentence ______________________________________________________________3. commanding sentence ______________________________________________________________4. exclamatory sentence ______________________________________________________________Activity 2 Put the correct punctuation mark after each sentence.1. Fire___2. Kassey is a healthy girl___3. Why does the body need to be healthy____4. Please pass the chicken ___5. Oh my___ Upload Draw one thing you do to keep your body clean. Thentell the class something about your drawing using simplesentences. Be sure to use different kinds of sentence.18 Reading Works! 1
  25. 25. Lesson 4 I Am Thankful for Being Me Connect Study each picture. Tell what might happen next. Circlethe letter of your answer.1. a. The mangoes will fall from the tree. b. The strong wind will stop. c. The leaves of the tree will not move.2. a. The balloon will fly away. b. The balloon will pop. c. The pin will bend.3. a. The boy will keep on skating. b. The boy will fall and hurt himself. c. The skates will come off from his feet. Knowing Myself 19
  26. 26. Search Guess what is being described in each sentence. Circle theletter of the correct answer.1. This light that cuts across the sky tells you that rain is coming. a. stars b. lightning c. fireworks2. It is a loud sound from the sky that you hear when it rains. a. drums b. horn c. thunder3. It is used to cover yourself when it is cold. a. blanket b. pillow c. bed Download Yes, Darren. TheWe better hurry home, thunder is just too loudSara! It is starting to and it scares me! Werain hard. Look, there is better hurry before welightning in the sky and get all wet!the thunder is just so loud!20 Reading Works! 1
  27. 27. My Big Sister M.G. Bustos It was a stormy night. Thunder and lightning shookthe dark skies. The rain poured like marbles on the roof.Josh could not sleep at all. He was scared. “Ate Mandy, are you awake?” asked Josh as he coveredhimself with a blanket. “What’s the matter, Josh?” asked his sister. “I’m scared, Ate.” Josh could hardly speak. The thunderwas making such loud noises! “Ate!” yelled Josh after asharp lightning lit the skies. Mandy sat next to Josh’s bed and said, “Oh Josh, donot be scared. It is just lightning and thunder. Go on andsleep. I will watch over you.” Mandy tried to keep herselfawake and waited for Josh to fall asleep. Morning came and the sun was brightly shining. “Josh,wake up. It is morning already,” Mandy said as she wokeup next to Josh. She must have fallen asleep on Josh’s bedlast night. Josh opened his eyes and sat up. Knowing Myself 21
  28. 28. “Is the rain over?” asked Josh as soon as he saw his sister. “Yes, Josh. The rain is over. Look,” Mandy pointed to the window to show Josh how brightly the sun was shining. Josh smiled and sighed, “You are right, Ate. Thanks for watching over me. You are really my big sister.” Josh gave her a big hug. Mandy felt happy and proud of herself. She really is a big sister. Click1. Who are the children in the story?2. What happened one night?3. Why was Josh scared?4. Why did he call his sister?5. Do you think Josh felt safer with his sister next to him? Why?6. If you were Mandy, what could you have done to help Josh feel better? LinkMaking Predictions Making a prediction is saying what might happen next in astory or situation. You can do this by analyzing the informationprovided. You can also use your imagination to picture whatis going on and imagine what might happen next. For example, when you see dark clouds outside and youfeel cold wind blowing, you will instantly think that it willrain anytime soon. You know from experience and from your22 Reading Works! 1
  29. 29. science class that dark clouds and cold wind are signs of acoming rain. You can also make predictions when reading. It will keepyou excited and make you look forward to how the story willend or how the events in the story will go on. For example,you can make the following predictions for the story in theselection based on its title, “My Big Sister.” • The story will be about someone’s older sister. • The story will be about an older sister doing something good for her younger sibling.Activity 1 Read each situation below and predict what might happennext. Write your answer below.1. A flower is growing in a pot. It will be bright and sunny for the next few days, but no one will be around to water the flower. ______________________________________________________________2. Jan wakes up early. He goes to work without eating breakfast. ______________________________________________________________3. It is Ron’s birthday today. His door bell rings. He sees a delivery van outside his house. ______________________________________________________________ Knowing Myself 23
  30. 30. Activity 2 Read the situation below. Make three predictions on whatmight happen next. Write your predictions below. Jay watched TV the whole day. He knew that he had a test the next day. Jay did not study. The next morning, Jay went to school and took the test. Upload You will be divided into three groups by your teacher.Each group will be given a situation with no ending. Readthe situation carefully. Discuss among your group mates howyou want the situation to end. Then prepare to act out yourassigned situation with the ending your group has agreed on.Use objects in the classroom to help you act out the story.24 Reading Works! 1
