CA Native Plants for Western L.A. County Gardens – Plants for Bouquets & Floral Arrangements
I

Scientific Name

Common Na...
Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

X * Romneya coulteri

Matilija Poppy

3-8 ft tall
spreading

White/Su

X Rosa californi...
Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

X * Ericameria nauseosa

Rabbitbush

2-5 ft tall &
wide

Yellow/Su-F

X Eriogonum ciner...
I

Scientific Name

Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

Light**

Soil

Water
Zone+

Availability

Notes

Herbaceous Perenni...
I

Scientific Name

Eriophyllum
X confertiflorum var.
confertiflorum
Erysimum capitatum
X
var. capitatum
Erysimum insulare...
Scientific Name

Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

X * Penstemon laetus

Gay Penstemon

1-3 ft

Lavender/
Sp-Su

* Penste...
Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

X Solidago californica

California
Goldenrod

2-4 ft tall
spreading

Yellow/Su-F

FS/PS...
Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

X Gilia tricolor

Bird’s Eye Gilia

1-2 ft tall

Yellow/Blue
Sp

X Helenium puberulum

...
I

Scientific Name

Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

Light**

Soil

Water
Zone+

Availability

Notes

Cacti and Succulen...
I

Scientific Name

X * Calachortus luteus
Calochortus splendens
* Calochortus superbus

Common Name

Size

Flower/
season...
I

Scientific Name

Common Name

Tritelia laxa incl ‘Queen
Ithuriel’s Spear
Fabiola’
Grasses and Grass-like Plants (rushes...
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Cuttings garden 3-11

