South Bay Native Plants for a Sunny, Mediterranean-influenced Look
Common Name

Size

Trees for Shade
** Arctostaphylos
ma...
I

X

Scientific Name

Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

Lyonothamnus
floribundus

Catalina Ironwood

To 50 ft t
15-30 ft...
Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

‘Snowflurry’
Ceanothus

6-10 ft t
10 ft w

White/Sp

FS/PS

Any welldrained

2

Wooly-l...
Common Name

Size

X * Rhamnus crocea

Redberry
Buckthorn

X * Rhamnus ilicifolia

Holly-leaf Redberry

X Rhus integrifoli...
I

X

Scientific Name

Common Name

Constancea
(Eriophyllum) nevinii

Catalina Silverlace

X Dendromecon rigida
Diplacus a...
I

Scientific Name

Lepidospartum
squamatum
Lupinus albifrons var.
X
albifrons
X

X Lupinus longifolius
X

Malacothamnus
c...
Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

X Symphoricarpos mollis

Snowberry

2-4 ft tall
& wide

Pink/W-Spr

X Trichostema lanat...
Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

X Artemisia dracunculus

California
Tarragon;

1-3 ft tall
2-3 ft w

White/F

X * Delph...
I

Scientific Name

Common Name

Flower/
season

Size

Light**

Soil

Water
Zone+

Availability

Notes

Grasses and Grass-...
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Mediterranean look 1-11

