Red & pink flowers 2011

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This lecture was given in May, 2011 as part of the California native plant gardening series ‘Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden’

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Red & pink flowers 2011

  1. 1. Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants Project SOUND – 2011 (our 7th year) © Project SOUND
  2. 2. Radiant Reds / Perfect Pinks C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve Madrona Marsh Preserve May 7 & 10, 2011 © Project SOUND
  3. 3. Most of our gardens include ‘Heritage Plants’ © Project SOUND
  4. 4. Maybe you have a lovely, water-wise pomegranate © Project SOUND
  5. 5. Perhaps you have a favorite red rose… © Project SOUNDhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/23295039@N02/2551951823/
  6. 6. …or maybe you’re blessed with a‘heritage’ camellia © Project SOUND
  7. 7. Whether you want to add some color - orneed to complement existing plants - we need to understand the ‘color’ red http://www.flickr.com/photos/26244813@N05/2463871154/ © Project SOUND
  8. 8. Red occupies and interesting position on the color wheel http://www.fineartuniverse.com/2010_12_01_archive.htmlhttp://www.askandyaboutclothes.com/Clothes%20Articles/Color%20Coordination.htm © Project SOUND
  9. 9. Cool reds look cool; warm reds, warmhttp://www.house-painting-info.com/the-scarlet-letter-the-lovehate-relationship-with-red.html#axzz1LfMVJp2b http://bettyla.com.au/2010/12/how-to-wear-red-this-season/ © Project SOUND
  10. 10. Is this the felling you want to create? http://fineartamerica.com/featured/il-giardino-rosso-guido-borelli.html © Project SOUND
  11. 11. …or is this your idea of heaven?http://doves2day.blogspot.com/2011/04/pink-saturday-native-pink.html © Project SOUND http://www.mooseyscountrygarden.com/garden-journal-05/spring-garden-journal-113.html
  12. 12. Warm reds looks best with otherwarm colors; cool reds with purples http://joe-kelly.net/2008/05/ © Project SOUND
  13. 13. Fortunately, flowers come in a wide range of from magenta to red-orangeCercis occidentales Keckiella cordifolia http://www.traderscity.com/board/products-1/offers-to-sell-and-export-1/red-flower-field-garden-oil-painting-fine-art-from-china-57588/ © Project SOUND http://doves2day.blogspot.com/2011/04/pink-saturday-native-pink.html
  14. 14. My suggestion: see it in flower before you purchase (particularly for cultivars) http://www.bakati.net/http://www.flickr.com/photos/gingermaddy/3778792586/ http://www.ginnysherbs.com/ catalog/product_info.php?pro ducts_id=197&language=en © Project SOUND
  15. 15. Let’s brighten up this very green front yard © Project SOUND
  16. 16. * Baja Fairyduster – Calliandra californica © Project SOUND
  17. 17. Baja Featherduster has a Baja look…  Size:  4-8 ft tall; may be more  4-5 ft wide; sprawls  Growth form:  Evergreen woody shrub (may lose leaves when stressed)  Many crossing branches – airy look; sprawls  Foliage:  Bright green  Many small leaflets; lacy/ferny look  Unique and pretty; doesn’t look like a drought-tolerant plant  Larval food for Marine Bluehttp://www.theodorepayne.org/gallery/pages/C/Calliandra_californica.htm © Project SOUND
  18. 18. Flowers are weirdly beautiful  Blooms:  On and off throughout the year  Peak after rains (spring & fall) in native environment  Flowers:  Brillant red stamens  Hummingbird magnet; also butterflies & bees  Nothing quite like it  Seeds: in pea pods that explode when ripe; will need to be creative to collect themhttp://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/bajafairyduster.html © Project SOUND
  19. 19. Fairydusters add a unique charm to the dry garden  Most often used as an accent or specimen plant (both for foliage and flowers)  Can be used as an informalhttp://www.wildscaping.com/plants/plantprofiles/Calliandra_californica.htm hedge or screen  For a lush, tropical look  Fine for public areas if maintained  As an attractive pot plant © Project SOUNDhttp://www.elnativogrowers.com/Photographs_page/calcal.htm