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Cuttings garden 3-11

  1. 1. CA Native Plants for Western L.A. County Gardens – Plants for Bouquets & Floral Arrangements I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Fall color (red, orange); edible fruit, flowers 10, 14, 16 Showy berries in summer Trees and Tree-like Large Shrubs X Ceanothus – all species X * Cercis occidentalis Western Redbud 6-20 ft tall 10-15 ft w Magenta/ Sp FS/PS Any incl clay Comarostaphylis X diversifolia ssp. planifolia Summer Holly < 18 ft tall White/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1 X Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon 6-10 ft + 4-6 ft w White/Su FS/PS/FSH Any welldrained 1-2 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Berries & flowers 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 7, 13, 14, 19 Showy, fragrant flowers 1-2 to 2-3 Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges) X * Carpenteria californica X * Ceanothus – all species X * Ceanothus tomentosus Bush aneneme 6-8 ft tall 6-12 ft W WhiteYellow/ Spr Wooly-leaf Ceanothus 6-12 ft t 4-8 ft w Blues/Sp X Holodiscus discolor Creambush; Ocean Spray X * Hyptis emoryi Desert Lavender 10-20 ft tall 4-12 ft tall 4-6 ft wide X Mahonia (Berberis) nevinii Nevin’s Barberry X Malacothamnus fasciculatus Chaparral Mallow X * Philadelphus lewisii CA Mock Orange X Rhus integrifolia Lemonadeberry X Rhus ovata Sugar Bush 3-8+ ft tall 6-12 ft w To 12 ft t 4-6 ft wide 4-10 ft tall & wide 2-10 ft 3-20 ft w. 8-12 ft 6-15 ft w. White/ Su-Fa Violet/W-Sp PS/FSH FS FS/PS FS Welldrained Sandy or rocky Any, incl. clays Welldrained 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 to 2 Yellow/Sp FS/PS Welldrained Pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS any White/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any, incl clays Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 1-2 1, 13, 14 1, 5, 13, 14 1, 8, 10, 13, 14 1, 7, 13, 14 Upright; evergreen; heavy bloomer Fragrant at a distance ‘Silver Lining’; fragrant Flowers, berries & foloiage 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 13, 19 ‘Casitas’ good for gardens 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Very fragrant 1, 3, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 1, 3, 9, 10, 1214, 16, 19 Edible fruits Edible fruits 1
  2. 2. Common Name Size Flower/ season X * Romneya coulteri Matilija Poppy 3-8 ft tall spreading White/Su X Rosa californica California Wild Rose 3-6+ ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/ Sp-Su I Scientific Name Light** FS FS/PS/FSH Soil Welldrained any Water Zone+ Availability 1-2 1, 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 1-2; 3 (sun) 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Notes Tolerates seasonal flooding Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; includes woody sub-shrubs X * Abutilon palmeri Indian Mallow 2-6 ft tall & wide 3-6 ft tall Yellow to Or/Sp-Su FS Welldrained FS Welldrained 1-2 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16, Unusual 1 to 2-3 1, 6, 7, 13, 14 ‘Silver Canyon’ 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, Showy flowers Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 10, 13, 18 Showy flowers X Coreopsis gigantea Giant Coreopsis 3-5+ ft Yellow/Sp FS/PS Catalina Silverlace 3-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS 2-3 ft Orange/ W-Sp FS/PS Sandy 2-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Constancea (Eriophyllum) nevinii Diplacus aurantiacus X ssp. aurantiacus X Diplacus linearis Bush Monkeyflower Chaparral Bush Monkey Flower Fertile, welldrained Any welldrained X * Diplacus longiflorus Southern Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Yellow to white/ W-Sp PS (morning sun OK) Welldrained 1-2 to 2 X Diplacus parviflorus