1/6/2013    Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden                                                                         ...
1/6/2013            But the CA coast inspires gardeners for a                                                             ...
1/6/2013                                                                            Let’s take a road                   Ou...
1/6/2013                 Not surprisingly, our local flora has the most in                                                ...
1/6/2013                                                                                    Salvia leucophylla ‘Pt.       ...
1/6/2013Rainfall: Central Coast                                                                    The Arroyo de la Cruz r...
1/6/2013                          * Arroyo de la Cruz Manzanita –                                                         ...
1/6/2013                                                                                          Who can resist a        ...
1/6/2013     Some species occur along the entire CA coast                                                       Western Bl...
1/6/2013                                     Other sisyrinchium cultivars                                                 ...
1/6/2013                                                      Borders                                                    ...
1/6/2013                                                                                    Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var.   ...
1/6/2013                                                                                                                  ...
1/6/2013Using ground covers with different   characteristics adds interest                                                ...
1/6/2013                           California’s famous ‘Elfin Forests’                                                    ...
1/6/2013                         Low-growing Maritime Manzanita                                                           ...
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
Low Groundcovers - Notes
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Low Groundcovers - Notes

  1. 1. 1/6/2013 Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Low and Northerly: Groundcover Plants from the Northern and Central CA Coast C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants Madrona Marsh Preserve Project SOUND – 2012 (our 8th year) February 4 & 7, 2012 © Project SOUND © Project SOUND What makes a good groundcover plant? The California coast has inspired for centuries  Low growth habit  Evergreen – nice color  Dense foliage – few gaps  Fast growth to mature size – then slow  Long-lived  Flowers, fruits and other features that make it good habitat  And, for today’s subject, should be woody (or at least half-woody)http://www.destination360.com/north-america/us/california/northern-coast © Project SOUND http://www.bon-voyage.co.uk/destinations/california_holidays/itineraries © Project SOUND 1
  2. 2. 1/6/2013 But the CA coast inspires gardeners for a Some of our best native groundcovers come from different reason… the N. & Central California coast http://blog.travelpod.com/travel-photo/ranlo/2/1279124248/northern-california-coast.jpg/tpod.html © Br. Alfred Brousseau, Saint Marys College © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Central &  ZONE 16: Central and Northern Sunset Zones California Coast thermal belts N. Maritime  Thermal belts (slopes from which cold Chaparral air drains) in a coastal climate  Ocean dominated about 85 % of the  “within the zone of time and by inland weather about 15% summer fog incursion”  A summer afternoon wind  More summer heat than Zone 17;  Features: warmer winters than inland  greater exposure to  Cooler summers than Zones 22-24 summer fog, humidity  ZONE 17: Marine effects in  mild temps. and Southern Oregon, Northern and moderate drought Central California pressures  Mild, wet, almost frostless winters;  adaptations to cool summers w/ frequent fog or wind. different  Muted sunlight much of the year disturbance regimes (less frequent fire). http://www.digitalseed.com/gardener/climate/plantclimate_map_ca.html  Summer highs ~ 65-70º F © Project SOUND © Project SOUNDhttp://www.elkhornsloughctp.org/reference/subissue_detail.php?SUBISSUE_ID=1 2
