Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden    Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants              Project SOUND – 201...
Lawns Gone Wild  C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake   CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve   Madrona Marsh Nature Center         January ...
2011 Theme: Mindful Gardening(understanding options/choices for your garden)                                        © Proj...
The two most important tools in the            mindful gardener’s toolkit1.   A thoughtful (question posing) attitude2.   ...
A traditional sod lawn may be the bestsolution...                             Tough – stands up                          ...
Many benefits of a healthy conventional lawn                                               Reduces soil erosion          ...
So, ideally you should choose a conventional turf lawn    based on conscious weighing of pros & cons…                     ...
You may conclude that you do need some lawn…but can reduce it’s sizeGiving you more space to useas you desire (whatever th...
What do you really want fromyour ‘lawn area’?                               © Project SOUND
Your first answer may                                                                      be ‘drought tolerant’          ...
Just because it’s drought-tolerant doesn’t         mean it’s right for you                        http://www.citydirt.net/...
What things don’t you like about yourcurrent ‘lawn are’?                       Too water-thirsty                       N...
What do you like about your current lawn?                     A place for kids to play                     Green most of...
Your lawn – before you removed it     The good things                                      The bad things   Green in Spri...
Your personal lists will help you make a      choice that’s right for your gardenThe good things                   The bad...
Saltgrass – Distichlis spicata                            © Project SOUND
Saltgrass Stiff perennial grass  with numerous long  stems Warm-season grass Sod-forming – spreads  by rhizomes May gr...
Keys to a successful Saltgrass lawn                Lawns usually started from plugs or                 cut sections of rh...
Benefits of Saltgrass                                  Can withstand harsh conditions –                                  ...
Perhaps you’d like something a little less    tough – but more refined looking                                    © Projec...
Creeping Wild Rye - Leymus triticoides               http://www.elnativogrowers.com/Photographs_page/leytri.htm           ...
Creeping Wildrye is quite versatile                  Any soil texture, but                   should be well-drained      ...
Uses for Creeping Wild Rye                                                                      Nice, green native lawn g...
Mowing your Creeping Wild Rye (or              other native grass)                                                        ...
Dune (Seaside) Bentgrass – Agrostis pallens                                    © Project SOUND
Dune (Seaside) Bentgrass – Agrostis pallens Cool-season perennial bunchgrass  that also spreads via runners &  reseeding...
Weighing the pros & cons of locally native‘lawn grasses’                        Pros                          Locally na...
Native Fescues can                                                                                                        ...
The really ‘lawn-like’ native grasses are from   further North (and require more water)                                   ...
Your personal lists will help you make a      choice that’s right for your gardenThe good things                      The ...
Does it really have to be ‘all grass’?                                                   Other options for shady         ...
Choices from the N. CA Coastal Prairie     tend to be green looking with some water                                       ...
Sedges (Carex species) can be a good              evergreen alternative to grass                                          ...
Which ‘lawn sedge’ is it?                                                    There has been some                         ...
Green & easy-care – the Carex pansa solution                                                                              ...
Carex praegracilis can be                                                                 mowed for a ‘lawn-like’         ...
Carex species combine well                                                        with other native grasses,              ...
Grasses & sedges can soften modern      architecture                                            Sedgeshttp://www.asla.org/...
© Project SOUND
Your personal lists will help you make a           choice that’s right for your gardenhttp://greenlandoceanblue.com/2011/0...
Do I really need to mow? If not, the optionsexpand dramatically                            Many ‘lawn-like’ species      ...
Grass-like natives as accents or background                                                                               ...
The no-lawn ‘lawn’http://www.cnps.org/cnps/grownative/tips/lawn_alternatives.phphttp://freshdirt.sunset.com/2009/03/anothe...
What is really important to you?http://cocreativegardendesign.com/56-2/                                          © Project...
Your personal lists will help you make a      choice that’s right for your gardenThe good things                  The bad ...
The California Coastal Prairie      The Northern CA Coastal Prairiehttp://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~joel/g148_f09/lecture_notes/n...
Where do I go to see what a S. CA   Coastal Prairie looks like?                              © Project SOUND
The California Coastal                                                                                 Prairie – clues fro...
Shares some grass                                and other species with                                  N. Coastal Prairi...
The S. California Coastal Prairie                                                            Grasses                     ...
Many aspects of S.                                                                   Coastal Prairie are                  ...
Project SOUND will focus on Coastal   Prairie research the next several years                                  Collecting...