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Mediterranean look 1-11

  1. 1. South Bay Native Plants for a Sunny, Mediterranean-influenced Look Common Name Size Trees for Shade ** Arctostaphylos manzanita ‘Dr Hurd’ ‘Dr. Hurd’ Manzanita X Ceanothus arboreus Catalina Ceanothus To 15 ft t 10 ft wide <20 ft. tall 8-10 ft w I Scientific Name ** Ceanothus ‘Ray Hartman’ Flower/ season Pink/W-Sp Blue/Sp Light** FS FS/PS Soil Welldrained Any welldrained Water Zone+ 1 to 1-2 1 ‘Ray Hartman’ Ceanothus To 20 ft t 10-15 w Lt. blue/Sp X * Cercis occidentalis Western Redbud 6-20 ft tall 10-15 ft w Magenta/Spr Cercocarpus alnifolius/ C. betuloides var. blancheae * Chilopsis linearis ssp. X arcuata Comarostaphylis X diversifolia ssp. planifolia Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany 6-12 ft tall 4 ft. wide Yellowwhite/Sp Desert Willow 5-25 ft tall and wide Pink/ Sp to F FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 Summer Holly < 18 ft tall White/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1 * Cupressus arizonica Arizona Cypress 30-40 ft t 15-25 ft w insig FS Any welldrained 1 to 2 * Forestiera neomexicana (pubescens) Desert Olive 8-15 ft t 8 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS Any welldrained 1-2 to 2 Crème/Spr FS Any welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 X X * Fraxinus dipetala California Ash < 25 ft tall FS Evergreen; good in gardens 1, 3, 7, 9, 14, 19 1, 6, 9, 13 FS/PS Any incl clay 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 FS Welldrained 1-2 Insig/spr FS Any welldrained 2-3 X * Garrya elliptica Coastal Silktassel 12 ft tall & wide Cream/W FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 X * Garrya veatchii Canyon Silk Tassel Bush Cream/ WSp FS/PS Any X Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon White/Su FS/PS/ FSH Any welldrained 6-10 ft + 4-6 ft w 13 1-2 to 2-3 30-50 ft t 20-50+ ft w 6-15 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Notes Any Velvet Ash * Fraxinus velutina Availability 1-2 to 2 1-2 1, 7, 13 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 10, 14, 16 1, 13, 14 6, 8 1, 13 1, 8, 13 3, 8, 14 Spreading; evergreen; good for garden Fall color (red, orange); edible fruit, flowers evergreen; upright form Showy flowers; winter decid. Red berry; neat foliage Evergreen Cypress; heat fine Berries for birds; graygreen foliage Tolerates seasonal flooding Winter deciduous; large size Good under oaks; 'Evie', ‘James Roof’ 1, 13 Evergreen; silvery 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Berries toxic in lg. amounts 1
  2. 2. I X Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Lyonothamnus floribundus Catalina Ironwood To 50 ft t 15-30 ft w Whiteyellow/ SprSu X Malosma laurina * Morella (Myrica) californica Laurel Sumac California Wax Myrtle X * Pinus torreyana Torrey Pine X * Philadelphus lewisii CA Mock Orange Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa Prunus ilicifolia ssp. X ilicifolia & lyonii * Prunus virginiana X var. demissa X X Quercus agrifolia Black Cottonwood Holly-leaf/Catalina Island Cherries Western Chokecherry Coastal Live Oak <18 ft tall and wide 6-30 ft t 10-20 ft w 40-60 ft t 30-50 ft w 4-10 ft tall & wide 30-60 (100 ft) < 50 ft 6-25 ft tall 6-15 ft w 10-70 ft t 40-70 w. Blue (Mexican) Sambucus nigra ssp. 8-25+ ft Elderberry cerulea Larger Shrubs for Screens, Large Hedges, Other Large Shrubs Arctostaphylos 6-18 ft tall X Catalina Manzanita 5-8 ft wide catalinae X + Baccharis pilularis * Carpenteria californica ** Ceanothus cyanus ‘Sierra Blue’ * Ceanothus X integerrimus * Ceanothus X leucodermis + X Ceanothus megacarpus ** Ceanothus thyrsiflorus ‘Skylark’ Light** FS/PS Notes 1, 3, 7, 9, 13, 14 Evergreen 1, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 14, 19 1, 3, 13, 14, 20 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Yellowwhite/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Insignif/Spr FS/PS White/SprSu FS/PS Yellow/Sp FS any 2-3 1, 7, 14 White/Su PS any 1-2 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Cream/Sp FS/PS Any 2 to 2-3 Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS White/Sp-Su FS/PS Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any welldrained FS/PS any Cream/F Bush aneneme 6-8 ft tall 6-12 ft W WhiteYellow/ Spr