  3. 3. 1/6/2013 Let’s take a road Our Central and Northern Coastal areas a trip up Hwy 1 unique in many ways  Central coast  Point Sal/Guadalupe  San Simeon/Arroyo de la Cruz  Big Sur  Rocky point  Yankee Point/Diamond Heights  Northern coast  Point Reyeshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:California_State_Route_1.svg  Ft. Bragg © Project SOUND © Project SOUND  Arctostaphylos andersonii We share some plants with the Central Manzanitas of the  A. canescens  A. crustacea and Northern Maritime chaparral northern maritime  Arctostaphylos cruzensis chaparral  A. edmundsii  Black sage – Salvia mellifera  A. glutinosa  Purple Sage – Salvia leucophylla  A. hookeri hearstiorum  Sticky Monkeyflower – Diplacus  A. hookeri hookeri aurantiacus Many of these species are  A. montaraensis  Blue-eyed Grass – Sisyrinchium rare or endangered in the  A. montereyensis bellum wild, but grown regularly in  A. morroensis  Some grasses - Nassellas the garden  A. nummularia sensitiva  Many native wildflowers  A. ohlone pro. sp.  A. pajaroensis  A. pumila  A. purissima  A. silvicola © Project SOUND  A. tomentosa (all ssp &Prforms) © SOUND 3
  4. 4. 1/6/2013 Not surprisingly, our local flora has the most in California rainfall – quite a range, even common with that of the Central Coast along our coasts  The closer the native home of a plant to our own, the more similar are the:  Soils  Temperatures http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread775456/pg2http://coast-santabarbara.org/  Rainfall  Etc  Plants from nearby coastal areas are easier to grow than those from further up the coast © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Our first stop: Point Sal Home to a unique flora  Located in the northwestern part of  Transition zone between N. & S. Santa Barbara County, near the city CA: unique plant species of Guadalupe assemblages.  Between Vandenberg Air Force Base  A mosaic of coastal sage scrub and the Guadalupe Dunes. and foothill needle-grass with  Sandy/rocky promontory wildflowers, Giant Corepopsis  Much influenced by ocean * http://kcbx.net/~bdenneen/ breezes, salt spray – like our own immediate coast http://www.cityprofile.com/california/photos/36781-guadalupe-point-sal-state-beach1.html http://www.localhikes.com/HikeData.ASP?DispType=1&ActiveHike=0&GetHikesStateID=&ID=42 © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 66 http://soundwaves.usgs.gov/2001/09/fieldwork2.html http://www.ryono.net/pointsal/pointsal.html http://blogbisogno.wordpress.com/2009/08/page/2/ 4
  5. 5. 1/6/2013 Salvia leucophylla ‘Pt. We continue our Sal Spreader’ road trip up Hwy 1  Central coast  Naturally occurring variants from Point Sal  Point Sal/Guadalupe  San Simeon/Arroyo de la Cruz  Look like Purple Sage except usually shorter (2-3 ft)http://www.sm.watersavingplants.com/eplant.php?plantnum=24489&return=l2_aO  Very variable in size, depending on water, other * conditions  Purple Sage cultivars & hybrids may be easier to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:California_State_Route_1.svg grow than the species © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Hearst Castle – San Simeon Hearst/San Simeon Coast/ Arroyo de la Cruz  Old ocean beaches and bluffs  The soil varies from a near adobe through red clay on hard pan to a gray sand-rock composite.  It receives summer fog and rainfall of about 20-30 inches/yr  It is one of the most moderate climates in the world. Every day has a high of 60-65 degrees F. and a low of 50 degrees F. http://www.nordicgeospatial.com/about_us http://www.californiacoastline.org/cgi- http://www.coastandocean.org/coast_v23_no3_2007/articles/Hiking_Hearst_04.htm © Project SOUND bin/location.cgi?flags=0&year=current&latdeg=35.591167&longdeg=121.131667 © Project SOUND http://justinsomnia.org/2006/09/driving-down-the-big-sur-coast/ 5
