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  • 1. 1/6/2013Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Hide That (Ugly) Wall or Fence C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve Madrona Marsh Preserve November 3 & 6, 2012 Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants Project SOUND – 2012 (our 8th year) © Project SOUND © Project SOUNDThe ugly wall/fence: we’ve all seen them What options do I have?http://www.movoto.com/real-estate/homes-for-sale/CA/Long-Beach/6147-Brayton-Ave-203_P828073.htm http://chrissuh.com/find-a-home/los-angeles/ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 1
  • 2. 1/6/2013Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence Wall art/murals can make a strong statement  Turn it into a focal point  Paint it to create a design element  Put a new fence in front of it  Cover it with something nice – clad it  Hide/camouflage it: http://www.mcgonaglestudio.com/otherExpressions.php  Paint/cover it to make it disappear  Hide it in plain sight – plant / place something interesting in front of it  Camouflage/soften with plants © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.classicmurals.com/galleriffic-2.0/classic_murals_garden_patio.html http://decorateyourfence.com/Fence_Murals.htmlEven chain-link fences can be works of art Modernizing old walls with additions & tasteful color http://www.essentialbaby.com.au/forums/lofiversion/index.php/t698367.htmlSo most fences can be turned intothe equivalent of an artist’scanvas © Project SOUND http://rhsblog.co.uk/category/garden-trellis-to-offer-privacy-for-walls-or-a-fence-london/ © Project SOUND http://www.flickr.com/photos/ancawonka/2326986871/ 2
  • 3. 1/6/2013 Weigh the pros/cons of Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence making your wall a focal point  Turn it into a focal point  Pros  Paint it to create a design element  Unique look – can literally make a yard come alive  Put a new fence in front of it  Adds colors not available in plant world  Cover/re-face it with something http://www.abecoley.com/murals http://www.archidir.com/house-design/sustainable-barrow-timber-house-design-by-andrew-  Can be an artistic adventure nice – clad it maynard-in-melbourne/  Cons  Hide/camouflage it:  Need to be an artist – or  Paint/cover it to make it disappear hire one  Difficult to plant around –  Hide it in plain sight – plant dominates the landscape something interesting in from of it  May get tired of it  Camouflage/soften with plants http://muralsforyou.net/category/backyard-mural/ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://uglyhousephotos.com/wordpress/?p=15751 Put up a new fence in front of it Maybe you don’t need to re-fence the  Pros whole area  May help keep the peace with your  Save the expensive fencing material neighbor – s/he keeps the old one for areas that are focal points  Looks nice and new – your choice of style  Don’t need to remove old fence  Some ideas: a large freestanding screen, arch or arbor; a fountain;  Con wall art; shelves to hold flower pots;  Cost a large tile mosaic picture  ?? wastefull http://www.jmsfeatures.com/http://sunshinecontractingcorp.com/fencing/composite-vinyl/ http://www.sousaironworks.com/wood.htm © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.houzz.com/wall-trellis-design/ls=4 http://aubreyandlindsay.blogspot.com/2010/06/privacy-screen-project-final-reveal.html 3
  • 4. 1/6/2013 Or maybe you can find a more Re-facing/covering economical solution an old wall  We tend to think of stucco (we do  You may not need a whole new live in the California, after all); fence – just something to cover it many more options  By making less of a statement with  Pros: the fence/wall, you have more http://www.todayshomeowner.com/build-a-concrete-block-wall-the-easy-way- with-quikrete-quikwall/  Cost – may be less than a new room for creative use of plants fence/wall; small jobs can be done by the home-ownerhttp://www.landscapingnetwork.com/products/fencing-gates/bamboo.html  Durability  Can be an important design element  Usually easy to combine with plants – more backdrop than focal point  Cons:  Not appropriate for all house styles  Usually light colors http://www.landscapingla.com/patios/hidden-backyard-patio/ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Fence cladding – hiding the wall/fence Cladding materials  Bamboo cladding – Comes as rolls of bamboo reeds that are fixed together, or as thicker bamboo rods.  