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Container plants 1-11
Container plants 1-11
Container plants 1-11
Container plants 1-11
Container plants 1-11
Container plants 1-11
Container plants 1-11
Container plants 1-11
Container plants 1-11
Container plants 1-11
Container plants 1-11
Container plants 1-11
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Container plants 1-11

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  • 1. 1 South Bay and Other S. CA Native Plants for Pots, Containers & Planters I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Trees and Large Shrubs X *Acer circinatum Vine Maple 10-25 ft t and wide Green/Sp PS/FSH Well- drained 2 6, 8, 13 Showy seed; fall color ** Arctostaphylos manzanita ‘Dr Hurd’ ‘Dr. Hurd’ Manzanita To 15 ft t 10 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 3, 6, 8, 11, 13, 32 Evergreen; good in gardens x Baccharis salicifolia Mule Fat To 10 ft Pink-white/ all year FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2 X * Carpenteria californica Bush anemone < 10 ft White/ PS Well- drained 2-3 to 3 3, 7, 13, 14, 19 X * Chilopsis linearis ssp. arcuata Desert Willow 5-25 ft tall and wide Pink/ Sp- F FS/PS Any well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 X Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon 6-10 ft + 4-6 ft w White/Su FS/PS/FSH Any well- drained 1-2 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Berries toxic in lg. amounts X Lavatera assurgentiflora ssp. glabrata & assurgentiflora Island (Rose) Mallow 8-12 ft tall & wide Magenta/yr round FS/PS Well- drained 1 1, 2, 13 X * Philadelphus lewisii CA Mock Orange 4-10 ft tall & wide White/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any, incl clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Very fragrant X Pluchea sericea Arrowweed 5-10 ft t Purple/Spr- Su FS Any incl clay 1-2 to 2-3 8, 10, 14 Thicket- forming; silver foliage X Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia Holly-leaf Cherries <15 ft t White/Su PS any 1-2 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 X Quercus berberidifolia (Q. dumosa) Scrub Oak 10-20 ft tall, wide Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 7, 13, 14, 19 Very large containers Quercus dumosa var. elegantula Coastal Sage Scrub Oak 3-10 ft tall to 15 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Sandy best 1 to 1-2 7, 14 Very large containers Quercus pacifica Channel Island Scrub Oak To 15 ft tall & wide Yellow/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 7, 14 Very large containers
  • 2. 2 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Salix exigua Narrow-leaf Willow 6-15 ft 12-15 ft.w. Yellow/Sp FS/PS any 1-2; winter flooding 1, 2, 3, 14 Spreading via roots X Salix lasiolepis Arroyo Willow 8-35 ft to 35 ft w Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS any 1-2; winter flooding 1, 2 spreads X Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea Blue (Mexican) Elderberry 8-25+ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Edible berries Smaller Shrubs (including sub-shrubs) : < 6 ft tall X * Abutilon palmeri Indian Mallow 2-6 ft tall & wide Yellow to Orange/Sp- Su FS Well- drained 1-2 1, 8, 13, 14 * Acalypha californica California Copperleaf 2-3 ft tall & wide Red/Spr FS/PS Sandy/ rocky 1 to 1-2 1, 8, 13 Red foliage X * Amorpha fruticosa False Indigo 6-12 ft 4-10 ft w. Purple- brown/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 6, 13, 14 Can be weedy; cultivar: ‘Dark Lance’ X Artemisia californica Coastal Sagebrush 3-6 ft tall & wide Gold/Su FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 7-10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18 'Canyon Gray' X Artemisia dracunculus California Tarragon; 1-3 ft tall 2-3 ft w White/F FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 10, 16 Leaves - raw or a flavoring in soups, etc. *Artemisia palmeri San Diego Sagewort 2-4 ft tall & wide Gold/Su FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 20, 24 Rare in wilds X Baccharis plummerae subsp. plummerae Plummer's Baccharis < 7 ft tall Buff-White/ Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding ? X * Bahiopsis/Viguiera laciniata San Diego Sunflower 1-2 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Yellow/Spr FS any 1 to 1-2 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 X * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium Oregon Grape < 6 ft Yellow/Sp PS any 2-3 to 3 1, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 ‘Compacta’ & ‘Golden Abundance’ ** Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium ‘Compacta’ ‘Compacta’ Oregon Grape 2-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Good habitat; edible berries X *Berberis (Mahonia) nervosa Cascade barberry < 2 ft tall 2-4 ft w. Yellow/Sp PS/FSH any 2 to 3 8 Slowly spreading X * Berberis (Mahonia) repens Creeping Oregon Grape 1 ft tall < 6 ft w Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Good habitat; edible berries