  6. 6. 1/6/2013Rainfall: Central Coast The Arroyo de la Cruz region: special Our rainfall © 2011 Chris Winchell Mouth of Arroyo de la Cruz, ridge immediately south of creek, east of Hwy 1 (San Much cooler summers as well Luis Obispo County, California, US) © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Arroyo de la Cruz has also provided us Arroyo de la Cruz – unique conditions = some wonderful garden cultivars unique plants A variety of communities, chaparral, coastal sage scrub,  Sisyrinchium bellum riparian and grassland, mark this unique area. Its importance Arroyo de la Cruz‘ lies in the number of endemics that are found in this relatively small area; indeed, it has been called the "Cruzian  Ceanothus thyrsiflorus pocket of endemism." var. thyrsiflorus Ten species of plants considered rare or endangered are Arroyo de la Cruz‘ found here. Most have a restricted range.  It is the type locality of at least two species, Arctostaphylos  Ceanothus maritimus hookeri ssp. hearstiorum and Ceanothus hearstiorum which are Valley Violet‘ http://www.flickriver.com/photos/billbouton/sets/72157603552645540/ found nowhere else.  Other rare species include Allium hickmanii, Arctostaphylos cruzensis, Bloomeria humilis, Calochortus clavatus ssp. recurvfolius, Campanula obispoensis (?), Ceanothus maritimus, Sanicula hoffmannii and Sanicula maritima. © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 6
  7. 7. 1/6/2013 * Arroyo de la Cruz Manzanita – * Arroyo de la Cruz Manzanita – Arctostaphylos cruzensis Arctostaphylos cruzensis  Endemic to coastal areas from northwest San Luis Obispo Co. to Southern Monterey Co.  Grows on old ocean beaches and bluffs  Occurs in a variety of habitats, including maritime chaparral, coastal scrub, conifer forest, and valley-foothill grassland.  Receives summer fog/rainfall of 20-30” per year http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?3449,3454,3466 © 2011 Chris Winchell © Project SOUND © 2011 Chris Winchell © Project SOUND http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/arctostaphylos-cruzensis Low-growing Manzanitas: Ground cover manzanita perfect for your garden?  Size:  2-3 ft tall  Attractive, ‘neat-looking’ foliage  5-10 ft wide ©J.S. Peterson  Red bark on interesting  Growth form: trunks/branches  Spreading, low : mat-like to  Low-maintenance under the right http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/arctostaphylos-cruzensis mounded conditions:  Shreddy red bark  Needs good drainage  Dense – good coverage  Low water in summer - susceptible to fungal diseases; deep watering  Foliage: (Zone 1/2)  Leaves bright green, shiny;Jo-Ann Ordano © California Academy of Sciences  No fertilizer may be hairy when young  Densely over-lapping onFlammable: manzanita plants contain  Coastal varieties will thrive along branchvolatile compounds, which burn like a immediate coast – even right nexttorch when ignited – no a good choice to beach  Roots: no basal burl – so can’tfor fire-prone areas re-sprout © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 7
  8. 8. 1/6/2013 Who can resist a  Soils: Central coast plant  Texture: adaptable – sandy soils in manzanita in bloom? nature  pH: any local – 6.0-8.0  Blooms:  Light:  Winter/early spring  Full sun only right along coast  Usually Dec-Feb in S. Bay  Afternoon shade in most gardens; remember, average temperatures  Flowers: cooler (60-65º F. where it’s native)© 2006 Steve Matson  Small, urn-shaped flowers typical of manzanita  Water:  Pale pink blush  Winter: good winter rains  Large clusters – very showy  Summer:  Sweet scent  Needs supplemental summer water – Zone 2 to 2-3  Fruits:  Needs leaves washed down during  The edible ‘little apples’ dry summer – remember the summer fogs  Hairy, ½ inch diameter; ripe in late summer or fall  Other: shouldn’t need much pruning; © Project SOUND sterile technique, after blooming © Project SOUND © 2002 David Graber Good looking Why the variability in growth habit? evergreen