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Small gardens 1-11
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Small gardens 1-11

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  • 1. South Bay Native Plants and Other S. CA Plants for Small Gardens & Small Spaces – Western L.A. County I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Trees and Tree-like Large Shrubs X Baccharis salicifolia Mule Fat To 10 ft Pink-white/ all year FS/PS Any X Ceanothus arboreus Catalina Ceanothus <20 ft. t 8-10 ft w Blue/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained X * Cercis occidentalis Western Redbud 6-20 ft tall 10-15 ft w Magenta/ Sp FS/PS Any incl clay 1-2 to 2-3 Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany Catalina Isl. Mountain Mahogony 6-12 ft tall 4 ft. wide Yellowwhite/Sp FS Welldrained 1-2 7-24 ft tall Yellowwhite/Sp FS Rocky best 1 ? Summer Holly < 18 ft tall White/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1 10, 14, 16 Desert Olive 8-15 ft t 8 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS Any welldrained 1-2 to 2 6, 8 Berries for birds; graygreen foliage Cream/ WSp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2 1, 13 Evergreen; silvery 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Berries toxic in lg. amounts 1, 5, 13, 14 Fragrant at a distance X Cercocarpus alnifolius/ C. betuloides var. blancheae Cercocarpus traskiae Comarostaphylis X diversifolia ssp. planifolia X * Forestiera neomexicana (pubescens) 6-15 ft tall 6-8 ft wide X * Garrya veatchii Canyon Silk Tassel Bush X Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon 6-10 ft + 4-6 ft w White/Su X * Holodiscus discolor Creambush; Ocean Spray 10-20 ft tall Island (Rose) Mallow Lavatera X assurgentiflora ssp. glabrata & assurgentiflora Lyonothamnus X floribundus ssp. aspleniifolius & floribundus X * Prunus virginiana var. demissa 1-2 to 2-3 1 FS/PS/FSH Any welldrained 1-2 White/Su-Fa FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 8-12 ft tall & wide Magenta/ yr round FS/PS Welldrained Catalina Ironwood To 50 ft t 15-30 ft w Whiteyellow/ SpSu FS/PS Any welldrained Western Chokecherry 6-25 ft tall 6-15 ft w Cream/Sp FS/PS Any 1 1-2 2 to 2-3 1, 2 1, 3, 7, 9, 14, 19 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 1, 7, 13 Fall color (red, orange); edible fruit, flowers evergreen; upright form 1, 2, 13 1, 3, 7, 9, 13, 14 Evergreen 6, 13 fruits for jelly, bird habitat 1
  • 2. I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Holly-leaf and < 50 ft White/Su Catalina Island Cherries Blue (Mexican) Sambucus nigra ssp. 8-25+ ft White/Sp-Su X Elderberry cerulea Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges) Arctostaphylos 6-18 ft tall Pink/W-Sp X Catalina Manzanita 5-8 ft wide catalinae X Baccharis pilularis X X Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia & lyonii Baccharis plummerae subsp. plummerae X * Calycanthus occidentalis * Carpenteria californica * Ceanothus integerrimus ** Ceanothus X thyrsiflorus ‘Skylark’ * Ceanothus tomentosus var. olivaceus X X Cleome isomeris (Isomeris arborea) X Dendromecon harfordii X Fremontodendron californican X mexicanum Water Zone+ 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Edible berries FS/PS Any welldrained 1, 13, 14 Well-drained soil 1-2 to 2-3 FS/PS any Plummer's Baccharis < 7 ft tall Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any Western Spicebush 6-12 ft tall 4-6 ft wide FS/PS Pref.light deep rich Bush aneneme 6-8 ft tall 6-12 ft W Purplebronze/ Sp-Su WhiteYellow/ Spr PS/FSH Welldrained Deerbrush 3-6+ ft t White/Sp FS/PS Any ‘Skylark’ Ceanothus 3-6 ft t Lt blue/Sp FS/PS Any incl clay 2 Wooly-leaf Ceanothus 6-12 ft t 4-8 ft w Blues/Sp FS Sandy or rocky 1-2 Bladderpod 2-6+ ft Yellow/ Sp + FS Welldrained Channel Island Tree Poppy 8 ft tall 4 ft wide Yellow/W-Sp FS Flannelbush 6-18 ft tall 4-12 wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS 10-20 ft tall 4-10 ft tall & wide 3-10 ft tall to 15 ft w White/ Su-Fa White/ Sp-Su CA Mock Orange Coastal Sage Scrub Oak Yellow/Sp Notes 1-2 Cream/F X * Philadelphus lewisii Availability any PS To 8 ft Creambush; Ocean Spray Quercus dumosa var. elegantula Soil Coyote Bush X * Holodiscus discolor X Light** FS/PS FS/PS FS/PS Any welldrained Welldrained essential Any, incl. clays Any, incl clays Sandy best 1-2 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 2-3 1-2 to 2-3 1 to 2 1 1-2 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 ? 1, 13, 14 Spicy; wine-like fragrance 1, 3, 7, 13, 14, 19 Showy, fragrant flowers 3, 13, 16 Drought decid; glossy leaves 1, 3, 6, 13 1, 13, 14 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 16 1, 9, 13, 14, 19 Upright; evergreen; heavy bloomer Unusual scent; attractive branch Showy; bluegreen foliage ‘Ken Taylor’ smaller; can espalier Fragrant at a distance 1 1, 3, 9, 13, 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14 2-3 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Very fragrant 7, 14 Evergreen 1 to 1-2 2
  • 3. Common Name Size X * Rhamnus californica California Coffeeberry X * Rhamnus crocea Redberry Buckthorn X * Rhamnus ilicifolia Holly-leaf Redberry 6-12 ft t & wide; short cultivars 3-6 ft tall 6 ft wide 12 ft tall 5-6 ft w I Scientific Name Ribes aureum var. gracillimum Flower/ season Buff/Sp Light** Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 'Eve Case', 'Mound San Bruno' smaller FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 Yellow/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1 to 1-2 Yellow/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2 FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 12, 14 Any welldrained; Birds eat berries any 1-2; winter flooding 1, 2, 3, 14 Spreading via roots 1-2 1, 8, 14, 16, 20 Fruit for birds; greygreen; evergreen 1-2 1, 8, 13, 14 Golden Currant To 10 ft Yellow/ W-Sp X Salix exigua Narrow-leaf Willow 6-15 ft 12-15 ft.w. Yellow/Sp FS/PS X * Simmondsia chinensis Jojoba 5-12 ft tall & wide Yellow/Sp FS Yellow to Or/Sp-Su FS X Soil Welldrained 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 20 1, 10, 12-14, 20, 21 Pretty fruits; birds Nice hedge plant’ holly-like