1/7/2013Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden                                                                 Sunshine & S...
1/7/2013                                                                                                                  ...
1/7/2013           Perennial Wildflower in the garden                                                                     ...
1/7/2013Challenges & opportunities                                  How I chose to meet the challenges – a                ...
1/7/2013           * Yellow Mariposa Lily – Calochortus luteus                                                            ...
1/7/2013    Calochortus can be started from bulbils or seeds                                                              ...
1/7/2013         Dealing with those pesky critters….                                                                      ...
1/7/2013                                                                                                                  ...
1/7/2013     Western Wallflower – Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum                                                       ...
1/7/2013Strand Wallflower is an attractive     addition to the garden                  Flowers are fragrant              ...
1/7/2013    CA Goldfields – Lasthenia californica ssp. californica                     CA Goldfields – Lasthenia californi...
1/7/2013               California Goldfields is a nice little spring annual                                               ...
1/7/2013                                                                                       Seeds of ‘sunflowers’      ...
1/7/2013                                                                                                                 *...
1/7/2013Charming annual whose growth reflects it’s desert origin                                                          ...
1/7/2013                                                                                                           Use Des...
1/7/2013                   * Common Madia – Madia elegans                                                  * Common Madia ...
Yellow & Orange Flowers - notes
Yellow & Orange Flowers - notes
Yellow & Orange Flowers - notes
Yellow & Orange Flowers - notes
Yellow & Orange Flowers - notes
Yellow & Orange Flowers - notes
Yellow & Orange Flowers - notes
Yellow & Orange Flowers - notes
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Yellow & Orange Flowers - notes

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Yellow & Orange Flowers - notes

  1. 1. 1/7/2013Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Sunshine & Sunflowers C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve Madrona Marsh Preserve Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants December 5 & 8, 2009 Project SOUND - 2009 © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Can I do this with CA native plants? http://www.shirleynovak.com/garden.htm Painter Shirley Novak © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 1
  2. 2. 1/7/2013 California natives include both annual & Rediscovering the riches perennial ‘wildflowers’ in our own backyard….  Many of our native plants were brought to England in the 1800’s  Our native California wildflowers are some of the staples of the famed English “cottage gardens”  It’s time we learn to appreciate our unique and wonderful annual wildflowers  Hardy  Drought tolerant http://www.lowryjames.com/cgi-bin/lowry/306.html  Beautiful  Inexpensive – re-seed 1840 print – Jane Webb Loudon London © Project SOUND http://www.grahamowengallery.com/photography/Flowers/3-21-09-California-Wildflowers.jpg © Project SOUND Which is useful for the home gardener…who needs Annual Wildflowers in the garden to consider all 12 months of the year  ADVANTAGES:  Easy, fast  Brilliant colors; spring- summer  Relatively low maintenance  Seeds are cheap  DISADVANTAGES:  May require re-planting every year  ‘the golden-brown season’ – may not be appropriate for situations that require a ‘neat’ lookhttp://www.manhattanbeachbotanicalgarden.org/fivethemedsectionsof%20gardenmanhattanbeachtobotanicalgarden.htm © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 2