  31. 31. Chapter 2 Proud to Be Me In this chapter, you will listen to and read selections about families and how they show their love to one another through the different activities that they do together. As you read and listen, you will meet different characters. You will discover how these characters make stories more interesting. You will also identify problems and search for solutions. Lastly, the selections will bring you challenges which will help you develop into a better person. Lesson 1 Me and My Family Connect Identify each family member described in each item on the next page. Choose your answer from the pictures below. Write the letter of your answer on the blank before each number.a. father b. mother c. sister d. brother e. baby Knowing Myself 25
  32. 32. ____ 1. I am small and still cannot walk. I drink a lot of milk to help me grow.____ 2. I help take care of my children. I teach them how to be good and to love each other.____ 3. I am a boy. Mother and Father always remind me not to play rough with my sisters.____ 4. I am a girl. I help Mother and Father do things in the house after I study my lessons.____ 5. I gave birth to my beautiful children. I take care of them and teach them how to be good people. Search Fill in the blanks to find out the word described below.You may use the words in the box as clues. sister name baby yawn crib diaper whisper1. This is where a baby sleeps. ___ r i ___2. This can serve as a baby’s underwear. ___ ___ a ___ ___ r3. This is a sign when one is sleepy or bored. ___ ___ w n4. This means “to talk softly.” ___ h i ___ ___ ___ r26 Reading Works! 1
  33. 33. Download How did you feel when Of course, I was so your baby brother excited! He was so finally arrived? cute. A New Baby Brother M.G. Bustos Kaye woke up early one morning. She knocked on herparents’ door to wake them up. “Good morning, princess,” greeted Kaye’s mom and dad. “Good morning, Mom. Good morning, Dad. How is mybaby brother? Can I see him?” asked Kaye. “Your baby brother slept well. Of course, you could seehim,” Kaye’s dad told her. She quietly entered her babybrother’s room and went straight to his crib. “Good morning, baby brother,” Kaye whispered as she watched him yawn in his sleep. Knowing Myself 27
  34. 34. “We will have to wait until he wakes up,” Kaye’s mom said. “For now, you can help me fix some fresh clothes for the baby so that when he wakes up, I can give him a quick bath.” Kaye hurriedly opened the baby’s drawer and pulled out a small shirt and a new diaper. “Will these do, Mom?” she asked. “That will do, princess. Good job! You are really being a big sister,” Kaye’s mom said as she smiled and winked at Kaye. “We’ll just wait for him to wake up.” Kaye’s mom made some pancakes and hot chocolate for breakfast. While eating, Kaye could not stop thinking about her new baby brother. “I promise you, Mom, that I will be the best big sister to my baby brother,” Kaye told her mom excitedly. “I will take care of him, make his bottle, play with him, and watch him while he sleeps.” Kaye’s mom smiled as Kaye spoke. “I’m sure you will, princess,” she replied. Just before Kaye could eat her last bite of pancake, she heard a soft cry. “My baby brother’s awake, Mom!” Before her mother could say anything, Kaye hurriedly ran to her baby brother’s room. As soon as she got there, the soft cry was gone. Only the soft voice of Kaye was heard as she sang to her new baby brother. Click1. Who are the people in the story?2. Who was the new member of their family?28 Reading Works! 1
  35. 35. 3. Why was Kaye excited?4. What did Kaye promise to do for her baby brother?5. Do you think Kaye’s parents will be happy if she takes care of her new baby brother? Why or why not? LinkCharacters of a Story Characters are the people, animals, or make-believe thingstalked about in a story. They make the story interesting.They build the story according to what they do or say. In thestory that you read, Kaye, Dad, Mom, and baby brother areimportant. They are the people talked about in the story. Theymake things happen.Activity 1 Who or what could this character be? Write your answeron the blank.1. An animal that hops on lily pads which lives in a pond ________________________________________2. A man or woman who flies an airplane ________________________________________ Knowing Myself 29