Fence cladding : any material that is Environmentally friendly; perfect for affixed to the front of the a tropical look. fence/wall to disguise it or to create  Timber cladding – Perennially popular more privacy. - natural beauty of timber never goes  Pros: out of style. Timber cladding can be applied vertically or horizontally and it  hide an ugly, tired looking fence that can be left natural or painted, is in otherwise good conditionhttp://article.wn.com/view/2012/05/30/Former_Rockwall_mayor_ http://besthomedecorators.com/solid/solid-black-bamboo-fences.html depending on your goals and preferences.Bill_Cecil_in_runoff_for_county_Commis/  Can be much cheaper than replacing http://www.mastergardenproducts.com/woodcare/latticepanelinstallation.htm the fence altogether  Lattice cladding – relatively  No negotiating a new fence with a inexpensive and good for growing neighbor (who may be perfectly plants on/in front of. Readily happy with what’s already there!). available & easy to install. Can be painted/stained to accentuate or  Better fit with some home styles – make it disappear. more possibilities © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://rhsblog.co.uk/2012/07/02/cedar-timber-batten-cladding-trellis-privacy-screen/ 4
  • 5. 1/6/2013 Cladding materials: Some ideas to make your wall/fence a garden accent more choices all the time  Screens mounted on to a wall to create  Stone cladding/veneer – Expensive but an interesting feature. Laser-cut steel nice looking. Stone cladding uses thin screens come in many patterns and pieces or “tiles” of stone that are attached to the fencing surface in some options, with finishes including rust, ways, and you can choose from a variety stainless steel and powder-coated colors of natural stones. for design highlights.  Brick veneer/cladding http://www.ottawahort.org/2009may27tour.htm  Garden art is popular and there are many options, including three-dimensional wall  Vinyl/plastic siding panels. Choose the colors carefully and  Fiber cement siding/panels – Cheap, ensure the sculpture finish is suitable. long lasting and effective. Easily attached to existing fence; very strong.  Lighting will create interesting effects This means that you can fix things and the options with colored LEDs can directly to the cladding and paint it the transform and improve the look of an color of your choice. ugly wall at night.  Metal cladding http://www.decorfortheoutdoors.com/outdoor-wall-decor.html © Project SOUND © Project SOUNDhttp://clippings.com/projects/extension-and-refurbishment-of-badies-health-centre-4951 Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence Paint/stain can accentuate or hide a fence or wall  Turn it into a focal point  A coat of paint gives your fence a new look and hides any blemishes  Paint it to create a design element  Certain colors help the fence blend  Put a new fence in front of it into the surroundings, making it less noticeable; others accent it.  Cover it with something nice – clad it  To camouflage the fence with paint, consider the colors in the  Hide/camouflage it: surrounding landscape.  Paint/cover it to make it disappear  A dark gray-green or gray-brown color helps the fence blend in with  Hide it in plain sight – plant http://www.owenchubblandscapers.com/news/?cat=130 existing plants. something interesting in from of it  The dark color often seems to  Camouflage/soften with plants In general, matt or semi-gloss disappear and makes other elements paints blend in better than shiny of your landscape, including plants textures and your home, the focal point © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 5
  • 6. 1/6/2013 What fades into nothing in this wall art? The disappearing fence http://www.creatingabeautifulworld.org/ http://www.rhinoink.ca/murals/murals-floral.html Basic principles (for hiding a wall/fence with color): 1. Darker is better (looks like shadows) Answer: the colors that blend in with the natural landscape beyond 2. Grayer is better (looks like in the distance) 3. Match darker areas in the surrounding landscape – bring color chips home © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Privacy slats  Privacy slats come in either metal or plastic vinyl.  These slats are threaded through the links of the chainhttp://www.digginfood.com/2010/08/gutter-gardens/ http://www.metalmates.com.au/html/colorbond_fencing.html http://www.ricksfencing.com/blog/chain-link-fencing-not-just-for-baseball-diamonds/ to create screening.  Privacy slats now come in a variety of style, textures, and color including faux "hedge" slats and ones that offer total privacy.  Privacy slats average $3 to $4 a linear foot for a 6" fence. http://www.housetohome.co.uk/room-idea/picture/country-gardens-10-of-the-best/9 © Project SOUND http://www.macsfence.com/chainlink.html © Project SOUND 6