  • 3. 3 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X *Calliandra eriophylla Pink fairyduster 2-5 ft tall 3-6 ft w Pink/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 8, 11, 13, 28 Hummingbird plant X Camissonia cheiranthifolia spp. suffruticosa Beach Primrose (Suncup) < 3 ft tall 2-5 ft wide Yellow/W-F FS/PS Sandy best 1-2 to 2 1, 10, 13, 14, 16 X * Ericameria nauseosa Rabbitbush 2-5 ft tall & wide Yellow/Su-F FS any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 10, 13, 16 Great for insects X Constancea (Eriophyllum) nevinii Catalina Silverlace 3-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Spr- Su FS/PS Any well- drained 1 to 2-3 1, 6, 7, 13, 14 ‘Silver Canyon’ **Corethrogyne ‘Silver Carpet’ ‘Silver Carpet’ Beach aster 1 ft tall 4-8 ft w Violet/Sp-Su FS Any 1-2 to 2 8 Ground-covery X Diplacus aurantiacus Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft Orange/W- Spr FS/PS Sandy 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, X Diplacus linearis Chaparral Bush Monkey Flower 2-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 10, 13, 18 X * Diplacus longiflorus Southern Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Yellow to white/ W-Sp PS (morning sun OK) Well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 6-8, 10- 14, 16, 17, 20, 21, 24, 25, 28 San Gabriels X Diplacus parviflorus Island Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Red /W-Sp PS (morning sun OK) Well- drained 1-2 to 2 3, 7, 8, 11-14, 16, 20-24, 26, 28 S. Islands X Diplacus puniceus Red Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft & wide Darker orange/Sp PS (morning sun OK) Well- drained 1-2 to 2 3, 7, 8, 10-14, 16, 20, 21, 24, 26, 28 S. Islands; Riv. & San Diego Co. X Encelia californica CA Bush Sunflower 2-5 ft Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Any well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Good winter color X Epilobium canum CA Fuschia 1-3 ft Orange/F FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates winter flooding X Eriogonum cinereum Ashy-leaf Buckwheat 2-5 ft Pink-white/ Sp-F FS/PS Any well- drained 1 to 2-3 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 Gray foliage X * Eriogonum crocatum Conejo Buckwheat 1 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Yellow/Spr- Su FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 14, 19 X Eriogonum fasciculatum California Buckwheat 1-3 ft tall 3-6 ft wide Pink/Spr to F FS Any well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19
  • 4. 4 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Eriogonum giganteum vars. formosum, giganteum St. Catherine’s Lace 3-6 ft Pink-white/ Su FS/PS Any well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 13, 14, 16, 19 Don’t plant near native buckwheats *Eriogonum kennedyi Cushion buckwheat < 1 ft tall 1-3 ft w Pink/Sp-Su FS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 6, 11, 13, 14, 30 Rock gardens; containers X Eriogonum parvifolium Coastal Buckwheat 2-4 ft Pink-creme/ Su + FS/PS/FSH Any well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 * Eriophyllum staechadifolium var. depressum Seaside Wooly Sunflower 1-2 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Yellow/Su-F FS Any well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 10, 16 Tolerates seaside conditions X Euphorbia misera California Spurge 3-4 ft tall & wide White- red/Spr FS sandy 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 Tolerates seaside conditions X *Fallugia paradoxa Apache plume 4-8 ft tall 5-10 ft w White/Sp-Su FS/PS Most 1-2 to 2 6, 8, 11, 13, 14, 24, 28, 38 Showy flowers, seeds X Gambelia (Galvezia) speciosa Catalina Snapdragon 2-4 ft tall Red/Spr + FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 X Isocoma menziesii var. menziesii Coast Goldenbush 1-3 ft tall and wide Yellow/Su-F FS Any 1-2 1, 14 Tolerates seaside conditions X Malacothrix saxatilis var. tenuifolia Cliff Aster 2-4 ft tall 1-3 ft wide White/Spr-F FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 10 X * Perityle incana Guadalupe Island Rock Daisy 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Yellow/Spr FS coast PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Evergreen with silvery foliage X Pluchea odorata ssp. odorata Sweetscent; Saltmarsh Fleabane 1-3 ft tall & wide Lavender/Su-F FS Sandy incl. Alk 2-3 6, 10, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Rhus trilobata Basket Bush; Sour Berry; Skunkbrush 2-6 ft tall & wide Yellow- green/Spr PS any 1-2 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 X Ribes aureum var. gracillimum Golden Currant To 10 ft Yellow/W- Spr FS/PS/FSH Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 12, 14 Any well- drained; Birds eat berries X Ribes californicum var. hesperium Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Red- white/W-Spr PS/FSH Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) Birds eat berries X Ribes indecorum White Currant To 6 ft White/W-Spr FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 12, 14 Birds eat berries
