Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden    Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants                   Project SOUND ...
Vines & Climbers for  Classic Gardens C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake  CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve    Madrona Marsh Preserve ...
What is it about a grandmother’s garden?                                  © Project SOUND
Many of our grandmothers (or great-grandmothers) planned their gardens between 1900 & 1930’s http://goldenagegardens.blogs...
If this is your Grandmother’s Garden then                            you’ll have to wait…                                 ...
Edwardian Gardens were very much a    revolt against the Victorian stylehttp://farm4.static.flickr.com/3002/2930975253_e30...
The roots of Edwardian Gardens were in the countryhttp://goldenagegardens.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html            ...
This period had many                                                               things in common with ours             ...
In short, we can easily relate to the Edwardian Gardenerhttp://goldenagegardens.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html      ...
…and their Edwardian Gardens, which can suggest       ideas for our own (2010) gardens    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wiki...
One of the first things we                                                            notice is a good use of             ...
The appropriate use of vertical space was         a key element of Edwardian gardenshttp://www.bargatepublications.co.uk/t...
Edwardian gardens used vines & climbers                                                                When planting vine...
Grape & rose arbors                                                                                       were popular fea...
© Project SOUNDhttp://thehumanfootprint.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/dscn0023.jpg
Our two California native grapesDesert Wild Grape/S. CA Grape   CA Grape – Vitis californicaVitis girdiana                ...
Grape arbors are great because the vines       provide fairly dense shadehttp://gallinacanyonranch.com/grape-arbor.jpg    ...
http://www.sundancelandscaping.com/images/projects/54ArboronDeck.jpghttp://farm1.static.flickr.com/213/513090893_5eb749323...
Climbers require some guidance…http://goldenagegardens.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html    Which can be an enjoyable a...
‘Natural’ and ‘Maintained’ arbors were both      used by Edwardian gardeners                                              ...
‘Maintained’ arbors were used     by Edwardian gardeners,         particularly for grapes                     The maintai...
Once the basic structure is achieved youjust maintain it                                                                  ...
Where to use                                                                                           grapes?            ...
Other great uses for grapes….                                                               Along fences, or over walls  ...
Lattice screens were popular in Edwardian gardens   http://jacquettamenzies.blogspot.com/2008/07/arts-and-crafts-garden.ht...
Wood lattice - popular                                                                                                    ...
The many faces                                                                                                            ...
Vigorous native vines                                                    to provide shade &                               ...
Island Morning-glory – Calystegia macrostegia                                        © Project SOUND
* Pacific Morning-glory – Calystegia purpurata ssp. purpurata    © 2007 Neal Kramer                                       ...
* Pacific Morning-glory – Calystegia purpurata ssp. purpurata                                                             ...
Pacific Morning-glory – like Island species                                                                               ...
Love those flowers!                          Blooms: late spring through                           summer – just when you...
Pacific Morning-glory does well in western  L.A. County         Soils:                          Texture: just about any,...
I can see a Morning-glory in your garden                                                    Along fence-lines; sprawling ...
‘Bolinas’ cultivar                                                                        rivals non-native               ...
Can you relate to this photo?      http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3625/3417180078_53e343bc10_o.jpghttp://www.sanfranciscod...
Many native vines like part-shadehttp://thebirdguide.com/washington/site_guides/tualatin_hills/tualatin_hills.htm         ...
Plants have developed many strategies to  get light when competing with other plants.                                     ...
What makes a vine a vine?http://science.howstuffworks.com/cabbage-info.htm   http://content.answers.com/main/content/img/G...
http://farm1.static.flickr.com/201/483149920_2302dd7aac.jpg?v=0 Twining habit: plant senses the supporting structure – di...
Native vines for                                                                             shady areas                  ...
The Honeysuckles (Lonicera species)               Arching shrubs or twining vines               Family Caprifoliaceae (H...