  36. 36. 3. An animal with wings that makes nests for its babies ________________________________________Activity 2 Read the story below. Then answer the questions thatfollow. The Special Coin Grace promised her new friend to show her the special coin she had kept for a long time. It was the coin that her best friend gave her before she left last summer. It was the only time she ever took it out from the box to show it to someone. As she placed her special coin on the table and got ready to go out, her brother said that they needed to buy some things for school. Hurriedly, Grace went away and forgot about the coin. When she came back, she returned to where she had left it but it was gone! Grace felt bad. She looked under the table and around the room but she could not find it. Suddenly, she heard a knock on the door. As she went to open it, she saw a girl standing in front of her. It was her best friend. Before Grace could say anything, her best friend held a coin in her hand. It was the same special coin that she gave Grace before she left.1. Who are the characters in the story? ______________________________________________________________2. Who told Grace that they needed to buy things for school? ______________________________________________________________30 Reading Works! 1
  37. 37. 3. Who surprised Grace? ______________________________________________________________4. How would you describe Grace? ______________________________________________________________5. If you were Grace, how would you take care of the special coin? ______________________________________________________________ Upload Draw your favorite character on a sheet of bond paper.Then show your drawing to the class. Introduce your favoritecharacter to your classmates. Tell them what the characterlooks like, how the character acts and behaves, and why youlike the character. Knowing Myself 31
  38. 38. Lesson 2 I Spend Time with My Family Connect Tell something about your father or mother. Share youranswers with a partner. Search Circle the picture that tells what the underlined wordmeans.1. Inside her huge bag are shoes, clothes, wallet, glasses, and brush.2. Pia brought a mat and some books to the park.3. We spread a mat on the ground and took out different kinds of food for our picnic.32 Reading Works! 1
  39. 39. DownloadWhere are you going,Sara? My family and I are going on a picnic at the park. A Special Day M.G. Bustos Last Sunday was a special day for Neng’s family. Her parents took her and her Kuya Mong on a picnic. They called it their family day. How they loved that day! “Is everyone ready to go?” asked Tatay Ted. Nanay Lilia got her big basket. Inside were fruits, rice, and her special adobo. “We’re almost ready,” called out Nanay Lilia. “‘Nay, should I bring this big mat?” asked Kuya Mong, folding a big mat and putting it inside his huge bag. “Yes, please,” said Nanay Lilia right away. Knowing Myself 33
  40. 40. Neng got the jug with juice and filled it with ice cubes. When everything was ready, Neng and her family headed to the park. “Who has the mat?” asked Tatay Ted. “I have it, Tatay,” replied Kuya Mong. Tatay Ted spread the mat on the grass as Nanay Lilia took out the food from the basket. While Neng was helping Nanay Lilia with the plates, Kuya Mong brought out his ball. “Let us play catch, Neng!” Kuya Mong threw Neng the ball. Neng caught it! Nanay Lilia and Tatay Ted watched their children play. It was such a special day and everyone seemed to be having a good time. When it was getting late, Tatay Ted said that they should start packing up their things. Neng helped Nanay Lilia fix the basket while Kuya Mong folded the mat. Tatay Ted threw the trash in the garbage bin. “Why are you sad, Neng?” Tatay Ted asked her. “Our picnic is over,” she said. “You do not have to be sad,” Kuya Mong told Neng. “Next Sunday, we will have another picnic like this one.” Kuya Mong was right. Just a few more days and it will be Sunday again. It will be another special day for Neng and her family.34 Reading Works! 1
  41. 41. Click1. Who are the characters in the story?2. Where did the family go?3. What things did Neng and her family bring to the picnic?4. Why did Neng call Sunday “a special day”?5. Does your family have a “special day”? What do you do on that day?6. How will you make a picnic fun for your family? LinkAnalyzing Story Characters Analyzing characters helps you look into and understandhow the characters are like. In the story “The Special Coin,”you can say that Grace is a girl who treats her friends asspecial. You can also say that Grace considers her best friendimportant because of how she took care of the coin that herbest friend gave her. The lines that the characters say in the story will alsohelp you learn more about them. By understanding how thecharacters are like, you will be able to understand how thestory develops, making you enjoy reading it more. Knowing Myself 35
  42. 42. Activity 1 Read the paragraph below and answer the questions thatfollow. She walks slowly. Her back is bent and she holds a cane in one hand. With her bag of groceries, she tries to cross the street but she cannot see the cars clearly because her eyes are not that sharp anymore. Then a man comes and helps her. Now, she is safe and on her way home.1. How would you describe the main character in the paragraph? ______________________________________________________________2. How would you describe the main character according to what is said about her? ______________________________________________________________3. Why do you think is the main character described as such? ______________________________________________________________4. How did the main character cross the street safely? ______________________________________________________________5. What can you say about the man who helped her? ______________________________________________________________Activity 2 Look for a picture of your family during a special occasion.In simple sentences, describe each “character” in the picture.Share your picture and your description with the class.36 Reading Works! 1