shrub  Used as an evergreen woody ground cover – substitute for ivy  Good for slopes  Pair with its native associates for an evergreen medley:  Ceanothus hearstiorum © 2011 Chris Winchell © 2006 Steve Matson http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/arctostaphylos-cruzensis  Ceanothus thyrsiflorus Tilden Botanical Garden  Ceanothus griseus Regional Parks Botanic  Adenostoma fasciculatum Garden is a botanical garden in Tilden Park, Berkeley CA USA  Iris douglasii  Baccharis pilularis  Salvia mellifera  Diplacus aurantiacus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arctostaphylos_cruzensis © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 8
  9. 9. 1/6/2013 Some species occur along the entire CA coast Western Blue-eyed Grass - Sisyrinchium bellum http://www.flickr.com/photos/mechanoid_dolly/5682527020/ © Project SOUND Sisyrinchium bellum Western Blue-eyed Grass - Sisyrinchium bellum Arroyo de la Cruz  Not a grass at all – a  Dwarf selection - ~ 6 inches member of the Iris tall family (smallest  Unusually large--1 1/2 inch member of the Iris wide--purple flowers in spring family) http://www.yerbabuenanursery.com/viewplant.php?pid=1292  Flowers a vivid purple flowers  Distribution: Much of are held a bit above the 6 inch CA, OR high foliage clump.  Habitat:  Useful in a dry border, on a bank, and in a rock garden.  Open, generally moist,North/Central coast areas have produced grassy areassome attractive variants – now available as  Woodlandscultivars for the garden © Project SOUND http://www.flickr.com/photos/eastbaywilds/5712113309/ 9
  10. 10. 1/6/2013 Other sisyrinchium cultivars Seaside Daisy - Erigeron glaucus  ‘Rocky Point’  Dwarf habit, with broader leaves and violet blossoms Rocky Point, Big Surhttp://nativeson.typepad.com/plants/2010/05/sisyrinchium-bellum-rocky-point.html  ‘Ft. Bragg’  Dwarf habit, with broader leaves  Soft lavender in color, with violet centers http://www.city-data.com/picfilesv/picv20278.php Cliffs near Ft. Bragg http://www.flickr.com/photos/dreedyphoto/page6/ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Two California Daisys Seaside Daisy – Erigeron glaucus  E. foliosus (Leafy):  Compact growth habit: < 1 ft Erigeron foliosus  Mountain ranges & hills of C.  Leaves: & western S. CA  Dry, sunny, rocky, brushy or  Thicker, fleshier wooded or grassy slopes  Larger: spatula shaped  coastal sage scrub, chaparral and southern oak woodland  More basal  Roots:  E. glaucus (Seaside)  Rhizomes  Central to N. Coast (into OR)  Plant spreads into dense  Coastal bluffs, dunes, mat-like colony Erigeron glaucus beaches http://www.calhortsociety.org/seed-exchange/seed-exchange-2002/seed-list-pages/large/Erigeron-glaucus-2.jpg  Coastal Strand, Coastal Sage  Flowers: no differences Scrub, Northern Coastal Scrub Much more “lush appearing” than leafy fleabane © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 10
  11. 11. 1/6/2013  Borders Horticultural cultivars of Using Erigeron Seaside Daisy  Edges & low hedges glaucus  Accent plant  Variable in size and number of flowers and plant  In a rock garden  Choose the one you like best  Near pools & ponds http://www.mostlynatives.com/notes/erigeronglaucuscs.jpg  Ground cover ‘Cape Sebastian’ cultivar http://www.elnativogrowers.com/Photographs_page/eriglasb.htmhttp://www.laspilitas.com/plants/pictures/a269.jpg ‘Sea Breeze’ cultivarGreat addition to a North coast http://www.callutheran.edu/Academic_Programs/Departments/ Biology/Wildflowers/gf/plants/category/gar-1670.htm http://www.smgrowers.com/products/plants/plantdisplay.asp?plant_id=2213themed garden ‘Olga’ cultivar ‘Bountiful’ cultivar © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Ceanothus – California Lilacs Ceanothus of the northern maritime chaparral  Some 55 species  Common names: California Lilac, Mountain lilac,  Ceanothus cuneatus var. Wild lilac, Buckbrush, Blueblossum fascicularis  Quite variable in habit:  Ceanothus cuneatus var. rigidus  evergreen and deciduous  Ceanothus gloriosus var. gloriosus  prostrate to erect shrubs and small trees.  Ceanothus gloriosus var. exaltatus  Flowers small, in clusters, showy en masse  Ceanothus gloriosus var.  Flower color: white through many shades of blue, deep violet. porrectus  Ceanothus hearstiorum  Range: southern Canada to Guatemala  Ceanothus maritimus  Mainly in California (over 40 species)  Some also in the eastern US and Rocky Mountains.  Have the ability to fix large amounts of nitrogen via root-inhabiting microbes (actinomycetes). © Pr SOUND © Project SOUND 11