Honeysuckles (Lonicera species)             Lonicera: named for Adam Lonitzer              (1528-1586), a German herbalis...
* Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosa© 2008 Matt Below                                               © Project SOUND
* Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosahttp://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Sp...
* Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosa                                                                                   ...
Orange Honeysuckle -                                                                                                      ...
Flowers are fantastic                                                                                      Blooms: in spr...
Orange Honeysuckle is for shady gardens…                                                                                  ...
Orange Honeysuckle lights up dark corners   of the garden                                                             As ...
For garden vines, usea native alternative…                                        http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herb...
 Throughout the United States and                             Canada, many other invasive species                        ...
‘Hate it with a Passion’ vine             Don’t plant it – the Gulf Fritillaries will             get by just fine        ...
Invasive alien vines –DO NOT PLANT                  Japanese Honeysuckle - Lonicera                   japonica           ...
Alien Honeysuckles – the “bad boys” of           invasive vines                       Japanese Honeysuckle -             ...
California honeysuckles are not aggressive vigorous vines…              It’s the non-native species               that co...
Arches can add mystery –                                                        and increase the ‘size’ - of              ...
Our two locally native   Honeysuckles Purple (Pink) Honeysuckle Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans   Santa Barbara & Southe...
Pink Honeysuckle – Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans      © 2001 Steven Thorsted                                          ...
A honeysuckle with pink flowers…                                                                Blooms Apr-July          ...
* Chaparral Honeysuckle – Lonicera interrupta© 2008 Chris Winchell                                              © Project ...
* Chaparral Honeysuckle – Lonicera interrupta                                                                             ...
Native Honeysuckles are all similar-looking                                                                               ...
Flowers are the most                        yellow of the natives                          Blooms:                       ...
Honeysuckles are                                                         relatively easy to                               ...
Rooting honeysuckle               The best time is when new growth                                   starts to appear in ...
Chaparral Honeysuckle takes drier conditions…                                                                    Soils:  ...
Use Chaparral Honeysuckle                                   instead of L. japonica                                 Great ...
The Honeysuckles – consummate      hummingbird plants               Native honeysuckles are mostly                humming...
Can you relate to                                                                             this photo?                 ...
Native Honeysuckles are a great idea fornarrow side yard                                                                  ...
Climbing Penstemon - Keckiella cordifolia     http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/courses/img/bot/401/Magnoliophyta/Magnoliopsida...
Climbing (heart-leafed) Penstemon -                                                      Keckiella cordifolia             ...
Characteristics of Climbing Penstemon                                                                                 A w...
Who could resist such a pretty flower?                                                  Blooms: May-Jul                  ...
Tricks for gardening with Climbing            Penstemon                   Does best in light shade                   Lik...
Climbing Penstemon in the garden                                                                            Great summer ...
Outdoor activities – important in Edwardian    (and our) gardens                                                       Man...
When styles clash, the                                          results aren’t pretty                                     ...
Accessories, hardscape all should carryout the theme                                                                      ...
* Roving Sailor/Climbing Snapdragon –                             Maurandella antirrhiniflora                             ...
* Roving Sailor – Maurandella antirrhiniflora                                                                 Grows in de...
Roving Sailor is a nice, refined little vine                                                               Size:         ...
Flowers are a                                                                                        designer’s dream     ...
Roving Sailor is surprising well suited to                                         garden conditions…                     ...
English gardeners have                                                known for years…                                    ...
Available through traditional seed companies as          Climbing Snapdragon - Asarina antirrhiniflora                    ...
Hillside/Pacific Pea - Lathyrus vestitushttp://www.timetotrack.com/jay/socal/peasd.htm                                    ...
Canyon Pea flowers are a joy to behold                                                               Flowers:            ...
Use Canyon Pea like any                                                                   Sweetpea                        ...
Not enough space in your tiny garden?   Think creatively!http://tucsonlandscaping.info/trellis                            ...
http://forums2.gardenweb.com/forums/load/roses/msg070356056294.html                                            Obelisks ar...