  43. 43. Upload Form a group with three to four members. With yourgroup mates, play a game of charades about different kinds ofpeople. Here is how the game goes:1. One member will think of a person in the community and what that person does. The member will then act out the things that this person does for the community. For example, if you chose teacher, then you will have to act out the things that teachers usually do such as telling stories in class and writing on the board.2. The other members of the group will have to guess who the person is.3. The member who gets the correct answer will then take his or her turn to act out a person of his or her choice. Knowing Myself 37
  44. 44. Lesson 3 My Family Helps Me Connect Have you ever gotten lost in a mall or in a place wherethere are many people? Who went out to find you? Did yourfamily look for you? How did you feel when they were able tofind you? Share your thoughts with a group. Search Discover what each word means by analyzing the drawingprovided. Circle the letter of the answer that best explainsthe meaning of the word.1. pond a. a small body of fresh water where animals can swim, live, and play b. a big body of water where ships and boats could sail2. duckling a. a baby duck b. an adult chicken38 Reading Works! 1
  45. 45. 3. worry a. to be happy b. to feel or experience concern or anxiety4. barn a. a place where different kinds of fishes live b. a place where animals are kept Knowing Myself 39
  46. 46. DownloadWhat is the problem? Please help me. I lost my favorite ball. I was playing with it and it rolled away. Lost and Found M.G. Bustos It was a perfect day for play. Mother Duck thought that it would be fun to take her ducklings out for a swim. She called her babies and said, “It is a good day for a swim. I want you all to follow me. We are going to the pond.” Mother Duck was so excited because for the first time, her ducklings will go for a swim. “Come on babies. Hurry up,” Mother Duck said. She counted her ducklings and got them in line.40 Reading Works! 1
  47. 47. “One, two, three…” Mother Duck counted. But she suddenly stopped and said, “One of my ducklings is missing.” She counted again but a duckling was really missing! Where could my baby be? she thought to herself. She went around the garden, looked under the flowers and about the tall grasses but she could not find her missing duckling. “Oh, no!” she said. “Has anybody seen the other duckling?” she asked. “No, Mother. We have not seen him,” answered one of the ducklings. Mother Duck began to worry. She could not go to the pond until she finds her missing duckling. So she took her ducklings back to the barn and went to look for her missing duckling. As she looked around for her duckling, Mother Duck met Mrs. Cow. “Hello, Mrs. Cow. Have you seen my duckling?” Mother Duck asked Mrs. Cow worriedly. “I think I did. You might want to go to the tree by the pond. I saw a small, yellow baby duck under that tree,” added Mrs. Cow. Hurriedly, Mother Duck went to the tree by the pond. Quietly sleeping was her missing baby duckling. She was so happy to see that her baby was safe. Click1. Who are the characters in the story?2. Where did Mother Duck take her ducklings?3. Why did Mother Duck decide to take them for a swim? Knowing Myself 41
  48. 48. 4. Why did Mother Duck become worried?5. What was the baby duck doing when Mother Duck found him?6. If you were Mother Duck, would you also feel worried? Why? LinkProblem and Solution in a Story In the story you have read, Mother Duck began to worry.This happened because one of her ducklings was missing. Thispart of the story tells about Mother Duck’s problem. A problem is something that makes a character orcharacters in the story act differently. Sometimes, the characterswill show worry or sadness when a problem happens. In the same story, a solution was given, too. A solutionis a way of solving a problem, and in the story, the solutionwas simple: Mother Duck looked around and asked others forinformation about her missing duckling.Activity 1 Read each short paragraph below. Underline the problemand then circle the letter of a possible solution.1. Today is your sister’s birthday. She has a party planned for her friends but it was starting to rain. She is worried that the decorations will get wet. What will you do? a. I will help her remove the decorations. b. I will let her remove the decorations by herself. c. I will laugh at her because her decorations are getting wet.42 Reading Works! 1