  20. 20. Complementary colors  Are opposite on the color wheel  Have the most contrasthttp://www.fiber-images.com/Free_Things/Reference_Charts/color_wheel.htm in hue (color) of any color combination  Make a bold graphic statement  Make the brighter hue seem to “advance”  Lively – seem to be constantly in motion http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/TEACH/floral/complements.jpg © Project SOUND
  21. 21. Complementary color schemes in nature can be dazzling!http://www.hypermedic.com/colors/colortable.htm © Project SOUND
  22. 22. Complementary colors can brighten up this very green front yard © Project SOUND
  23. 23. But what is this is a camellia bush? © Project SOUND
  24. 24. * Pink Fairy Duster – Calliandra eriophylla http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CAER © Project SOUND
  25. 25. Fairydusters of the CA Desert C. californica C. eriophylla more vase shaped, low growing, form open more dense size 2 to 4 times larger (smaller) bloom bright red flowers whitish or pink fruit seed pod seed pod (same)http://ag.arizona.edu/pima/gardening/aridplants/Calliandra_eriophylla.html Note: the two species will hybridize © Project SOUND
  26. 26. * Pink Fairy Duster – Calliandra eriophylla  Sonoran Desert from CA & Baja to W. Texas  Dry, gravelly slopes & mesas ; often in beds of intermittent streams, bajadas, washes, etc. - rocky, sandy  In Spanish, Cabeza de angel refers to an angels head or angels hairhttp://www.graniteseed.com/seeds/seed.php?id=Calliandra_eriophylla http://www.saguaro-juniper.com/i_and_i/flowers/fairy_duster/fairy_duster.html © Project SOUND http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CAER
  27. 27. Pink Fairyduster is a nice sized accent shrub  Size:  3-5+ ft tall (depends on water)  4-6+ ft wide  Growth form:  Woody shrub  Mounded/upright to sprawling; can grow around existinghttp://www.public.asu.edu/~camartin/plants/Plant%20html%20files/calliandraeriophylla.html shrubs  Light-colored bark  Foliage:  Bright to medium green  Binnately pinnate – small pinna (like Acacia)  Roots: nitrogen-fixing bacteria; rhizomatous – will slowly spread © 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy http://www.fourdir.com/p_fairy_duster.htm © Project SOUND
  28. 28. Flowers: ooh-la-la!!  Blooms:  Just after the rains - usually Jan-Apr in Western L.A. Co.  Will bloom off and on depending on watering schedule http://www.calflora.net/losangelesarboretum/whatsbloomingmay07C.html  Flowers:  Pink: bright to very pale  The long, pink filaments of the stamens that make the showy display  Plant has a fluffy pink appearance in full bloom  Big attraction for large butterflies & hummingbirds! © Project SOUNDhttp://www.sagebud.com/fairyduster-calliandra-eriophylla/
  29. 29. A plant of desert washes  Soils:  Texture: loves sandy/rocky soils but fine in any well-drained  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun for best flowering  Will take light shade  Water:  Winter: needs adequate  Summer:  Best looking with occasional water (Zone 1-2 or 2) but very drought tolerant  Some water in Aug.  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils; inorganic mulch Glenn and Martha Vargas © California Academy of Sciences © Project SOUND
  30. 30. Showy accent plant  As a foundation plant  A water-wise accent shrub  As an informal hedge – or for erosion control on slopes  Even in large containers  Consider for Asian or Desert- http://www.flickr.com/photos/36517976@N06/4307505066/ themed gardens © Project SOUNDhttp://ag.arizona.edu/pima/gardening/aridplants/Calliandra_eriophylla.html
  31. 31. Shaping Fairydusters  Have a good natural shape – can leave as is  Tip-prune during growing season to produce fuller shrub  Lightly prune to shape in late springhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/36517976@N06/4307505066/ http://www.elnativogrowers.com/Photographs_page/caleri.htm SOUND © Projecthttp://www.avondale.watersavingplants.com/eplant.php?plantnum=1346&return=b_aC