  • 5. 5 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Ribes malvaceum Chaparral Currant 5-8 ft Pink/W-Spr FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 3, 13, 14, 19 Birds eat berries X Ribes speciosum Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ FS/PS/ FSH Well- drained 2-3; 3 in sun 1, 3, 10, 12- 14, 19 Edible fruits X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum Red-flowering Currant 4-10 ft Pink/Spr PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 Edible fruits X Ribes viburnifolium Catalina Perfume 1-3 ft Pink/ PS/FSH See note 2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 13, 14, 20 Well-drained soil X Rosa californica California Wild Rose 3-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/Spr-Su FS/PS/ FSH any 1-2; 3 (sun) 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding X *Rosa minutifolia Baja rose 4-6 ft tall 4-5 ft w. Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 8 Edible ‘hips’ X *Rubus parviflorus Western thimbleberry 3-6 ft tall spreading White/Sp FS/PS any 2-3 8 Tasty berries X Rubus ursinus (ssp. ?) Pacific Blackberry 2-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w White/Spr FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 7, 8, 12, 13, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding X * Salvia clevelandii Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 2-5 ft Purple/lavn Showy Spr-Su FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 ‘Betsy Clebsch’, ‘Compacta’, ‘Winifred Gilman’ ** Salvia hybrids ‘Aromas’, ‘Ponzo Blue’, ‘Vicki Romo’ Sages Mostly < 2 ft., compact Purple/lavn Showy Spr-Su FS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 8, 13, 14 Try X * Salvia munzii San Diego Sage 2-3 ft tall 3-4 ft w Blue/Su FS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 14, 16, 17 Fragrant like Black Sage; ‘Baja Blue’, ‘Emerald Cascade’ X Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus Common Snowberry 3-5 ft, spreading White/Spr PS Clays, loams 2-3 7, 9, 13, 19 Fruit may be toxic to humans X Symphoricarpos mollis Snowberry 2-4 ft tall & wide Pink/W-Spr PS/FSH any 2-3 to 3 13, 14 mulch X Urtica dioica ssp. holosericea Hoary Nettle 3-6 ft tall spreading Pink/Spr-F PS Rich soils ok 2-3 1, 10, 13, 16 Serious allergy on contact *Vaccinium ovatum California huckleberry 3-5+ ft tall & w Pink/W-Spr PS Well- drained pH 4-5 2 to 2-3 5, 8, 11, 37 Edible berries; needs organic mulch; ‘Blue Madonna’
  • 6. 6 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X * Verbena lilacina Cedros Island Verbena 2-4 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Lilac/Spr-F FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 9, 13, 14 Lovely year- round; showy flowers Perennial Vines – Note: most CA native vines can be grown in a large pot X Calystegia macrostegia California Morning Glory To 30+ ft White/Spr-F PS FS coastal Well- drained 2-3 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 Invasive; can look weedy; ‘Anacapa Pink’; ‘Candycane’ X Keckiella cordifolia Climbing Penstemon 3-4 ft Red-Or/ Sp-Su PS/FSH any 1-2 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14 Excellent for hummingbirds X Lathyrus vestitus Wild Sweetpea; Canyon Pea 3-9 ft Purple- white/ Spr PS/FSH any 1-2 1, 8, 13 Good under trees; drought deciduous X Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans Western Honeysuckle 5-18 ft Pink/Spr-Su PS/FSH clay 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates seasonal flooding X * Lonicera involucrata Twinberry 3-5 ft Yellow/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 7, 13, 19 X Lonicera subspicata vars. denudate & subspicata Santa Barbara & Southern Honeysuckles 3-8 ft Cream/Spr- Su PS/PS/FSH any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 Edible fruit X ** Vitis californica ‘Roger’s Red’ ‘Roger’s Red’ California Grape > 20 ft White/Spr FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 Herbaceous Perennials Many herbaceous perennials do fine in large pots or planters (see Herbaceous Perennials list). Listed below are some that are particularly good for pots. X Achillea millefolia Yarrow 1-2 ft