  12. 12. 1/6/2013 Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. * Hearst’s (San Simeon) Ceanothus – thyrsiflorus Arroyo de la Cruz Ceanothus hearstiorum  Bright shiny leaves  Medium-blue flowers  Large mounding shrub orhttp://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/ceanothus-thyrsiflorus-big-sur-california-lilac groundcover, great for erosion control or a low, broad hedge.  Best with a little summer water and afternoon shade in our climate http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Ceanothus_hearstiorum © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://plantayflor.blogspot.com/2010/09/ceanothus-thyrsiflorus-var-repens.html * Hearst’s Ceanothus – Ceanothus hearstiorum Hearst’s Ceanothus – low grower  Central coast endemic – San Luis  Size: Obispo & Monterrey counties – near  generally < 1 ft tall Arroyo de la Cruz; very rare in nature  3-6 ft wide  Coastal, low, grassy hills  Growth form:  Receives summer fog/rainfall of 20-  Evergreen woody (half-woody) 30” per year shrub  Prostrate habit; radiates out Picture from Rob Rizzardi from central stem like a star  Slow-growing but long-lived  Foliage:  Leaves bright to medium green  Small, narrow and glandular; unique  Has a nice scent when wet © 2006 Steve Matson © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Ceanothus_hearstiorum 12
  13. 13. 1/6/2013 Hearst’s Ceanothus  Soils: Heavenly, old- likes clay  Texture: clays best, loams/rocky fine – not for sandy soils fashioned flowers  pH: any local  Blooms: in spring – usually Mar-  Light: Apr in our area  Full sun on immediate coast  Afternoon shade in hotter inland  Flowers: gardens  Small with prominent anthers – typical of ceanothus species  Water:  Lavender to medium blue  In the wild: summer fog and http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Ceanothus_hearstiorum http://www.baynatives.com/plants/Ceanothus-hearstiorum/  In dense clusters – very showy rainfall of about 20-30 inches.  Sweet scented; old-fashioned Every day has a high of 60-65º F.  Can be used to make a mild and a low of 50º F. soap –as can the foliage  In your garden: Water Zone 2 or 2- 3 (occasional summer water); rinse  Fruits: hard knobby fruits – off leaves every few weeks in dry birds eat the seeds summer periods  Other: organic mulch; prune after blooming or to remove diseased © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Picture from Rob Rizzardi Low-growing Ceanothus Coastal ground covers conquer slopes  Ground covers – slopes  In large planters  To hide retaining wallshttp://www.smgrowers.com/products/plants/plantdisplay.asp?plant_id=3107 http://www.baynatives.com/plants/Ceanothus-hearstiorum/ http://www.laspilitas.com/garden/howto/slope.html Artemisia californica Canyon Gray Canyon , Ceanothus hearstiorum, Ceanothus http://www.laspilitas.com/garden/may.htm Yankee Point, and Salvia sonomensis Mrs. Beard Mrs. Beard. © Project SOUND © Project SOUNDhttp://www.yerbabuenanursery.com/viewplant.php?pid=1249 13
  14. 14. 1/6/2013Using ground covers with different characteristics adds interest http://www.intermountainnursery.com/demonstration_garden_list.htm Salvia ‘Bee’s Bliss’ with Dwarf Coyote Bush (Baccharis pilularis) cultivar © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Lower-growing Coyote Bush cultivars On our way to Big Sur, we enjoy the coast near Morro Bay  ‘Pigeon Point – low groundcover  Central coast  1-2 ft tall  Point Sal/Guadalupe  Up to 12 ft wide  Very bright green foliage; larger leaves  San Simeon/Arroyo de la Cruz than species  Most common dwarf form for coastal areas  ‘Twin Peaks 2’ – low groundcover or * hedge  Usually 1 – 3 ft tall; will mound to 5 ft if not regularly sheared  6 ft wide http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:California_State_Route_1.svg  Dense growth; can be shaped  Leaves smaller, darker gray-green & Maritime chaparral at the Los Osos more deeply toothed than species Elfin Forest Preserve on Morro Bay, San Luis Obispo © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 14