One-sided Bluegrass – Poa secundahttp://www.baynatives.com/plants/Poa-secunda/                                            ...
This is more like what it would look like in                    South Bay prairiehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/raphaelmazor...
Typical Bluegrass                                                  Fine-bladed, dark blue-                               ...
One-sided Bluegrass succeeds                                                             In mixes with other, later-seaso...
Benefits and uses                                                              Pretty, graceful and delicate – all the   ...
Planting One-sided Bluegrass from seed                                                     Plant fall/winter in S. Bay   ...
California Brome – Bromus carinatus (var. maritimus)                                             © Project SOUND
California Brome – locally native bunchgrass                     Perennial (may be short-lived)                     Cool...
Benefits and uses of CA Brome                                                                    Grows rapidly (typical b...
Blue Wildrye – Elymus glaucus                            © Project SOUND
June Grass - Koeleria macrantha                                                   © Project SOUNDPatrick J. Alexander @ US...
http://www.cedarcreek.umn.edu/plants/newslides/koeleria480.jpgJunegrass in nature: an accent rather than the main show    ...
Local Prairie grasses - lovely in gardensHowever you choose to usethem, you’re increasing thehabitat value of your garden ...
Would you like to help recreate native                        prairie in your yard?                                       ...
Bringing Back the Natives – One Pot at a Time                    Your commitment:                     Materials          ...
If you’d like to grow more native grasses from seed…. You can help us by  experimenting with the  following in your own  ...
http://susanwrites.livejournal.com/tag/haiku   © Project SOUND
We hope you’re inspired to explore the     options for your own ‘lawn’                                 © Project SOUND
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Lawns gone wild 2011

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This lecture was given in January, 2011 as part of the California native plant gardening series ‘Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden’

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Lawns gone wild 2011

  1. 1. Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants Project SOUND – 2011 (our 7th year) © Project SOUND
  2. 2. Lawns Gone Wild C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve Madrona Marsh Nature Center January 8, 2011 © Project SOUND
  3. 3. 2011 Theme: Mindful Gardening(understanding options/choices for your garden) © Project SOUND
  4. 4. The two most important tools in the mindful gardener’s toolkit1. A thoughtful (question posing) attitude2. Time spent watching and thinking about your garden © Project SOUND
  5. 5. A traditional sod lawn may be the bestsolution...  Tough – stands up to kids, dogs, play and even worse  Evergreen – and a nice medium green color  Smooth – good playing surface  Gardener’s canhttp://molkkyusa.com/ manage them © Project SOUND
  6. 6. Many benefits of a healthy conventional lawn  Reduces soil erosion  Filters contaminants from rainwater  Absorbs airborne pollutants like dust and soot  Great at converting carbon dioxide to oxygen. http://xploring.org/tag/green/ 54 million Americans mow their lawns each weekend. 5% of U.S. air pollution comes from traditional gas-powered lawn mowers. 80 pounds of carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere each year by the average gas-powered mower. 800 million gallons of gas are consumed each year by gas mowers. Source: Environmental Protection Agency and People Powered Machines © Project SOUND
  7. 7. So, ideally you should choose a conventional turf lawn based on conscious weighing of pros & cons… …rather than simply going with the ‘usual’ solution © Project SOUND
  8. 8. You may conclude that you do need some lawn…but can reduce it’s sizeGiving you more space to useas you desire (whatever thatmay be) © Project SOUND
  9. 9. What do you really want fromyour ‘lawn area’? © Project SOUND