  3. 3. 1/7/2013 Perennial Wildflower in the garden The ‘mixed garden’ includes both annual & perennial species (wildflowers, grasses)  ADVANTAGES:  Includes some early bloomers  Do not have to be planted every year.  The familiarity that comes from seeing the same plants in the same garden year after year allows gardeners to coordintate and fine tune color and texture sequences as different perennials come and go each season.  Mature perennial flowers are often quite drought-tolerant  DISADVANTAGES:  Takes time to mature.  Propagating plants may be difficult – or more costly if you buy the plants  You have to do the yearly management – pruning, etc. © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Combining annual wildflowers & perennial Combining annual wildflowers & perennial species species – an example  Are they compatible?  Water requirements  Light requirements  Mulch  Nutrients  How will the area look throughout the year?  Should I include:  Annuals?  Herbaceous perennials?  Bulbs & corms?  Native grasses?  Even sub-shrubs? – can plant annuals between them to give some extra colorhttp://2.bp.blogspot.com/_TQT9JERLUqI/SdUZpwc_b9I/AAAAAAAAABw/AlJGRCRJid4/s1600-h/nassellannuals.jpg © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 3
  4. 4. 1/7/2013Challenges & opportunities How I chose to meet the challenges – a mix and match strategy  Needs to look good year-round (front yard)  Plant Zone 2-3 herbaceous perennials along wall  Back (near wall) gets extra water from  Include native grasses & neighbor’s sprinklers bulbs amongst the perennials  Have a separate area for  Nice and sunny – good annual wildflowers – but make place for native it look neat with a crushed annuals & perennials rock mulch  Want some native  In summer, perennials will grasses to carry grass cover a part of the annual them from other areas area, making it look less bare in front yard © Project SOUND © Project SOUND * Yellow Mariposa Lily – Calochortus luteus Painter Shirley Novak © Project SOUND http://lh6.ggpht.com/_gzcSLF2cdRs/Rlzm51UugaI/AAAAAAAACY4/N7Y59SxvPdY/DSC_3049.JPG http://www.ohara-art.com/Patrick/index.php?id=23 © Project SOUND 4
  5. 5. 1/7/2013 * Yellow Mariposa Lily – Calochortus luteus Yellow Mariposa is a typical Calochortus  Foothills of Central & N. CA Coast, & western  Size: Sierras – CA endemic – s. to Ventura, Kern Co.  ~ 1 ft tall  Heavy soils in grasslands, coastal prairie, open  ~ 1 ft wide areas in oak savanna, mixed oak woodland and  Growth form: mixed-evergreen forest.  Herbaceous perennial from a  In the Lily family (Lilliaceae) bulbhttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon  Dies back to the bulb in summer dry period – emerges_id=242101477 with the rains  Foliage:  Grass-like; blends right in with native grasses  Roots: relatively short (15 inches or so max.); bulb can be eaten raw or cooked/bakedhttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?8349,8461,8487 © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.srgc.org.uk/bulblog/log2005/250505/log.html Flowers are showy – One of the more garden-  Soils: get your camera! friendly Mariposas  Texture: any local from heavy clays to sandy loam  pH: any local  Blooms: in spring, usually Apr- May but may be as late as June in  Light: our area – rain/ temperature  Full sun dictated  Loves spring/summer heat – fine  Flowers: in hot areas of garden  Typical Mariposa shape –  Water: typically 3 petals  Winter/spring: needs adequate  Lovely golden yellow with red water – if needed, supplement & orange blotches & markings  Summer: must have summer dry  Usually 3-4 flowers/plant period  Attract hummingbirds, butterflies, a host of insects  Fertilizer: likes poor soils, but can use ½ strength during growth period  Seeds: flat, tan seeds  Other: fine with light mulch –  Vegetative reproduction: gravel/coarse sand is best produces bulblets Gerald and Buff Corsi © California Academy of Sciences © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 5
  6. 6. 1/7/2013 Calochortus can be started from bulbils or seeds Mariposas in the garden  Charming pot plants – hide the  Takes time – 3-5 years pot in a cool place in summer from seed  In summer-dry gardens; will reseed if happy  You can propagate a lot  In rock gardens of plants for little $$ -  In those hard-to-water places;http://www.srgc.org.uk/bulblog/log2006/050706/log.html if you’re patient good with penstemons  Suggest planting in pots of tubs that can be left intact in a cool, dry place in dormant season  Check size of bulbs in 2-3 years; if large enough, then plant out http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2210/2210924817_34d8e3015d.jpg © Project SOUND http://www.srgc.org.uk/wisley/2008/170108/Calochortus%20luteus%20leaves.jpg © Project SOUND http://users.actrix.co.nz/hokpines/callut.jpg  A naturally occurring A few more yellow bulbs to consider ‘Golden Orb’ cultivar cultivar  Has been grown by Dutch bulb producers for a long time  Selected for:  Golden yellow color  Larger flowers  Taller flowering stalks  Long bloom time  Survival in gardens  Widely available – native plant and bulb suppliers Yellow-eyed Grass - Sisyrinchium californicumhttp://www.bloomingbulb.com/p-48512-calochortus-golden-orb.aspx Golden Stars - Bloomeria crocea © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 6