leaves Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; includes woody sub-shrubs X * Abutilon palmeri Indian Mallow X * Acalypha californica California Copperleaf X Adenostoma fasciculatum X * Amorpha fruticosa Arctostaphylos X catalinae * Arctostaphylos X edmundsii * Arctostaphylos hookeri X Artemisia californica X Astragalus trichopodus ssp. lonchus X Baccharis emoryi 2-6 ft tall & wide 2-3 ft tall & wide Red/Sp Chamise 3-10 ft tall 3-6 ft wide White/Sp-Su False Indigo 6-12 ft 4-10 ft w. Purplebrown/ Sp-Su Catalina Manzanita 6-18 ft tall 5-8 ft wide Little Sur Manzanita Hooker’s Manzanita Coastal Sagebrush FS/PS FS Welldrained Sandy/ rocky any 1 to 1-2 1, 8, 13 1-2 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 1, 6, 13, 14 Red foliage Can be weedy; cultivar: ‘Dark FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13, 14 Well-drained soil 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS/PS welldrained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14 Cultivars: ‘Greensphere’ 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS welldrained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 13 Gold/Su FS Welldrained 1 3-6 ft tall Lance’ Rattlepod 2-3 ft White/Sp FS any 1 to 1-2 Emory Baccharis 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 1, 7-10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18 Cultivars ‘Sunset’, ‘Wayside’, ‘Ken Taylor’ 'Canyon Gray' 1, 2, 13 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 Salt tolerant 3
  • 4. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Soil Water Zone+ Availability X ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point Dwarf’ Dwarf Pigeon Point Coyote Bush 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 1, 6, 13 X * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium Oregon Grape < 6 ft Yellow/Sp PS any 2-3 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 California Bricklebush Nevin’s Brickelbush < 4 ft tall to 4 ft w Buff/Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 10, 12, 16 Fragrant flowers 1-2 ft tall Buff/F FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 12 Silvery foliage Camissonia X cheiranthifolia spp. suffruticosa Beach Primrose (Suncup) < 3 ft tall 2-5 ft wide Yellow/W-F FS/PS Sandy best 1-2 to 2 1, 10, 13, 14, 16 Best near beach X Coreopsis gigantea Giant Coreopsis 3-5+ ft Yellow/Sp FS/PS 1-2 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16, Unusual Constancea (Eriophyllum) nevinii Catalina Silverlace 3-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS 1 to 2-3 1, 6, 7, 13, 14 ‘Silver Canyon’ Croton californicus var. californicus California Croton 1-5 ft tall 2-5 ft w Cream/Sp-F FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 10, 16, 20 (?var) Croton californicus var. tenius California Croton 1-5 ft Cream/Sp-F FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 10 Bush Poppy 4-8 ft tall 4-6 ft wide FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft Yellow/ Sp-Su Orange/ W-Sp X Encelia californica CA Bush Sunflower 2-5 ft Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) CA Fuschia X Ericameria ericoides Mock Heather X * Ericameria nauseosa Rabbitbush I X Brickellia californica * Brickellia nevinii X X Dendromecon rigida X Diplacus aurantiacus ssp. aurantiacus Ericameria palmeri var. pachylepis Palmer's Goldenbush Light** Fertile, welldrained Any welldrained FS/PS Sandy Yellow/ W-Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1-3 ft Orange/F FS/PS any 1-4 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Su-F FS Any; sandy best Yellow/Su-F FS any Yellow/Su-F FS 2-5 ft tall & wide 1-3 ft tall 2-5 ft wide 1-2 1 to 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 1 to 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 1 to 1-2 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Notes Unusual flowers, seedpods Unusual flowers, seedpods Good winter color 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates winter flooding 1, 6, 10, 16 Good for seaside 7, 10, 13, 16 Insect-eaters 10, 16 4
  • 5. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season * Eriodictyon trichocalyx Southern Yerba Santa 4-6 ft Lilac/Su X Eriogonum cinereum Ashy-leaf Buckwheat 2-5 ft X * Eriogonum crocatum Conejo Buckwheat I X X Eriogonum elongatum var. elongatum Wand Buckwheat 1 ft 1-3 3-6 1-2 tall ft wide ft tall ft wide Pink-wht/ Sp-F Yellow/SpSu Light** FS FS/PS FS/PS Soil Lightsandy best Any welldrained Water Zone+ 1 to 1-2 1 to 2-3 any 1 to 1-2 Availability Notes 10, 16 Aromatic leaves 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 1, 3, 8, 12, 14, 19 Pink/Su-F FS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 Gray foliage 1, 8, 12 X Eriogonum fasciculatum California Buckwheat 1-3 ft tall 3-6 ft wide Pink/Sp-F FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 'Dana Point' tight, compact; ‘Bruce Dickinson’ - prostrate Eriogonum giganteum X vars. formosum, giganteum St. Catherine’s Lace 3-6 ft Pink-white/ Su FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 13, 14, 16, 19 Don’t plant near native buckwheats X Eriogonum parvifolium Coastal Buckwheat 2-4 ft Pink-creme/ Su + FS/PS/ FSH Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 Slender Buckwheat 1-3 ft tall Pink/Su-F FS any Seaside Wooly Sunflower 1-2 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Yellow/Su-F FS Any welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 10, 16 X Euphorbia misera California Spurge 3-4 ft tall & wide Whitered/Sp FS sandy 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 Gambelia (Galvezia) speciosa Grindelia camporum X var. bracteosa Catalina Snapdragon 2-4 ft tall Red/Sp + FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 Bracted Gumplant 2-4 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Yellow/Su Fs Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Sawtooth Goldenbush 1-3 ft Yellow/Su-F FS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 2 Coast Goldenbush 1-3 ft tall and wide Yellow/ Su-F FS Any X Eriogonum gracile var. gracile * Eriophyllum staechadifolium var. depressum X X Hazardia squarrosa X Isocoma menziesii var. menziesii X * Justicia californica Chuparosa X Lepechinia fragrans Fragrant Pitcher Sage 4-6 ft tall to 12 ft w 3-6 ft tall & wide 1-2 1-2 10, 16 (?var) 1, 14 Red/Sp-F FS/PS Sandy best 1 to 1-2 FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 Tolerates seaside conditions Tolerates seaside conditions Tolerates salty, alkali soils Tolerates seaside conditions 1, 7, 8, 14 Lavender/Sp unusual ‘El Tigre’ 5