Island Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Red /W-Sp PS (morning sun OK) Welldrained 1-2 to 2 X Diplacus puniceus Red Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Darker orange/Sp PS (morning sun OK) Welldrained 1-2 to 2 X Encelia californica CA Bush Sunflower 2-5 ft Yellow/ W-Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 X * Encelia farinosa Brittle Bush 3-5 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS Any; sandy best 1 to 1-2 Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) CA Fuschia 1-3 ft Orange/F FS/PS 'Canyon Gray'; 1 Coastal Sagebrush X 1, 8, 13, 14 1, 7-10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18 X Artemisia californica Gold/Su 1-2 any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6-8, 1014, 16, 17, 20, 21, 24, 25, 28 3, 7, 8, 11-14, 16, 20-24, 26, 28 3, 7, 8, 10-14, 16, 20, 21, 24, 26, 28 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 1, 3, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 21, 20, 24 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 foiage for arrangements San Gabriels S. Islands S. Islands; Riv. & San Diego Co. Good winter color Short-lived; whiter w/ little water Tolerates winter flooding 2
  3. 3. Common Name Size Flower/ season X * Ericameria nauseosa Rabbitbush 2-5 ft tall & wide Yellow/Su-F X Eriogonum cinereum Ashy-leaf Buckwheat 2-5 ft X * Eriogonum crocatum Conejo Buckwheat 1 ft tall 1-3 ft wide X Eriogonum fasciculatum California Buckwheat 1-3 ft tall 3-6 ft wide St. Catherine’s Lace I Scientific Name Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes 7, 10, 13, 16 Butterflies & other insects any 1-2 to 2-3 FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 2-3 FS/PS any Pink/Sp-F FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 3-6 ft Pink-white/ Su FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 13, 14, 16, 19 Catalina Snapdragon 2-4 ft tall Red/Sp + FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 Bracted Gumplant 2-4 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Yellow/Su Fs Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Tolerates salty, alkali soils Yellow Bush Penstemon 3-8 ft tall 3-6 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 22, 24 Fragrant flowers Oregon Grape < 6 ft Yellow/Sp PS any 2-3 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Flowers, foliage X * Perityle incana Guadalupe Island Rock Daisy 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS coast PS Welldrained 1-2 X * Verbena lilacina Cedros Island Verbena 2-4 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Lilac/Sp-F FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 9, 13, 14 X * Viguiera laciniata San Diego Sunflower 1-2 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS any 1 to 1-2 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 Eriogonum giganteum X vars. formosum, giganteum Gambelia (Galvezia) X speciosa Grindelia camporum X var. bracteosa X * Keckiella antirhinnoides X * Mahonia (Berberis) aquifolium Perennial Vines Pink-wht/ Sp-F Yellow/SpSu FS 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 1, 3, 8, 12, 14, 19 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 X Clematis lasiantha Chaparral Clematis 8-20 ft vine White/SpSu; sep. m/f plants FS (top) PS (roots) any 1-2 to 2 1, 6, 8, 13 X Clematis ligusticifolia Virgin’s Bower To 15 ft White/Su PS/FSH Any 2-3 to 3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 X * Lathyrus splendens Pride of California 6-12 ft Red/Sp X Lathyrus vestitus Wild Sweetpea; Canyon Pea 3-9 ft Purplewhite/ Sp PS PS/FSH Welldrained 1-2 ? any 1-2 1, 8, 13 Gray foliage Showy flowers 'Dana Point' tight, compact; ‘Bruce Dickinson’ prostrate Don’t plant near native buckwheats Evergreen with silvery foliage Lovely yearround; showy flowers Flowers & seeds Flowers & seeds Gorgeous flowers Good under trees; drought deciduous 3