  7. 7. 1/7/2013 Dealing with those pesky critters…. If not yellow, then white….  Bulbs are FOOD Calochortus superbus http://www.sci.sdsu.edu/SERG/restorationproj/woodlandgrassland/penc Calochortus clavatus an/penasquitos_final.htm Calochortus catalinae http://www.appistry.com/blog/2008/06 /you-cant-draw-a-box-around-a-cloud/http://kenfuller.exactpages.com/garden_snail1.JPG © Project SOUND Calochortus albus © Project SOUND Have you noticed that many early spring Why use yellow & white flowers? bloomers have yellow flowers? Tidy-tips – Layia platyglassa CA Encelia – Encelia californica Contrasts with darker foliage, dark walls, etc. © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 7
  8. 8. 1/7/2013 The colors of yellow… http://www.apartmenttherapy.com/images/uploads/9.1 8color.jpg http://www.wetcanvas.com/Articles2/1201/3 63/images/RCWjava4x4.jpg  Yellow is between green Tidy-tip flowers stand out because they have (cooler) and orange (warmer) on both color (hue & light-dark contrast the color wheel) © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://i.ehow.com/images/GlobalPhoto/Articles/4775075/yellow-main_Full.jpg Strand Wallflower - Erysimum insulare Families with ssp. suffrutescens yellow flowers  Lilliaceae (Lily family)  Brassicacaea (Mustard Family)  Papaveraceae (Poppy family)  Asteraceae (Sunflower family)http://www.wetcanvas.com/Articles2/1201/363/images/RCWjava4x4.jpg © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 8
  9. 9. 1/7/2013 Western Wallflower – Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum Western Wallflower looks somewhat like our local Dune Wallflower  Size:  1-2 ft tall  1-2 ft wide  Growth form:  Short-lived (2-3 year) perennial in our area  Upright growth habit  Dies back to ground in dry season  Foliage:  Leaves sparse, almost linear  Blue-green  Roots: soil-binding http://www.wildflower.org/gallery/result.php?id_image=22411 http://www.wnmu.edu/academic/nspages2/gilaflora/erysimum_capitatum.html © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Flowers are fantastic Plant Requirements  Soils:  Texture: any, including clays  pH: any local; dislikes acidic  Blooms: spring – Mar-May soils in western L.A. County  Light:  Flowers:  Part-shade (afternoon shade)  Bright golden yellow; best in most gardens quite showy  Typical shape for  Water: Brassicaceae  Winter: needs good (Mustard); parts of 4 winter/spring rains  Open ‘up the stem’  Summer: dry (Zone 1 or 1-2); needs summer dormancy  Attracts bees, hummingbirds & other  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils pollinatorshttp://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/westernwallflower.html  Other: let plant re-seed before cutting back in fall http://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/westernwallflower.html © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.timetotrack.com/jay/wallfl3.htm 9
  10. 10. 1/7/2013Strand Wallflower is an attractive addition to the garden  Flowers are fragrant  nectar attracts butterflies and native bees  Excellent for:  Natural gardens  “Cottage gardens”  Rock gardens  Soil stabilization (sand)  Perfect for old-fashioned gardens http://vtgcrec.ifas.ufl.edu/pages/Selby%20Gardens/Selby-03-BC7-wallflower.JPG Wallflowers make a cheerful addition to mixed beds © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Mixed beds require planning What every seed needs to germinate  Water  Warm enough temperatures  +/- light  May be special factors for some plants http://www.srgc.org.uk/bulblog/log2004/270104/Frit%20moment %20of%20germination.jpg Many California native wildflowers are very easy to grow – require no pre-treatment © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 10