PS/FSH Sierra Blue Ceanothus To 15 ft t. & wide Dk blue/Sp FS Deerbrush 3-6+ ft t White/Sp Chaparral Whitethorn 8-12 ft t 10 ft wide To 12 ft tall Lt. bluewhite/Sp Whitelavender/ Sp 3-6 ft t Lt blue/Sp FS/PS FS FS/PS FS/PS any 1-2 Availability FS To 8 ft ‘Skylark’ Ceanothus Any welldrained Water Zone+ White/Sp Coyote Bush Big-pod Ceanothus Soil Any; drained Welldrained Any, incl clays Coarsemed. Welldrained Welldrained Any welldrained Any Sandy/ rocky Any welldrained Any incl clay 1 to 1-2 2-3 to 3 1 to 1-2 2-3 1 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 to 2 1 to 2 Evergreen; hedges; purple berries Pine scent Very fragrant large with abundant water 6, 13 fruits for jelly, bird habitat 1, 2, 18 Long-lived 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Edible berries 1, 13, 14 Well-drained soil 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 1, 3, 7, 13, 14, 19 Showy, fragrant flowers 3, 6, 8 Fast; easy; showy 3, 13, 16 Drought decid; glossy leaves 1 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 20 1, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 2 1, 3, 6, 13 1 to 1-2 Very showy; open growth 2
  3. 3. Common Name Size Flower/ season ‘Snowflurry’ Ceanothus 6-10 ft t 10 ft w White/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 2 Wooly-leaf Ceanothus 6-12 ft t 4-8 ft w Blues/Sp FS Sandy or rocky 1-2 ** Ceanothus arboreus x thrysiflorus ‘Frosty Blue’ ‘Frosty Blue’ Ceanothus 6-10 ft t 8 ft wide Med blue/ W-Sp FS/PS ** Ceanothus ‘Blue Window’ ** Ceanothus ‘Tassajara Blue’ I ‘Blue Window’ Ceanothus ‘Tassajara’ Ceanothus Channel Island Tree Poppy 10-15 ft t 8-10 ft w Med Blue/ FS To 8 ft t 5-8 ft w Lt. blue/Sp FS/PS Scientific Name ** Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Snow Flurry' * Ceanothus tomentosus var. olivaceus X Dendromecon harfordii 8 ft tall 4 ft wide 6-12 ft t & wide; short cultivars Yellow/W-Sp Light** FS Soil Welldrained, sandy Sandy best Welldrained Any welldrained X * Frangula/Rhamnus californica California Coffeeberry X Fremontodendron californican X mexicanum Flannelbush 6-18 ft tall 4-12 wide Yellow/SprSu FS Creambush; Ocean Spray 10-20 ft tall White/Su-Fa FS/PS Yellow/Sp FS/PS Welldrained Pink/Spr-Su FS/PS any X * Holodiscus discolor X Mahonia (Berberis) nevinii Nevin’s Barberry X Malacothamnus fasciculatus Chaparral Mallow 3-8+ ft tall 6-12 ft w To 12 ft t 4-6 ft wide Buff/Sp FS/PS Any Welldrained essential Any, incl. clays Sandy/ rocky best Welldrained Water Zone+ 2 Availability Notes 1, 3, 6, 9, 13, 14 Dense; shrubby; fast 1, 13, 14 1, 3, 6, 13 Upright; evergreen; heavy bloomer Dense; evergreen; prune or hedge Dense; evergreen 1-2 1, 13 1-2 to 2 1, 13 Can be hedged 1, 9, 13, 14, 19 Showy; bluegreen foliage 1, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 'Eve Case', 'Mound San Bruno' smaller 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 ‘Ken Taylor’ smaller; can espalier Fragrant at a distance 1 1, 3, 9, 13, 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14 Edible berries; good for birds 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 13, 19 ‘Casitas’ good for gardens 1 to 1-2 1, 6, 13, 14 Good on seabluffs 1 to 1-2 7, 13, 14, 19 Evergreen; small leaves California Boxthorn 4-12 ft tall 4-10 ft w Wht-purple/ Spr-Su FS/PS Quercus berberidifolia (Q. dumosa) Scrub Oak 10-20 ft tall & wide Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Quercus dumosa var. elegantula Coastal Sage Scrub Oak 3-10 ft tall to 15 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Sandy best 1 to 1-2 7, 14 Evergreen Channel Island Scrub Oak To 15 ft tall & wide Yellow/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 7, 14 Evergreen X Lycium californicum X X Quercus pacifica 3