  • 7. 1/6/2013 The same color principles apply to privacy slats Why is she spending all this time on fences/walls? http://www.pexco.com/pages/PexcoFenceFeatherLock.aspx Because hardscape – including fences/walls © Project SOUND – sets the stage for the garden © Project SOUND http://besthomedecorators.com/black/black-vinyl-coated-chain- link-fence-with-privacy-slats-flickr.html Hardscape sets the stage… Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence  Turn it into a focal point  Paint it to create a design element  Put a new fence in front of it  Cover it with something nice – clad it  Hide/camouflage it:  Paint/cover it to make it disappear  Hide it in plain sight – plant (put) something interesting in front of it  Camouflage/soften with plants © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://my.gardenguides.com/forums/topic/14267?page_no=3http://garden-designs.org/2011/07/04/perennial-garden-design/ http://www.hortuscapes.com/CLWclassslides.html 7
  • 8. 1/6/2013 Bladderpod – Cleome isomeris/ Isomeris arborea Bladderpod – Cleome isomeris/ Isomeris arborea  CA, AZ and Baja  Literally from the shore to the eastern deserts in S. California  Wide habit distribution  hills, bluffs, and stabilized dunes of the sea coast  Hills and desert washes at the desert edges.  CA’s only member of the Caper family (Capparaceae) http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Isomeris+arborea © Project SOUND © Project SOUNDCharacteristics of  Size: Bladderpod is well suited for the water-wise  2-10 ft tall (usually 3-6 ft) Bladderpod  3-6+ ft wide garden  Growth form:  Soils:  Woody shrub; spreading shape  Texture: must be well-drained; likes a sandy or rocky soil  Develops interesting gnarled branches with age – very  pH: any local, including very decorative (like bonsai tree) alkali  Moderate growth rate;  Light: full sun moderately long-lived (30+ years in Zone 1-2 or 2)  Water:  Foliage:  Winter: resents too much tolerates seaside conditions water; may need to plant on  Medium-textured (salt-spray; wind) but will be berm if drainage is poor  Light gray-green; nice color smaller, shorter  Unusual odor when crushed  Summer: Zone 1-2 to 2 (will retain leaves); very drought  Drought deciduous tolerant – don’t over-water!! Rejuvenate an old plant by coppicing  Roots: long taproot – don’t move once established  Fertilizer: none © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 8
  • 9. 1/6/2013Bladderpod’s flowers and pods are fantastic Bladderpod is a perfect ‘attention grabber’  Blooms:  A little bit year-round  Attractive color foliage  Feb-May is main bloom season in  Unusual and/or attractive coastal lowlands shape  Flowers:  Nice bark  Unusual and showy – many  Pretty flowers/funky pods flowers at one time  Wonderful wildlife visiting/  Bright yellow, bell-shaped; feeding at it exserted anthers (male parts)  very attractive to bees (it’s  Who has time to notice the main pollinators) and hummingbirds fence !!!  Seeds:  Inflated, bladder-like pod  Large seeds; may reseed if happy © Project SOUND © Project SOUNDAnother good choice would be a manzanita * Baja Birdbush – Ornithostaphylos oppositifolia © 2005 TRNERR P. Roullard © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 9
  • 10. 1/6/2013 * Baja Birdbush – Ornithostaphylos oppositifolia An unusual and lovely shrub of small tree  Size:  Very limited range (narrow endemic) :  6-10 ft tall San Diego Co. and N. Baja  6-8 ft wide  In Chaparral from 180-2500‘  Growth form:  listed as endangered under the  Erect, multi-branched evergreen California Endangered Species Act. shrub © 2005 TRNERR P. Roullard  Reddish-brown bark; peels in thin sheets to expose smooth, white or gray-green stems – hence thehttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?3449,3582,3583 common name ‘Palo blanco’;  Foliage:  thick, linear leaves - shiny green above and pale green beneath  Looks almost like an olive ©2005 TRNERR P. Roullard © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Garden uses for Palo Plant Requirements  Soils:  Texture: well-drained, rocky Blanco  pH: any local except alkali  As a unique and rare  Light: specimen plant – like a  Full sun best manzanita  Part-sun OK  As a small tree – somewhat  Water: like Crepe Myrtle in  Winter: adequate architecture  Summer: looks best with occasional water (Zone 2 ore  In a white/moonlight garden 1-2) but very drought tolerant.  Does well in large pots  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Can even make an informal hedge  Other: leaf mulch/self-mulch  Good for hot gardens © Project SOUND http://www.flickr.com/photos/briweldon/5209373967/ © Project SOUND 10