  11. 11. 1/7/2013 CA Goldfields – Lasthenia californica ssp. californica CA Goldfields – Lasthenia californica ssp. californica  Grows in the U.S. Southwest from S. OR to Mexico – including our area  Common in many Plant Communities below 4500 feet elevation http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Lasthenia+californica http://plants.montara.com/ListPages/FamPages/Astera6.html#lascal © 2009 Barry Breckling © Project SOUND © Project SOUNDLooks similar to an old friend…Lasthena glabrata In Antelope Valley http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Antelope_vally_spring.jpg © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 11
  12. 12. 1/7/2013 California Goldfields is a nice little spring annual Flowers are true ‘gold’  Blooms:  Size:  In spring – anytime from Jan.  < 1 ft tall (may be slightly to Apr. in western L.A. Co. taller in garden)  Tied to both timing of the  12-18 inches wide rains as well as temperature  Growth form:  Flowers:  Herbaceous annual wildflower  Smallish: ~ ½ inch heads  Upright; slender, dainty  Typical sunflower heads  Insect pollinated  Foliage:  Both ray & disk flowers bright  Narrow, medium-green leaves to golden yellow  May be slightly hairy &  Just dazzling when massed – succulent in garden all tend to bloom at once  Roots: < 1 ft – fine in pots  Seeds: small sunflower seeds – great treat for the birds © 2009 Barry Breckling © 2009 Barry Breckling http://yosemiteexplorer.com/albums/d/2186-9/060324-08-hite-lasthenia-californica.jpg © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.gardeningwithnatives.com/articles/wildflower_top_10.html Typical of most wildflowers – will grow in many soils The lifecycle of Annual plants in the  Soils:  Texture: any local – sand to clay South Bay  pH: any local  Seed germination – Fall/Winter (after the first seasonal rains);  Light: some require spring warmth;  Full sun to part-shade – generally quick (1-4 weeks) versatile like Tidy-tips  Plant growth – Winter (some) Spring, Summer (some) – rapid inG.A. Cooper @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database  Water: warm days of Spring  Winter/spring: needs good soil  Flowering – Spring/Summer (a very moisture – may need to few in early fall) supplement rains, particularly when seedlings small  Seed production – Late Spring-  Summer: taper off after Summer blooming ceases – absolutely  Death – Spring (some), Summer needed for seed production (most), Fall (a few)  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils, but ½ strength won’t kill themhttp://www.fossilflowers.org/imgs/jlr326/na/Asteraceae_Lasthenia_californica_31520.html © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 12
  13. 13. 1/7/2013 Seeds of ‘sunflowers’ Goldfields – lovely at are easy to grow any scale  Wonderful as a pot plant on  Plant at the right time – in porches, balconies, etc. – spot of winter, just before a major bright color rain cycle  Massed as they grow in nature –  Just lightly rake in the will take a while to get goodhttp://www.ransomseedlab.com/aboutus/asteraceae/examples_lasthenia_californica.htm seeds – need light to germinate coverage http://back40feet.blogspot.com/2008_04_01_archive.html  Be sure the young seedlings  Mix with other annuals and get adequate water native bunchgrasses – this was a  Taper off water after component of native prairies flowering here  Let plants reseed – and/or collect dry seeds, dry a  Consider it in the vegetable week or two, store in cool, garden – attracts native dry place (paper bags, pollinators envelopes or glass jars)  Great little annuals for edging walkshttp://www.nps.gov/plants/sos/bendcollections/images/Lasthenia%20californica_JPG.jpg © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.santabarbarahikes.com/flowers/index.php?action=show_item&id=65&search= Other spring-blooming yellow sunflowers Yellow all season long – with sunflowers  Annuals  Great ‘season stretchers’ –  Chaenactis (Pincushion) species bloom spring & fall  All of the Lasthenia species  Annuals  Layia platyglossa (Tidy-tips)  Annual sunflower –  * Malacothrix glabrata (Desert Helianthus annuus Dandylion)  * Garaea canescens – Hairy Desert Sunflower  Perennials/Shrubs  Coreopsis gigantea & * Coreopsis  Perennials/shrubs maritima  Constancea (Eriophyllum)  Encelia californica (CA Encelia) nevinii - Catalina Silverlace  Grindelia species (Gumplants) Hairy Gumplant – Grindelia hirsutula © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 13
