Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden    Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants                   Project SOUND ...
Year-round Color with CA      Native Plants   C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake    CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve      Madrona Mar...
© Project SOUND
© Project SOUND
© Project SOUND
Gardening is like enjoying wine…http://www.michaelassociates.co.uk/blog/tag/wine-tasting                                  ...
You start out with an unsophisticated palette….. http://trishatruly.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/cheap-fun-wine.jpg        ...
http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2202/2718224697_869cec8834.jpg?v=0                                                         ...
http://wildsuburbia.blogspot.com/2009_04_01_archive.html                                                           © Proje...
The subtle colors of the native plant cycle                                                            Restraint (sophist...
© Project SOUND
Trick # 1: Choose a workable color                         scheme – one you like                                          ...
Let’s choose our state colors, and work from there                            The combination of blue and gold           ...
Trick # 2: Plant an evergreen background                                                            Will look good/green ...
Remember: fruits/berries and leaves can       be an excellent source of fall colorCoffeeberry – Frangula (Rhamnus) califor...
If you don’t like the idea of a living backdrop,then use a dark or colorful wall/fencehttp://www.phillipoliver.net/0406sce...
Trick # 3 : use hardscape for year-round       color (even without plants)http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1035/1150078518_1...
One you have a backdrop, you’re ready to       add some colorful shrubs                                  © Project SOUND
Some of our longest-flowering shrubs andperennials are in the sunflower family…       http://image57.webshots.com/157/1/52...
CA Bush Sunflower – Encelia californica                                 © Project SOUND
Trick # 4 : extend the bloom season of   some shrubs with judicious summer water                             Choose only ...
* San Diego Sunflower – Viguiera laciniatahttp://image57.webshots.com/157/1/52/8/2588152080044943617JdrPNe_fs.jpg         ...
* San Diego Sunflower – Viguiera laciniata                                                               Local endemic: S...
San Diego Sunflower – like Encelia butmore delicate looking                                                               ...
Flowers are pure gold                          Blooms:                             May bloom year-round with            ...
Sunflowers are easy to                                                         propagate from seed                        ...
San Diego Sunflower       Soils:  is easy to grow             Texture: just about any –                               sa...
San Diego Sunflower                                                                                    – lots of spring co...
Viguiera parishii – a desert species                                                   http://www.azhikinggallery.com/gall...
Trick # 5: use ‘season extenders’ –shrubs with a long blooming season              Give a sense of continuity            ...
Trick # 6: use light/bright colors to add ‘light’   to dark areas – use light/dark contrast                          Adds...
* Canyon Sunflower – Venegasia carpesioides © 2002 Lynn Watson                                    © Project SOUND
* Canyon Sunflower – Venegasia carpesioides                                                          The single species o...
Canyon Sunflower is like a daintier, perennial versionof the Annual Sunflower                                             ...
Flowers will light up                                                                                                 the ...
Canyon Sunflower      Soils:                           Texture: very adaptable – clay islikes shade & water         fine...
Canyon Sunflower solves                                                                                              some ...
Trick # 7 : use white foliage to give the     illusion of color in any season                                    © Project...
http://image42.webshots.com/42/1/15/68/2307115680044943617JstPeE_fs.jpg                    Viguiera laciniata, Diplacus pu...
Trick # 8 : Use fall-blooming shrubs/perennials        for a boost of color in Sept-Oct                        For yellow...
Coast Goldenbush – Isocoma menziesii                                © Project SOUND
Two Coastal GoldenbushesCoastal Goldenbush – Isocoma menziesii   Sawtooth Goldenbush – Hazardia squarrosa    Similar grow...
Goldenbushes are easy to grow in ourarea…             Soils:                                         Texture: any, even ...
Yellow-flowered bush sunflowers can add color duringnearly every season                                                   ...
Trick # 9: use masses of color – in                      selected areas, as accents                                       ...
CA Prickly Phlox – Leptodactylon californicum J.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database                                   ...
CA Prickly Phlox – Leptodactylon californicum                                                  Outer Coastal ranges from ...
Prickly Phlox – the name says it all…                                  Size:                                            ...
Flowers are magical…                                                                                    Blooms: in spring...
Phlox like it dry    Soils:                              Texture: wide variety, but must                               b...
Place Prickly Phlox wisely                                                                                      As an att...
Trick # 10: consider using groundcovers     or perennials for accent colors                  Often have green foliage for...
Sticky Cinquefoil – Potentilla glandulosa http://www.wildflower.org/gallery/result.php?id_image=23900                     ...
Sticky Cinquefoil – Potentilla glandulosa                                                                             A p...
Genus Potentilla                                                                              Annual, biennial or perenni...
Sticky Cinquefoil – like a large strawberry plant                                      Size:                             ...
Flowers are usually yellow                                Blooms:                                   Long bloom season – ...