  32. 32. So, we can deal with a camellia bush…. http://www.fireflyforest.com/flowers/299/calliandra- eriophylla-fairyduster/ © Project SOUND
  33. 33. Let’s add a little water-wise height & interest © Project SOUND
  34. 34. Scarlet Larkspur – Delphinium cardinalehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/vsny/2597287552/ © Project SOUND
  35. 35. Scarlet Larkspur – Delphinium cardinale  Coastal CA & Sonoran Desert from Monterey Co to Baja  Locally in Santa Monicas & San Gabriels  Chaparral & sage scrub in dry open slopes, away from immediate coast to 5000  Likes north facing slopes http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=6040&flora_id=1 http://biology.csusb.edu/PlantGuide/detail.php?id=Delphinium_cardinale&ref=1 © Project SOUNDhttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?6434,6462,6469
  36. 36. You may have seen it in the Santa Monica Mtns http://www.researchlearningcenter.com/bloom/species/Delphinium_cardinale.htm © Project SOUND http://doves2day.blogspot.com/2010_06_01_archive.html
  37. 37. Scarlet Larkspur: a  Size: bold statement  3-6+ ft tall  2-3 ft wide  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial  Upright, branched form  Dies back to ground in late summer/fall  Foliage:  Medium to blue-green  Deeply incised leaves – typical for Larkspurs  Roots: all parts of Delphiniums – especially roots – are toxic if eaten http://www.yerbabuenanursery.com/viewplant.php?pid=0253http://www.researchlearningcenter.com/bloom/species/Delphinium_cardinale.htm © Project SOUND http://www.pacificbulbsociety.org/pbswiki/index.php/DelphiniumSpeciesOne
  38. 38. Flowers are majestic  Blooms: usually late spring/ summer (April-July) – when ground starts to dry  Flowers:  Cardinal to red-orange with yellow  Flowers large – 2-3”  Spread along a tall flowering stalk – typical of Larkspurs  Much larger & bolder than our purple-blue Larkspurs  Attracts hummingbird pollinatorshttp://www.plantscomprehensive.com/category/tags/san-diego-native-landscaping  Makes a showy, long-lasting cut flower http://www.flickr.com/photos/anniesannuals/4439583858/ © Project SOUND
  39. 39.  Soils: Dry & some shade  Texture: well-drained; rocky  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun only in coolest gardens along coast  Part-shade (morning sun) or dappled shade is perfect  Water:  Winter: adequate  Summer: needs summer dry period after flowering – Zone 1 (maybe 1- 2)  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: protect from slugs & snails; summer water encourages fungalhttp://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/205893/ diseases; may need to stake - tall © Project SOUND
  40. 40. Glorious red for dry shade!  On dry hillsides  At the backs of dry mixed beds  For a water-wise cottage garden  Under oakshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/82479320@N00/4297811407/  Spectacular massed! http://www.plantscomprehensive.com/category/tags/san-diego-native-landscaping © Project SOUND
  41. 41. Delphinium from seed  Let seeds ripen/dry on the planthttp://www.researchlearningcenter.com/bloom/species/Delphinium_cardinale.htm  Collect dry pods when they begin to split; remove seeds  Fresh seeds need no pre-treatment  Stored seeds may benefit from ½ to 1 month cold-moist treatment  Plant in warm weather of fall © Project SOUND
  42. 42. * Red (Canyon) Larkspur – Delphinium nudicaule http://www.vertograd-s.ru/catalog/mn/Delphinium/Delphinium_nudicaule_Fox.html © Project SOUND
  43. 43. Analogous colors: because they’re from the same ‘family’ they always look well together http://dundeeunited.us/color/color_3.htmlhttp://dundeeunited.us/color/color_3.html © Project SOUND
  44. 44. ‘Hot colors’ garden theme uses analogous colorshttp://garden-photos-com.photoshelter.com/gallery-image/Backyard-Deck-Patio-Stock-Images/G0000cU2.IvH6QQM/I0000pg.rlII4gcE http://www.anniesannuals.com/plt_lst/lists/general/lst.gen.asp?prodid=324 © Project SOUND http://sbwildflowers.wordpress.com/wildflowers/ranunculaceae/delphinium/delphinium -cardinale/