  • 6. X Scientific Name Common Name Size Lepidospartum squamatum Scale Broom; CA Broomsage * Lonicera involucrata I Twinberry 4-6 ft tall and wide 4-6 ft tall to 10 ft w Flower/ season Buff/ Su-F Yellow/ Sp-Su Yellow-red/ Sp-Su Light** FS FS/PS Lotus scoparius var. scoparius Lupinus albifrons var. X albifrons Deer Vetch/ Deer Broom 3-5 ft Silver Bush Lupine 3-4 ft tall & wide Purple/Sp X Lupinus chamissonis Dune Lupine 3-4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Purple/W-Sp Long-leaf Bush Lupine San Clemente Is. Bush Mallow To 5 ft tall & wide Purple/Sp FS/PS 2-4 ft tall to 8 ft wide Light pink/ Sp FS Guadalupe Island Rock Daisy 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS coast PS 1-3 ft tall & wide Lavender/ Su-F FS 2-6 ft Yellowgreen/Sp PS Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Red-white/ W-Sp PS/FSH X Ribes indecorum White Currant To 6 ft White/W-Sp FS/PS X Ribes malvaceum Chaparral Currant 5-8 ft Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry Red-flowering Currant 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ W-Sp FS/PS/FSH 4-10 ft Pink/Sp X Rosa californica California Wild Rose 3-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS/FSH X Salvia apiana White Sage 3-5 ft White/ Sp-Su FS X X Lupinus longifolius X Malacothamnus clementinus X * Perityle incana X Pluchea odorata ssp. odorata X Rhus trilobata X Ribes californicum var. hesperium X Ribes speciosum X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum Sweetscent; Saltmarsh Fleabane Basket Bush; Sour Berry; Skunkbrush FS FS/PS FS PS/FSH Soil Sandy best Welldrained Any welldrained Welldrained Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 10, 13, 16 Aromatic; butterfly plant 2-3 to 3 7, 18 Mulch soil 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 16, 19 ? var Sandy best 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 10, 14 Welldrained 1 to 1-2 3, 10, 12, 13, 16 Any 1 to 1-2 Tolerates seaside conditions 1, 13 Welldrained 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Evergreen with silvery foliage Sandy incl. Alk 2-3 6, 10, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding any 1-2 Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained any Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 to 2 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) Birds eat berries 1, 3, 12, 14 Birds eat berries 1-2 3, 13, 14, 19 Birds eat berries 2-3; 3 in sun 1, 3, 10, 1214, 19 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 1-2; 3 (sun) 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 1 Tolerates seasonal flooding 1, 3, 5, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 6
  • 7. I Scientific Name X * Salvia brandegeei Common Name Size Flower/ season Santa Rosa Island Sage To 3-4 ft; often sprawling Pale lavender/ Sp-Su Welldrained 1-2 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16,18, 19 Nice scent Blue/Su FS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 14, 16, 17 Yellow/ Su-F FS any White/Sp PS Clays, loams 3- 5 ft Lavender/Sp San Diego Sage 2-3 ft tall 3-4 ft w Butterweed 2-3 ft Common Snowberry 3-5 ft, spreading 2-4 ft tall & wide Wooly Bluecurls Pink/W-Sp PS/FSH any 2-4 ft Purple/ W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained Hoary Nettle 3-6 ft tall spreading Pink/Sp-F PS X * Verbena lilacina Cedros Island Verbena 2-4 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Lilac/Sp-F FS/PS X * Viguiera laciniata San Diego Sunflower 1-2 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS X Urtica dioica ssp. holosericea Dark-green foliage FS/PS Purple Sage X Trichostema lanatum 1, 6, 8, 14, 19 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 X Salvia leucophylla Snowberry Notes 1 to 1-2 Purple/lav. Sp-Su X Symphoricarpos mollis 1 Availability Welldrained 2-5 ft Senecio flaccidus var. douglasii Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus Welldrained Water Zone+ FS Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage X FS Soil Cultivars: ‘Betsy Clebsch’, ‘Compacta’, ‘Winifred Gilman’, X * Salvia clevelandii X * Salvia munzii Light** Rich soils ok 1 2-3 2-3 to 3 1 X Calystegia macrostegia To 30+ ft X * Clematis lasiantha Chaparral Clematis X Clematis ligusticifolia Virgin’s Bower ‘Baja Blue’, ‘Emerald Cascade’ 13, 14 7, 9, 13, 19 Fruit may be toxic to humans 13, 14 mulch 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 difficult 2-3 1, 10, 13, 16 Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 9, 13, 14 any 1 to 1-2 2-3 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 Serious allergy on contact Lovely yearround; showy flowers 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 Perennial Vines California Morning Glory Fragrant like Black Sage; White/Sp-F PS FS coastal Welldrained 8-20 ft vine White/SpSu; sep. m/f plants FS (top) PS (roots) any 1-2 to 2 1, 6, 8, 13 To 15 ft White/Su PS/FSH Any 2-3 to 3 Invasive; can look weedy; ‘Anacapa Pink’; ‘Candycane’ Winter decid.; tolerates flooding 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 7