  • 11. 1/6/2013 Hiding in plain Walls/fences can provide sight really works! food and beauty  Hanging pots/planters with greens, herbs  Used to support melons & other vines  Fruit trees espaliered along a wall http://monkeyfister.blogspot.com/2009_04_26_archive.html http://www.learn2grow.com/gardeningguides/landscaping/design/Chai http://www.bellewood-gardens.com/2006/Garden%20Writers%20Get-Together.html nReaction.aspx © Project SOUND © Project SOUND  First introduce in the Roman times Espaliers and later mastered in the European Espaliered Fremontodendron – England & CA Middle Ages, espaliers were a way of planting fruit trees and berry- bearing shrubs in limited spaces (small courtyards) because they are trained to grow vertically along flat surfaces.  They can be created using fruit trees and/or selected native shrubs/treeshttp://thisbountifulbackyard.com/2012/05/13/mothers-day-trip-to-chicago-botanic-garden/ (need to have proper growth structure)  Great use of narrow spaces  An espalier can add color, texture, http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/home_blog/2011/02/stunning-flannel-bush-comes-with-prickly- problems.html smell and many other elements to a dull wall/fence. © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 11
  • 12. 1/6/2013 Currants & gooseberries – Ribes – make Espaliers can be formal or informal good smaller espaliers http://gardenista.com/posts/driveway-fruit-tarts-a-love-story http://www.pacifichorticulture.org/articles/a-currant-affair/ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.flickr.com/photos/eastbaywilds/4492039839/ Espaliers require * Cascara – Frangula (Rhamnus) purshiana support & pruninghttp://www.featurepics.com/online/Espalier-Tree-Trellis-1629138.aspx http://www.julieorrdesign.com/ten-attractive-native-garden-allstars ‘Ray Hartman’ Ceanothus © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 12
  • 13. 1/6/2013 * Cascara – Frangula (Rhamnus) purshiana Cascara: Coffee Berry-like, but big  Size:  Western North America from southern  20-30 ft tall British Columbia south to central California,  20-30 ft wide and inland to western Montana  Growth form:  Rich bottom lands, sides of canyons, usually  Large, winter-deciduous shrub or in coniferous forests; moist soils small tree  Closely related to other Frangula like  Short trunk – many stout, upright Coffeeberry branches  Outer bark is brownish to silver-grey; twigs red-brown  Dense growthhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhamnus_purshiana  Foliage:  Leaves large, simple: shiny green above, yellow in fall  Handle all parts with gloves – strong laxative © Project SOUND http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhamnus_purshiana © Project SOUND Susan McDougall @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database Flowers small – fruits showy Plant Requirements  Soils:  Texture: most  Blooms: in spring - usually April-May  pH: any local  Flowers:  Light:  Small, yellow-green; you have to  Sun along coast; part-shade look to see them probably best in most gardens  Insect pollinated – good bee plant  Can take quite shady conditions  Fruits:  Rather like Coffeeberry  Water:  Ripen late summer/fall http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxon=57199  Winter: water in dry spells  Very pretty – and loved by birds,  Summer: likes regular water – bears and other critters Water Zone 2-3 or 3 (good near a neighbor who waters a lot)  Seeds:  Fertilizer: light doses fine; best  Large with leaf litter/leaf mulch  Easy to germinate with proper stratification: 3-4 months  Other: prune to shape when younghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhamnus_purshiana © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 13
  • 14. 1/6/2013 Cascara in the garden Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence  Nice specimen tree  Good for informal hedge/hedgerow  Turn it into a focal point  Can espalier along a wall  Great for damp, shady spots – for  Paint it to create a design element example to north of pines  Put a new fence in front of it  Great wildlife plant  Cover it with something nice – clad it© 1989, Clayton J. Antieau http://londonmarkets.overblog.com/tag/News  Hide/camouflage it: ‘Living walls’ are  Paint/cover it to make it disappear becoming popular  Hide it in plain sight – plant/place something interesting in front of it  Camouflage/soften with plants © 2004, Ben Legler ©2012 Vernon Smith © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Grapes are a classic way to hide a wall Vines and climbers are age-old solutions to hiding an ugly wall/fence http://cathiefilian.blogspot.com/2011/04/infinity-fountain-installed-body-broken.html http://landscaping.about.com/od/galleryoflandscapephotos/ig/Fence- Pictures/Roses-Hiding-Chain-Link-Fences.htm © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 14