  4. 4. I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Herbaceous Perennials (including smaller sub-shrubs) X Achillea millefolia Yarrow 1-2 ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 most Alkali soils fine X * Agastache urticifolia Nettleleaf Giant Hyssop (Horse Mint) 2-5 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 2 to 2-3 6, 13, 19 Great bee plant; fragrant X Anemopsis californica Yerba Mansa 1 ft tall & wide White/Sp-Su PS/FSH Any incl clay 2 to 3 3, 10, 14, 16 Tolerates flooding X * Aquilegia formosa Western Columbine 1-2 ft Redyellow/Su PS/FSH Welldrained 2 to 3 1, 3, 5, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20 X Asclepias fascicularis Narrow-leaf Milkweed 2-3 ft Creampink/Su FS/PS Sandy X Asclepias speciosa Showy Milkweed 2-3 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Pink/Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 2, 8, 19 X Coreopsis gigantea Giant Coreopsis 3-8 ft tall 3 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 1, 2, 3, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, X Coreopsis maritima Sea Dahlia 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow/Spr FS/PS Sandy best Common Sand Aster 1-4 ft tall & wide Violet/SprSu FS/PS CA Larkspur 3-6 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Lavender or white/ FS Parry’s Blue Larkspur 1-5 ft Bluepurple/Spr FS/?PS X Delphinium cardinale Scarlet Larkspur To 6 ft Red/Spr-Su FS X * Epipactis gigantea Stream (Giant) Orchid 1-2 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Maroon/ X *Erigeron glaucus Seaside Daisy ½ ft Red Buckwheat 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Sulfur-flowered Buckwheat 1 ft tall 3 ft wide X Corethrogyne filaginifolia * Delphinium californicum Delphinium parryi ssp. X maritimum & parryi X * Eriogonum grande var. rubescens * Eriogonum umbellatum Lavernder/ Sp-Fa Red-pink/ Su-F Yellow/ PS/FSH FS/PS/FSH Any; sandy best Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained 1-2 1-2 1 to 1-2 1-2 to 2 1 1, 3, 10, 14 Needs seasonal flooding Tol. Flooding; Monarch host plant; silvery 8, 13, 14 Tolerates seaside conditions 1, 8, 10, 16 ‘Silver Carpet’ 19 8, 20 1 to 1-2 10, 16, 19 2-3 to 3 1, 8, 13, 18 Good under oaks 2-3 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 13, 14 FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 5, 7, 8, 14 FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 Can grow in pond/stream Attractive flowers, foliage Tol. moderate salt, alkali soils 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 4
  5. 5. I Scientific Name Eriophyllum X confertiflorum var. confertiflorum Erysimum capitatum X var. capitatum Erysimum insulare ssp. X suffrutescens X Grindelia camporum Grindelia hirsutula var. hirsutula * Heuchera maxima X (incl. many cultivars & hybrids) X Common Name Size Flower/ season Golden Yarrow 1-3 ft Gold-yellow/ Sp-Su Western Wallflower 1-3 ft 1-2 ft wide Yellow-Or/ W-Sp Dune Wallflower Large Gumplant Hairy Gumplant Island Alumroot 1-3 ft 1-2 ft 2-3 ft 3-5 ft 1-2 ft wide tall wide tall wide tall & 1- 3 ft Light** FS/PS FS 1, 2, 10 FS Any PS/PS/ FSH X Limonium californicum California SeaLavender 1-2 ft tall and wide Purple/Su-F FS X *Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Red/Sp-Su FS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays See note Any; sand to clay any X * Lobelia dunnii var. serrata Dunn’s Lobelia * Monardella crispa X Waveyleaf Dune Mint 1-2 ft tall 3-4 ft wide Purplepink/Su-F FS/PS Sandy best * Monardella macrantha Red Monardella 1-2 ft tall & wide Red/Su-F PS best Any; no alkali Mountain Monardella 1-2ft tall 2-3 ft wide Lilac/ Sp-Su PS best Sandy best Coyote Mint 1 ft Pink/Sp-Su PS See note Scarlet Bugler 1-3 ft OR-Red/ Sp-Su FS Grinnell’s Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/Su