  4. 4. Common Name Size X * Rhamnus crocea Redberry Buckthorn X * Rhamnus ilicifolia Holly-leaf Redberry X Rhus integrifolia Lemonadeberry X Rhus ovata Sugar Bush X * Simmondsia chinensis Jojoba 3-6 ft tall 6 ft wide 12 ft tall 5-6 ft w 2-10 ft 3-20 ft w. 8-12 ft 6-15 ft w. 5-12 ft tall & wide I Scientific Name Smaller Shrubs X * Abutilon palmeri * Acalypha californica Indian Mallow California Copperleaf Flower/ season Yellow/Sp Yellow/Sp Light** FS/PS/ FSH FS/PS/ FSH Soil Water Zone+ Any 1 to 1-2 Any 1-2 to 2 Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 Welldrained 1-2 FS 2-6 ft tall & wide 2-3 ft tall & wide Yellow to Or/Sp-Su FS Red/Spr FS/PS Purplebrown/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14 1, 3, 13 Welldrained Sandy/ rocky 1-2 1 to 1-2 False Indigo 6-12 ft 4-10 ft w. * Arctostaphylos X edmundsii * Arctostaphylos hookeri Little Sur Manzanita 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS/PS welldrained Hooker’s Manzanita 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS welldrained 1-2 to 2 X Artemisia californica Coastal Sagebrush Gold/Su FS Welldrained 1 3-6 ft tall Nice hedge plant’ holly-like leaves Edible fruits Edible fruits Fruit for birds; greygreen; evergreen 1, 8, 13, 14 Showy flowers, seed pods 1, 8, 13 Red foliage 1, 6, 13, 14 Can be weedy; cultivar: ‘Dark Lance’ 1, 7-10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18 Cultivars: ‘Greensphere’ Cultivars ‘Sunset’, ‘Wayside’, ‘Ken Taylor’ 'Canyon Gray' 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 20 Yellow/Sp PS any 2-3 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 < 4 ft tall to 4 ft w Buff/Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 10, 12, 16 Fragrant flowers Nevin’s Brickelbush 1-2 ft tall Buff/F FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 12 Silvery foliage Bladderpod 2-6+ ft Yellow/Sp + FS Welldrained 1 Bush Rue 2-6 ft tall & wide White/W FS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-White/ Su-F * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium Oregon Grape < 6 ft California Bricklebush Cleome isomeris (Isomeris arborea) X Cneoridium dumosum Pretty fruits; birds any Coyote Bush * Brickellia nevinii X Notes FS/PS ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point’ X Brickellia californica 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 20 1, 10, 12-14, 20, 21 1, 3, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 1, 3, 9, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 1, 8, 14, 16, 20 Yellow/Sp X * Amorpha fruticosa X Availability 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 16 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 20 ‘Pigeon Point Dwarf’ Unusual scent; attractive branch Spicy scent; sprawling evergreen 4
  5. 5. I X Scientific Name Common Name Constancea (Eriophyllum) nevinii Catalina Silverlace X Dendromecon rigida Diplacus aurantiacus ssp. aurantiacus Bush Poppy Flower/ season Size 3-4 2-4 4-8 4-6 ft ft ft ft tall wide tall wide Yellow/SprSu Yellow/Sp-Su Light** FS/PS FS Soil Any welldrained Welldrained Water Zone+ 1 to 2-3 1 to 1-2 Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft Orange/WSpr X Diplacus linearis Chaparral Bush Monkey Flower 2-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 X * Diplacus longiflorus Southern Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Yellow to white/ W-Sp PS (morning sun OK) Welldrained 1-2 to 2 X Diplacus parviflorus Island Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Red /W-Sp PS (morning sun OK) Welldrained 1-2 to 2 X Diplacus puniceus Red Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Darker orange/Sp PS (morning sun OK) Welldrained 1-2 to 2 CA Fuschia 1-3 ft Orange/F FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 Rabbitbush 2-5 ft tall & wide Yellow/Su-F FS any 1-2 to 2-3 4-6 ft Lilac/Su FS Lightsandy 2-5 ft Pink-white/ Sp-F Pink/Spr to F X X Epilobium canum (Zauschneria californica) X * Ericameria nauseosa X * Eriodictyon trichocalyx X Eriogonum cinereum Southern Yerba Santa Ashy-leaf Buckwheat FS/PS 1 to 2-3 FS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 California Buckwheat 1-3 ft tall 3-6 ft wide X Eriogonum giganteum vars. formosum, giganteum St. Catherine’s Lace 3-6 ft X Eriogonum parvifolium Coastal Buckwheat 2-4 ft X Euphorbia misera California Spurge 3-4 ft tall & wide Pink-white/ Su Pink-creme/ Su + Whitered/Spr Gambelia (Galvezia) speciosa Catalina Snapdragon 2-4 ft tall Red/Spr + FS/PS * Justicia californica Chuparosa Red/Spr to F FS/PS Lavender/Sp r FS/PS X Lepechinia fragrans Fragrant Pitcher Sage 1 to 1-2 Any welldrained Eriogonum fasciculatum 4-6 ft tall to 12 ft w 3-6 ft tall & wide 1-2 FS/PS X X Sandy FS/PS FS/PS/FS H FS Any welldrained Any welldrained sandy Welldrained Sandy best any 1 to 1-2 1 to 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 Availability