  • 15. 1/6/2013The wall at Madrona was pretty dull The Honeysuckles (Lonicera species)before ‘Roger’s Red’ came to town  Arching shrubs or twining vines  Family Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle family)  Native to the Northern Hemisphere.  ~ 180 species, mostly from China (~ 100 species); ~ 20 native to N. America.  Common garden vines:  Lonicera japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle)  Lonicera sempervirens (Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle)  Local Natives: Lonicera hispidula, Lonicera subspicata  Many species have sweetly-scented, bell-shaped flowers that produce a sweet, edible nectar. © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Honeysuckles can be * Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosa trained to cover a fence/wall  Foliage of many species used medicinally  Hummingbirds love the flowers !!!!.  The fruit is a red, blue or black berry containing several seeds; in most species the berries are mildly poisonous, but our local native have edible berries, and birds will eat most honeysuckle berries.  The foliage is eaten by the larvae of some butterfly & moth species http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 15
  • 16. 1/6/2013 * Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosa Orange Honeysuckle - a twining vine  A plant of the Pacific Northwest – British Columbia to Northern CA and  Size: east to Montana  to 15+ ft long  North slopes and creek and river  Growth form: banks, mostly in moist forested areas  Semi-woody vine/climbing shrub  Creeping, trailing, climbing or twining habit – usually grows http://www.rainyside.com/features/plant_gallery/nativeplants/Lonicera_ciliosa.html through other plantshttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?2874,2877,2879  Old vines can kill trees – kind of like a boa constrictor  Foliage:  Medium to dark green, paired simple leaves  Winter deciduous  Roots: trailing stems will root http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa © Project SOUND Gary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database where they touch the©ground Project SOUND http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa Flowers are fantastic Orange Honeysuckle is for shady gardens…  Blooms: in spring - usually May-  Soils: June in our area  Texture: just about any  pH: any including slightly acidic  Flowers: (under pines, firs)  Usually red-orange; may be more yellow-orange  Light: light shade to quite shady;  Trumpet-shape – typical of this is a forest plant the Honeysuckles  Water:  In very showy clusters – this plant is a show-stopper in  Winter: can take some flooding bloom  Summer: likes moist soil – Zone 2-3 or even 3  Hummingbirds love them!!  Berries:  Fertilizer: likes organic amendments/ richer soils © 1997 John Game  Other: cannot take heat http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.rainyside.com/features/plant_gallery/nativeplants/Lonicera_ciliosa.html 16
  • 17. 1/6/2013 Orange Honeysuckle lights up dark corners of the garden For garden vines, use  As an attractive pot plant a native alternative…  In a woodsy garden – like many of our ‘mature’ gardens  Sprawling over a wall or fence  As a groundcover under trees that need regular water  Any other place that is http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Sp shady and gets a little ecies=ciliosa Cape Honeysuckle - Tecomaria capensis regular water Native to Australia Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosahttp://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/ofp/lon_cil.htm © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Chaparral Clematis – Clematis lasiantha Chaparral Clematis – Clematis lasiantha  Sierra Nevada Foothills, Central Western California, Southwestern California, Baja  Locally in San Gabriel & Santa Monica Mtns  Hillsides, chaparral, open woodlands, climbing over shrubs and low trees, near streams and in canyons to ~ 6000 http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?6434,6454,6455 http://www.santabarbarahikes.com/flowers/?display=display_table © Project SOUND Gary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © Project SOUND http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=233500397 17