Cinquefoils are easy..                      Soils:                                                Texture: just about an...
Garden uses for Sticky                                                                                                    ...
Trick # 11 : you don’t need a lot of color at any   one time – just some, strategically placed                            ...
Use annual wildflowers for spots of                   seasonal color            Spring-Summer are the peak             an...
Trick # 12 : use containers for seasonal                 color – the ‘color bowl’ trick                                   ...
Ithuriel’s Spear – Triteleia laxahttp://www.prod.bulbsonline.org/ibc/en/publiek/collection.jsf/Information/spring-blooming...
Ithuriel’s Spear – Triteleia laxa                                                                         Foothills of CA...
Ithuriel’s Spear in nature – clues to its usehttp://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Herb/curator/bidwell_park_03-30-05/Slopes_above_...
Ithuriel’s Spear:                                                                    perennial from a corm                ...
Flowers are irresistible!                                                                  Blooms:                       ...
Growing native bulbs                                                                                             from bulb...
Growing bulbs/corm                                                                                     plants from seed   ...
Ithuriel’s Spear is one                                         Soils:                                                   ...
Versatile native bulbs                                                                                                    ...
‘Queen Fabiola’                                                                 Available from native plant sources &    ...
‘Corrina’                                                                                   Violet flowers with violet-  ...
Trick # 13 : use color contrasts to make       the most of available color                         http://www.baynatives.c...
Complementary colors                                                                  Are opposite on the                ...
* Harvest Brodiaea – Brodiaea eleganshttp://www.pacificbulbsociety.org/pbswiki/files/Brodiaea/Brodiaea_elegans_br3.jpg    ...
* Harvest Brodiaea – Brodiaea elegans                                                                 S. OR to N. CA – Sa...
Brodiaea’s confusing taxonomy                                                 First specimens collected by Archibald Menz...
http://science.halleyhosting.com/nature/gorge/3petal/lily/brodiaea/harvest.htm                                            ...
Harvest Brodiaea – an elegant perennial                                            Size:                                 ...
Flowers are sweetly                                                                old-fashioned                          ...
Harvest Brodiaea:                                           Soils:   easy to please                                      ...
Brodiaea – easy color                                                                    for the garden                   ...
© 2005 Steven Thorsted Design tip: Bulbs are invisible 6 months of the year, so place them  around existing shrubs, peren...
 Maintenance tip: In early summer, remove the dried  stalks for neatness. Be sure to collect the seeds for  propagation o...
Tip # 14 : make your own ‘sequence of            bloom’ calendar                  Note color periods for                 ...
   ‘Some of the most reliable plants in my garden are California native    bulbs. They bring seasonal color and variety t...
Tip # 14 : make your own ‘sequence of            bloom’ calendar                  Visit local native plant               ...
Trick # 15 : use selected non-nativespecies that are compatible with natives                    Ones that have special   ...
Trick # 16 : learn from Mother Nature – relax and enjoy the differences from year to year                                 ...
16 tricks for year-round color in a ‘New S.             California Garden’1.   Choose a workable color scheme2.   Plant an...
16 tricks for year-round color in a ‘New S.             California Garden’9. Use masses of color – in selected areas, as a...
Let’s go see some May color                       © Project SOUND
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Year round color - 2010

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This lecture was given in May, 2010 as part of the California native plant gardening series ‘Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden’

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Year round color - 2010

  1. 1. Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants Project SOUND - 2010 © Project SOUND
  2. 2. Year-round Color with CA Native Plants C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve Madrona Marsh Preserve May 1 & 4, 2010 © Project SOUND
  3. 3. © Project SOUND
  4. 4. © Project SOUND