White/Spr- Su FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 most Alkali soils fine X * Agastache urticifolia Nettleleaf Giant Hyssop (Horse Mint) 2-5 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 2 to 2-3 6, 13, 19 Great bee plant X Anemopsis californica Yerba Mansa 1 ft tall & wide White/Sp-Su PS/FSH Any incl clay 2 to 3 3, 10, 14, 16 Tolerates flooding X * Armeria maritima ssp. californica CA Sea Thrift (Pinks) < 1 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp PS most 2 to 3 5, 6, 8, 13, 24 Best along coast; pretty X * Aquilegia formosa Western Columbine 1-2 ft Red- yellow/Su PS/FSH Well- drained 2 to 3 1, 3, 5, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20 X Asclepias fascicularis Narrow-leaf Milkweed 2-3 ft Cream- pink/Su FS/PS Sandy 1-2 1, 3, 10, 14 Needs seasonal flooding
  • 7. 7 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X * Clinopodium (Satureja) chandleri San Miguel Savory 1-2 ft tall 2-3 ft wide White/Spr PS/FSH Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 14 minty X Clinopodium (Satureja) douglasii Yerba buena < 6 in spreading White/Spr- Su PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 7, 13, 14 * Clinopodium (Satureja) mimuloides Monkeyflower Savory 1 ft tall 2-4+ ft w Red-Or/Su- Fa FS/PS Well- drained 2-3 to 3 3, 8 hummingbird plant X Delphinium parryi ssp. maritimum & parryi Parry’s Blue Larkspur 1-5 ft Blue- purple/Spr FS/?PS Well- drained 1 8, 20 Good under oaks X * Delphinium cardinale Scarlet Larkspur To 6 ft Red/Spr-Su FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 10, 16, 19 X *Erigeron glaucus Seaside Daisy ½ ft Lavernder/Spr-Fa FS/PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 13, 14 Attractive flowers, foliage X * Eriogonum grande var. rubescens Red Buckwheat 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Red-pink/Su- F FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 5, 7, 8, 14 Tol. moderate salt, alkali soils X Eriophyllum confertiflorum var. confertiflorum Golden Yarrow 1-3 ft Gold-yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Sandy best 1-2 1, 3, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Tol. moderate salt, alkali soils X Euthamia occidentalis Western Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall Yellow/Su-F FS Any 2 to 3 13, 16 Butterfly plant; can be invasive X * Fragaria chiloensis ssp. pacifica (and cultivars) (Pacific) Coast Strawberry < 1 ft spreading White/Sp-Su PS Sandy best 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Let dry between waterings; edible fruit X * Fragaria vesca (californica) CA/Wood Strawberry < 2 ft spreading White/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 3 1, 13, 20 Edible fruit X * Heuchera maxima (incl. many cultivars & hybrids) Island Alumroot 1- 3 ft White/Spr PS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 X * Heuchera micrantha Crevice Alumroot 1-3 ft Pink/Spr PS/PS/ FSH See note 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8 Well-drained soil X Horkelia cuneata ssp. cuneata Wedgeleaf Horkelia < 1 ½ ft T 2 ft wide White/Spr- Su FS/PS sandy 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2, 6, 10, 13 (ssp. puberula) Dies back in summer drought X * Iva hayesiana San Diego Marsh Elder 2-4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Yellow/Su FS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays 1 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 X * Lewisii cotyledon Siskiyou bitter-root < 1 ft tall 1 ft wide Magenta/Su PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 5, 8, 10, 16, 19, 30, 31, 45 Lovely bright flowers
  • 8. 8 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Limonium californicum California Sea- Lavender 1-2 ft tall and wide Purple/Su-F FS Any; sand to clay 2-3 to 3 8, 10, 14, 16 Tolerates seaside conditions X *Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide Red/Spr-Su FS/PS/ FSH any 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 13, 19 Toxic X Mimulus cardinalis Scarlet Monkeyflower To 3 ft Red/Spr-Fa FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19 easy X Mimulus guttatus Seep Monkeyflower 1-5 ft Yellow/W- Spr FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 X * Monardella macrantha Red Monardella 1-2 ft tall & wide Red/Su-F PS best Any; no alkali 2-3 1, 6, 8, 13, 14, 19 Hummingbird plant; scented; ‘Marion Sampson’ X * Monardella villosa (ssp. subserrata) Coyote Mint 1 ft; spreading Pink/Spr-Su PS See note 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 Well-drained soil best X * Oxalis oregana Redwood Sorrel < 1 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Pink/Sp PS/FSH most 2-3 to 3 2, 11, 24 Nice, spreading, woodsy * Penstemon centranthifolius Scarlet