  • 8. Light** Common Name Cucurbita foetidissima Stinking Gourd; Calabazilla To 20 ft Yellow/Su FS/PS Sandy best X Keckiella cordifolia Climbing Penstemon 3-4 ft Red-Or/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH X Lathyrus vestitus Wild Sweetpea; Canyon Pea 3-9 ft Purplewhite/ Sp Western Honeysuckle 5-18 ft X * Lonicera involucrata Twinberry Lonicera subspicata X var. denudate & subspicata Santa Barbara & Southern Honeysuckles Wild Cucumber/ Manroot ‘Roger’s Red’ California Grape X Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans Marah macrocarpus X ** Vitis californica ‘Roger’s Red’ X Vitis girdiana Desert Grape Size Flower/ season Scientific Name I Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1-2 2, 13 Seeds edible; bad odor when fruits are young any 1-2 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14 PS/FSH any 1-2 1, 8, 13 Pink/Sp-Su PS/FSH clay 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14, 19 3-5 ft Yellow/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 7, 13, 19 3-8 ft Cream/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 Edible fruit 20+ ft White/ W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1 Dies back in summer > 20 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 > 25 ft White/Su PS any 2-3 FS Sand 1-2 to 2 10, 13, 16 Adjacent to beach only FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 most Alkali soils fine 1 to 1-2 1, 13, 14 ‘Nicolas’ Good under trees; drought deciduous Tolerates seasonal flooding 1, 8, 13 2, 3, 10, 13, 20 Perennial Groundcover Plants Abronia maritima X Achillea millefolia * Adenostema X fasciculatum var. prostratum Ambrosia chamissonis ssp. bipinnatasecta * Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Parvifolia’ * Arctostaphylos edmundsii (incl. ‘Parvifolia’ & ‘Little Sur’) Red Sand Verbena to 6 ft Magenta/ Su-F Yarrow 1-2 ft White/Sp-Su Prostrate Chamise < 2 ft 3-4 ft wide Cream/Su FS Any incl. clays Silver Beach Burr To 5 ft Buff/Su-F FS Sand 1-2 to 2 2, 10, 16 Sand dune plant Salt tolerant Little Sur Manzanita 1-3 ft tall 3-6 ft wide Pink/Sp PS best Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, Red berries in summer Little Sur Manzanita 1-3 ft tall 6-20 ft wide Pink/W-Sp PS best Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 16 Red berries in summer 8
  • 9. I Scientific Name ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Bert Johnson’ ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Big Sur’ ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Carmel Sur’ ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Danville’ ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Sandsprite’ ** Arctostaphylos hookeri ‘Monterey Carpet’ Common Name Size Flower/ season Bert Johnson Manzanita < 1 ft tall 6 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any incl. clays Big Sur Manzanita < 4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide White/W-Sp FS/PS Carmel Sur Manzanita 1 ft tall to 20 ft w Pink/Sp Danville Manzanita 1-2 ft tall 4-6 ft wide 1 ft high 5+ ft wide Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1-2 to 2-3 19 Better further inland Any; sandy ok 1-2 to 2-3 19, Open growth FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 3, 6, 13, 19 Good for Coastal areas; fast growth Pink/W FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 6, Pink/W Sandsprite Manzanita Monterey Carpet Manzanita Light** FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 8, 13 White/Sp PS Sandy best 1-2 White/ Sp FS/PS sandy 1 to 1-2 8 Pink/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 2-3 1, FS/PS sandy 1, 3, 6, 13 * Arctostaphylos pumila * Arctostaphylos uvaursi Bearberry; Kinnickinnick 2-4 ft tall 3-6 ft wide 1 ft tall spreading ** Arctostaphylos uvaursi ‘Pacific Mist’ Pacific Mist Manzanita 1 ft tall 6-8 ft wide White/Sp ** Arctostaphylos uvaursi ‘Point Reyes’ ** Arctostaphylos uvaursi ‘Radiant’ Point Reyes Manzanita <1 ft tall to 10 ft Pink/Sp PS Welldrained 2-3 Radiant Manzanita <1 ft tall 8-10 ft w Pink/W-Sp PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13, 19 ** Arctostaphylos ’Emerald Carpet’ Emerald Carpet Manzanita < 1 ft tall 3-6 ft wide White/W-Sp FS/PS Rich, sl. acid 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 A. uva-ursi X A. nummularia hybrid ** Arctostaphylos ‘Wood’s Compact’ Wood’s Compact Manzanita < 1 ft tall to 6 ft w. Pink/Sp PS Needs rich soil 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 Arctostaphylos uva-ursi X A. nummularia ** Arctostaphylos ‘John Dourley’ X Dune Manzanita John Dourly Manzanita 2-3 ft tall to 8 ft wide Pink/Sp FS/PS Any Pacific Cinquefoil 1 ft tall 2-3 ft w Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Sandy Canyon Gray Sagebrush 1-2 ft tall 8-10 ft w. Green-gold/ Su Argentina/Potentilla anserina ** Artemesia californica ‘Canyon Gray’ FS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 2 to 3 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 6, 8, 13 Monterey Bay dunes plant Best along coast; needs pruning 1, 3, 8, 13, 16, 19 1, 3, 6, 8, 9, 11, 16, 19 13 (? ssp) Seaside plant; can be weedy 1, 3, 6, 8, 9, 11, 19 9
  • 10. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season ** Artemisia californica ‘Montara’ Montara Sagebrush 2-3 ft tall 3-4 ft wide Green-gold/ Su FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 X Artemisia douglasiana Mugwort 2-4+ ft tall & wide Cream/Su PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 X Artemisia dracunculus California Tarragon; 1-3 ft tall 2-3 ft wide White/F FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 10, 16 Beach Sagewort / Sandhill Sage 1-2 ft. tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Su FS/PS Sandy best 1-2 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18 Point St. George Coast Aster 1-3 ft tall spreading 1 ft t; spreading 1 ft tall 3-7 ft w. Lavender/Sp FS/PS Any Yellow/Sp-F FS Green/Su FS I **Artemisia X pycnocephala ‘David’s Choice’) ** Aster chilensis ‘Point X St. George’ Light** Soil Water Zone+ 1-2 to 3 Availability Notes 1, 6, 8, 13, 16, 19 3, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 1, 8, 11, 13 Tolerates seasonal flooding ‘ Good habitat plant Tol. seaside conditions Tol. seaside conditions Atriplex californica CA Saltbush Atriplex leucophylla Beach Saltbush Baccharis douglasii Marsh Baccharis < 3 ft White/Su-F FS/PS ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point’ Pigeon Point Dwarf Coyote Bush 2 ft tall 6-8 ft wide White-gold/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any incl. clays 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 16 ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Twin Peaks 2’ Twin Peaks Dwarf Coyote Bush 1-3 ft tall to 10 ft w White/F FS/PS Any incl. clays 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13 ** Baccharis ‘Centennial’ Centennial Baccharis 2-3 ft tall 5-6 ft wide White/F Female seeds FS Any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 8, ** Baccharis ‘Starn’ Starn Baccharis 2-3 ft tall 5-6 ft wide Yellow/F male FS Any 1-2 to 2-3 8 * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium var. repens Creeping Oregon Grape 1 ft tall < 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Good habitat; edible berries ** Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium ‘Compacta’ ‘Compacta’ Oregon Grape 2-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Good habitat; edible berries Cardionema ramosissimum Sandmat 1 ft tall to 5 ft w White/Sp-Su FS Sand 1-2 to 2 10 Beach dune plant; prickly sandy Sandy best Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2 1, 6, 20 1-2 to 2 10, 16 2-3 1, 13 Light green leaves; good for coastal region Small dark leaves; can shear to size Baccharis pilularis X B. sarathroides hybrid Baccharis pilularis X B. sarathroides hybrid 10