  15. 15. 1/6/2013 California’s famous ‘Elfin Forests’ California’s famous ‘Elfin Forests’  Elfin forest is a nickname given to  Unusual areas: chaparral that several similar dwarfed plants can be waterlogged in the ecosystems, mainly in coastal winter, and arid and nearly Temperate Californian and desert-like in the summer montane Tropical regions  Plants have adapted accordingly,  Include communities of and are generally much shorter, dwarfed/tiny plants. smaller, and compact than http://blog.slocountyhomes.com/2009/03/elfin-forest-boardwalk-trail.html/ related plants elsewhere.  Some CA Elfin Forests:  Even trees and shrubs, such as  Henry Cowell Redwoods State Cypress (Cupressus), Oak Park (N/ CA coast) (Quercus), and Madrone  El Moro Elfin Forest Natural Area (Arbutus menziesii) rarely grow (Morro Bay) more than 20 ft (7 m) tall in  San Luis Obispo Elfin Forest these plant communities. (Higher up on Cuesta Ridge in SLO county).http://www.tripadvisor.com/Attraction_Review-g32661-d2169512-Reviews-Elfin_Forest_Preserve-Los_Osos_San_Luis_Obispo_County_California.html © Project SOUND http://www.kayharden.com/galy16b.html © Project SOUND Maritime Ceanothus – Ceanothus maritimus Maritime Ceanothus – Ceanothus maritimus  Endemic to San Luis Obispo County California, where it is known from only a few occurrences in the vicinity of Hearst Ranch.  Grows on old ocean beaches and bluffs < 500 ft; soil varies from a near adobe through red clay on hard pan to a gray sand-rock composite  High precipitation (20-30”); summer fog; temperate climate http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?6586,6589,6625 © 2011 Chris Winchell © 2006 Steve Matson http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/ceanothus-maritimus © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 15
  16. 16. 1/6/2013 Low-growing Maritime Manzanita Who can resist ‘em?  Size:  Blooms:  1-3 ft tall  In spring – usually Feb to April  5-6 ft wide in our part of the world  Growth form:  Flowers:  Evergreen woody shrub; moderate  Dense clusters of typical 5- to slow growth rate http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ceanothus_maritimus part pattern of ceanothus  Low, spreading or more mounded  Deep blue to violet to almost habit white  Reddish gray bark aging to gray  Sweet scented – good for  Stems stiff-looking insect pollinators  Native Californians used to  Foliage: make mild soap  Leaves small, wedge-shaped, shiny medium green above; hairy beneath  Fruits: dry capsule, usually horned at top; birds eat seeds  Roots: support nitrogen-fixing bacteria© 2006 Steve Matson © Project SOUND http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Ceanothus+maritimus © Project SOUND A plant for the coast –  Soils: Maritime Ceanothus and beyond  Texture: adaptable – best in clays, fine in sandy soils in the garden  pH: any local  Light:  Good choice for fire-prone  Full sun on coast, to part shade areas, with summer water inland (morning sun fine)  Slopes  Good under tall trees  Groundcover – neat-looking  Water:  Parking strips © 2011 Chris Winchell  In wild: 2x our annual rainfall;  Pair with other low coastal summer fogs groundcovers: Salvia  Summer: needs water at least leucophylla ‘Pt. Sal’, Ceanothus several times a month in inland maritimus, and Lessingia gardens – Zone 2 to 2-3 filaginifolia ‘Silver Carpet’  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: dislikes being moved and pruning – leave it alone if possible http://www.baynatives.com/plants/Ceanothus-maritimus/ © Project SOUND http://www.vcstar.com/photos/2010/feb/08/86887/ © Project SOUND 16