  49. 49. 2. You are playing outside with your friends. One of your friends trips and begins to cry. What will you do? a. I will get mad at my friend for tripping. b. I will help my friend up and ask someone for help. c. I will laugh at my friend for tripping.3. Your father tells you to turn off the faucet after watering the plants. But the faucet breaks and the water keeps on flowing. What will you do? a. I will tell my dad what happened so he can fix the faucet. b. I will leave the water running. c. I will keep it a secret.4. Somebody rings the doorbell. Your mother is sleeping. What will you do? a. I will open the door and let the person inside our house. b. I will tell the person to go away. c. I will wake up my mother and tell her that somebody is at the door.5. You are with your group doing your project. The phone rings, and your friend is on the other line. She has a problem and wants to share it with you. What will you do? a. I will tell her to call back because I am busy. b. I will excuse myself from my group and talk to my friend. c. I will not answer the phone. Knowing Myself 43
  50. 50. Activity 2 Provide a solution to each problem. Complete the givensentence in each number.1. A boy is late again in class. His teacher tells him to come to school early the next day. What should he do? He should __________________________________________.2. It is raining. Arty needs to buy medicine. What should he do? He should __________________________________________.3. Tomorrow is Abby’s singing contest. She feels very sick today. What should she do? She should _________________________________________. UploadDo the following activity.1. Form a group with four to five members.2. Think of a problem commonly faced by grade 1 pupils like you. Think of at least three possible solutions to this problem.3. Act out the problem and its solutions in front of the class.44 Reading Works! 1
  51. 51. Lesson 4 I Am Thankful for My Family Connect Who takes care of you when you are sick? What does yourmother, your father, or any member of your family do for youwhen you are sick? How about you? What do you do to carefor a sick member of your family? Share your thoughts witha partner. Search Write the correct word described in each number. Choosefrom the list in the box. sigh shut couch single supper1. to close an opening such as a door ____________2. another word for dinner ____________3. one ____________4. a short breath ____________5. a long soft seat ____________ Knowing Myself 45
  52. 52. DownloadHi, Sara. Look, here is Yes, Darren. I am verya photo of me and my proud of my family. Let usfamily. I am very proud now read a story about aof my family. How family working together.about you? Oh No! Mom Is Sick! M.G. Bustos One afternoon, when Sidney got home from school, she saw her mother sitting by the garden. She looked so tired and sleepy. Sidney wondered how she felt. She came to her and held her hand. “Mom, why don’t you go in and take a rest,” Sidney said. But her mom simply looked at her and sighed. “I wish I could, Sidney, but I still have too many chores to do,” Sidney’s mom said with her eyes almost shut. “They can wait, Mom,” Sidney said as she pulled her mom’s hand and walked her to the house. Sidney felt how warm her mother’s hand was. She thought her mom 46 Reading Works! 1
  53. 53. was sick. Her mom was running a fever yet she was stillthinking about her chores. As they enteredthe house, everythingwas clean. The pillowswere neatly arrangedon the couch. The floorwas mopped clean,too. Mom always keptthe house clean everysingle day. “What else is ityou need to do, Mom?”Sidney asked her. “I have not cooked supper yet. Everyone will be homesoon and there is still nothing for you to eat if I do not cook.Then I need to pick up your sister from school and helpyou both with your homeworks afterward,” Mom worriedlysaid. Sidney wished she could do more to make her motherfeel better. She then thought of calling Dad. “Dad, this is Sidney. Mom has a fever. She is worriedthat she has not cooked supper yet and she will not be ableto pick up Sandy from school,” Sidney told Dad. “Let your mom rest, Sidney. Do not worry. We can dothis. Just watch over your mom until I get home,” Dad toldSidney. After talking to her dad, Sidney then led her momto their bedroom. As she watched her sleep quietly, sheremembered what her mom said about helping her withher homework. She knew she had to do it by herself. So, Knowing Myself 47
  54. 54. Sidney decided to work on her homework while she waited for her dad to come home. As soon as she finished, her dad got home with her little sister. They brought home food for dinner. Sidney washed the dishes and cleaned the dining room after they ate. Her sister helped her while their dad took care of their mom. Their mom slept through the night and felt better the next day. Sidney felt so proud that they all worked together to help their mom. She knew that their mom was sure proud of them, too! Click1. Who are the characters in the story?2. How did Sidney know that something was wrong with her mother?3. How did Sidney feel when she found out that her mother was sick?4. Why did Sidney call up her dad?5. What did Sidney and her sister do to help their mom?6. If you were Sidney, would you have done the same? Explain your answer. LinkAlphabetizing Words can be arranged in certain orders. One way ofarranging words is by alphabetizing. This means that wordsare arranged using the letters of the alphabet as a guide.When you alphabetize words, you look at the first letter ofthe given words and arrange them according to which comesfirst in the alphabet.48 Reading Works! 1