  45. 45. Remember: hardscape can also be used to add garden colorhttp://www.nurseriesonline.co.uk/Garden/Garden_Design.html http://garden.onsugar.com/tag/flower+garden © Project SOUND
  46. 46. Penstemons: pale blues to red hot reds…http://lightbrightandsparkling.blogspot.com/2008_07_01_archive.html © Project SOUND
  47. 47. * Palmer’s Penstemon – Penstemon palmeri © Project SOUND
  48. 48. * Palmer’s Penstemon – Penstemon palmeri  Mojave Desert foothills/mountains to UT, AZ, NM  Washes, roadsides, canyon floors in scrub to pinyon-juniper  AKA ‘Wild Pink Snapdragon’http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?7177,7483,0,7541 http://www.flickr.com/photos/facilitybikeclub/3609173980/ © Project SOUND
  49. 49. Palmer’s Penstemon: one tall penstemon  Size:  3-5+ ft tall  2-3 ft wide  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial wildflower  Erect stems with leaves primarily basal  Foliage:  Distinctive blue or gray- green  Fleshy; shapes typical or penstemon (triangular & toothed)http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Penstemon_palmeri © Project SOUND
  50. 50. Flowers are out of an English garden  Blooms:  late spring to summer  Long bloom season – 4+ weeks  Flowers:  Light pink to light lavender with magenta markings – very striking  Flowers on tall, showy stalks; remind many people of hollyhocks or snapdragons  Flowers more open than most penstemons; sweet scent  Make a great cut flowerhttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Penstemon_palmeri © Project SOUND
  51. 51.  Soils:Penstemons like dry  Texture: well-drained; likes sand but even clays are fine in most years  pH: any local (up to 8.5)  Light: full sun; fine in hot places  Water:  Winter: adequate  Summer: none to little (Zone 1 or 1-2) once established; taper off after flowering  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other:  No mulch or use an inorganic  May need to tie up the tall stalks  Let it go to seed to replace itselfhttp://www.fireflyforest.com/flowers/1874/penstemon-palmeri-palmers-penstemon/  Prune back the dead stalks © Project SOUND
  52. 52. Great choice for water-wise flower beds  Grow at the backs of dry beds, like Foxgloves, for cottage garden look  In desert themed of rock gardens; hot, dry, hard-to-water places  Massed with native grasses, shrubs  In the habitat garden (hummingbirds; butterflies; bumble beeshttp://bloominrs.wordpress.com/2010/01/28/palmers-penstemon/ http://www.alplains.com/Catalog9.html © Project SOUND
  53. 53. Cool color scheme with reds http://www.mooseyscountrygarden.com/perennial-plants/perennial-verbena.htmlhttp://agardenplace.com/G/pc/garden-globe-magenta.html © Project SOUND
  54. 54. All colors have a somber & a light-hearted aspect  Shades (Tones):  Are darker/more somber versions of a color  Created by adding black to the color (hue)  Tints:  Are the lighter/more frivolous versions of a hue  Created by adding white to the huehttp://www.justbynature.com/images/HDColor33a.gif http://fastflowers.co.uk/product.php?xProd=95&xSec=3You can combine many colors in your garden as long asthey are light enough tints or dark enough shades © Project SOUND
  55. 55. Pastels can be used to integrate.. © Project SOUND
  56. 56. But maybe we need a mid-height warm red © Project SOUND
  57. 57. Firecracker Penstemon – Penstemon eatonii Patrick J. Alexander @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUND
  58. 58. Firecracker Penstemon is a typical Penstemon  Size:  1-3 ft tall  2-3 ft wide  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial  Drought deciduoushttp://www.wildflower.org/gallery/result.php?id_image=5964  Most of foliage in a mounded clump at the base  Foliage:  Thick, leathery leaves; somewhat coarse looking  Lance-shaped; dark green  Roots: deep taproot © Project SOUND