Bugler 1-3 ft OR-Red/ Sp-Su FS Well- drained 1 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 May be difficult X * Penstemon eatonii Firecracker Penstemon 1-3 ft & wide Red/Sp-Su FS Well- drained 1 1, 3, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13 Very showy X * Penstemon grinnellii Grinnell’s Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/Su FS Well- drained 1 1, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14 X Penstemon heterophyllus Foothill Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/Spr- Su FS/PS sandy 1 to 1-2 14 Many blooms X * Penstemon laetus Gay Penstemon 1-3 ft Lavender/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 13 Phacelia distans Common Phacelia; Wild Heliotrope 1-2 ft tall Violet/Spr FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 10 Good under other plants X Pluchea odorata ssp. odorata Sweetscent; Saltmarsh Fleabane 1-3 ft tall & wide Lavender/Su-F FS Sandy incl. Alk 2-3 6, 10, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding X *Pycnanthemum californicum Mountain mint 1-3 ft tall spreading White/Sp-Su PS Most 2-3 to 3 1, 6, 8, 13, 14 Edible mint X Salvia spathacea Hummingbird Sage 1-3 ft Magenta/Spr PS/FSH Any 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 Cut back yearly X Scrophularia californica ssp. floribunda CA Bee Plant 2-3 ft Red/Spr PS Most 2-3 to 3 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16 Afternoon shade
  • 9. 9 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Sidalcea malviflora ssp. malviflora Dwarf Checker Mallow To 1 ½ ft Pink- lavender/ FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 8, 13, 19 X Solanum xanti (var. ?) Purple (Chaparral) Nightshade 2-4 ft tall Purple/Spr- Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13 Berries very poisonous X Solidago californica California Goldenrod 2-4 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 10, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Solidago spectabilis var. confinis Southern Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2-3 10 Tolerates seasonal flooding X * Sphaeralcea ambigua Globe Mallow/ Desert Mallow 2-3 ft tall & wide Orange/ Sp-Su FS Most 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 Reseeds; silvery to white foliage X Stachys albens Whitestem Woodmint 1-3 ft White/Spr- Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 12 X Stachys bullata California Woodmint (Hedgenettle) 1-4 ft Pink/Spr-Su PS Well- drained 2-3 1, 3, 7, 12, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Stachys rigida var. rigida (Stachys ajugoides) Rigid Woodmint (Hedgenettle) 1-2 ft Pink/Spr-Su FS/PS Clay 2-3 to 3 1, 13 Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) – no water after flowering Any native annual and most native biennials can be successfully grown in containers (See Annual Wildflowers list) Cacti and Succulents X * Agave shawii Coastal Agave/ Shaw’s Century Plant 2-3 ft tall 2-5 ft wide Yellow/at age 15 yrs FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 9, 14 Tolerates seaside conditions; suckers (‘pups’) X * Dudleya cymosa Canyon Live-forever To 1 ft tall & wide Yellow-red/ Sp PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 8, 13 Santa Monica Mtns; good in stone walls * Dudleya farinosa Bluff Lettuce 1 ft tall & wide Yellow-red/ Sp FS Rocks 1-2 11, 13, 20 good in stone walls; white foliage X Dudleya lanceolata Lance-leaf Dudleya 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow- Orange/Spr- Su FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14, 15 * Dudleya palmeri Palmer's Live- forever To 1 ft tall & wide Yellow-red/ Sp PS Well- drained 1 to 2 1, 13 Santa Monica Mtns; slopes
  • 10. 10 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Dudleya pulverulenta (ssp. pulverulenta) CA Chalk Dudleya < 2 ft & wide Pink- Yellow/Spr- Su FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 14, 19 With good drainage X Dudleya virens ssp. Hassei & insularis Bright Green Dudleya 1-2 ft tall & wide Orange/Spr- Su FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14 X Opuntia littoralis Coastal Prickly Pear To 3 ft Yellow/W- Spr FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 Large container, planter X * Sedum spathulifolium Broadleaf Stonecrop < 1 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2 to 3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13 San Gabriels Ferns and Fern-like Plants Most native ferns can be grown successfully in large post or planters (See Native Ferns & Fern-like Plants list) Bulbs and Corms Most native bulbs and corms do great in containers (see Bulbs & Corms list). Calochortus species may be a little more difficult in containers; the rest do very well. Grasses and Grass-like