  • 18. 1/6/2013 Clematis = climber/sprawler Flowers/seeds - remarkable  Size:  8-30 ft long  Blooms:  8 – 10 ft wide  In spring – generally Mar- May  Growth form:  Vine or half-woody vine-  Flowers: stemmed perennial  Creamy white and yellow  Stems scrambling to Gary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database  Very showy; a mature vine climbing; not as vigorous as can be covered C. ligusticifolia  Attract hummingbirds & lots  Winter-deciduous of other pollinators  Foliage:  Seeds:  Bright green leaves; leaves  Have long, plume-like ‘tails’ – are pinnately divided into very unusual, pretty. three – typical for native  Pretty easy to start from Clematis seed – cold-moist treat http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=CLLA3 © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.timetotrack.com/jay/vbowers2.htm  Soils:Plant Requirements  Texture: any well-drained; fine Clematis: habitat & more with sandy or clay  As an attractive pot plant  pH: any local – 5.0-8.0  to adorn a pergola or archway  Light:  quickly covers a fence or trellis  Likes shaded roots, sunny tops  Nice addition to mixed  Morning sun only in hot, dry hedgerow gardens  Wonderful insect plant – attracts all kinds of little guys http://www.gardenbuddies.com/forum/messages/64189/1246469.html  Water:  Winter: supplement if needed;http://www.csuchico.edu/bccer/Ecosystem/FloraFauna/flowers.html fine with winter flooding  Summer: occasional water – Water Zone 1-2 to 2; droughtPrune back to 1 ft. above ground tolerantevery 3-5 years to rejuvenate  Fertilizer: none needed/leaf mulch  Other: organic mulch © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.naturalhistoryclass.org/pid/images/Clematis_lasiantha.jpg 18
  • 19. 1/6/2013Nothing softens a wall/fence like plants – but * Twinberry (Honeysuckle) – Lonicera involucrata they don’t all have to be vigorous vines Narrow screens, hedges & hedgerows Sprawling perennials/sub-shrubs http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/lonicera_involucrate.shtml © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Twinberry (Honeysuckle) – Lonicera involucrata  Typically a plant of the Pacific Northwest var. involucrata  Ranges from AK to N. Mexico – east to CO & NM  In CA, a plant of northern and central mountains and coastal forests  Generally found in moist, shady places, Red Fir Forest, Lodgepole Forest, Subalpine Forest, Coastal var. ledebourii Strand, Closed-cone Pine Forest, wetland-riparian  Two varieties © 2004 Larry Blakelyhttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Lonicera+involucrata+var.+ledebourii var. involucrata in situ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 19
  • 20. 1/6/2013 Twinberry Honeysuckle: depends on light  Soils: Plant Requirements  Texture: any, including sand  Size:  pH: best with 4.5-7.0  6-12 ft tall (can be pruned to 6’)  Light:  6-12 ft wide  Full sun only along coast  Growth form: depends on light  Part-sun is ideal; morning sun or high shade is perfect  Sunnier locations: upright shrub (sort of like Snowberry)  Shadier: ok, but little flowering  Shadier: more of a vine-like  Water: scrambler  Winter: tolerates flooding  Fast growth; winter-deciduous  Summer: likes water – Zone 2-3  Foliage: or 3  Simple leaves; pleasant color,  Fertilizer: fine with low-dose shiny above fertilizer of decomposing leaf  Looks like a regular garden compost shrub  Other: organic mulch; dislikes heat; Image © 2004, Ben Legler  Roots: shallow, fibrous prune heavily in fall/winter Image © 2004, Ben Legler © Project SOUND © Project SOUNDhttp://web.mac.com/stone0579/iWeb/piaandco/Blog/F174E0C4-C7B2-4137-B55F-F9A88C9C038F.html Flowers are pretty – Garden uses for Twinberry berries are showy  As an accent shrub in moist areas of the garden – rain gardens, pond edges  Blooms: mostly in spring – but a few  As an informal or semi-formal hedge in summer in shady areas  In a woodland garden  Flowers:  As a habitat shrub for birds © 2004 George W. Hartwell  Tubular ‘hummingbird flowers’ © 2004 Larry Blakely var. involucrata  Yellow or yellow-with-red var. involucrata  In pairs  Berries (drupes):  Dark purple when ripe  Showy  Mildly toxic if eaten – taste bitter (kids esp. sensitive)  Fruit-eating birds eat them © 2005 George W. Hartwell http://www.flickr.com/photos/ronsullivan/731696039/ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND var. ledebourii var. ledebourii 20