FS Foothill Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/ Sp-Su * Monardella odoratissima * Monardella villosa X (ssp. subserrata) * Penstemon centranthifolius X X * Penstemon grinnellii X Penstemon heterophyllus Lavender/Su PS FS/PS Tol. moderate salt, alkali soils 1-2 to 2-3 Yellow/ Sp-Su Pink/Spr 1, 3, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Sandy Welldrained 1-3 ft Notes 13 FS PS/PS/ FSH 1-2 Availability 1-2 to 2 Yellow/Sp-F White/Spr Water Zone+ Welldrained FS/PS Crevice Alumroot ft tall wide tall ft wide Sandy best Yellow/W-Sp X * Heuchera micrantha 1-2 1 ft 1 ft 1-3 Soil Welldrained 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 to 2-3 2-3 to 3 2-3 to 3 2-3 to 3 2-3 to 3 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Spreading 1, 10 Butterfly plant 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 1, 3, 8 10, 14, 16 Well-drained soil Tolerates seaside conditions 3, 8, 13, 19 Toxic 1, 6, 8, 13 Lovely blooms 2-3 1, 6, 8, 13, 14, 19 2 or 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 24, 28 Butterfly plant; fragrant Hummingbird plant; scented; ‘Marion Sampson’ Minty scent; lovely flowers 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 Well-drained soil best Welldrained 1 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 May be difficult Welldrained 1 1, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14 sandy 2 1 to 1-2 11, 13 14 Many blooms 5
  6. 6. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season X * Penstemon laetus Gay Penstemon 1-3 ft Lavender/ Sp-Su * Penstemon newberryi var. sonomensis Sonoma Penstemon 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Magenta/ * Penstemon palmeri Pink Wild Snapdragon 4-5 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Lavender/ Sp-Su Penstemon spectabilis ssp. subviscosus Showy Penstemon 3-4 ft Bolander’s Phacelia 1-2 ft tall * Phacelia californica CA Phacelia 1-2 ft tall and wide Lavender/ FS Phacelia distans Common Phacelia; Wild Heliotrope 1-2 ft tall Violet/Sp FS/PS Wooly Everlasting 1-2 ½ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Coulter’s (White) Snapdragon 2-4 ft tall White to lavender/Sp FS I X X * Phacelia bolanderi Pseudognaphalium X canescens ssp. beneolens Sairocarpus X (Antirrhinum) coulterianus * Sairocarpus X multiflorus X X Scrophularia californica ssp. floribunda Sidalcea malviflora ssp. malviflora ** Sidalcea hybrids ‘Elsie Heugh’ ‘Little Princess’ ‘Party Girl’ ‘Rosanna’ X * Sidalcea oregana * Silene californica X Silene laciniata Lavenderpink/Sp-Su Lavender/ Sp-Su Light** Soil 1 to 1-2 FS/PS 1-2 to 2 8, 13 FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 FS PS FS/PS CA Bee Plant 2-3 ft Red/Spr Dwarf Checker Mallow To 1 ½ ft Pinklavender/ FS/PS Checkermallow 2-3 ft Pink to purple/ Sp FS/PS Oregon Checkmallow 2-4 1-2 1-2 2-4 Pinks/Sp-Su FS/PS Red/Su PS/FS Red/Sp-Su FS/PS Sandy or rocky Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Any, incl. clay Welldrained PS Indian Pink 1-3 ft Blue-green foliage; difficult; ‘St. Helena’ 1, 14 Pink/Sp Indian Pink Notes 1, 13 FS/PS 2-3 ft tall 2-4 ft wide tall wide tall wide Availability Welldrained Rose Snapdragon ft ft ft ft Water Zone+ Any 1 1 to 1-2 2 1 to 1-2 1-2 1, 3, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16 5, 11, 19 13, 19 10 1, 16 1 1, 10, 13 Spreads; gray foliage 1, 10, 13 1-2 to 2-3 Water in full sun Gray-green foliage Good under other plants Hummingbird plant Dried seedpods, stems 2-3 to 3 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16 Any 2-3 to 3 1, 8, 13, 19 Any 2-3 to 3 Available commercially, incl. on-line 2-3 to 3 13 Gorgeous flowers 2-3 19 difficult 1-2 to 2-3 12 Welldrained Welldrained Sandy or rocky 6