  59. 59. Flowers are just fantastic  Blooms:  Summer; usually May-July in coastal S. CA  Long bloom period – blooms open sequentially© 2008 Thomas Stoughton  Flowers:  Scarlet red; tubular  Along stems above foliage  Extremely showy when massed  Cutting of spent stalks may encourage more blooms  Attracts hummingbirds and butterflies (all Penstemons)  Vegetative reproduction: easy Al Schneider @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database by divisions © Project SOUND
  60. 60. Garden uses for Firecracker Penstemon  As an attractive pot plant; be sure pot is deep enough  Great for dry banks and slopes  Nice with other Zone 2 perennials and shrubs  Good bet for the hummingbird and butterfly garden  Spectacular when massed  Excellent choice for dry shade under oaks and other© 1996 Christopher L. Christie native trees © Project SOUND
  61. 61. Scarlet Bugler – Penstemon centranthifolius http://www.researchlearningcenter.org/bloom/species/Penstemon_centranthifolius.htm © Project SOUND
  62. 62. Scarlet Bugler – Penstemon centranthifolius  CA foothills from Lake Co. to Baja & foothills of the Mojave Desert  Dry, open or wooded places, generally in chaparral or oak woodland but also in other communities, below 6500 ft.http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?7177,7483,7494 http://homepage.mac.com/cjbowdish/ManzanaTrailandFigueroaMtMay2008/ © Project SOUND © Br. Alfred Brousseau, Saint Marys College
  63. 63. A flash of color, perennial style  Size:  2-4 ft tall  2-3 ft wide  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial  Upright form  Dies back in late summer/fall  Foliage:  Attractive blue-green color  Simple leaves – many basal  Foliage looks nice & succulent even before it blooms© 2003 Charles E. Jones © Project SOUND
  64. 64. Flowers are showy  Blooms: mid- to late spring - usually Apr-June in our area, but may be later.  Flowers:  Bright red to red-orange (less common) – glow in the sun  Narrow, tubular shape – hummingbird flower  Along tall, rather narrow flowering stalks – somewhat like large Heuchera  Long-lasting & showyhttp://homepage.mac.com/cjbowdish/ManzanaTrailandFigueroaMtMay2008/ © Project SOUND
  65. 65. Penstemons need summer dormant period  Soils:  Texture: any well-drained incl. clays  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun to part-shade – dappled shade fine  Water:  Winter: adequate until flowering commences  Summer: begin to taper off watering as flowering peaks – no water after flowering  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: use only inorganic mulches like gravel or crushed rock. © Project SOUND
  66. 66. Penstemons shine in dry areas  Dry hillsides; lovely massed  With local native grasses  Paired with Salvias, other penstemons  Under oaks or other water- wise trees & shrubshttp://xasauantoday.com/2009/05/04/spring-at-the-indians/http://www.flickr.com/photos/amarguy/2388294009/ © Project SOUND http://www.flickr.com/photos/12205793@N04/5116623276/
  67. 67. Use Penstemons to add medium height in the driest parts of your yard © Project SOUND
  68. 68. Let’s add some wildflowers and bulbs to brighten up our cool color scheme © Project SOUND
  69. 69. * Godetia/Farewell-to-spring – Clarkia amoenahttp://www.yerbabuenanursery.com/images/garden_weekly/amoena_cu1_wk12_big.jpg © Project SOUND
  70. 70. * Godetia – Clarkia amoena  CA and OR coast north of San Francisco Bay  Generally open, drying places, < 1500 ft.http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?5263,5341,5343  Found in coastal scrub, prairies and dry open coastal slopes & bluffs  A staple of cottage gardens world-wide since the 1800’s © Project SOUNDCharles Webber © California Academy of Sciences
  71. 71. Godeta is similar to our local Clarkias  Size:  1-3 ft tall  1-2 ft wide  Growth form:  Annual wildflower  Upright, branched form  Foliage:  Leaves simple  Typically blue-green to gray-green – may be tinged with red or magenta© 2002 George Jackson © Project SOUND