  14. 14. 1/7/2013 * Hairy Desert Sunflower – Geraea canescens http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geraea_canescens Annual Sunflower – Helianthus annuus © Project SOUND © Project SOUND* Hairy Desert Sunflower – Geraea canescens  Southwestern U.S. deserts from CA to UT and south to Mexico  In CA, in both the Mojave & Sonoran deserts  Elevations from sea levelhttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Geraea+canescens to 4,265 feet (1,300 m)  In sandy desert soil, usually in the company of creosote brush © 2008 Christopher L. Christie © Project SOUND © 2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy © Project SOUND 14
  15. 15. 1/7/2013Charming annual whose growth reflects it’s desert origin Flowers are everything you’d want from a sunflower  Size:  1-3 ft tall; depends on water  Blooms:  1-2 ft wide  Two seasons (with some summer water) - Feb–May, Oct–Nov  Growth form:  Relatively long bloom period (like  Annual wildflower http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geraea_canescens annual sunflower) – flowers open  Slender, branching habit over a month or more  Foliage:  Flowers:  Light green/red stems  Medium-sized heads – to 2” (usually) diameter  Foliage fuzzy/hairy  Both ray & disk flowers golden-  Relatively few leaves – but yellow – disk flowers slightly darker more with spring water  Attract many types of insect pollinators  Roots: taproot  Seeds: excellent bird food © 2004 James M. Andre © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geraea_canescensDesert Sunflowers - easy to  Soils: What’s the deal about gravel/crushed rock mulches? grow in well-drained soils  Texture: sandy best  pH: any local  You may have notices that many  Light: full sun annual wildflowers like to grow in decomposed granite  Water:  Why?  Winter/spring: needs good  Similar to natural conditions for winter moisture; let dry out some wildflowers some in late spring  Well-drained  Summer: can water  Warms up well occasionally (Zone 2) to  Easy for small seedlings to grow promote fall bloom, then let through; and protects them it dry out again  Seeds can avoid predation  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other advantages  Looks neater than bare ground  Other: best when grown using ahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geraea_canescens gravel/crushed rock or coarse  Looks quite natural sand mulch An inorganic mulch ~ 1 inch deep or less © Project SOUND works well – you will have to weed © Project SOUND 15
  16. 16. 1/7/2013 Use Desert Sunflower like a Color with confidence – smaller annual sunflower complementary colors  An appropriate size for large  Across from one pots and planters another on color wheel  Great addition to desert &  Most contrast in hue rock gardens (color)  Fine in out-of-the-way places, http://research.calacademy.org/redirect?url=http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/botany/wildflow/color.asp http://www.desertusa.com/mag99/feb/papr/desunflower.html where it will reseed itself  Great habitat plant Gerald and Buff Corsi © California Academy o f Sciences © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://jilldenton.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/color-wheel.jpg Color with confidence – Analogous Colors  Next to one another on the color wheel  Look like the naturally go togetherhttp://research.calacademy.org/redirect?url=http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/botany/wildflow/color.asp © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://jilldenton.files.wordpress.com/2007/10/color-wheel.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_TQT9JERLUqI/SdUikf9K5II/AAAAAAAAACw/gWUPCQa1oJo/s1600-h/templeview.jpg 16
  17. 17. 1/7/2013 * Common Madia – Madia elegans * Common Madia – Madia elegans © Br. Alfred Brousseau, Saint Marys College © 2007 Neal Kramer © Project SOUND © Project SOUND * Common Madia – Madia elegans Common Madia is a typical annual sunflower  West Coast species –  Size: WA to Baja  1-3 ft tall  Locally in Santa  1-2 ft wide Monica & San Gabriel  Growth form: ssp. vernalis mtns.  Herbaceous annual  Dry, open, usually  Erect grassy places, in  Foliage: shrublands, woodlands, forests  Leaves mostly below the flowers, linear ssp. wheeleri often along roadsides  Hairy to bristly  Either coarse or clay  Aromatic – unusual – like soils tropical fruits  Rabbits & ground squirrels will © 2009 Aaron Schusteff eat foliage ssp. densifoliassp. elegans © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 17
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