* Pride of California – Lathyrus splendens © 2009 Andrew Borcher                                    © Project SOUND
* Pride of California – Lathyrus splendens                                                                    Native to P...
Pride of California – a perennial Sweetpea                                                              Size:            ...
A riot of scarlet blooms                                                                    Blooms:                      ...
Pride of California – a bit difficult to grow…                                                              Soils:       ...
Pride of CA would make                                                              a nice vine for sandy                 ...
Don’t be fooled…                                                                                          It is important...
What is it about a grandmother’s garden?                                  © Project SOUND
Lessons from                                                                                         Edwardian Gardens    ...
What is it about your garden that makes it a good ‘grandmother’s/grandfarther’s garden’?                                  ...
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Classsic climbers 2010

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Classsic climbers 2010

  1. 1. Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Gardening with Western L.A. County Native Plants Project SOUND - 2010 © Project SOUND
  2. 2. Vines & Climbers for Classic Gardens C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve Madrona Marsh Preserve January 2 & 5, 2010 © Project SOUND
  3. 3. What is it about a grandmother’s garden? © Project SOUND
  4. 4. Many of our grandmothers (or great-grandmothers) planned their gardens between 1900 & 1930’s http://goldenagegardens.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html © Project SOUND
  5. 5. If this is your Grandmother’s Garden then you’ll have to wait… Victorian Style Garden © Project SOUNDhttp://imagecache5.art.com/p/LRG/16/1647/9PEGD00Z/t-chiu-victorian-garden.jpg
  6. 6. Edwardian Gardens were very much a revolt against the Victorian stylehttp://farm4.static.flickr.com/3002/2930975253_e3036b0a45.jpg?v=0 Edwardian Style Garden © Project SOUND
  7. 7. The roots of Edwardian Gardens were in the countryhttp://goldenagegardens.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html © Project SOUND
  8. 8. This period had many things in common with ours  Natural open spaces (‘The Country’) were becoming rare – and were recalled nostalgically  Gardeners wanted an informal ‘natural look’ for their gardens – many used ‘old-fashioned’ native plants, often exuberantly  Leisure time was treasured – and there wasn’t enough of it  People loved to do as much as possible outdoors  City gardeners had to contend with ‘less than perfect’ views  Irrigation systems often consisted of a hose & spigothttp://goldenagegardens.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html © Project SOUND
  9. 9. In short, we can easily relate to the Edwardian Gardenerhttp://goldenagegardens.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html © Project SOUND
  10. 10. …and their Edwardian Gardens, which can suggest ideas for our own (2010) gardens http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/03/Edwardian_garden_(horizontal).jpg © Project SOUND
  11. 11. One of the first things we notice is a good use of vertical space  Low height (foreground)  Grass  Groundcover plants  Non-living groundcover  Mid-height (middle ground)  Shrubs & sub-shrubs  Hardscape elements (benches, pots, etc)  Taller height (background)  Trees & large shrubs  Climbers and the supports for them (arches, trellises, etc.)http://www.stmarysbramber.co.uk/images/rose_garden.JPG © Project SOUND
  12. 12. The appropriate use of vertical space was a key element of Edwardian gardenshttp://www.bargatepublications.co.uk/talks/5006.jpg © Project SOUND