  5. 5. © Project SOUND
  6. 6. Gardening is like enjoying wine…http://www.michaelassociates.co.uk/blog/tag/wine-tasting © Project SOUND
  7. 7. You start out with an unsophisticated palette….. http://trishatruly.files.wordpress.com/2009/10/cheap-fun-wine.jpg © Project SOUND
  8. 8. http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2202/2718224697_869cec8834.jpg?v=0 © Project SOUNDhttp://image64.webshots.com/164/3/81/7/480438107hZNkhp_ph.jpg
  9. 9. http://wildsuburbia.blogspot.com/2009_04_01_archive.html © Project SOUND
  10. 10. The subtle colors of the native plant cycle  Restraint (sophistication; appropriate; restful; ‘earth- friendly’)  Appreciation for the cycle of seasons and our connection to them  Expressing our S. CA natural heritage – our unique ‘look’ that others so covet  Relieving the pressure of the ‘Disneyland Gardens’ syndrome (a mass of perfect, bright blooms 12 months out of the year)http://wildsuburbia.blogspot.com/2009_04_01_archive.html © Project SOUND
  11. 11. © Project SOUND
  12. 12. Trick # 1: Choose a workable color scheme – one you like  Helps limit your plant choices  Makes the garden look like it has a plan  Allows you to choose sophisticated combinations  If you desire year- round color, you’ll needhttp://www.justbynature.com/images/HDColor33a.gif to choose a scheme that is feasible © Project SOUND
  13. 13. Let’s choose our state colors, and work from there  The combination of blue and gold as official colors in California were first used by the University of California, Berkeley in 1875.  Blue represented the sky and gold the color of the precious metal found by forty-niners in the states hills.  The Secretary of State began using blue and gold ribbons on official documents as early as 1913.  In 1951, the State Legislature passed legislation makign blue & gold the official state colors.This color scheme also has the advantage that there are lotsof native plants with yellow & blue flowers © Project SOUND
  14. 14. Trick # 2: Plant an evergreen background  Will look good/green all year long – and may also provide colorful flowers or fruits  Provides a backdrop for the real show – whatever you decide to plant in front of it  Can be one or several species – but all should be medium to dark green for best effect  Possible choices:  Toyon  Coffeeberry or Redberry – Rhamnus  Cercocarpus  Even non-native plants © Project SOUNDhttp://wildsuburbia.blogspot.com/2009_04_01_archive.html
  15. 15. Remember: fruits/berries and leaves can be an excellent source of fall colorCoffeeberry – Frangula (Rhamnus) californica Holly-leaf Cherry – Prunus illicifolia © Project SOUND
  16. 16. If you don’t like the idea of a living backdrop,then use a dark or colorful wall/fencehttp://www.phillipoliver.net/0406scene2.jpg Remember, the goal is to ‘accent’ the colors of your plants © Project SOUND
  17. 17. Trick # 3 : use hardscape for year-round color (even without plants)http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1035/1150078518_14c1fdc25f.jpg © Project SOUND
  18. 18. One you have a backdrop, you’re ready to add some colorful shrubs © Project SOUND
  19. 19. Some of our longest-flowering shrubs andperennials are in the sunflower family… http://image57.webshots.com/157/1/52/8/2588152080044943617JdrPNe_fs.jpg so we decide to use yellow as our primary color © Project SOUND
  20. 20. CA Bush Sunflower – Encelia californica © Project SOUND
  21. 21. Trick # 4 : extend the bloom season of some shrubs with judicious summer water  Choose only plants that can take summer water (Zone 2 to 3)  Water only as much as needed – over watering leads to disease, shortened lifePlants from riparian and  Most S. CA native plantsSonoran Desert need a dormancy period incommunities naturally late summer/fall – but somegrow in late summer/ fall still bloom then– can be used for fallcolor © Project SOUND
  22. 22. * San Diego Sunflower – Viguiera laciniatahttp://image57.webshots.com/157/1/52/8/2588152080044943617JdrPNe_fs.jpg © Project SOUND
  23. 23. * San Diego Sunflower – Viguiera laciniata  Local endemic: San Diego Co. south to Baja/Sonora  Arid Diegan Sage Scrub is typically the preferred habitat of this species  Shrubby slopes at lower elevations http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?609,1962,1963Some believe this species shouldbe Bahiopsis laciniata http://image38.webshots.com/38/0/77/98/2467077980044943617gnUeOB_fs.jpg © Project SOUND
  24. 24. San Diego Sunflower – like Encelia butmore delicate looking  Size:  1-3 ft tall  1-3 ft wide  Growth form:  Sub-shrub with woody base  Many herbaceous stems – mounded form  Evergreen to semi-deciduous  Foliage:  Medium green  Leaves hairy & resinous; coarsely toothed & fairly narrow© 2005 Aaron Schusteff © Project SOUND http://www.sci.sdsu.edu/plants/sdpls/plants/Bahiopsis_laciniata.html
  25. 25. Flowers are pure gold  Blooms:  May bloom year-round with a little water  Main bloom usually Jan- June  Flowers:  Typical sunflower head, but delicate looking – to 1” across  Color: bright golden yellow ray & disk flowers  Showy and cheery  Seeds:  Typical for sunflowers – eaten by birds & animals© 2005 Aaron Schusteff © Project SOUND