  • 11. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season * * Ceanothus “Joyce Coulter’ Joyce Coulter Ceanothus 2-3 ft tall 10 ft wide Blue/W-Sp PS Any ** Ceanothus ‘Dark Star’ Dark Star Ceanothus Centennial Ceanothus To 6+ ft To 6 ft Dk. Blue/ W-Sp FS Welldrained 1 ft tall 4-10 ft w Dk Blue/Sp FS (coast) / PS X * Ceanothus gloriosus Point Reyes Ceanothus 1-2 ft tall to 8 ft wide Lt. blue/Sp FS (coast) / PS ** Ceanothus gloriosus ‘Anchor Bay’ ** Ceanothus gloriosus ‘Heart’s Desire’ * Ceanothus griseus X horizontalis ** Ceanothus griseus horizontalis ‘Yankee Point’ ** Ceanothus griseus 'Kurt Zadnik' Anchor Bay Ceanothus Heart’s Desire Ceanothus Carmel Creeper Ceanothus Yankee Point Ceanothus Kurt Zadnick Ceanothus < 1 ft tall to 8 ft wide Dk blue/Sp FS (coast) / PS any 1-3 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Dk blue/ FS (coast) / PS 1-3 ft tall 5-15 ft w Lt. blue/ To 4-5 ft To 10 ft * Ceanothus hearstiorum * Ceanothus maritimus I * * Ceanothus ‘Centennial’ ** Ceanothus maritimus ‘Frosty Dawn’ ** Ceanothus maritimus ‘Point Sierra’ ** Ceanothus maritimus ‘Popcorn’ * Ceanothus thyrsiflorus X var. repens ** Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. repens ‘Ken Taylor’ ** Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. repens ‘Louis Edmunds’ Light** Soil Welldrained Welldrained; sandy Water Zone+ Availability 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 13 - to +/- 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 19 Notes C. impressus X papillosus; mounding C. impressus X papillosus 1-2 3, 7, 9, 19 C. griseus X C. foliosus; sm leaf 2-3 3 Dense foliage; holly-like 1-2 to 2-3 8, 9, 19 Dense, compact Any 1-2 to 2-3 8 FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Med. Blue/ FS (coast) / PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13, 19 3-4 ft 8-10 ft Dk purple/ FS Any 1-2 to 2 13 Hearst’s Ceanothus 1 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Blue/W-Sp PS Any incl clays 1 to 1-2 3, 7, 8, 16, 19 Maritime (Bluff) Ceanothus 1-3 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Whitelavender/ FS (coast) / PS Any incl clays 1-2 Frosty Dawn Ceanothus Point Sierra Ceaonothus 1-2 ft tall 4 ft wide Dk. blue/Sp FS (coast) / PS Any 1 to 1-2 8, 19 Med. Blue/W-Sp FS/PS Any 1 to 1-2 3, 8, 19 1-2 1, 8, 13 Popcorn Ceanothus Creeping Blueblossom Ken Taylor Ceanothus Louis Edmunds Ceanothus 1-3 ft tall 4-6 ft wide 2-3 ft tall 6 ft wide 1-3 ft tall 6-10 ft White/W-Sp Blue/W-Sp 1 ft tall Dk Blue/ W-Sp 1-2 ft tall 6-10 ft w Med. Blue/ FS (coast) / PS FS FS/PS FS (coast) / PS Welldrained Welldrained 3, 6, 8, Best near coast; fast grower More reliable than ‘Yankee Point’ Sticky; matlike; best near coast Dark holly-like leaves; best near coast Sm. dark leaves Dense; more drought tolerant Low & dense; best on coast 1-2 to 2-3 Dense foliage Sandy best 1-2 to 2-3 Dark leaves Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 8, 9 Much confusion with name 11
  • 12. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season ** Ceanothus thyrsiflorus ‘Skylark’ Skylark Ceanothus 4-5 ft tall 4-7 ft wide Med Blue/Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 6, 8, 13, 19 ** Ceanothus ‘Wheeler Canyon’ I Wheeler Canyon Ceanothus 4-6 ft tall to 8 ft wide Dk Blue/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 6, 8, 9, 11, 19 White/Sp-F FS Chamaesyce albomarginata * Clinopodium (Satureja) X chandleri Clinopodium (Satureja) X douglasii * Clinopodium (Satureja) mimuloides ** Corethrogyne X (Lessingia) filaginifolia ‘Silver Carpet’ Cressa truxillensis Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) ** Epilobium canum ‘Catalina’ ** Epilobium canum ‘Everett’s Choice’ ** Epilobium canum ‘Hurricane Point’ ** Epilobium septentrionalis ‘Select Mattole’ ** Erigeron glaucus X ‘Bountiful’ Rattlesnake Weed San Miguel Savory Yerba buena < 6 in t. 1-2 ft tall 2-3 ft wide < 6 in spreading Light** White/Sp PS/FSH White/Sp-Su PS/FSH Soil Any Welldrained Welldrained Monkeyflower Savory 1 ft tall 2-4+ ft w Red-Or/ Su-Fa FS/PS Silver Carpet Sand Aster 1 ft tall 2-3 ft w Violet/Sp-Su FS/PS Alkali Weed < 1 ft tall spreading White/Su-F CA Fuschia 1-3 ft 3-5 ft wide Orange/F FS/PS Any Island CA Fuschia 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Red/all year (S/F/W most) FS/PS Everett’s Choice CA Fuschia Hurricane Point CA Fuschia 1 ft tall 3 ft wide Dark Orred/ Spr-Su 1 ft tall 2 ft wide Humbolt County Fuschia Welldrained Any; sandy best Any; alkali OK Water Zone+ 1 to 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 Availability Notes Quite shade & water toleratant Dark leaves; ? Ceanothus papillosus var. roweanus hybrid 2 ?Toxic 3, 14 minty 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 7, 13, 14 2-3 to 3 3, 8 hummingbird plant 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 16 1-2 to 2 10 May be invasive 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates winter flooding Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 13, 19 Gray foliage; upright, shrublike FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 11, 16 Low-growing Or-red/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 8, 19 Low-growing 1 ft tall 4-5 ft wide Or-red/Su-F FS/PS Prefers rocky 2-3 19 Low mat-like; silvery foliage; winter dormant Bountiful Seaside Daisy < 1 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Lavender/ Sp-Su PS best Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 8, 9, FS X ** Erigeron glaucus ‘Sea Breeze’ Seaside Daisy 1 ft tall 2 ft wide Lavernder/ Sp-Fa FS/PS/FSH Welldrained 1-2 to 3 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 X ** Erigeron glaucus 'Wayne Roderick' Wayne Roderick Daisy < 1 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Lavenderblue/Sp-F FS/ PS (hot) Welldrained 1-2; 2-3(sun) 1, 3, 6, 8 Green foliage; large flowers Attractive flowers, foliage; habitat Silvery foliage; butterfly nectar 12
