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1/6/2013Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden                                                                      Radiant...
1/6/2013                                                                                                                  ...
1/6/2013Cool reds look cool; warm reds, warm                                                                              ...
1/6/2013Fortunately, flowers come in a wide range                                                                         ...
1/6/2013              Baja Featherduster has a Baja look…                                                                 ...
1/6/2013     Complementary color schemes in nature                                Complementary colors can brighten up thi...
1/6/2013                      Fairydusters of the CA Desert                                                               ...
1/6/2013A plant of desert washes                                                          Soils:                         ...
1/6/2013       Let’s add a little water-wise height & interest                                                            ...
1/6/2013   Scarlet Larkspur: a                                                                                            ...
1/6/2013                                                                                                              Delp...
1/6/2013                                                                                                            Penste...
1/6/2013         Palmer’s Penstemon: one tall penstemon                                                                   ...
1/6/2013                    Cool color scheme with reds                                                                   ...
1/6/2013   Firecracker Penstemon – Penstemon eatonii                                                                     F...
1/6/2013      Scarlet Bugler – Penstemon centranthifolius                                                                 ...
1/6/2013                                                                                                                  ...
1/6/2013              * Godetia/Farewell-to-spring – Clarkia amoena                                                       ...
Red & Pink Flowers - Notes
Red & Pink Flowers - Notes
Red & Pink Flowers - Notes
Red & Pink Flowers - Notes
Red & Pink Flowers - Notes
Red & Pink Flowers - Notes
Red & Pink Flowers - Notes
Red & Pink Flowers - Notes
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Red & Pink Flowers - Notes

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Transcript of "Red & Pink Flowers - Notes"

  1. 1. 1/6/2013Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Radiant Reds / Perfect Pinks C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve Madrona Marsh Preserve Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants May 7 & 10, 2011 Project SOUND – 2011 (our 7th year) © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Maybe you have a lovely, water-wise Most of our gardens include ‘Heritage Plants’ pomegranate © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 1
  2. 2. 1/6/2013 …or maybe you’re blessed with a ‘heritage’ camellia Perhaps you have a favorite red rose… © Project SOUND © Project SOUNDhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/23295039@N02/2551951823/ Whether you want to add some color - or Red occupies and interesting need to complement existing plants - we position on the color wheel need to understand the ‘color’ red http://www.fineartuniverse.com/2010_12_01_archive.html http://www.flickr.com/photos/26244813@N05/2463871154/ © Project SOUND http://www.askandyaboutclothes.com/Clothes%20Articles/Color%20Coordination.htm © Project SOUND 2
  3. 3. 1/6/2013Cool reds look cool; warm reds, warm Is this the felling you want to create?http://www.house-painting-info.com/the-scarlet-letter-the-lovehate-relationship-with-red.html#axzz1LfMVJp2b http://bettyla.com.au/2010/12/how-to-wear-red-this-season/ http://fineartamerica.com/featured/il-giardino-rosso-guido-borelli.html © Project SOUND © Project SOUND …or is this your idea of heaven? Warm reds looks best with other warm colors; cool reds with purples http://joe-kelly.net/2008/05/ http://doves2day.blogspot.com/2011/04/pink-saturday-native-pink.html © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.mooseyscountrygarden.com/garden-journal-05/spring-garden-journal-113.html 3