  26. 26. Sunflowers are easy to propagate from seed  Use fresh seed  Most need no special treatment for good germination  Plant in late winter – like the rainwater  Seedlings are often quite hardyhttp://hazmac.biz/050725/050725ViguieraLaciniata.html © Project SOUND
  27. 27. San Diego Sunflower  Soils: is easy to grow  Texture: just about any – sandy to clay  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun to part shade – probably best in full sun near the coast  Water:  Winter: adequate – but no standing water  Summer: occasional to regular water will keep it looking nice (Zone 2 to 3) – good for transition areas.  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils© 2005 Aaron Schusteff © Project SOUND
  28. 28. San Diego Sunflower – lots of spring color  As an accent shrub – adds early color and keeps on blooming  Great on slopes and hillsides – soil stabilizationhttp://wildsuburbia.blogspot.com/2009_04_01_archive.html  Fine with native grasses, shrubs, annual wildflowers – choose nice color contrasts  Great addition to the habitat garden – attracts butterflies, other insects & http://camissonia.blogspot.com/2010/03/well-ill-be-bramble-green-hairstreak.html birds Bramble Green Hairstreak (Callophyrs dumetorum) © Project SOUND
  29. 29. Viguiera parishii – a desert species http://www.azhikinggallery.com/galleryintro.asp?galleryid=spurcrossranch_042107  Full sun  Very well-drained soils  Low water (Zone 1-2) © Project SOUNDhttp://www.delange.org/Viguiera/Viguiera.htm http://www.delange.org/Viguiera/Viguiera.htm
  30. 30. Trick # 5: use ‘season extenders’ –shrubs with a long blooming season  Give a sense of continuity through the seasons  Get a lot of bang for your buck - and many are long-lived  Can be used as the ‘backbone’ of your color plan – use other plants as accents  Are often readily available in native plant nurseries/sales – they know what people want! © Project SOUND
  31. 31. Trick # 6: use light/bright colors to add ‘light’ to dark areas – use light/dark contrast  Adds a cheerful note in winter & a cool note in summer  A little color goes a long way in dark areas of the garden © Project SOUND
  32. 32. * Canyon Sunflower – Venegasia carpesioides © 2002 Lynn Watson © Project SOUND
  33. 33. * Canyon Sunflower – Venegasia carpesioides  The single species of its genus  Found in Southwestern CA from central Ca to Baja  Locally in the Santa Monica, San Gabriel Mtns.  Shaded canyons, moist wooded slopes & stream banks in southern oak woodland, chaparral and coastal sage scrub below 3000 http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3320/3611899047_a65fb22e49.jpg?v=0 © Project SOUNDhttp://kristamaxwell.com/garden/images/photos/native_plant_album/Venegasia%20carpesioides.JPG
  34. 34. Canyon Sunflower is like a daintier, perennial versionof the Annual Sunflower  Size:  3-5 ft tall  3-6 ft wide  Growth form:  Sub-shrub with a woody base  Shape mounded to irregular – think ‘chrysanthemum-like’  Drought deciduous  Foliage:  Bright to medium green – very woodsy looking  Leaves shaped like annual sunflower  Some think it has a disagreeable odorhttp://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/venegasia-carpesioides © Project SOUND
  35. 35. Flowers will light up the garden  Blooms:  Long bloom period – at least most of spring  Usually from Mar/Apr to June, then again in cooler fallhttp://www.theodorepayne.org/mediawiki/index.php?title=Image:Venegasia_carpesioides_02.JPG  Flowers:  Lovely yellow sunflower heads  Large – ‘dahlia-like’ – 2” across  Color looks spectacular against bright green foliage or dark background  Attract many pollinators  Seeds: attract seed-eaters© 2004 Dr. Daniel L. Geiger © Project SOUND
  36. 36. Canyon Sunflower  Soils:  Texture: very adaptable – clay islikes shade & water fine  pH: any local  Light:  Likes some shade altho’ OK in full sun  Excellent choice for high shade under tree, N side of structures  Water:  Winter: adequate  Summer: looks best with some water (Zone 2 to 2-3) but quite drought tolerant  Fertilizer: fine with an organic mulch  Other: prune back hard (like Encelia)© 2010 Anna Bennett after fall bloom period) © Project SOUND
  37. 37. Canyon Sunflower solves some garden problems  One of our best choices for showy flowers in shady places – consider it for any dark area  Good choice for bank/slope stabilization - excellent for shady ‘creek banks’ – naturalhttp://santabarbarahikes.com/flowers/index.php?action=show_item&id=37&search= or man-made  Great for rain gardens  ? Near the vegetable garden  Great with Melic Grass & shade-loving annuals like Chinese Houses, Baby Blue- eyes © Project SOUNDhttp://www.theodorepayne.org/mediawiki/index.php?title=Image:Venegasia_carpesioides_02.JPG
  38. 38. Trick # 7 : use white foliage to give the illusion of color in any season © Project SOUND
  39. 39. http://image42.webshots.com/42/1/15/68/2307115680044943617JstPeE_fs.jpg Viguiera laciniata, Diplacus puniceus, Diplacus aurantiacus, Encelia farinosa © Project SOUND