  • 13. Common Name Size Flower/ season Warriner Lytle CA Buckwheat < 1 ft spreading Pink/Sp-F FS Any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 13 (Pacific) Coast Strawberry < 1 ft spreading White/Sp-Su PS Sandy best 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Let dry between waterings; edible fruit CA/Wood Strawberry < 2 ft spreading White/Su PS/FSH 1, 13, 20 Edible fruit Prostrate Flannelbush 2 ft tall 10 ft wide Orange/ Sp-Su FS/PS X Grindelia camporum Large Gumplant 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Fa FS * Grindelia stricta ssp. X venulosa (var. platyphylla) Spreading Gum Plant 1 ft tall 3+ ft wide Yellow/Su Heliotropum X curassivacum Seaside Heliotrope < 2 ft 4-8 ft w. Whitepurple/Sp-F * Heuchera maxima X (incl. many cultivars & hybrids) Island Alumroot I Scientific Name ** Eriogonum fasciculatum ‘Warriner Lytle’ * Fragaria chiloensis X ssp. pacifica (and cultivars) * Fragaria vesca X (californica) * Fremontodendron decumbens 1- 3 ft White/Spr Light** Soil any Welldrained essential Welldrained FS/PS sandy FS/PS Any; alkali best PS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays Water Zone+ 1-2 to 3 1 1-2 1 to 1-2 2-3 1-2 to 2-3 Availability 1, 8, 13 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Spreading 5, 19 Mat-like; Coastal best 2, 10, 16 Great butterfly nectar plant; don’t eat – toxic foliage 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 Crevice Alumroot 1-3 ft Pink/Spr San Diego Marsh Elder 2-4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Yellow/Su Lotus heermannii Heerman’s Lotus < 1 ft Yellow/Spr-F FS Malacothamnus clementinus San Clemente Is. Bush Mallow Light pink/Spr FS Any 1 to 1-2 Malvella leprosa Alkali Mallow White/Su-Fa FS Any 1-2 2, 10 ** Monardella villosa ‘Russian River’ Coyote Mint 2-4 ft tall to 8 ft wide < 1 ft tall 1 ft wide 1-2 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Pink/Spr-Su PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 X * Heuchera micrantha X * Iva hayesiana X X Notes PS/PS/ FSH FS/PS/ FSH See note Any, incl. clays Welldrained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8 1 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 1-2 to 2-3 Well-drained soil 10, 16 X Phacelia ramosissima Branching (Strand) Phacelia 2-4 ft tall & wide Lavender/ Spr-Su FS/PS any 1 to 2-3 X Ribes viburnifolium Catalina Perfume 1-3 ft Pink/ PS/FSH See note 2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 1, 2, 10, 12, 16 1, 3, 9, 13, 14, 20 Hairs may cause rash Well-drained soil 13
  • 14. Common Name Size Flower/ season California Buttercup < 2 ft Yellow/ PS sandy Compact Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 3 ft tall & wide Lavender/ Spr-Su FS Welldrained ** Salvia ‘Gracias’ ‘Gracias’ Sage < 1 ft 6 ft wide Lavender/ Spr-Su FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 ** Salvia ‘Bees Bliss’ I ‘Bee’s Bliss’ Sage 1-2 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Lavender/ Spr FS/PS Welldrained Point Sal Sage 2-3 ft tall 8-10 ft w Pink-violet/ Spr-Su Tera Seca (Prostrate Black) Sage 2 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Green Carpet Sage Scientific Name X Ranunculus californicus X * Salvia clevelandii ‘Compacta’ Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes 2-3 to 3 Pac Coast Seed Very welldrained soils 1 to 1-2 ? Showy 1, 6, 8, 13 Fragrant; good for slopes; ? S. Clevelandii hybrid 1 to 1-2 no overhead 1, 3, 6, 8, 9, 13, 19 S. leucophylla hybrid; showy FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 13, 19 Light purple/Spr FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13, 16 1-2 ft tall 8 ft wide Light blue/ Spr-Su FS Welldrained 1-2 1, 13, 19 Emerald Cascade Sage 2-3 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Light blue/ FS Welldrained 1-2 1, 8, 11, 13 Evergreen Hummingbird Sage 1-3 ft Magenta/Spr PS/FSH 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 Cut back yearly 1-3 ft White/SprSu FS/PS 1-4 ft Pink/Spr-Su PS Rigid Woodmint (Hedgenettle) 1-2 ft Pink/Spr-Su FS/PS Clay 2-3 to 3 Verbena bracteata Big Bract Verbena ½ - 2 ft FS ?any 2-3 to 3 X Verbena lasiostachys California Verbena 1-4 ft FS/PS Any 1-2 Salvia leucophylla X ‘Point Sal’ & ‘Point Sal Spreader’ X ** Salvia mellifera ‘Tera Seca’ ** Salvia mellifera ‘Green Carpet’ ** Salvia munzii ‘Emerald Cascade’ X Salvia spathacea X Stachys albens X Stachys bullata Stachys rigida var. X rigida (Stachys ajugoides) Whitestem Woodmint (Hedgenettle) California Woodmint (Hedgenettle) Lavender/S U-Fa Lavender/Sp r-Fa Any Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 2-3 Dense, evergreen; fastgrowing; aromatic Dense; Good for slopes; aromatic 1, 3, 6, 12 1, 3, 7, 12, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding 1, 13 ? 1, 10, 13, 16 No water after flowering 14