  4. 4. 1/6/2013Fortunately, flowers come in a wide range My suggestion: see it in flower before you of from magenta to red-orange purchase (particularly for cultivars)Cercis occidentales http://www.bakati.net/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/gingermaddy/3778792586/ http://www.ginnysherbs.com/ Keckiella cordifolia catalog/product_info.php?pro ducts_id=197&language=en http://www.traderscity.com/board/products-1/offers-to-sell-and-export-1/red-flower-field-garden-oil-painting-fine-art-from-china-57588/ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://doves2day.blogspot.com/2011/04/pink-saturday-native-pink.html Let’s brighten up this very green front yard * Baja Fairyduster – Calliandra californica © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 4
  5. 5. 1/6/2013 Baja Featherduster has a Baja look… Flowers are weirdly beautiful  Size:  4-8 ft tall; may be more  Blooms:  4-5 ft wide; sprawls  On and off throughout the  Growth form: year  Evergreen woody shrub (may  Peak after rains (spring & fall) in native environment lose leaves when stressed)  Many crossing branches –  Flowers: airy look; sprawls  Brillant red stamens  Hummingbird magnet; also  Foliage: butterflies & bees  Bright green  Nothing quite like it  Many small leaflets; lacy/ferny look  Seeds: in pea pods that explode  Unique and pretty; doesn’t look when ripe; will need to be like a drought-tolerant plant creative to collect them  Larval food for Marine Blue http://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/bajafairyduster.htmlhttp://www.theodorepayne.org/gallery/pages/C/Calliandra_californica.htm © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Fairydusters add a unique charm to the dry garden Complementary colors  Most often used as an accent  Are opposite on the or specimen plant (both for color wheel foliage and flowers)  Have the most contrast http://www.fiber- images.com/Free_Things/Reference_Charts/color_wheel.ht  Can be used as an informal m in hue (color) of any http://www.wildscaping.com/plants/plantprofiles/Calliandra_californica.htm hedge or screen color combination  For a lush, tropical look  Make a bold graphic  Fine for public areas if statement maintained  Make the brighter hue seem to “advance”  As an attractive pot plant  Lively – seem to be constantly in motion http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/TEACH/floral/complements.jpg © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.elnativogrowers.com/Photographs_page/calcal.htm 5
  6. 6. 1/6/2013 Complementary color schemes in nature Complementary colors can brighten up this can be dazzling! very green front yardhttp://www.hypermedic.com/colors/colortable.htm © Project SOUND © Project SOUND But what is this is a camellia bush? * Pink Fairy Duster – Calliandra eriophylla http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CAER © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 6
  7. 7. 1/6/2013 Fairydusters of the CA Desert * Pink Fairy Duster – Calliandra eriophylla  Sonoran Desert from CA & Baja to W. Texas  Dry, gravelly slopes & mesas ; often in beds of intermittent streams, bajadas, washes, etc. - rocky, sandy  In Spanish, Cabeza de angel refers to an angels head or angels hair http://www.graniteseed.com/seeds/seed.php?id=Calliandra_eriophylla C. californica C. eriophylla more vase shaped, low growing, form open more dense size 2 to 4 times larger (smaller) bloom bright red flowers whitish or pink fruit seed pod seed pod (same) http://ag.arizona.edu/pima/gardening/aridplants/Calliandra_eriophylla.html Note: the two species will hybridize http://www.saguaro-juniper.com/i_and_i/flowers/fairy_duster/fairy_duster.html © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CAER Pink Fairyduster is a nice sized accent shrub Flowers: ooh-la-la!!  Size:  Blooms:  3-5+ ft tall (depends on water)  Just after the rains - usually  4-6+ ft wide Jan-Apr in Western L.A. Co.  Will bloom off and on  Growth form: depending on watering  Woody shrub schedule  Mounded/upright to sprawling; can grow around existing http://www.calflora.net/losangelesarboretum/whatsbloomingmay07C.html  Flowers:http://www.public.asu.edu/~camartin/plants/Plant%20html%20files/calliandraeriophylla.html shrubs  Pink: bright to very pale  Light-colored bark  The long, pink filaments of the stamens that make the  Foliage: showy display  Bright to medium green  Plant has a fluffy pink  Binnately pinnate – small pinna appearance in full bloom (like Acacia)  Big attraction for large butterflies & hummingbirds!  Roots: nitrogen-fixing bacteria; rhizomatous – will slowly spread © 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy http://www.fourdir.com/p_fairy_duster.htm © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.sagebud.com/fairyduster-calliandra-eriophylla/ 7