  40. 40. Trick # 8 : Use fall-blooming shrubs/perennials for a boost of color in Sept-Oct  For yellow/white flowers consider:  Goldenbushes  Mock Heather  Rabbitbush  Coyote Bush  Goldenrods  Mulefat  For orange/red  CA Fuschia – several different colors  Buckwheat (seed heads) © Project SOUND
  41. 41. Coast Goldenbush – Isocoma menziesii © Project SOUND
  42. 42. Two Coastal GoldenbushesCoastal Goldenbush – Isocoma menziesii Sawtooth Goldenbush – Hazardia squarrosa  Similar growth habit and flowers; fall blooming (Aug-Oct)  Coast Goldenbush: foliage lighter; leaves rounder, softer,  Sawtooth Goldenbush: foliage stiffer, prickly © Project SOUND
  43. 43. Goldenbushes are easy to grow in ourarea…  Soils:  Texture: any, even clay  pH: any, even alkali  Light: full sun best  Water:  Young plants: need some water to get going – plant in fall  Summer: little to moderate (Zone 2); looks better with occasional water  Fertilizer: none (although probably wouldn’t hurt it)  Other: even tolerates seasideCut back yearly in the fall after conditionsbloom © Project SOUND
  44. 44. Yellow-flowered bush sunflowers can add color duringnearly every season © Project SOUND
  45. 45. Trick # 9: use masses of color – in selected areas, as accents Mother Nature’s garden:  Massed flowers used as accents – against a background of green or gold  Massed color is not required all year long – it’s often a seasonal treathttp://www.flickr.com/photos/13828934@N00/3413979138/ © Project SOUND
  46. 46. CA Prickly Phlox – Leptodactylon californicum J.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUND
  47. 47. CA Prickly Phlox – Leptodactylon californicum  Outer Coastal ranges from central CA to Orange Co  Locally in Santa Monica & San Gabriel Mtns  In scrub vegetation - Ceanothus cuneatus, Adenostema fasciculatum – usually on E. or W- facing slopeshttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?5654,5802,5803  AKA *Linanthus californicus http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/157072/ http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/leptodactylon-californicum © Project SOUND
  48. 48. Prickly Phlox – the name says it all…  Size:  < 2 ft tall  1-2 ft wide  Growth form:  Drought-deciduous perennial sub-shrub  Mounded form  Foliage:  Bright green in spring/early summer  Very narrow, sharp leaves – esp. when dry – typical of the native phlox  Roots: deep & vigorous; use a large pot/planter © Project SOUND http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/157072/
  49. 49. Flowers are magical…  Blooms: in spring - usually Mar- May in western L.A. Co.; about 1+ month  Flowers:http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/leptodactylon-californicum  Look like phlox or Vinca – very old-fashioned look  Color: usually pale magenta, but may be very pale pink – even white  Plant is covered with flowers – literally a mound of blooms  Sweet-musty scent in late afternoon-evening  Attracts many butterflies, hummingbirds & other insects © Project SOUNDhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Leptodactylon_californicum
  50. 50. Phlox like it dry  Soils:  Texture: wide variety, but must be well-drained or roots will rot  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun  Water:  Winter: adequate  Summer: needs summer dry period after flowering – Zone 1 or 1-2  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: cut back the stems after flowering to keep is compact© 2009 Aaron Schusteff © Project SOUND
  51. 51. Place Prickly Phlox wisely  As an attractive and interesting pot plant – move it during the ‘ugly phase’  In a rock garden – as in nature  Mixed with other obligate summer-dry species (Penstemons; native grasses; annuals)http://www.wildscaping.com/plants/plantprofiles/Leptodactylon_californicum.htm  Away from edges of paths, other traffic areas  Great for dry slopes – other ‘dry problem areas’ http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Leptodactylon_californicum © Project SOUND
  52. 52. Trick # 10: consider using groundcovers or perennials for accent colors  Often have green foliage for a long period – especially with a little summer water  Can be used in conjunction with native bulbs or annual wildflowers  Some have masses of blooms (Erigeron glaucus)  Others have fewer – but lovely – flowers, fruit, leaves  Sometimes less can be more – the contrast of a lovely flower against green foliage © Project SOUND
  53. 53. Sticky Cinquefoil – Potentilla glandulosa http://www.wildflower.org/gallery/result.php?id_image=23900 © Project SOUND
  54. 54. Sticky Cinquefoil – Potentilla glandulosa  A plant of the West  Much of CA except S. deserts & Great Central Valley  Dryish to moist, open places from seashore to timberline – http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/plants/florawe/species/6/poteglan.htm many plant communities  Many ssp. proposed and/or accepted – quite variable and will no doubt change  Resembles California Horkelia enough to confuse and frustrate, especially when the plants are not flowering.http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?6677,6824,6838 © Project SOUND