  10. 10. Your first answer may be ‘drought tolerant’  Cities/water districts are promoting incentive programs  Beautiful Long Beach Lawn- to-Garden Incentive Programhttp://laist.com/2010/03/31/long_beach_is_now_paying_people_to.php  Also programs in Santa Monica, City of L.A., other areas  These programs may give you the extra incentive to re-think your lawn space – but they can’t tell you what’s right for your yard © Project SOUND http://www.calecodesign.com/Gallery.html
  11. 11. Just because it’s drought-tolerant doesn’t mean it’s right for you http://www.citydirt.net/2008/01/ © Project SOUND
  12. 12. What things don’t you like about yourcurrent ‘lawn are’?  Too water-thirsty  Needs too much fertilizer & pesticides  Time spent mowing could be spent more enjoyably  Cost of gardener to maintain  Not used any more – kids grown  Poor habitat value  Boring  Full of weeds  Lawn doesn’t grow very well – too shady or too hot  Doesn’t reflect the natural heritage of western L.A. co. What can I do to avoid these pitfalls in my ‘new lawn’? © Project SOUND
  13. 13. What do you like about your current lawn?  A place for kids to play  Green most of the year  Cool in summer  Mowing – it gets us outside and working/exercising  Looks good with the design of the house  Easy to maintain  Reduces erosion; allows water to infiltrate  Takes up CO2  Whatever it is you like about your lawn © Project SOUND
  14. 14. Your lawn – before you removed it The good things The bad things Green in Spring/Summer  Requires too much water Looks neat & tidy  Not local native – would Can be walked on prefer that Mowing – enjoy occasionally © Project SOUND
  15. 15. Your personal lists will help you make a choice that’s right for your gardenThe good things The bad things Green in Spring/Summer  Requires too much water Looks neat & tidy  Not local native – would Can be walked on prefer that Mowing – enjoy occasionally © Project SOUND
  16. 16. Saltgrass – Distichlis spicata © Project SOUND
  17. 17. Saltgrass Stiff perennial grass with numerous long stems Warm-season grass Sod-forming – spreads by rhizomes May grow flat or more erect (4-16 inches tall) Looks somewhat like Bermuda Grass © Project SOUND
  18. 18. Keys to a successful Saltgrass lawn  Lawns usually started from plugs or cut sections of rhizomes  Best done in winter  Bury rhizomes 1-2 inches  Keep ground moist until established  Needs full sun  Needs winter moisture; can water in summer to keep green  Mow infrequently  Needs no/little added fertilizer © Project SOUND
  19. 19. Benefits of Saltgrass  Can withstand harsh conditions – salt/alkali soils, seasonal flooding, seasonal drought  Good habitat for birds (seeds and cover) and butterflies (Skippers)  good for controlling wind or water erosion  Highly resistant to trampling – even for playing fields  Looks like Bermuda Grass – and can be treated like itBut….1. It really does best – and is most water-wise – with summer-fall drought2. It is coarse-looking – and feeling (like Bermuda-grass) © Project SOUND
  20. 20. Perhaps you’d like something a little less tough – but more refined looking © Project SOUND
  21. 21. Creeping Wild Rye - Leymus triticoides http://www.elnativogrowers.com/Photographs_page/leytri.htm © Project SOUND
  22. 22. Creeping Wildrye is quite versatile  Any soil texture, but should be well-drained  Tolerates alkali soils & salty soils  Low/no fertilizer needed  Full sun to light shade  Water: it takes what it gets – will stay green with some summer water © Project SOUND
  23. 23. Uses for Creeping Wild Rye  Nice, green native lawn grass – and takes well to mowing  Good for erosion control  Suited for washes, riparian areas – probably our best native for vernal swales  Good bank stabilizer and weed suppressorhttp://www.hastingsreserve.org/NativeGrass/Natives.html#LeymusTrit © Project SOUND
  24. 24. Mowing your Creeping Wild Rye (or other native grass)  Mowing is tolerated well  Mowing changes how it looks - will look just like a turf grass (Bermuda Grass)  Mow every 3-4 weeks during growth season http://www.albrightseed.com/wildryeswalefilter.htm onlyHint: this grass spreads byrunners – may want to grow in  Set mower high – as highcontained area or limit water as it will go is best http://www.treehugger.com/files/2008/09/review-push-reel-mower-lawnmower-sunlawn-lmm-40.php © Project SOUND
  25. 25. Dune (Seaside) Bentgrass – Agrostis pallens © Project SOUND
  26. 26. Dune (Seaside) Bentgrass – Agrostis pallens Cool-season perennial bunchgrass that also spreads via runners & reseeding Summer dormant in nature – turns an attractive golden brown Native to dunes – does great in sandy soils Full sun to part-shade Water: Zone 1-2 to 2-3 (for summer green) Use as an ornamental grass, meadow grass or (small) mowed lawn © Project SOUND