  8. 8. 1/6/2013A plant of desert washes  Soils: Showy accent plant  Texture: loves sandy/rocky soils but fine in any well-drained  As a foundation plant  pH: any local  A water-wise accent shrub  As an informal hedge – or for  Light: erosion control on slopes  Full sun for best flowering  Even in large containers  Will take light shade  Consider for Asian or Desert-  Water: http://www.flickr.com/photos/36517976@N06/4307505066/ themed gardens  Winter: needs adequate  Summer:  Best looking with occasional water (Zone 1-2 or 2) but very drought tolerant  Some water in Aug.  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils; inorganic mulch Glenn and Martha Vargas © California Academy of Sciences © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://ag.arizona.edu/pima/gardening/aridplants/Calliandra_eriophylla.html Shaping Fairydusters So, we can deal with a camellia bush….  Have a good natural shape – can leave as is  Tip-prune during growing season to produce fuller shrub  Lightly prune to shape in late springhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/36517976@N06/4307505066/ http://www.fireflyforest.com/flowers/299/calliandra- http://www.elnativogrowers.com/Photographs_page/caleri.htm SOUND © Project eriophylla-fairyduster/ © Project SOUNDhttp://www.avondale.watersavingplants.com/eplant.php?plantnum=1346&return=b_aC 8
  9. 9. 1/6/2013 Let’s add a little water-wise height & interest Scarlet Larkspur – Delphinium cardinale http://www.flickr.com/photos/vsny/2597287552/ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Scarlet Larkspur – Delphinium cardinale You may have seen it in the Santa Monica Mtns  Coastal CA & Sonoran Desert from Monterey Co to Baja  Locally in Santa Monicas & San Gabriels  Chaparral & sage scrub in dry open slopes, away from immediate coast to 5000  Likes north facing slopes http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=6040&flora_id=1 http://www.researchlearningcenter.com/bloom/species/Delphinium_cardinale.htm http://biology.csusb.edu/PlantGuide/detail.php?id=Delphinium_cardinale&ref=1 © Project SOUND © Project SOUNDhttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?6434,6462,6469 http://doves2day.blogspot.com/2010_06_01_archive.html 9
  10. 10. 1/6/2013 Scarlet Larkspur: a Flowers are majestic  Size: bold statement  3-6+ ft tall  Blooms: usually late spring/  2-3 ft wide summer (April-July) – when  Growth form: ground starts to dry  Herbaceous perennial  Flowers:  Upright, branched form  Cardinal to red-orange with  Dies back to ground in late yellow summer/fall  Flowers large – 2-3”  Foliage:  Spread along a tall flowering stalk – typical of Larkspurs  Medium to blue-green  Much larger & bolder than  Deeply incised leaves – typical our purple-blue Larkspurs for Larkspurs  Attracts hummingbird  Roots: all parts of Delphiniums – pollinators especially roots – are toxic if http://www.plantscomprehensive.com/category/tags/san-diego-native-landscaping  Makes a showy, long-lasting eaten cut flower http://www.yerbabuenanursery.com/viewplant.php?pid=0253http://www.researchlearningcenter.com/bloom/species/Delphinium_cardinale.htm © Project SOUND http://www.flickr.com/photos/anniesannuals/4439583858/ © Project SOUND http://www.pacificbulbsociety.org/pbswiki/index.php/DelphiniumSpeciesOne  Soils: Glorious red for dry Dry & some shade  Texture: well-drained; rocky shade!  pH: any local  On dry hillsides  Light:  At the backs of dry mixed beds  Full sun only in coolest gardens along coast  For a water-wise cottage garden  Part-shade (morning sun) or  Under oaks dappled shade is perfect  Spectacular massed! http://www.flickr.com/photos/82479320@N00/4297811407/  Water:  Winter: adequate  Summer: needs summer dry period after flowering – Zone 1 (maybe 1- 2)  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: protect from slugs & snails; summer water encourages fungal http://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/205893/ diseases; may need to stake - tall http://www.plantscomprehensive.com/category/tags/san-diego-native-landscaping © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 10