  55. 55. Genus Potentilla  Annual, biennial or perennial herb  Somewhat resemble strawberries but usually having dry, inedible fruit (hence the name Barren Strawberry for some species).  Leaves divided into leaflets arranged palmately like the fingers of a hand (3 – 15 leaflets).  Five-petalled flowers are borne over a long period of time from spring to summer.  The flowers are usually yellow, butcan be white, pinkish or red.  Potentilla species are used as food plants by larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) species.  Some species of Potentilla are grown as ornamental plants, while some are used in herbalismhttp://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/plants/florawe/species/6/poteglan.htm © Project SOUND
  56. 56. Sticky Cinquefoil – like a large strawberry plant  Size:  1-2 ft tall  1-2 ft wide  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial  Erect to tufted  Dies back to woody root in fall/winter  Foliage:  Medium green – very hairy & sticky  Pinnately compound leaves with 5-9 leaflets  Tea or tonic made from leaves© 2007 Michelle Cloud-Hughes © Project SOUND
  57. 57. Flowers are usually yellow  Blooms:  Long bloom season – late spring through summer  Judicious summer water keeps it blooming May-Aug  Flowers:  Strawberry-like (or Horkelia-like)  Usually a bright yellow  Bloom pattern like strawberries  Good butterfly nectar plant© 2006 David McClurg  Vegetative reproduction: divisions in spring - easy© 2007 Michelle Cloud-Hughes © Project SOUND
  58. 58. Cinquefoils are easy..  Soils:  Texture: just about any except very heavy clays  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun with regular water  Part-shade probably works best © 2007 California Native Plant Society  Water:  Winter: good winter rains  Summer: very adaptable – Zone 1-2 to 2-3; Zone 2 or more for long bloom season.  Fertilizer: not picky – would be fine with ½ strength fertilizer © 2007 Matt Below © Project SOUND
  59. 59. Garden uses for Sticky Cinquefoil  As an attractive pot plant – grow like a strawberry  Nice addition to a rock gardenhttp://www.thefloweringgarden.com/potentilla.htm – lush-looking with Sedums  Good in mixed groundcovers (with Yarrow, Strawberries)  Along paths and walkways  In a woodland garden  For streamside or bordering a lawn  In the herb garden © Project SOUND http://science.halleyhosting.com/nature/plants/5petal/rose/potentilla/glandulosagland.html
  60. 60. Trick # 11 : you don’t need a lot of color at any one time – just some, strategically placed © Project SOUND
  61. 61. Use annual wildflowers for spots of seasonal color  Spring-Summer are the peak annual wildflower seasons – most species bloom 2-4 weeks  Wide range of color, size, other characteristics – we are extremely lucky  Serial sowing can provide a long bloom season with some species  Clarkias & Gilias do well with serial sowing  Plant in 2-3 week intervals for color from spring to summer  Be sure that seedlings get enough summer water © Project SOUND
  62. 62. Trick # 12 : use containers for seasonal color – the ‘color bowl’ trick  Allows you to showcase plants at their peak of flowering – and remove them during their resting season  Allows you to have your color up close – on patio or balcony  Allows you to use bulbs/corms while you are reproducing them – good for rare orhttp://www.pacificbulbsociety.org/pbswiki/index.php/TriteleiaSp expensive bulbseciesThree  Works especially well for plants with requisite summer dry period – bulbs & annual wildflowers  Use a single species or mix – bulbs and contrasting color wildflowers are magical! © Project SOUND
  63. 63. Ithuriel’s Spear – Triteleia laxahttp://www.prod.bulbsonline.org/ibc/en/publiek/collection.jsf/Information/spring-blooming-bulbs/triteleia-laxa;jsessionid=AC136357DA08D01EBB6BF2ED0434206D © Project SOUND
  64. 64. Ithuriel’s Spear – Triteleia laxa  Foothills of CA  Locally on Catalina Isl. & possibly in Hollywood Hills  Open forests, mixed conifer or foothill woodlands, grasslands on clay soils from sea level to ~ 6000 ft.  Common where it occurs  Highly variable – may be more than one species/ssp  Favorite garden ‘bulb’ for long timehttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?8349,8655,8669 © Project SOUNDhttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=242102032
  65. 65. Ithuriel’s Spear in nature – clues to its usehttp://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Herb/curator/bidwell_park_03-30-05/Slopes_above_Day_Camp_3-30-05.htm © Project SOUND
  66. 66. Ithuriel’s Spear: perennial from a corm  Size:  < 2 ft tall  < 2 ft wide  Growth form:http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/Herb/curator/bidwell_park_03-30-05/Slopes_above_Day_Camp_3-30-05.htm  Perennial from a corm  Summer/fall dormant – dies back to the corm – typical of native bulbs  Foliage:  Rather wide, strap-like leaves  Medium-green  Often die back before flowering  Tip: protect foliage from snails/slugs © Project SOUND http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Triteleia_laxa