  • 15. Common Name Size Flower/ season Abronia maritima Red Sand Verbena to 6 ft Magenta/ Su-F Anemopsis californica Yerba Mansa 1 ft tall & wide White/Sp-Su PS/FSH X * Aquilegia formosa Western Columbine 1-2 ft Redyellow/Su PS/FSH X Artemisia douglasiana Mugwort 2-4+ ft tall & wide Crème/Su PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 X Artemisia dracunculus California Tarragon; 1-3 ft tall 2-3 ft w White/F FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 10, 16 X Asclepias eriocarpa Indian Milkweed 2-3 ft Pink/Su FS/PS Sandy 1-2 13 X Asclepias fascicularis Narrow-leaf Milkweed 2-3 ft Creampink/Su FS/PS Sandy 1-2 1, 3, 10, 14 Astragalus trichopodus var. lonchus Coast Rattlepod 2 ft tall & wide White/WSpr FS/PS Welldrained Atriplex leucophylla Beach Saltbush 1 ft tall 3-7 ft wide Green/Su FS Sandy best 1-2 10, 16 Castilleja affinis subsp. affinis Indian Paintbrush 1-2 ft Red/Spr FS Welldrained 1-2 10, 13 Castilleja foliolosa Wooly Indian Paintbrush 1-2 ft Red-Or/SprSu FS Welldrained 1 X Coreopsis gigantea Giant Coreopsis 3-8 ft tall 3 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 X * Coreopsis maritima Sea Dahlia 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow/Spr FS/PS Sandy best I Scientific Name Herbaceous Perennials X Light** FS X Corethrogyne filaginifolia Common Sand Aster 1-4 ft tall & wide Violet/SprSu FS/PS X Delphinium parryi ssp. maritimum & parryi Parry’s Blue Larkspur 1-5 ft Bluepurple/Spr FS/?PS Scarlet Larkspur To 6 ft Red/Spr-Su FS X * Delphinium cardinale Soil Sand Any incl clay Welldrained Any; sandy best Welldrained Welldrained Water Zone+ 1-2 to 2 Availability 10, 13, 16 2 to 3 3, 10, 14, 16 2 to 3 1, 3, 5, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20 1 1-2 1 to 1-2 1 1 to 1-2 3, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Notes Adjacent to beach only Tolerates flooding Good for shade Tolerates seasonal flooding Leaves - raw or a flavoring in soups, etc. Needs seasonal flooding 1, 2, 13 ? Tolerates seaside conditions Summer drought for seeds Summer drought for seeds; difficult 1, 2, 3, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 8, 13, 14 Tolerates seaside conditions 1, 8, 10, 16 ‘Silver Carpet’ 8, 20 Good under oaks 10, 16, 19 15
  • 16. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season X Diplacus aurantiacus ssp. aurantiacus Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft Orange/WSpr FS/PS Sandy X Diplacus (Mimulus) linearis Chaparral Bush Monkey Flower 2-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Yellow/WSpr FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 3, 10, 13 Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum Fringed Willow Herb Fleabane Daisy (Aster) 2-5 ft tall Pink/Su-F PS any 2-3 to 3 2, 10 1 to 1-2 1? I X Erigeron foliosus X *Erigeron glaucus Eriogonum elongatum var elongatum * Eriogonum grande X var. rubescens X 2-3 ft Seaside Daisy ½ ft Wand Buckwheat 3-5 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Lavender/ Sp-Su Lavernder/ Sp-Fa Pink/Su-F * Eriogonum saxatile Rock Buckwheat * Eriogonum umbellatum Eriophyllum X confertiflorum var. confertiflorum Erysimum capitatum X var. capitatum Erysimum insulare ssp. X suffrutescens Sulfur-flowered Buckwheat 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide 1 ft tall & wide 1 ft tall 3 ft wide Golden Yarrow 1-3 ft Gold-yellow/ Sp-Su Western Wallflower 1-3 ft 1-2 ft wide Yellow-Or/ W-Sp Dune Wallflower 1-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Yellow/W-Sp Frankenia salina Alakali Heath 2 ft tall Galium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium Narrowleaf Bedstraw X X Grindelia camporum Red Buckwheat Large Gumplant X Grindelia hirsutula var. hirsutula Hairy Gumplant X Horkelia cuneata ssp. cuneata Wedgeleaf Horkelia Red-pink/ Su-F Red-yellow/ Su Light** FS/PS FS/PS/FSH FS Soil Welldrained Welldrained Any, incl clay, Alk. Water Zone+ 1-2 2-3 1 to 1-2 Availability Notes 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, Can become weedy 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 13, 14 Attractive flowers, foliage 1, 8, 12 Tough plant FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 5, 7, 8, 14 FS/PS gravelly 1-2 1, 13 Yellow/ FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 FS/PS Sandy best 1-2 1, 3, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Tol. moderate salt, alkali soils Desert mtns plant; compact Welldrained 1-2 to 2 13 FS/PS Sandy 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2, 10 Magenta/ Su-F FS sandy 1-2 to 2-3 10 1-3 ft tall & wide White/Spr PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 10, 12, 14, 16 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Fa Yellow/ Sp-Su FS Welldrained FS Any < 1 ½ ft T 2 ft wide White/Sp-Su sandy Tol. moderate salt, alkali soils FS FS/PS Saltmarsh plant 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Spreading 1-2 to 2-3 1, 10 Butterfly plant 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2, 6, 10, 13 (ssp. puberula) Dies back in summer drought 1-2 16
  • 17. Common Name Size Flower/ season X Limonium californicum California SeaLavender 1-2 ft tall and wide Purple/Su-F FS X *Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide Red/Sp-Su FS/PS/ FSH Lotus grandiflorus var. grandiflorus Showy Lotus 8-24 in tall Cream/Sp PS Lotus heermannii Wooly Lotus I X Scientific Name Malacothrix saxatilis var. tenuifolia Malacothrix saxatilis X var. tenuifolia X X Mimulus cardinalis X Mimulus guttatus Mimulus moschatus (var. moniliformis) Mirabilis laevis var. X crassifolia X Cliff Aster Cliffaster Scarlet Monkeyflower Seep Monkeyflower Musk Monkeyflower Wishbone Plant; CA Four O’Clock 1 ft 1-3 2-4 1-3 tall ft w ft tall ft wide Light** Soil Any; sand to clay any Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Water Zone+ Availability Notes 10, 14, 16 Tolerates seaside conditions 3, 8, 13, 19 Toxic 1-2 1, 13 Short-lived 2-3 10, 16 2-3 to 3 2-3 to 3 Yellow/Sp-F FS/PS White/Sp-F FS/PS 1-4 ft tall & wide White/Sp-F FS/PS Welldrained To 3 ft Red/Sp-Fa FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19 1-5 ft Yellow/W-Sp FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 1 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 8 leaves: boiled as greens 1-3 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 1, 10, 13, 14, 16 reseeds PS best Any; no alkali 2-3 1, 6, 8, 13, 14, 19 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 1 to 1-2 1 X * Monardella macrantha Red Monardella 1-2 ft tall & wide Red/Su-F X * Monardella villosa (ssp. subserrata) Coyote Mint 1 ft Pink/Sp-Su PS See note White (Tufted) Evening Primrose < 1 ft tall 1-2 ft wide White/Sp FS Welldrained 1 to 2-3 Scarlet Bugler 1-3 ft OR-Red/ Sp-Su FS Welldrained Grinnell’s Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/Su FS Welldrained Foothill Penstemon 1-2 ft Gay Penstemon 1-3 ft Pink Wild Snapdragon 4-5 ft tall 1-2 ft wide X * Oenothera cespitosa * Penstemon centranthifolius X * Penstemon grinnellii X Penstemon heterophyllus X * Penstemon laetus * Penstemon palmeri Purple/ Sp-Su Lavender/ Sp-Su Lavender/ Sp-Su FS/PS sandy 10 Welldrained easy Hummingbirds; scented; ‘Marion Sampson’ Well-drained soil best ? Musty-sweet; night-flowering 1 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 May be difficult 1 1, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14 1 to 1-2 14 1 to 1-2 FS/PS FS/PS 1, 10 1, 13 1 to 1-2 Many blooms 1, 14 17