Plants (rushes, sedges) Many native grasses can be grown in containers and planters (see Grasses & Grass-like Plants list). Listed below are some that are particularly nice in containers, including large pots. X * Achnatherum speciosum Desert Needlegrass 1-3 ft cool-season perennial bunchgrass FS Sandy best 1 to 1-2 10, 13, 16 Long-lived; self- sows freely Agrostis exarata Spike Bentgrass 1-4 ft tall Cool-season perennial bunchgrass FS/PS Not alkali 1-2 to 3 10, 16 X * Calamagrostis foliosa Leafy (Mendocino) Reed Grass 1-2 ft tall & wide cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS Well- drained 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Nice foliage color X * Carex barbarae Santa Barbara Sedge 1-2 ft tall to 3 ft w Evergreen sod sedge FS/PS Any 2 to 3 3, 8, 13, 16 May be invasive (containerize) X Carex praegracilis Clustered Field Sedge/CA Meadow Sedge 1-2 ft tall Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS Clays best 2-3 1, 2, 4, 7, 13 Cyperus eragrostis Umbrella Sedge/ Tall Flat-sedge 2-4 ft tall clumping Warm- season, sod sedge FS.PS any 1-2 to 3 7, 10, 13
  • 11. 11 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Cyperus odoratus Fragrant Flat-sedge 1-3 ft tall Warm- season, annual sedge FS/PS any 1-2 to 3 ? X Eleocharis palustris Common Spikerush 1-2 ft tall spreading Cool-season, sod sedge FS Any 1-2 to 3 1, 2, 7, 10, 13, 16 X Equisetum hyemale subsp. affine Common Horsetail 2-4 ft tall 1-6 ft w Perennial rush FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 3, 4, 8 Will grow in standing water; contain X Equisetum laevigatum Smooth Horsetail 2-5 ft tall spreading Perennial FS Clays best 2-3 to 3 8 X * Festuca californica CA Fescue <1-2 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 ‘Phil’s Silver’, 'Horse Mountain Green', 'Serpentine Blue' X * Festuca idahoensis Blue Bunchgrass < 1 ft tall & wide Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS any 2 to 3 1, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 20 ‘Warren Peak’, ‘Siskiyou Blue’ X Isolepis (Scirpus) cernuus Fiber Optic Grass; Miniature Tule 1 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Cool-season, sod rush; cut back in winter PS/ FSH Sandy best 2-3 to 3 3, 4, 13 good for pond edges X Juncus balticus Baltic Rush 1-3 ft tall 1-2 ft w. Sod rush FS Any incl. alk./salty 2-3 3, 16 X * Juncus bolanderi Bolander’s Rush 1-2 ft tall Perennial rhizome rush FS Any incl. salty 2-3 to 3 1, 13 Showy seedheads X Juncus bufonius var bufonius & congesta Toad Rush < 1 ft tall & wide Annual rush FS Any incl. salty 1-2 to 3 10, 16 X * Juncus effusus Bog/Common Rush 1-3 ft tall & wide Perennial rhizome rush FS/PS Any; sandy best 1-2 to 3 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 13, 14 Good around pools; ‘Quartz Creek’ X Juncus mexicanus Mexican Rush < 1 ft tall & wide Perennial rhizome rush FS Any incl. salty 1-2 to 2-3 3, 10, 14, 16 X Juncus patens Common Rush 1-3 ft tall & wide Spreading/ bunching perennial rush FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 ‘Carmen’s Gray’ is blue-gray X Juncus textilis Basket Rush 3-5 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Spreading/ bunching perennial rush FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 14 Showy; Good for wet planter, pondside X Juncus xiphioides Iris-leaf rush 1 ½ ft tall spreading Spreading rush FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 2, 3, 8, 13, 16 Best contained if watered
  • 12. 12 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Leymus condensatus Giant Rye Grass 4-6 ft tall & wide Warm season perennial FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 9, 10, 12, 16 ‘Canyon Prince’ is low-growing X Melica imperfecta Coastal Melic Grass 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide Cool season bunchgrass PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 19 X * Muhlenbergia rigens Deergrass 2-4 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS Any 1-2 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Stipa/Nassella cernua Nodding Needlegrass 2-3 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 X Stipa/Nassella lepida Foothill Needlegrass 2-3 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 X * Stipa/Nassella pulchra Purple Needlegrass 2-3 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16, 10/29/14 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet : http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants_17.html * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ** horticultural cultivar ++ light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade + Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html

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