  55. 55. For example, to alphabetize the words ant, car, and bag,you first look at the beginning letter of each word. The firstletters are a, c, and b. Since a comes first in the alphabet, thenthe word ant will be the first word in the order. It will then befollowed by the word bag and then car since the letter b comesafter the letter a and before the letter c in the alphabet. Sometimes, words that need to be alphabetized may beginwith the same letter as in the words dog, duck, and deer. Toalphabetize such words, look at the second letter and seewhich comes first in the alphabet. In alphabetizing this groupof words, the word deer should come first since e comes beforeu and o. This is followed by dog and then duck. In case thesecond letter of the words is the same, look at the third letterbefore you begin to alphabetize.Activity 1 Alphabetize the group of words below. Write your answerson the blanks.1. doll bug fish _________ _________ _________2. pants apron gown _________ _________ _________3. bag pencil book _________ _________ _________Activity 2 Look around your classroom. What are the things thatyour teacher uses every day to teach you? List down 10 ofthese things and arrange their names alphabetically. Upload Make a card for a loved one who is sick. Write in your cardwords of encouragement and your wish for him or her to getwell soon. Design your card to give it life. Give your card tothat loved one. See how your card makes him or her feel. Knowing Myself 49
  56. 56. Unit TestRead the selection below. Then do the tasks that follow. My Name Is Jay M.G. Bustos Jay took out a piece of paper. He wrote his name so many times: Jya, Jya, Jya. Then he smiled. He showed what he wrote to his mom. “Look, Mom. I wrote my name,” he said. “That’s good, Jay,” his mom answered as she looked at what Jay wrote. “I think you need to change something,” Mom said while giving back the paper to Jay. “Your name is spelled J-A- Y.” Jay looked at it and said, “It is just the same, Mom. It is still my name.” His mom took a pencil and said, “Come here, Jay, and let us write your name correctly,” his mom said as she started writing his name. Jay watched as his mom wrote on his paper and then asked, “Why do I have to spell it right, Mom?” His mom smiled and said, “Your name is important. That is why you need to spell it right. That is how people get to know you,” she explained. Jay took the pencil from his mom and started writing his name again. J-a-y, J-a-y, J-a-y. “Look, Mom! Did I do it right this time?” asked Jay as he showed the paper again to his mother. “That is better,” answered Jay’s mom. “Now you know how to spell your name right.”50 Reading Works! 1
  57. 57. A. Circle the letter of your answer. 1. Who is the boy in the story? a. Ben c. Dan b. Jay d. Doy 2. What did he do? a. He wrote his name. c. He slept. b. He played all day. d. He ate snacks. 3. Whom did he give his paper to? a. his sister c. his mom b. his dad d. his friend 4. According to the boy’s mom, why should he spell his name correctly? a. because his name is important b. so his teacher will not get mad at him c. so he will be able to write nicely d. so his classmates will not copy his name 5. What did the mother in the story do when his son spelled his name incorrectly? a. She got mad. b. She threw the paper. c. She smiled and taught him how to spell it right. d. She did not do anything. Knowing Myself 51
  58. 58. B. Read the word beside each number. Choose a word that rhymes with it. Circle the letter of your answer. 1. fun a. sun b. tin c. beg d. go 2. sad a. bug b. cop c. mad d. bat 3. two a. loop b. you c. tune d. good 4. gave a. drive b. proud c. cave d. love 5. ever a. cover b. even c. old d. elevenC. Read each sentence. Tell what kind of sentence each one is. Circle the letter of your answer. 1. What time is it? a. telling c. commanding b. asking d. exclamatory 2. It is a sunny day today. a. telling c. commanding b. asking d. exclamatory 3. Ouch! That hurts. a. telling c. commanding b. asking d. exclamatory 4. Please pass the bread. a. telling c. commanding b. asking d. exclamatory52 Reading Works! 1
  59. 59. 5. The key is in my pocket. a. telling c. commanding b. asking d. exclamatoryD. Alphabetize each group of words. Write your answers on the blanks. 1. day wig and ___________ ___________ ___________ 2. go so no ___________ ___________ ___________ 3. make rake take ___________ ___________ ___________ 4. nail elf king ___________ ___________ ___________ 5. happy sad mad ___________ ___________ ___________ Knowing Myself 53
  60. 60. E. Answer each question. Circle the correct answer. 1. Which word has a long /a/ sound? a. bake c. cap b. bat d. mat 2. Which word has a short /e/ sound? a. keep c. stem b. read d. eat 3. Which word has a long /o/ sound? a. above c. cot b. top d. bone 4. Which word has a short /i/ sound? a. dig c. bite b. pipe d. ice 5. Which word has a long /u/ sound? a. bus c. fume b. sum d. gum54 Reading Works! 1

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