  7. 7. Common Name Size Flower/ season X Solidago californica California Goldenrod 2-4 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 Solidago spectabilis var. confinis Southern Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2-3 X * Sphaeralcea ambigua Desert mallow 3-4 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Orange/ Sp-Su FS Sandy/ rocky 1 to 2 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 X Stachys bullata California Woodmint (Hedgenettle) 1-4 ft Pink/Spr-Su PS Welldrained 2-3 1, 3, 7, 12, 14 Rigid Woodmint (Hedgenettle) 1-2 ft Pink/Spr-Su FS/PS Clay 2-3 to 3 1, 13 Coast Aster 1-3 ft tall spreading Lavender/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 1, 8, 11, 13 * Thalictrum fendleri var. polycarpum Mountain Meadowrue 3-5 ft tall 2-3 ft wide White/Su PS/FSH Welldrained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8, 10, 1214, 19 * Venegasia carpesioides Canyon Sunflower 4-6 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp-F Any 2 to 2-3 I X Scientific Name Stachys rigida var. X rigida (Stachys ajugoides) * Symphyotrichum X chilense (Aster chilensis) X Light** PS Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) Cirsium occidentale var. 4-6 ft tall Pink/Sp-Su X californicum & Cobwebby Thistle FS 1-2 ft w. occidentale Farewell to Spring 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide X Clarkia purpurea Purple Clarkia 2-3 ft tall X Clarkia unguiculata Elegant Clarkia 2-5 ft tall Chinese Houses 1-2 ft tall Globe Gilia 1-2+ ft Nevin’s Gilia 1-2 ft tall * Clarkia amoena Collinsia heterophylla var. heterphylla Gilia capitata ssp. X abrotanifolia X X Gilia nevinii Pink-red/ Lavender/ Sp-Su Pink-purple/ Sp-Su Purple-white Sp-Su Purple-blue/ Sp Yellow/Blue Sp Soil – Water Zone+ Availability 7, 10, 14 10 Notes Tolerates seasonal flooding Tolerates seasonal flooding Hybridizes with other malows Tolerates seasonal flooding Good habitat plant; ‘Point St. George’ Foiage used in flower arrangements Longblooming; seeds for birds no water after flowering (Zone 1) Welldrained 1-2 13, 19, 21 May survive several seasons FS/PS any 1-2 5, 8, 10, 16, 19 & other commercial Lovely flowers FS/PS any 1-2 1, 2, 10, 13, 16 FS/PS any 1 to 2-3 2, 5, 10, 13, 16 PS/FSH any 1-2 1, 5, 10, 13, 16 FS FS/PS Any welldrained Welldrained 1 to 1-2 5, 13 1 to 1-2 Needs drought for seeds Well-drained soil easy 19 7
  8. 8. Common Name Size Flower/ season X Gilia tricolor Bird’s Eye Gilia 1-2 ft tall Yellow/Blue Sp X Helenium puberulum Rosilla; Sneezeweed 1-5 ft tall 1 ft wide I Scientific Name X Helianthus annuus X Lasthenia californica Common (Annual) Sunflower California Goldfields Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 2, 5, 10, 13 Easy; fragrant Yellowbrown/ Su FS any 2-3 to 3 2, 6, 13, 21 Edible; pollinator plant; 5-8 ft tall Yellow/Su-F FS any 1-2 2, 10 (local var.) easy < 1 ft tall Yellow/W-Sp FS any 1 to 1-2 10, 13 Salt tolerant Moderately salt tolerant Good for water gardens; salt tolerant Lasthenia coronaria Royal Goldenfields < 1 ft tall Yellow/W-Sp FS any 1 to 2-3 10 Lasthenia glabrata ssp. coulteri Coulter's Goldfields < 1 ft tall Yellow/Sp FS any 1 to 2-3 5, 10 X Layia platyglossa Coastal Tidy-Tips 1-2 ft tall FS any 1 to 2-3 5, 10, 13 easy X * Madia elegans Common Madia 1-3 ft FS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 5, 10, 16, 19 Foliage aroma of tropical fruit Indian Tobacco 1-3 ft tall White/Su FS any 2-3 10 Sweet scent Blue Toadflax 1-3 ft tall Blue/Sp-Su FS/PS 2-3 16, Rock Daisy < 1 ft tall WhiteYellow/ Sp FS - to +/- 10 More common in desert areas X Phacelia grandiflora Large-flowered Phacelia 1-3 ft tall Purple/Sp FS/PS 2 to 3 8, 10, 13, 16, 17, 19 Very showy X Phacelia parryi Parry’s Phacelia (Fiddleneck) 1-3 ft tall Purplewhite/Sp FS/PS 2-3 13, 16 X Phacelia tanacetifolia Purple fiddleneck 1-3 ft tall Purple/SpSu FS/PS Any welldrained 2-3 to 3 5, 10, 13, Cream Cups 1-2 ft tall Yellowwhite/Sp FS/PS Any 1 to 1-2 5, 10 Violet Snapdragon 2-3 ft tall Violet/Su FS/PS Welldrained 2-3 1, 13, Johnny Jump-up < 1 ft Yellow/SpSu FS/PS Welldrained bare soil; X Nicotiana quadrivalvis var. bigelovii Nuttallanthus/Linaria canadensis Perityle emoryi Platystemon californicus Sairocarpus (Antirrhinum) X nuttallianus ssp. X Yellow/white / Sp Yellow-red/ Su-F nuttallianus & subsessile Viola pedunculata Sandy best Any Welldrained/ sandy Any welldrained 1 19 Easy, pretty, scent, cut flower Don’t mulch; difficult 8