  27. 27. Weighing the pros & cons of locally native‘lawn grasses’  Pros  Locally native  Tough  Easy to grow  Can be very drought tolerant  Can be mowed occasionally – or left unmowed  Cons  Some (like Saltgrass) are coarse looking  Really best – and most water-wise – with some summer/fall drought © Project SOUND
  28. 28. Native Fescues can make nice lawn grasses http://www.ibot.cas.cz/krkonose/mm/mm.htmhttp://turfgrassmanagement.psu.edu/species.cfmhttp://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/plantfinder/Plant.asp?code=G880 http://www.soquelcreekwater.com/images/Pho-Grass_festuca_rubra.jpg But they ARE from northern CA – so need some summer water to look good © Project SOUND
  29. 29. The really ‘lawn-like’ native grasses are from further North (and require more water)  Festuca rubra ‘Molate’ - ‘Molate’ Red Fescue  Spreading/bunching – the most lawn-like of CA native grasses – fine texture  Can be mowed occasionally (and high – 4-6”) for more lawn-like appearance – take some foot traffichttp://geoimages.berkeley.edu/geoImages/BainCalif/CAL400/BUNGRASS.HTML  Shade or sun  Needs occasional summer water – best as Zone 2 or 2-3 for ‘green lawn’ appearance  Widely available as seed or plugs – easy to grow on many climates © Project SOUND
  30. 30. Your personal lists will help you make a choice that’s right for your gardenThe good things The bad things Evergreen – ‘swath of green’  Requires too much water Low maintenance  Doesn’t look great in the Reminds me of being out in the shady areas of the yard woods (which I like) © Project SOUND
  31. 31. Does it really have to be ‘all grass’?  Other options for shady areas:  Yarrow (Achillea)  Native strawberries (Fragaria spp) – native to Central CA coast, local mountains  Benefits  Interesting – ‘woodsy’ look  Good habitat value  Tough – and more water- wise than grass  Can be combined with grass-like species for more interest © Project SOUNDhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/spidra/2290393751/
  32. 32. Choices from the N. CA Coastal Prairie tend to be green looking with some water  Coastal prairie conditions are sunny and mild, with fog and cool breezes.  Red fescue (Festuca rubra), a grass that expands by underground rhizomes  California Oatgrass (Danthonia californica), a plant thathttp://lomaprieta.sierraclub.org/thelomaprietan.asp?q=2009030802 doesnt mind being stepped onA native lawn of Pacific dune sedge  Pacific dune sedge (Carex pansa), a lush greenlooks lush with just monthlywatering (in N. CA) groundcover. © Project SOUND
  33. 33. Sedges (Carex species) can be a good evergreen alternative to grass  Relatively easy to establish & maintain  Evergreen – look ‘grass-like’ to most people (including your neighbors)  Can take a little more water – good for wet areas nearhttp://blueplanetgardening.com/art-lawnsubs.html neighbor’s lawn  Some can be mowed (for a more formal look) or left unmowed (for a more informal look) © Project SOUND
  34. 34. Which ‘lawn sedge’ is it?  There has been some confusion in the past  Carex pansa (north coast)  Shorter, bent  best for sandy soilshttp://www.baynatives.com/plants/Carex-pansa/  ‘Lawn-like’ even when not C. pansa is left, praegracilis is right mowed (on slopes)  C. praegracilis (local native)  More upright  best for clays/ likes more water  C. tumulticola (local native)  More mounded  Slow-spreading; plant closely for meadow or lawn  Slightly more drought C. pansa lawn, on the coast tolerant © Project SOUND
  35. 35. Green & easy-care – the Carex pansa solution http://www.flickr.com/photos/eastbaywilds/2673289141/http://www.landscaperesource.com/articles/study-of-lawn-in-our-gardens-part-ii.htmCarex pansa is the most lawn-like, butit’s from N. CA and it does requiremore water http://www.flickr.com/photos/11525626@N00/3881883242 © Project SOUND
  36. 36. Carex praegracilis can be mowed for a ‘lawn-like’ appearance – or spaced more widely as a pleasinghttp://www.flickr.com/photos/fross/3237730086/in/photostream/ accent or shade plant Mowed Carex praegracilishttp://www.calown.com/nativegarden_plants.html © Project SOUND
  37. 37. Carex species combine well with other native grasses, groundcovers and shrubs to give and interesting a varied appearancehttp://www.satoridesigns.net/?p=19http://www.flickr.com/photos/eastbaywilds/2673289141/ © Project SOUND
  38. 38. Grasses & sedges can soften modern architecture Sedgeshttp://www.asla.org/2009awards/612.html Deergrass Fescues © Project SOUND