  13. 13. Edwardian gardens used vines & climbers  When planting vines for height, they will need something to climb up.  Options are endless. Arbors, trellises and obelisks are built in several sizes and from many sorts of materials.  Natural materials, such as grapevine, bamboo and willow, work well for the informal garden.http://www.wrcla.org/cedarprojects/planters/coveredseats.aspStructures to support vines areamong the easier do-it-yourselfprojects – and plans are available © Project SOUND
  14. 14. Grape & rose arbors were popular features in Edwardian gardens  Follow Mother Nature; informal, ‘natural’ style for restful urban gardens  Create pleasing places for outdoor living  Shady and sunny places  Places to sit/dine/etc.  Use native plants creatively – they are pretty, ‘old fashioned’ and don’t require as much water, care  Use valuable space to the max: use fore-, mid- and background-spacehttp://historichouses.wordpress.com/2008/08/01/sagtikos-manor-west-bay-shore-ny/ © Project SOUND
  15. 15. © Project SOUNDhttp://thehumanfootprint.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/dscn0023.jpg
  16. 16. Our two California native grapesDesert Wild Grape/S. CA Grape CA Grape – Vitis californicaVitis girdiana ‘Roger’s Red’ © Project SOUND
  17. 17. Grape arbors are great because the vines provide fairly dense shadehttp://gallinacanyonranch.com/grape-arbor.jpg © Project SOUND
  18. 18. http://www.sundancelandscaping.com/images/projects/54ArboronDeck.jpghttp://farm1.static.flickr.com/213/513090893_5eb749323d.jpg Structures to support grapes (and other fast- growing, dense woody vines) need to be sturdy – don’t under-build them © Project SOUND http://www.garysumner.com/20718940_08.jpg
  19. 19. Climbers require some guidance…http://goldenagegardens.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html Which can be an enjoyable activity if you like the creativity © Project SOUND
  20. 20. ‘Natural’ and ‘Maintained’ arbors were both used by Edwardian gardeners  The natural arbor is permitted to grow randomly, forming a thick mass of canes.  There is very little upkeep and the vines produce a dense shade.  Since the vines are not pruned annually, there would be significantly fewer grapes produced.http://www.suelynncotton.com/landscapes.htm © Project SOUND
  21. 21. ‘Maintained’ arbors were used by Edwardian gardeners, particularly for grapes  The maintained arbor is covered by vines which are pruned to a two-bud spur- type cordon  Prune vines in Nov/Dec (or when vines are dormant) to a single cordon (trunk).  Each spur should be pruned to contain two or three buds. © Project SOUNDhttp://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/extension/homefruit/grapearbors/grape.html
  22. 22. Once the basic structure is achieved youjust maintain it  Prune dormant vines each year  Remove all new growth except for spurs with 2-3 buds  This type of pruning promotes a healthy grape crop  It also:  Keeps the weight down  Removes dead/weak growth - rejuvenates http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/extension/homefruit/grapearbors/grape.html © Project SOUND
  23. 23. Where to use grapes?  Where ever you’d like some shade http://www.mosaicartbyla.com/sitebuilder/images/front_grape_arbor2-389x284.jpghttp://picasaweb.google.com/lh/photo/v7WekBeoWLAngMvxp2RHQQ http://harrisonauth.us/ © Project SOUND
  24. 24. Other great uses for grapes….  Along fences, or over walls  As a rustic groundcover; great on slopes  Climbing a chain-link fencehttp://wardroadgarden.blogspot.com/2008/07/grape-vines.html © Project SOUND
  25. 25. Lattice screens were popular in Edwardian gardens http://jacquettamenzies.blogspot.com/2008/07/arts-and-crafts-garden.html © Project SOUND
  26. 26. Wood lattice - popular from 1880’s to 1930’s  Easy to install  Economical  Good for narrow spaces  Looks neat and tidyhttp://www.mastergardenproducts.com/woodcare/latticepanelinstallation.htm  Many styles available  Can be used in many ways  Fences  Free-standing screens  Trellises to grow vines  On arbors/garden benches  Etc., etc., etc. © Project SOUNDhttp://www.reliablefenceboston.com/nss-folder/pictures/Image121.jpg http://www.freewoodworkingplan.com/index.php?cat=196