  72. 72. Flowers: C. purpurea on steroids  Blooms:  Spring/summer: usually Apr-June in our area but may be later into summer with water – 2-4 months  Flowers:  Glorious two-toned colors: usuallyhttp://www.americanmeadows.com/godetia-seeds?___store=default featuring magenta, but may be more purple or more pink  Incredibly showy – like Elegant Clarkia but larger and often more bright  Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds  Seeds: many small seeds in capsules – will reseed on bare ground or gravel/crushed rock mulch; edible © 2002 George Jackson http://www.rampantscotland.com/colour/supplement070818.htm © Project SOUND
  73. 73. Godetias: Annual  Soils: Wildflowers  Texture: any  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun to light shade  Water:  Winter: plenty of water when growing  Summer: water until flowering slows, then taper off to none  Fertilizer: whatever – not particular  Other: can serial sow seeds every 2 weeks to get longer bloom (into summer with water)© 2005 Doreen L. Smith © Project SOUND
  74. 74. Cottage garden & more  Lovely in containers – with bulbs and other annuals  Massed on slopes with grasses  In mid-beds for cottage garden  To fill in spaces that need a© 1998 Gary A. Monroe little color © Project SOUND © Br. Alfred Brousseau, Saint Marys College
  75. 75. Annuals & bulbs: for accents & bare spaces © Project SOUND
  76. 76. Fill in spaces with warm/cool annuals & bulbs © Project SOUND
  77. 77. * Firecracker Flower – Dichelostemma ida-maiaJ.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUND
  78. 78. * Firecracker Flower – Dichelostemma ida-maia  Coastal areas and coastal foothills of N. CA and OR  Sea level to ~2500 ft  In woodland openings or grassy areas, grasslands http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=242101565 http://www.ogrodkroton.pl/towar.1921.dichellostemma.-.ida.maia.html © Project SOUNDhttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?8349,8535,8540
  79. 79. Firecracker Flower – a Dichelostema at heart  Size:  to 1 ft tall  1- 1 ½ ft wide  Growth form:  Perennial from a bulb; dies back to bulb after blooming  Dainty  Foliage:  Grass-like leaves  Die back about the time of blooming © Project SOUND
  80. 80. Flowers: wow!  Blooms:  In spring – depends on rains  Usually Apr-May in S. CA  Flowers:  Cardinal to dark red – unopened flowers are green- tipped  Cylindrical – long & narrow  In clusters at end of the flowering stalk  flowers hang; fruits are erect  Look like firecrackers – hence the common name  Attract hummingbirds & butterfliesGary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database http://www.flickr.com/photos/succulentisima/4584516278/ © Project SOUND
  81. 81. Plant Requirements  Soils:  Texture: most – well-drained  pH: any local  Light:  Best in light shade to fairly shady  Great under trees; north side of buildings  Water:  Winter: adequate water  Summer: need summer dry after flowering  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: fine with organic mulch if summer dryhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/anniesannuals/4408931419/ © Project SOUND
  82. 82. Bulbs are great fillers  Along walkways  In pots  With other bulbs  Massed for colorhttp://www.learn2grow.com/plants/dichelostemma-ida-maia-images-large-134271/ http://newhollandbulb.com/product.asp_Q_pn_E_76659 With ‘Queen Fabiola’ http://www.brentandbeckysbulbs.com/spring/productview/?sku=14-0103 © Project SOUND http://ele-middleman.at.webry.info/200606/article_37.html
  83. 83. The Pacific Bulb Society  Organized in 2002 to benefit people who garden with bulbs.  Emphasis on ‘successfully growing bulbs in our yards and gardens and in sharing our successes, and our failures too, with our fellow members.’  Pacific Bulb Society List – discussion forum  Pacific Bulb Society Wiki © Project SOUND
  84. 84. http://seedbyte.blogspot.com/2009_12_11_archive.html © Project SOUND
  85. 85. * Crinkled Onion – Allium crispumhttp://www.srgc.org.uk/discus/messages/283/39997.html © Project SOUND
  86. 86. * Crinkled Onion – Allium crispum  Central CA coast  On clay slopes, including serpentine, < 2000 ft.http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=242101348 http://www.timetotrack.com/jay/ccal/onionc2.htm © Project SOUNDhttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?8349,8354,8369