  11. 11. 1/6/2013 Delphinium * Red (Canyon) Larkspur – Delphinium nudicaule from seed  Let seeds ripen/dry on the plant http://www.researchlearningcenter.com/bloom/sp ecies/Delphinium_cardinale.htm  Collect dry pods when they begin to split; remove seeds  Fresh seeds need no pre-treatment  Stored seeds may benefit from ½ to 1 month cold-moist treatment  Plant in warm weather of fall http://www.vertograd-s.ru/catalog/mn/Delphinium/Delphinium_nudicaule_Fox.html © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Analogous colors: because they’re from ‘Hot colors’ garden theme uses the same ‘family’ they always look well analogous colors together http://dundeeunited.us/color/color_3.html http://garden-photos-com.photoshelter.com/gallery-image/Backyard-Deck-Patio-Stock- Images/G0000cU2.IvH6QQM/I0000pg.rlII4gcE http://www.anniesannuals.com/plt_lst/lists/general/lst.gen.asp?prodid=324http://dundeeunited.us/color/color_3.html © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://sbwildflowers.wordpress.com/wildflowers/ranunculaceae/delphinium/delphinium -cardinale/ 11
  12. 12. 1/6/2013 Penstemons: pale blues to red hot reds… Remember: hardscape can also be used to add garden colorhttp://www.nurseriesonline.co.uk/Garden/Garden_Design.html http://garden.onsugar.com/tag/flower+garden © Project SOUND http://lightbrightandsparkling.blogspot.com/2008_07_01_archive.html © Project SOUND * Palmer’s Penstemon – Penstemon palmeri * Palmer’s Penstemon – Penstemon palmeri  Mojave Desert foothills/mountains to UT, AZ, NM  Washes, roadsides, canyon floors in scrub to pinyon-juniper  AKA ‘Wild Pink Snapdragon’ http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?7177,7483,0,7541 http://www.flickr.com/photos/facilitybikeclub/3609173980/ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 12
  13. 13. 1/6/2013 Palmer’s Penstemon: one tall penstemon Flowers are out of an English garden  Size:  3-5+ ft tall  Blooms:  2-3 ft wide  late spring to summer  Long bloom season – 4+  Growth form: weeks  Herbaceous perennial wildflower  Flowers:  Erect stems with leaves  Light pink to light lavender primarily basal with magenta markings – very striking  Foliage:  Flowers on tall, showy stalks;  Distinctive blue or gray- remind many people of green hollyhocks or snapdragons  Fleshy; shapes typical or  Flowers more open than most penstemon (triangular & penstemons; sweet scent toothed)  Make a great cut flower http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Penstemon_palmerihttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Penstemon_palmeri © Project SOUND © Project SOUND  Soils: Great choice for water-wisePenstemons like dry  Texture: well-drained; likes sand flower beds but even clays are fine in most years  Grow at the backs of dry beds, like  pH: any local (up to 8.5) Foxgloves, for cottage garden look  In desert themed of rock gardens; hot, dry,  Light: full sun; fine in hot places hard-to-water places  Water:  Massed with native grasses, shrubs  Winter: adequate  In the habitat garden (hummingbirds;  Summer: none to little (Zone 1 or butterflies; bumble bees 1-2) once established; taper off http://bloominrs.wordpress.com/2010/01/28/palmers-penstemon/ after flowering  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other:  No mulch or use an inorganic  May need to tie up the tall stalks  Let it go to seed to replace itself http://www.fireflyforest.com/flowers/1874/penstemon-palmeri-palmers-penstemon/  Prune back the dead stalks © Project SOUND http://www.alplains.com/Catalog9.html © Project SOUND 13
  14. 14. 1/6/2013 Cool color scheme with reds All colors have a somber & a light-hearted aspect  Shades (Tones):  Are darker/more somber versions of a color  Created by adding black to the color (hue)  Tints:  Are the lighter/more frivolous versions of a hue  Created by adding white to the hue http://www.justbynature.com/images/HDColor33a.gif http://fastflowers.co.uk/product.php?xProd=95&xSec=3 http://www.mooseyscountrygarden.com/perennial-plants/perennial-verbena.html You can combine many colors in your garden as long ashttp://agardenplace.com/G/pc/garden-globe-magenta.html they are light enough tints or dark enough shades © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Pastels can be used to integrate.. But maybe we need a mid-height warm red © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 14