  27. 27. The many faces of latticehttp://i.ehow.com/images/GlobalPhoto/Articles/5087563/227338-main_Full.jpg http://tucsonlandscaping.info/trellis http://cdn-write.demandstudios.com/upload//9000/500/90/7/29597.jpg © Project SOUNDhttp://bespokewoodcraft.com/yahoo_site_admin/assets/images/Rustic_lattice_screens_1.36583311_large.jpg
  28. 28. Vigorous native vines to provide shade & screen  Grapes – Vitis species  The Virgin’s Bowers - Clematis species  CA Wild Rose - Rosa californica  Morning-glories - Calystegia specieshttp://www.craftsman-style.info/garden/arbor.htm © Project SOUND
  29. 29. Island Morning-glory – Calystegia macrostegia © Project SOUND
  30. 30. * Pacific Morning-glory – Calystegia purpurata ssp. purpurata © 2007 Neal Kramer © Project SOUND
  31. 31. * Pacific Morning-glory – Calystegia purpurata ssp. purpurata  Coastal and foothill regions of CA – more widely distributed than C. macrostegia (coastal & Channel Isl.)  Locally: Hollywood Hills, Griffith Park  Grows in coastal sage scrub of the coastline and the chaparral ofhttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Calystegia%20purpurata the coastal and inland valleys. © Project SOUND
  32. 32. Pacific Morning-glory – like Island species  Size: slightly smaller and daintier than C. macrostegia  6-8 ft long  6-8 ft wide  Growth form:  Half-woody vine; base is woody, new growth is more herbaceous (at least to begin with)  Upright but sprawling habit – in nature grows through other shrubs or on ground  Foliage:  Typical, arrow-shaped leaves  Color: medium to blue-green © 2009 Barry Breckling © Project SOUNDhttp://www.homegardenguides.com/plant-database/calystegia-purpurata-ssp-purpurata-103165.html
  33. 33. Love those flowers!  Blooms: late spring through summer – just when you need a little summer color!  Flowers:  Typical morning-glory shape  Small – ½ to ¾ inch across  White or pink; sometimes purple  Great for native pollinators  Seeds:  Dark, round seeds in capsule  Soak for 2 hr in warm water prior to planting in fall© 2009 Barry Breckling © Project SOUND
  34. 34. Pacific Morning-glory does well in western L.A. County  Soils:  Texture: just about any, including clays  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun to part-shade (in hot, inland gardens)  Water:  Young plants: Zone 2-3  Winter: only during dry spells (when rains should normally occur)  Summer: occasional water (Zone 2 will keep it blooming)  Other: clean and prune to shape in fall/winter (dormant) © Project SOUND© 2007 Neal Kramer
  35. 35. I can see a Morning-glory in your garden  Along fence-lines; sprawling over walls or fences  Over a pergola or arch – wouldn’t it be nice to sit and enjoy!  As an unusual flowering groundcover – great on N and E- facing slopes  Climbing through a large native shrub  Climbing up a trellis – this species won’t take over!  As an attractive & unique pothttp://queerbychoice.livejournal.com/627113.html plant © Project SOUND
  36. 36. ‘Bolinas’ cultivar rivals non-native species  Larger, pastel pink flowers  Delicate stems  Does well in gardenshttp://www.calfloranursery.com/pages_plants/pages_c/calpurpurbol.html © Project SOUND
  37. 37. Can you relate to this photo? http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3625/3417180078_53e343bc10_o.jpghttp://www.sanfranciscodays.com/photos/large/california-redwoods.jpg © Project SOUND
  38. 38. Many native vines like part-shadehttp://thebirdguide.com/washington/site_guides/tualatin_hills/tualatin_hills.htm © Project SOUND
  39. 39. Plants have developed many strategies to get light when competing with other plants.  Some grow enormously tall  Some latch onto branches in the canopy  Some grow in openings.  One group, the vines, scramble or twine their way to the light using larger and sturdier plants for support.http://wildgardeners.blogspot.com/2007/12/forest-or-woodland-garden.html © Project SOUND