Notes 1, 6, 7, 13, 14 ‘Silver Canyon’ 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 1, 3, 10, 13, 18 1, 3, 6-8, 1014, 16, 17, 20, 21, 24, 25, 28 3, 7, 8, 11-14, 16, 20-24, 26, 28 3, 7, 8, 10-14, 16, 20, 21, 24, 26, 28 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 7, 10, 13, 16 10, 16 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 13, 14, 16, 19 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 1, 8, 13 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 S. Islands; Riv. & San Diego Co. Tolerates winter flooding Butterflies & other insects Aromatic leaves Gray foliage not near native buckwheats Tolerates seaside cond. 1, 7, 8, 14 1 to 1-2 S. Islands 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 1 to 1-2 San Gabriels ‘El Tigre’ 5
  6. 6. I Scientific Name Lepidospartum squamatum Lupinus albifrons var. X albifrons X X Lupinus longifolius X Malacothamnus clementinus X Rhus trilobata Ribes aureum var. gracillimum Ribes californicum var. X hesperium X Common Name Size Flower/ season Scale Broom; CA Broomsage 4-6 ft tall and wide Buff/ Su-F FS Silver Bush Lupine 3-4 ft tall & wide Purple/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 16, 19 ? var To 5 ft tall & wide Purple/Spr FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 3, 10, 12, 13, 16 FS Any 1 to 1-2 1, 13 PS any 1-2 FS/PS/FS H Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 12, 14 Birds eat berries 1-2 to 2-3 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) Birds eat berries 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 12, 14 Birds eat berries 1-2 3, 13, 14, 19 Birds eat berries 2-3; 3 in sun 1, 3, 10, 1214, 19 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 Long-leaf Bush Lupine San Clemente Is. Bush Mallow Basket Bush; Sour Berry 2-4 ft tall to 8 ft w. 2-6 ft Light pink/Spr Yellowgreen/Spr Yellow/WSpr Light** Golden Currant To 10 ft Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Redwhite/W-Spr PS/FSH X Ribes indecorum White Currant To 6 ft White/W-Spr FS/PS X Ribes malvaceum Chaparral Currant 5-8 ft Pink/W-Spr FS/PS Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry Red-flowering Currant California Wild Rose 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ FS/PS/FS H 4-10 ft Pink/Spr 3-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/Spr-Su X Salvia apiana White Sage 3-5 ft X * Salvia brandegeei Santa Rosa Island Sage To 3-4 ft; sprawling X * Salvia clevelandii Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 2-5 ft X Salvia leucophylla Purple Sage 3- 5 ft Lavender/Sp X Salvia mellifera Black Sage 3-5 ft X * Salvia munzii San Diego Sage 2-3 ft tall 3-4 ft w X Ribes speciosum X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum X Rosa californica White/SprSu Pale lav./ Spr-Su Purple/lav Showy Spr-Su PS/FSH FS/PS/FS H FS FS Soil Sandy best Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained any Welldrained Welldrained Water Zone+ 1 to 1-2 1-2; 3 (sun) 1 Availability Notes 1, 3, 10, 13, 16 Aromatic; butterfly plant 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 1, 3, 5, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 1 1, 6, 8, 14, 19 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 Light purple/Spr FS Welldrained 1-2 Blue/Su FS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 12-14, 16,18, 19 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 14, 16, 17 Tol. seasonal flooding Dark-green foliage ‘Compacta’, ‘Winifred Gilman’ Nice scent Fragrant like Black Sage; ‘Baja Blue’ 6
  7. 7. Common Name Size Flower/ season X Symphoricarpos mollis Snowberry 2-4 ft tall & wide Pink/W-Spr X Trichostema lanatum Wooly Bluecurls 2-4 ft Purple/WSpr FS/PS Welldrained 1 X * Verbena lilacina Cedros Island Verbena 2-4 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Lilac/Spr-F FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 X Calystegia macrostegia California Morning Glory To 30+ ft White/Spr-F Welldrained 2-3 X * Clematis lasiantha Chaparral Clematis 8-20 ft vine White/SprSu; sep. m/f X Clematis ligusticifolia Virgin’s Bower To 15 ft White/Su X Keckiella cordifolia Climbing Penstemon 3-4 ft Red-Or/SprSu X Lathyrus vestitus Wild Sweetpea; Canyon Pea 3-9 ft Western Honeysuckle I Scientific Name Perennial Vines X Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans Lonicera subspicata X var. denudate & subspicata ** Vitis californica X ‘Roger’s Red’ Santa Barbara & Southern Honeysuckles ‘Roger’s Red’ California Grape X Vitis girdiana Desert Grape Light** PS/FSH PS FS coastal FS (top) PS (roots) Soil any Water Zone+ 2-3 to 3 Availability Notes 13, 14 mulch 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 1, 3, 8, 9, 13, 14 difficult Lovely yearround; showy 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 Invasive; ‘Anacapa Pink’; ‘Candycane’ 1, 6, 8, 13 Winter decid.; tol. flooding Any 1-2 to 2 PS/FSH Any 2-3 to 3 PS/PS/FS H Any 1-2 Purplewhite/ Spr PS/FSH Any 1-2 1, 8, 13 5-18 ft Pink/Spr-Su PS/FSH clay 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14, 19 3-8 ft Cream/SprSu PS/PS/FS H Any 1 to 1-2 > 20 ft White/Spr FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 > 25 ft White/Su PS Any 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 Good under trees; drought deciduous Tolerates seasonal flooding Edible fruit 1, 8, 13 2, 3, 10, 13, 20 Perennial Groundcover Plants Many native groundcovers and groundcover cultivars would be appropriate (see ‘Groundcovers’ list) Herbaceous Perennials X Achillea millefolia Yarrow 1-2 ft White/SprSu FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 most Alkali soils fine X Artemisia douglasiana Mugwort 2-4+ ft tall & wide Crème/Su PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Tolerates seasonal flooding 7
  8. 8. Common Name Size Flower/ season X Artemisia dracunculus California Tarragon; 1-3 ft tall 2-3 ft w White/F X * Delphinium cardinale Scarlet Larkspur To 6 ft Red/Spr-Su FS Golden Yarrow 1-3 ft Gold-yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS X *Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide Red/Spr-Su FS/PS/ FSH any 2-3 to 3 X Mimulus cardinalis Scarlet Monkeyflower To 3 ft Red/Spr-Fa FS/PS any * Penstemon centranthifolius Scarlet Bugler 1-3 ft OR-Red/SprSu FS Grinnell’s Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/Su FS Foothill Penstemon 1-2 ft Gay Penstemon 1-3 ft * Penstemon palmeri Pink Wild Snapdragon 4-5 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Penstemon spectabilis ssp. subviscosus Showy Penstemon 3-4 ft Lavenderpink/Spr-Su FS California Goldenrod Southern Goldenrod 2-4 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 3-6 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2-3 I X Scientific Name Eriophyllum confertiflorum X * Penstemon grinnellii X Penstemon heterophyllus X * Penstemon laetus X X Solidago californica X Solidago spectabilis var. confinis Purple/SprSu Lavender/Sp -Su Lavender/ Spr-Su Light** Soil Welldrained FS/PS Welldrained Sandy best 1-2 1 to 1-2 Availability Notes 10, 16 Leaves - raw or a flavoring in soups, etc. 10, 16, 19 1, 3, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Tol. moderate salt, alkali soils 3, 8, 13, 19 Toxic 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19 easy Welldrained 1 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 May be difficult Welldrained FS/PS 1 1, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14 sandy 1-2 Welldrained FS/PS Sandy or rocky – 1 to 1-2 14 1 to 1-2 FS/PS Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) Water Zone+ 1, 13 1 to 1-2 1, 14 1 Many blooms 1, 3, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16 7, 10, 14 Tol. seasonal flooding 10 Tol. seasonal flooding no water after flowering Any of the native annuals can be used with native grasses, or in pots for color Cacti and Succulents Any Dudleya be appropriate for dry, sunny areas Ferns and Fern-like Plants Any would be appropriate for shaded or part-sun areas Bulbs and Corms Any would be appropriate 8
  9. 9. I Scientific Name Common Name Flower/ season Size Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Grasses and Grass-like Plants (rushes, sedges) Any would be appropriate, particularly for meadow or under trees 1/18/2011 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet :(http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants.html) or at the Madrona Marsh Nature Center * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ++ + ** horticultural cultivar light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html 9
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