  87. 87. Crinkled Onion: a pretty native Allium  Size:  ~ 1 ft tall  < 1 ft wide  Growth form:  Perennial wildflower from a bulb  Dies back to the bulb in summer  Foliage:  Strap-like blue-green to medium-green leaves  Leaves begin to die back before flowering© 2008 Aaron Schusteff © Project SOUND
  88. 88. Magenta flowers  Blooms:  In spring - usually Mar-May in S. CA,  Flowers last 3-4 weeks  Flowers: http://drystonegarden.com/index.php/2009/04/allium-unifolium/  Bright magenta color  Typical bell-shaped onion flowers – slightly larger then local onions  Flowers in cluster of stalks at the end of the flowering stalk  Seeds:  Small, dark angular seeds  Vegetative reproduction:  Rounded bulbshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Allium_crispum_2.jpg © Project SOUND
  89. 89. Plant Requirements  Soils:  Texture: does best in clay soils  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun to part shade  Fine under trees  Water:  Winter: adequate until flowering  Summer: needs summer dry period after flowering complete  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: inorganic mulch, if anyGary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUND
  90. 90. Onions: decorative additions to the garden  As an attractive pot plant  Fine in part-shade under oaks & pines  Plant with native grasses  Mass for prettiest showhttp://www.alpinegardensociety.net/discussion/atshows//East+Anglia+Show+Formal+Photos/259/?page=3 http://www.flickr.com/photos/sftrajan/3455172798/http://www.flickr.com/photos/xerantheum/469645349/ © Project SOUND
  91. 91. The choice of red/pink filler plants is expanding every year – with the popularity of native plantshttp://www.calfloranursery.com/pages_plantlists/plantinfo.html © Project SOUND
  92. 92. Island Buckwheat – Eriogonum grande © Project SOUND
  93. 93. Heuchera cultivars: white to red‘Canyon Belle’ ‘Canyon Melody’ Canyon Delight Heuchera Canyon Duet‘Canyon Chimes’ © Project SOUND
  94. 94. Achillea millefolium (Yarrow) cultivars http://www.sacbee.com/2011/04/05/3502356/arboretu http://www.tinpenny.plus.com/CatFrame.htm m-all-star-plants.htmlhttp://www.larnerseeds.com/_pages/wildflower_perennial.html ‘Red Velvet’ ‘Island Pink’ ‘Rosy Red’ ‘Pink Grapefruit’ © Project SOUND
  95. 95. Bright, saturated reds are – let’s face it – ‘leading lady’ colorshttp://www.skinnyvscurvy.com/eva-longoria/eva- http://www.probertencyclopaedia.com/photolib/people/Girl%20Red%20Dress.htmlongoria-fabulous-red-dress-golden-globes.html http://homepage.mac.com/cjbowdish/ManzanaTrailandFigueroaMtMay2008/SOUND © Project
  96. 96. Unless, of course, everyone’s wearing a red dress!http://www.flickr.com/photos/thehearttruth/2176283654/ © Project SOUND
  97. 97. Tips for using Reds: don’t overdo http://www.123rf.com/photo_485889_a-red-flower-garden-border.htmlhttp://www.lecormier.com/Summer%202009.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lytes_Cary_2009_Red_Garden.JPG © Project SOUND http://www.northcoastgardening.com/2009/06/fickle-hill-old-rose-nursery-june/
  98. 98. Tips for using red: massed is good http://rol.vn/resourcedetail/6/1268/the-ultimate-magic-garden/ © Project SOUND
  99. 99. Tips for using red: use contrast to increase the effects http://www.gardenvisit.com/garden/long_house_reserve_and_sculpture_garden http://tlc.howstuffworks.com/home/color-theme-garden-ideas2.htm © Project SOUNDhttp://country-and-thecity.blogspot.com/2009/11/garden-festival-chaumont-sur-loire.html
  100. 100. We hope we’ve convinced you that there are many red/pink flower choices © Project SOUND
  101. 101. We need your help Suggest good places to see native plants growing in garden setting – fill out sheet ‘Adopt an Oak’ program – we’ll send a flier ‘Native Habitat Gardens in a Box’ – need schools for pilot program © Project SOUND
  102. 102. Let’s go see the garden © Project SOUND
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