  9. 9. I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Cacti and Succulents * Dudleya cymosa Canyon Liveforever To 1 ft tall & wide Yellow-red/ Sp * Dudleya farinosa Bluff Lettuce 1 ft tall & wide Lance-leaf Dudleya 1-2 ft tall & wide FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 * Dudleya palmeri Palmer's Liveforever To 1 ft tall & wide Yellow-red/ Sp YellowOrange/ Sp-Su Yellow-red/ Sp PS Welldrained 1 to 2 Dudleya pulverulenta (ssp. pulverulenta) CA Chalk Dudleya < 2 ft & wide Pink-Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained X Dudleya lanceolata X PS Welldrained FS Rocks 1-2 to 2 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13 11, 13 Santa Monica Mtns; good in stone walls good in stone walls 1, 7, 13, 14, 15 1, 13 Santa Monica Mtns; slopes 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 14, 19 With good drainage Ferns and Fern-like Plants X Polypodium californicum X * Polystichum munitum CA Polypody < 1 ft tall spreading none PS/FSH Any 1 to 1-2 6, 7, 13, 14, 19, 20 Good under oaks; containers Western Sword Fern 3-6 ft tall & wide None PS/FSH Rich 2-3 to 3 7, 8, 13, 14, 19, 20 Woodsy; regal 1 2, 8, 18, 30 Lovely flowers 1 8, 30 Showy flowers 8, 9 13, 18 Lovely flowers Bulbs and Corms: most need adequate water in winter/spring. No or very little water in summer Welldrained, incl clays Welldrained X * Allium dichlamydeum Coastal Onion 1 ft tall & wide Magenta/Sp FS/PS X * Allium peninsulare Mexicali Onion 1-1 ½ ft Magenta/ Sp FS/PS X * Allium unifolium Meadow Onion 1-1 ½ ft tall & wide Magenta/ Sp FS/PS Most Bloomeria crocea var. crocea Golden Stars 1-2 ft Yellow/Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1 1, 8, 10, 13, 16 Fine in grass * Brodiaea elegans Harvest Brodiaea 1-1 ½ ft Violet/Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1 5, 8, 18, 30 Fine in grass Brodiaea jolonensis (B. terrestris) Harvest Brodiaea 1-2 ft Purple/ Sp-Su FS Any, incl. clays 1 1, 8, 20 X Calochortus albus White Fairy Lantern 1 1, 8, 13, 19, 20 X * Calochortus amabilis Diogenes’ Lantern 1 ft tall <1 ft wide 1 ft tall <1 ft wide 1 5, 8, 18, 30 X X White-pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS Yellow/Sp PS best Clays best Welldrained 1 to 1-2 Enchanting flowers 9
  10. 10. I Scientific Name X * Calachortus luteus Calochortus splendens * Calochortus superbus Common Name Size Flower/ season Gold Nuggets/ Yellow Mariposa 1 ft Yellow/Sp 6-18 in. Splendid Mariposa Lily Yellow (Superb) Mariposa Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes FS Welldrained 1 1, 8, 10, 18, 20 Summer-dry; ‘Golden Orb’ widely avail. Pink/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1 1, 8, 10, 18, 20 difficult 1 ft tall <1 ft wide White-pinkyellow/ Sp FS 1 8, 11, 18, 30 Lovely flower 1 1, 8, 13, 20 1 8, 18 Lovely flowers 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 19 Good under oaks Welldrained Welldrained Calochortus venustus Butterfly Mariposa 1-2 ft tall Pink/Sp-Su FS/PS * Camassa quamash Common Camass Lily 2 ft tall Purple/Sp FS/PS Clay Wavyleaf Soap Plant 1-2 ft tall & wide White/Su FS/PS Any; welldrained 1-2 Blue Dicks/Wild Hyacinth < 2 ft Blue/Sp FS/PS welldrained 1 1, 2, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 welldrained 1 8, 11, 18, 30 Any 1 8, 13, 18, 30 1, 8, 13, 20 Chlorogalum X pomeridianum var. pomeridianum Dichelostemma X capitatum X * Dichelostemma