  67. 67. Flowers are irresistible!  Blooms:  Late spring/early summer - usually Apr-June  Varies with rain & temperature  Flowers:  Clustered on tall (above nativehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Triteleia_laxa grasses) naked stalk – kind of like Agapanthus  Flowers usually light blue to pale violet but may be dark violet to almost white  Funnel-shaped like Brodiaeas  favorite pollen and nectar source for bees & butterflies http://www.owlnet.rice.edu/~sac1/images/ChambSchlising1.jpg © Project SOUND
  68. 68. Growing native bulbs from bulbs/corms  Order from reputable sources  Far West Bulbs  Teleos Rare Bulbs  Rancho Santa Ana fall salehttp://www.theodorepayne.org/mediawiki/index.php?title=Triteleia_laxa_Queen_Fabiola  Bulbs usually shipped in fall – ready to plant  Easy – just plant about 4-6” deep (they will reach their own preferred depth within a year)  Will multiply – generally need to dig and replant every 3-4 years to keep them productive  This corm can be eaten raw or baked – protect from gophers, etc. © Project SOUNDhttp://www.pacificbulbsociety.org/pbswiki/index.php/TriteleiaSpeciesThree
  69. 69. Growing bulbs/corm plants from seed  Let pods/capsules dry on plant until they start to open; watch – may happen quickly  Generally quite easy with no Tracey Slotta @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database pre-treatment required for locally – northern/mountain grown may require 1 mo. cold- moist treatment  Sow in late fall in pots or tubs – you can even leave in the same pot for first 2 years  Takes 3-4 years for bulbs to be large enough for floweringhttp://tmousecmouse.blogspot.com/2009/10/seeds-and-cuttings-and-bulbs-and.html © Project SOUND
  70. 70. Ithuriel’s Spear is one  Soils:  Texture: any but heaviest clays of our easiest bulbs  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun to quite shady – best full sun to light shade  Fine under high trees  Water:  Winter: adequate while leaves are actively growing  Summer: start tapering off water when flowering stalks appear. Needs summer/fall rest – Zone 1  Fertilizer: none to light dose (in pots) http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=TRLA16 © Project SOUND
  71. 71. Versatile native bulbs & corms  Some of the best plants for pots/containers – pair with native annual wildflowers for a great show even on patios  Massed as an accent plant –http://www.notsogreenthumb.org/shows/chelsea_flower_show/chelsea_flower_show2003_page3.htm remember that they need summer/fall dry  With native grasses in a natural meadow or prairie – remember, our native prairies were not just grasses  In rock gardens or along paths  In pollinator/butterfly gardens © Project SOUNDhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Triteleia_laxa
  72. 72. ‘Queen Fabiola’  Available from native plant sources & Holland bulb companies  Large, intense blue flowers  Grows well in gardenshttp://www.americanmeadows.com/SpringFlowerBulbs/Others/TriteleiaQueenFabiolaFlowerBulbs.aspx http://www.marthastewart.com/plant/triteleia-laxa- queen-fabiola © Project SOUND
  73. 73. ‘Corrina’  Violet flowers with violet- purple tips & veins  Very showy in early summerhttp://www.theodorepayne.org/mediawiki/index.php?title=Triteleia_laxa_Corrina http://www.millergarden.org/garden/summer/summer-8.jpg © Project SOUND
  74. 74. Trick # 13 : use color contrasts to make the most of available color http://www.baynatives.com/plants/Triteleia-laxa/ © Project SOUND
  75. 75. Complementary colors  Are opposite on the color wheel  Have the most contrasthttp://www.fiber-images.com/Free_Things/Reference_Charts/color_wheel.htm in hue (color) of any color combination  Make a bold graphic statement  Make the brighter hue seem to “advance”  Lively – seem to be constantly in motion http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/TEACH/floral/complements.jpg © Project SOUND
  76. 76. * Harvest Brodiaea – Brodiaea eleganshttp://www.pacificbulbsociety.org/pbswiki/files/Brodiaea/Brodiaea_elegans_br3.jpg © Project SOUND
  77. 77. * Harvest Brodiaea – Brodiaea elegans  S. OR to N. CA – San Francisco area as well as the foothills – perhaps also in S. CA (much taxonomic dispute)  Found on grassy slopes, gravelly prairies, and rocky bluffs overlooking the sea. http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=BRELhttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?8349,8438,8446 © Project SOUND
  78. 78. Brodiaea’s confusing taxonomy  First specimens collected by Archibald Menzies, botanist to the Vancouver Expedition, in 1792.  The first published reference in James Edward Smiths 1807 An introduction to physiological and systematical botany.  The taxonomists have been arguing ever since  Different current systems place the genus in three different families.  The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group place it in family Themidaceae.  Many other modern authors place it in the family Alliaceae.  Older but still widely used sources such as ITIS place the Triplet lilies in the family LiliaceaeGladys Lucille Smith © California Academy o  Brodiaea (or Brodeia) is also used as a commonf Sciences name to refer to three genera, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, and Triteleia. The latter two genera were once included as part of the genus Brodiaea © Project SOUND