  15. 15. 1/6/2013 Firecracker Penstemon – Penstemon eatonii Firecracker Penstemon is a typical Penstemon  Size:  1-3 ft tall  2-3 ft wide  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial  Drought deciduous http://www.wildflower.org/gallery/result.php?id_image=5964  Most of foliage in a mounded clump at the base  Foliage:  Thick, leathery leaves; somewhat coarse looking  Lance-shaped; dark green  Roots: deep taproot Patrick J. Alexander @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Flowers are just Garden uses for fantastic Firecracker Penstemon  Blooms:  As an attractive pot plant; be  Summer; usually May-July in sure pot is deep enough coastal S. CA  Long bloom period – blooms  Great for dry banks and open sequentially slopes© 2008 Thomas Stoughton  Flowers:  Nice with other Zone 2  Scarlet red; tubular perennials and shrubs  Along stems above foliage  Good bet for the  Extremely showy when massed hummingbird and butterfly  Cutting of spent stalks may garden encourage more blooms  Attracts hummingbirds and  Spectacular when massed butterflies (all Penstemons)  Excellent choice for dry  Vegetative reproduction: easy shade under oaks and other Al Schneider @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database by divisions © Project SOUND © 1996 Christopher L. Christie native trees © Project SOUND 15
  16. 16. 1/6/2013 Scarlet Bugler – Penstemon centranthifolius Scarlet Bugler – Penstemon centranthifolius  CA foothills from Lake Co. to Baja & foothills of the Mojave Desert  Dry, open or wooded places, generally in chaparral or oak woodland but also in other communities, below 6500 ft. http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?7177,7483,7494 http://www.researchlearningcenter.org/bloom/species/Penstemon_centranthifolius.htm http://homepage.mac.com/cjbowdish/ManzanaTrailandFigueroaMtMay2008/ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND © Br. Alfred Brousseau, Saint Marys College A flash of color, perennial style Flowers are showy  Size:  2-4 ft tall  Blooms: mid- to late spring -  2-3 ft wide usually Apr-June in our area, but may be later.  Growth form:  Flowers:  Herbaceous perennial  Bright red to red-orange  Upright form (less common) – glow in the  Dies back in late summer/fall sun  Narrow, tubular shape –  Foliage: hummingbird flower  Attractive blue-green color  Along tall, rather narrow  Simple leaves – many basal flowering stalks – somewhat like large Heuchera  Foliage looks nice & succulent even before it  Long-lasting & showy blooms http://homepage.mac.com/cjbowdish/ManzanaTrailandFigueroaMtMay2008/© 2003 Charles E. Jones © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 16
  17. 17. 1/6/2013 Penstemons shinePenstemons need summer dormant period in dry areas  Soils:  Texture: any well-drained incl. clays  Dry hillsides; lovely massed  pH: any local  With local native grasses  Paired with Salvias, other  Light: penstemons  Full sun to part-shade – dappled shade fine  Under oaks or other water- wise trees & shrubs  Water: http://xasauantoday.com/2009/05/04/spring-at-the-indians/  Winter: adequate until flowering commences  Summer: begin to taper off watering as flowering peaks – no water after flowering  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: use only inorganic mulches like gravel or crushed rock. © Project SOUND http://www.flickr.com/photos/amarguy/2388294009/ © Project SOUND http://www.flickr.com/photos/12205793@N04/5116623276/Use Penstemons to add medium height in the Let’s add some wildflowers and bulbs to driest parts of your yard brighten up our cool color scheme © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 17
  18. 18. 1/6/2013 * Godetia/Farewell-to-spring – Clarkia amoena * Godetia – Clarkia amoena  CA and OR coast north of San Francisco Bay  Generally open, drying places, < 1500 ft. http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi- bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?5263,5341,5343  Found in coastal scrub, prairies and dry open coastal slopes & bluffs  A staple of cottage gardens world-wide since the 1800’s http://www.yerbabuenanursery.com/images/garden_weekly/amoena_cu1_wk12_big.jpg © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Charles Webber © California Academy of Sciences Godeta is similar to our local Clarkias Flowers: C. purpurea on steroids  Size:  Blooms:  1-3 ft tall  Spring/summer: usually Apr-June in our area but may be later into  1-2 ft wide summer with water – 2-4 months  Growth form:  Flowers:  Annual wildflower  Glorious two-toned colors: usually http://www.americanmeadows.com/godetia-seeds?___store=default  Upright, branched form featuring magenta, but may be more purple or more pink  Foliage:  Incredibly showy – like Elegant  Leaves simple Clarkia but larger and often more  Typically blue-green to bright gray-green – may be tinged  Attracts butterflies, with red or magenta hummingbirds  Seeds: many small seeds in capsules – will reseed on bare ground or gravel/crushed rock mulch; edible© 2002 George Jackson © Project SOUND © 2002 George Jackson http://www.rampantscotland.com/colour/supplement070818.htm © Project SOUND 18
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