idamaia Firecracker Flower 1 ft tall & wide Red-white/ Sp PS best X * Dichelostemma multiflorum Manyflowered Brodiaea 1-2 ft tall & wide Violet-pink/ Sp FS X Fritillaria biflora var. biflora Chocolate Lily 1-2 ft tall Brown/Sp FS/PS Any; best in clay 1 X Iris douglasiana Douglas iris 1-2 ft Purple/Sp PS Welldrained 1 to 2 X * Lilium pardalinum Leopard Lily Orange/ Sp-Su PS Pale pink/ PS White/ Sp-Su PS < 2 ft Yellow/ Sp-Su PS 1-2 ft tall Pale blue/ Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1-2 ft tall & wide White/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1 or 1-2 * Lilium rubescens X Chaparral Lily * Lilium washingtonianum Washington Lily X Ranunculus californicus Triteleia clementina * Triteleia hyacinthina California Buttercup San Clemente Tritelia White Hyacinth (Brodiaea) 3-6 ft wide 2-4 ft 1-2 ft 3-6 ft 2-3 ft tall & tall wide tall wide Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained sandy Strikikng flowers Fine in grass 2-3 to 3 1, 8, 11, 13, 30, 31 Drought tolerant if mulched Gorgeous flowers 1-2 to 2 31 Very fragrant 1-2 to 2 31 Gorgeous flowers 1-2 to 3 1, 13 Very welldrained soils 18 Good in stone walls 8, 18, 19, 30 Sweet scent 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 10
  11. 11. I Scientific Name Common Name Tritelia laxa incl ‘Queen Ithuriel’s Spear Fabiola’ Grasses and Grass-like Plants (rushes, sedges) X Size Flower/ season 1-2 ft Purple/Sp Light** Soil FS/PS Most FS/PS Welldrained; sandy FS/PS Any FS/PS Welldrained Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1 1, 8, 13, 18, 19 Lovely – garden favorite 1-2 to 2 1, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14 (1, 7, 8 var. purpurea) Seeds stick to pets Purple Three-awn 1-2 ft tall & wide Blue Gramma 1-2 ft tall Leafy (Mendocino) Reed Grass Santa Barbara Sedge 1-2 ft tall & wide Warm-seas. perennial bunchgrass Warm-seas. Perennial bunch/sod cool-season bunchgrass 1-2 ft tall to 3 ft w Evergreen sod sedge FS/PS Any Blue (Western) Wildrye 2-4 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Cool-season bunchgrass PS/FSH Any; not shallow 1-2 to 2-3 3, 4, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 Equisetum hyemale subsp. affine Common Horsetail 2-4 ft tall 1-6 ft w Perennial rush FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 3, 4, 8 X Equisetum laevigatum Smooth Horsetail Perennial FS Clays best 2-3 to 3 8 X Juncus patens Common Rush Spreading/ bunching FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 ‘Carmen’s Gray’ X Koeleria macrantha Prairie Junegrass 1-3 ft tall & wide Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS Any; sandy best 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 8, 10, 13, 16, 19 Showy X * Muhlenbergia rigens Deergrass 2-4 ft tall & wide FS/PS Any 1-2 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Tol. seasonal flooding X Sporobolus airoides Alkali sacaton 2-3 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Perennial bunchgrass Warmseason bunchgrass FS/PS welldrained best 2 to 3 2, 3, 8, 13, 16 Salt-tolerant; alkali fine X * Aristida purpurea var. parishii & purpurea X * Bouteloua gracilis X * Calamagrostis foliosa X * Carex barbarae X Elymus glaucus 2-5 ft tall spreading 1-3 ft tall & wide 1-2 to 2-3 2-3 2 to 3 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 10, 13, 16 1, 3, 8, 13 3, 8, 13, 16 Nice foliage color May be invasive Salt-sensitive; coarse-looking; re-seeds well Will grow in standing water; contain 9/7/08 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet :(http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants.html) or at the Madrona Marsh Nature Center * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ++ + ** horticultural cultivar light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html 11
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