  • 18. I X Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Penstemon spectabilis ssp. subviscosus Showy Penstemon 3-4 ft Lavenderpink/Sp-Su 1-2 ft tall Violet/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1-3 ft tall & wide Lavender/ Su-F FS Sandy incl. Alk 2-4 ft White/Sp FS/PS Wooly Everlasting 1-2 ½ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Willow Dock 2-3 ft tall & wide Pink bract / Su FS Welldrained 2 to 3 Coulter’s (White) Snapdragon 2-4 ft tall White to lavender/Sp FS Welldrained 1 PS Phacelia distans X Pluchea odorata ssp. odorata Pseudognaphalium californicum Pseudognaphalium X canescens ssp. beneolens Rumex salicifolius var. X salicifolius Sairocarpus (Antirrhinum) X coulterianus X Common Phacelia; Wild Heliotrope Sweetscent; Saltmarsh Fleabane California Everlasting Light** FS Soil Sandy or rocky Water Zone+ 1 Availability Notes 1, 3, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16 10 Good under other plants 2-3 6, 10, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding Any, incl. clay 1-2 1, 2, 10, 13, 16 Sweet-scented Any, incl. clay 1-2 1, 16 Spreads; gray foliage 10, 13 (? var.) Seaside fine 1, 10, 13 X Scrophularia californica ssp. floribunda CA Bee Plant 2-3 ft Red/Spr X Sidalcea malviflora ssp. malviflora Dwarf Checker Mallow To 1 ½ ft Pinklavender/ FS/PS * Silene californica Indian Pink 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Red/Su PS/FS Indian Pink 1-3 ft Red/Sp-Su FS/PS 2-3 ft tall White/Sp-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Berries very poisonous 2-5 ft tall White/Sp-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 10, 14 Berries very poisonous 2-4 ft tall Purple/SpSu FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13 7, 10, 14 X Silene laciniata Solanum americanum Solanum douglasii X Solanum xanti American Black Nightshade White (Douglas’) Nightshade Purple (Chaparral) Nightshade 2-3 to 3 Any Welldrained Sandy or rocky 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16 2-3 to 3 1, 8, 13, 19 2-3 19 1-2 to 2-3 12 X Solidago californica California Goldenrod 2-4 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 Solidago spectabilis var. confinis Southern Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2-3 10 Stephanomeria blairii Blair’s Wirelettuce 2 ft tall 3 ft. wide Pink/Su-F FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 13 x Afternoon shade difficult Berries very poisonous Tolerates seasonal flooding Tolerates seasonal flooding Good bird, pollinator plant 18
  • 19. Common Name Size Flower/ season Mountain Meadowrue 3-5 ft tall 2-3 ft wide White/Su Hoary Nettle 2-5 ft tall 3-4 ft wide Verbena bracteata Big Bract Verbena ½ - 2 ft X Verbena lasiostachys California Verbena 1-4 ft I Scientific Name * Thalictrum fendleri var. polycarpum Urtica dioica ssp. X holosericea Yellow/ Sp-Su Lavender/ Su-Fa Lavender/ Sp-Fa Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes PS/FSH Welldrained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8, 10, 12-14, 19 Well-drained soils FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 10, 13, 16, 20 Wear gloves to handle; edible FS ?any 2-3 to 3 FS/PS Any See note Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) – 10 1, 10, 13, 16 None after flowering no water after flowering CA native annuals and biennials are all small plants and are suited for small gardens (see Native Annuals list) Cacti and Succulents Canyon Liveforever To 1 ft tall & wide Yellow-red/ Sp PS Welldrained X * Dudleya edulis Fingertips Dudleya To 1 ft tall & wide Pale Yellow/ Sp-Su PS Sandy best X Dudleya lanceolata Lance-leaf Dudleya 1-2 ft tall & wide Palmer's Liveforever To 1 ft tall & wide YellowOrange/ Sp-Su Yellow-red/ Sp CA Chalk Dudleya < 2 ft & wide Bright Green Dudleya * Dudleya cymosa * Dudleya palmeri Dudleya pulverulenta (ssp. pulverulenta) Dudleya virens ssp. X hassei X X Dudleya virens ssp. insularis X * Sedum spathulifolium 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 8, 13 1 to 2 1, 8, 13, 20 Santa Monica Mtns; good in stone walls Santa Monica Mtns; good groundcover 1, 7, 13, 14, 15 FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 PS Welldrained 1 to 2 Pink-Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained <1 ft tall 1 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Island Dudleya 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su Broadleaf Stonecrop < 1 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F 1, 13 Santa Monica Mtns; slopes 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 14, 19 With good drainage Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 8, 9, 14, 20 FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 14, 20 FS/PS Any 2 to 3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13 Good groundcover Dramtic accent plant; edible leaves San Gabriels Ferns and Fern-like Plants All CA native ferns, with the exception of Woodwardia, are small enough to be suitable for a small garden (see Ferns & Fern-like Plants list) 19
  • 20. I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Bulbs and Corms All CA native bulbs are suitable for small gardens (see Bulbs and Corms list) Grasses and Grass-like Plants (rushes, sedges) Most CA native grasses are suitable for small gardens (see Grasses & Lawn Substitutes list) I : X = Gardening Information Sheet :http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants.html or at the Madrona Marsh Nature Center * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ++ + ** horticultural cultivar light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html 20

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