  • 21. 1/6/2013 Other uses of Twinberry Growing from cuttings  Foliage – it’s a honeysuckle  Infusion of leaves used to bath sore eyes and on skin sores, boils, itches  Semi-softwood cuttings  Infusion (and bark itself) used on in summer wounds and as a dressing on burns  Hardwood cuttings in  Infusion of bark ingested for chest fall complaints or as general tonic  Layering in the garden  Keep in a shaded area  Berries© 2007 Neal Kramer  Use well-drained  Used for gray and purple dyes for potting soil fibers  Used to make a scalp topic, dandruff  Keep moist treatment and hair dye (to ‘keep away the gray’) http://www.ippswr.org/home/ipps na/Denver/PPT-PDF/Buzzo.pdf Plant not used much now © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Climbing (Heartleaf) Penstemon - Keckiella cordifolia Keckiellas can hide a multitude of sins © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 21
  • 22. 1/6/2013 * Yellow Bush Penstemon – Keckiella antirrhinoides Scarlet Keckiella – Keckiella ternata ©2011 Neal Kramer © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Scarlet Keckiella – Keckiella ternata Keckiella’s - once were Penstemons  Used to be called “bush penstemons”  Tehachapi Mountain Area, Transverse Ranges (San  David Keck segregated them into a Gabriels), Peninsular Ranges separate subgenus, Hesperothamnus, in 1936.  Dry slopes and canyons to 7000, chaparral, yellow pine  They became Keckiella when studies forest, pinyon-juniper woodland showed that they differed from penstemons in having a hypogynous http://www.bonap.org/BONAPmaps2010/Keckiella.html  AKA Wand Penstemon; Whorl- nectary disc leaf Penstemon; Whorl-leaf Keckiella; Blue Stemmed Formerly placed in family  Name honors Keck (1903-1995), who Keckiella; Summer Bush Scrophulariaceae (Figworts); did the first systematic treatment of Penstemon recently moved to the genus Penstemon. Keck is known Plantaginaceae (Plantains) for his work on experimental  Looks like a Penstemon – but taxonomy and he collaborated with times have changed! Philip Munz on A California Flora © Project SOUND © Project SOUNDhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/aking1/7299555410/ 22
  • 23. 1/6/2013 Former Scrophulariaceae (now Tribe Antirrhineae, Scarlet Keckiella: bushy or viney Family Plantaginaceae)  Size:  Antirrhinum L.  4-8 ft tall  Asarina Mill.  2-4 ft wide  Galvezia Dombey ex Juss.  Growth form:  Gambelia Nutt.  Drought-deciduous sub-shrub  Keckiella  Erect & shrub-like (sun)  Linaria Mill.  Viney or wand-like (shade)  Maurandella (A.Gray) Rothm.  Local variety has waxy, blue- green stems  Neogaerrhinum Rothm.  Nuttallanthus D.A.Sutton  Foliage:  Sairocarpus D.A.Sutton  Leaves simple, oblong, toothed – become folded in dry weather  Nice, medium green Many have a common name that ©2005 Aaron Schusteff includes ‘Snapdragon’ © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://socalbutterflies.com/plants_html/keckiella_ternata.htm  Soils: Fiery red flowers Tough chaparral plant  Texture: most well-drained  Blooms: spring-summer  pH: any local (sometime from May to Sept)  Light:  Flowers:  Full sun – compact, more  Narrow, tubular flowers ‘hummingbird flowers’ – 1-2  Part-shade (morning sun or inches long; nice cut flowers high shade) - fine  Scarlet to red-orange  Water:  In small, loose clusters along  Winter: supplement as needed wand-like stems  Summer: chaparral treatment;  Attract hummingbirds, long- occasional (once a month)©2011 Neal Kramer tongued insects (butterflies; summer water, esp. in August bees) (monsoons)  Seeds:  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Small; use fresh - need light to germinate  Other: needs organic mulch – let  Cold-moist treat 1-2 mo leaf litter build up beneath ©2005 Aaron Schusteff © Project SOUND © Project SOUND http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/keckiella-ternata-septentrionalis 23
  • 24. 1/6/2013 Keckiellas: shot of color What options do I have?  As understory in a chaparral garden  On slopes and hillsides  Draped over a fence or wall  Lovely with purple penstemons, chaparral clematis or other Keckiellashttp://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/keckiella-ternata-septentrionalis © Project SOUND © Project SOUND Options for dealing with an ugly wall/fence We hope you take away some ideas to turn your (ugly) wall into a thing of beauty  Turn it into a focal point  Paint it to create a design element  Put a new fence in front of it  Cover it with something nice – clad it  Somewhere in between  Hide/camouflage it:  Paint/cover it to make it disappear  Hide it in plain sight – plant / place something interesting in front of it  Camouflage/soften with plants ©2010 Lynn Watson © Project SOUND © Project SOUND 24
  • 25. 1/6/2013Let’s go out and see some plants! © Project SOUND 25