  39. 39. © Project SOUND
  40. 40. Your personal lists will help you make a choice that’s right for your gardenhttp://greenlandoceanblue.com/2011/01/03/say-you-got-some-snoo-on-your-lawn-larry-o%E2%80%99shea-in-the-tv-series-that%E2%80%99s-my-bush/ The good things The bad things Evergreen – sort of  Requires too much water – Prevents erosion on slope would like to be slightly more Discourages people from water-wise walking on it  Hard to mow – steep hillside © Project SOUND
  41. 41. Do I really need to mow? If not, the optionsexpand dramatically  Many ‘lawn-like’ species can be left un-mowed (‘ornamental grasses’)  Carex species  Juncus species  Fescue species  Many local & other CA Native bunchgrasses  Many other groundcover species  Herbaceous species  Even low-growing woody species from N./Central CA coast [Manzanitas; Ceanothus] © Project SOUND
  42. 42. Grass-like natives as accents or background http://www.cnps.org/cnps/grownative/tips/lawn_alternatives.php http://www.flickr.com/photos/83213315@N00/498800058 © Project SOUNDhttp://www.thedigeratilife.com/blog/index.php/2008/06/04/save-money-and-conserve-water-with-these-7-ideas-for-your-yard/
  43. 43. The no-lawn ‘lawn’http://www.cnps.org/cnps/grownative/tips/lawn_alternatives.phphttp://freshdirt.sunset.com/2009/03/another-front-l.html http://www.penick.net/digging/?p=497 © Project SOUND
  44. 44. What is really important to you?http://cocreativegardendesign.com/56-2/ © Project SOUND
  45. 45. Your personal lists will help you make a choice that’s right for your gardenThe good things The bad things Changes with the seasons –  Requires too much water green in winter/spring  Too boring – not enough going on  Poor habitat value  No sense of place © Project SOUND
  46. 46. The California Coastal Prairie The Northern CA Coastal Prairiehttp://www.geog.ucsb.edu/~joel/g148_f09/lecture_notes/north_coast/north_coast.html © Project SOUND
  47. 47. Where do I go to see what a S. CA Coastal Prairie looks like? © Project SOUND
  48. 48. The California Coastal Prairie – clues from other native grasslandshttp://www.savetejonranch.org/all/index.html http://www.coastalzone-ca.com/realworld.htm © Project SOUND
  49. 49. Shares some grass and other species with N. Coastal Prairiehttp://philipsgardenblog.com/ http://www.elkhornsloughctp.org/training/show_train_detail.php?T RAIN_ID=CoyEJZ39 And with vernal pools © Project SOUND
  50. 50. The S. California Coastal Prairie  Grasses  Bromus carinatus  Koelera macrantha  Melica imperfecta  Nassella cernua  Poa secunda  Elymus glaucus  And others  Forbeshttp://faculty.jsd.claremont.edu/dthomson/studentres.htm  Annual wildflowers – most of the ones we’ve discussed in previous classes  Other ‘weedy’ annuals  Perennials (mostly small and incl. bulbs & corms)  Shrubshttp://www.caopenspace.org/pv1.html © Project SOUND
  51. 51. Many aspects of S. Coastal Prairie are currently unknown  What is the natural succession of plant species? How long does it take?  How best to restore nativehttp://interwork.sdsu.edu/fire/resources/san-diego-habitats.htm prairies  How to combat weeds (note: native prairies don’t have natural mulch)  What species are best suited for home gardens? How should they be used?  And many more © Project SOUND
  52. 52. Project SOUND will focus on Coastal Prairie research the next several years  Collecting plant species not readily available – and propagating them  Research on restoration methods  Work on restoring a native prairie at CSUDH  Trying gardening methods focused on prairie speciesWould you like to participate? © Project SOUND
  53. 53. One-sided Bluegrass – Poa secundahttp://www.baynatives.com/plants/Poa-secunda/ © Project SOUND
  54. 54. This is more like what it would look like in South Bay prairiehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/raphaelmazor/3400158978/ http://www.tarleton.edu/~range/Grasslands/Palouse%20Prairie/palouseprairie.htm Bluebunch wheatgrass with scattered One-sided bluegrass © Project SOUND
  55. 55. Typical Bluegrass  Fine-bladed, dark blue- green perennial grass  Cool-season grass  Starts growth in early spring – one of the first grasses  Blooms Feb-Aug – early bloomer  Matures, dies in mid-summer  Bunchgrass – but variable  Sometimes (harsh climates) just a thin, small tuft  With more winter-spring water, more developed tussock  Relatively short-lived http://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/onesidedbluegrass.html © Project SOUND