  79. 79. http://science.halleyhosting.com/nature/gorge/3petal/lily/brodiaea/harvest.htm © Project SOUND
  80. 80. Harvest Brodiaea – an elegant perennial  Size:  1-2 ft tall  1-2 ft wide  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial from a corm  Dies back to corm in summer  Foliage:  Strap-like leaves  Usualy die back before flowering  Roots:  A small cormhttp://www.phytoimages.siu.edu/taxpage/0 © Project SOUND/0/79/binomial/Brodiaea%20elegans.html
  81. 81. Flowers are sweetly old-fashioned  Blooms:  usually in late spring/early summer – after the grasses have turned dryhttp://www.hillkeep.ca/bulbs%20brodiaea.htm  May-June in our area  Flowers:  Usually pale violet – may be darker or lighter – seem to glow when contrasted with golden grasses or CA Poppies  Very attractive open funnel- form  Good for cut flowers  Seeds:  Small dark seedshttp://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=BREL © Project SOUND
  82. 82. Harvest Brodiaea:  Soils: easy to please  Texture: best in heavy clay soils  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun to part-shade  Water:  Winter: needs good moisture when leaves are growing – storing nutrients for next year© 2009 Terry Dye  Summer: cut down water as flowering winds down – dry after that.  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: may need to provide support; thin corms every 3-4 years – when flowers become smaller © Project SOUND http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=BREL
  83. 83. Brodiaea – easy color for the garden  Excellent color when massed – really spectacular for 3-4 weeks  In native prairie/grassland plantings – take your cues from Mother Naturehttp://www.pacificbulbsociety.org/pbswiki/index.php/Brodiaea  As an attractive pot plant – pairSpeciesOne with Clarkias or Red Maids  Along walkways  In a rock garden  In those ‘small, difficult to water’ areas with Penstemons, native grasses © Project SOUND
  84. 84. © 2005 Steven Thorsted Design tip: Bulbs are invisible 6 months of the year, so place them around existing shrubs, perennials, and bunchgrasses which will command interest when the bulbs go dormant. © Project SOUND
  85. 85.  Maintenance tip: In early summer, remove the dried stalks for neatness. Be sure to collect the seeds for propagation or for trading. © Project SOUND
  86. 86. Tip # 14 : make your own ‘sequence of bloom’ calendar  Note color periods for flowering/ fruiting plants in your garden – do this over several years. You’ll find it fascinating & useful.  If your results differ greatly from our plant information sheets, let me know – I’ll revise the sheets © Project SOUND
  87. 87.  ‘Some of the most reliable plants in my garden are California native bulbs. They bring seasonal color and variety to the garden, and give it a sense of place (“This is California!”) and a sense of time: they are the markers of spring glory.’ © Project SOUND
  88. 88. Tip # 14 : make your own ‘sequence of bloom’ calendar  Visit local native plant gardens/ preserves throughout the year – bring your camera & notebook  Visit native plant nurseries at times when your garden needs a little color – see what’s blooming © Project SOUND
  89. 89. Trick # 15 : use selected non-nativespecies that are compatible with natives  Ones that have special meaning for you  Ones with colors/bloom times not available in natives  Just be sure they are compatible:  Color palette  Garden requirements:  Water  Soil type  Fertilizer © Project SOUND
  90. 90. Trick # 16 : learn from Mother Nature – relax and enjoy the differences from year to year  No two years will be exactly alike – rain, temperature & other factors influence timing/extent of flowering  Relax – you don’t need to have ‘oceans of color’ all the time  Try to correlate differences in bloom calendar with weather patterns, garden conditions, etc. This may be important information as we meet climate change conditionshttp://www.rizreyes.com/Triteleia_Corrina.html © Project SOUND
  91. 91. 16 tricks for year-round color in a ‘New S. California Garden’1. Choose a workable color scheme2. Plant an evergreen background3. Use hardscape for year-round color4. Extend the bloom season with judicious summer water5. Use ‘season extenders’ as backbone plants6. Use light/bright flowers to add ‘light’ to dark areas7. Use silver/white foliage to give the illusion of color8. Use fall-blooming shrubs/perennials for a boost of color in Sept-Oct © Project SOUND
  92. 92. 16 tricks for year-round color in a ‘New S. California Garden’9. Use masses of color – in selected areas, as accents10. Consider using groundcovers or perennials for accent colors11. You don’t need a lot of color at any one time – just enough, strategically placed12. Use containers for seasonal color13. Use color contrasts to make the most of available color14. Create a ‘sequence of bloom’ calendar for your garden15. Use selected non-native species to fill in ‘gaps’16. Relax and enjoy the differences from year to year © Project SOUND
  93. 93. Let’s go see some May color © Project SOUND

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