  56. 56. One-sided Bluegrass succeeds  In mixes with other, later-season grasses  In full sun to partial shade – fine under pine trees  On any soil texture – like a good loam but succeeds in shallow, rocky, sandy or clay soils  Any local pH is fine – tolerates moderately alkali and salty soils  Needs average winter/spring rain – then likes to dry out in summer. You could experiment with some summer waterhttp://www.nativegrasses.com/images/grasses/FHGR-FHG1.jpg © Project SOUND
  57. 57. Benefits and uses  Pretty, graceful and delicate – all the usual positive points for bluegrasses  Early to green up – often after fall rains in S. Bay  Will reseed on patches of bare ground once established  Can tolerate moderate spring flooding – would be fine for a vernal swale  Well-liked by birds (seeds and nesting site), ground squirrels and domestic animals (horses) even when dry  Tolerant of fire when dormanthttp://www.laspilitas.com/butterfl_files/Needle_grass.jpeg  Few (if any) insect, disease problems © Project SOUND
  58. 58. Planting One-sided Bluegrass from seed  Plant fall/winter in S. Bay  May have low germination rates – highly variable depending on weather, site  Use 2-4 lbs seed/1000 sq. feet for lawn/meadow (more if broadcast)  Sow on well-prepared and firmed soil  Rake in or cover to ¼ to ½ inch (deeper for coarse soils)  Be sure to keep ground surface moist until seeds germinate (7-14 days); then every other day until established  Will grow quickly in warm temperatureshttp://ww1.clunet.edu/wf/chap/common/bjc-1397.htm © Project SOUND
  59. 59. California Brome – Bromus carinatus (var. maritimus) © Project SOUND
  60. 60. California Brome – locally native bunchgrass  Perennial (may be short-lived)  Cool season  Bunchgrass  Usually erect when young, more drooping as matures – but coastal forms are more low-lying (prostrate)  Leaves broad, green, robust  Stays green into summer, even with no added water © Project SOUND
  61. 61. Benefits and uses of CA Brome  Grows rapidly (typical brome) - a great choice to get native grass covering the ground quickly  Can serve as a quick-growing “nurse” grass to longer-lived grasses like Needlegrasses, Melic Grass - lives only a few years (3-5 years here)  Deep, spreading roots make great for erosion control – quick  Does fine on slopes  Great insect, butterfly and bird plant – if left to go to seedhttp://pnwpest.org/weeds/id/California_brome--Bromus_carinatus--m.s.jpg  Very hardy – used on roadsides and mine rehabilitation © Project SOUND
  62. 62. Blue Wildrye – Elymus glaucus © Project SOUND
  63. 63. June Grass - Koeleria macrantha © Project SOUNDPatrick J. Alexander @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
  64. 64. http://www.cedarcreek.umn.edu/plants/newslides/koeleria480.jpgJunegrass in nature: an accent rather than the main show © Project SOUND
  65. 65. Local Prairie grasses - lovely in gardensHowever you choose to usethem, you’re increasing thehabitat value of your garden © Project SOUND
  66. 66. Would you like to help recreate native prairie in your yard?  Attend special classes featuring the S. Coastal Prairie/ shrubland  Grow seed - seed available for home propagation  Experiment with installation methods - grass available for demonstration areas in your yard  Grow the grasses/annuals as part of the One Pot Program  Experiment with different uses of the native species on your garden – there are many possibilities E-mail Connie if you’re interested © Project SOUNDhttp://forums.gardenweb.com/forums/load/calif/msg0617091222429.html
  67. 67. Bringing Back the Natives – One Pot at a Time Your commitment:  Materials  Pot: 12-16 inches in diameter; 12-16 inches deep  Potting soil: Gardener’s Soil  Time  Plant seeds; care for plants  After seeds are ripe/dry:  Scatter in your garden  Collect and share with others  Photos & feedback  Provide us photos and (brief) written feedback about your successes and failures © Project SOUND
  68. 68. If you’d like to grow more native grasses from seed…. You can help us by experimenting with the following in your own yard:  Raising native grass plugs/plants from seed  Direct seeding experiments  Creating a ‘One Plot’ area in your garden to grow native grasses for seed We’ll help you design a program that works for you © Project SOUND
  69. 69. http://susanwrites.livejournal.com/tag/haiku © Project SOUND
  70. 70. We hope you’re inspired to explore the options for your own ‘lawn’ © Project SOUND

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