  40. 40. What makes a vine a vine?http://science.howstuffworks.com/cabbage-info.htm http://content.answers.com/main/content/img/Gardeners/f0132.jpg http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/images/401/Magnoliophyta/Magnolio psida/Fabales/Fabaceae/Pueraria_thunbergiana/Vine_MC_.html  Often grow in shady/part-shade areas – like forests or dense shrublands  Developed a growth pattern that allows them to reach the light under crowded conditions:  Fast growth – allows it to reach the sun quickly in life  Long inter-nodes – long elongation allows it to grow up © Project SOUND
  41. 41. http://farm1.static.flickr.com/201/483149920_2302dd7aac.jpg?v=0 Twining habit: plant senses the supporting structure – differential growth explains the twining Specialized structures:  Tendrils – typical of Pea family, grapes  Hold-fasts – typical of Ivy, Virginia Creeper, other wall-climbing vines © Project SOUND
  42. 42. Native vines for shady areas  Regular water (Zone 2-3 to 3)  Orange Honeysuckle  Other vines from the Pacific Northwest  Occasional water (Zone 2)  Other native honeysuckles  Climbing Penstemon  Native Peas (Lathyrus)http://kinsellandscape.com/Project_Samples/Gardens/GardenArbor1p.jpg © Project SOUND
  43. 43. The Honeysuckles (Lonicera species)  Arching shrubs or twining vines  Family Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle family)  Native to the Northern Hemisphere.  ~ 180 species, mostly from China (~ 100 species); ~ 20 native to N. America.  Common garden vines:  Lonicera periclymenum (European Honeysuckle)  Lonicera japonica (Japanese Honeysuckle, White Honeysuckle)  Lonicera sempervirens (Coral Honeysuckle, Trumpet Honeysuckle)  Many species have sweetly-scented, bell-shaped flowers that produce a sweet, edible nectar. © Project SOUND
  44. 44. Honeysuckles (Lonicera species)  Lonicera: named for Adam Lonitzer (1528-1586), a German herbalist, physician and botanist who wrote a standard herbal text that was reprinted many times between 1557 and 1783  Foliage of many species used medicinally  Hummingbirds love the flowers !!!!.  The fruit is a red, blue or black berry containing several seeds; in most species the berries are mildly poisonous, but a few have edible berries, and birds will eat most honeysuckle species’ berries.  The foliage is eaten by the larvae of some butterfly & moth species © Project SOUND
  45. 45. * Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosa© 2008 Matt Below © Project SOUND
  46. 46. * Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosahttp://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa © Project SOUND
  47. 47. * Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosa  A plant of the Pacific Northwest – British Columbia to Northern CA and east to Montana  North slopes and creek and river banks, mostly in moist forested areashttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?2874,2877,2879 http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa © Project SOUND
  48. 48. Orange Honeysuckle - a twining vine  Size:  to 15+ ft long  Growth form:  Semi-woody vine/climbing shrub  Creeping, trailing, climbing or twining habit – usually growshttp://www.rainyside.com/features/plant_gallery/nativeplants/Lonicera_ciliosa.html through other plants  Old vines can kill trees – kind of like a boa constrictor  Foliage:  Medium to dark green, paired simple leaves  Winter deciduous  Roots: trailing stems will rootGary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database where they touch the©ground Project SOUNDhttp://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa
  49. 49. Flowers are fantastic  Blooms: in spring - usually May- June in our area  Flowers:  Usually red-orange; may be more yellow-orange  Trumpet-shape – typical of the Honeysuckles  In very showy clusters – this plant is a show-stopper in bloom  Hummingbirds love them!!  Berries: © 1997 John Game © Project SOUNDhttp://www.rainyside.com/features/plant_gallery/nativeplants/Lonicera_ciliosa.html
  50. 50. Orange Honeysuckle is for shady gardens…  Soils:  Texture: just about any  pH: any including slightly acidic (under pines, firs)  Light: light shade to quite shady; this is a forest plant  Water:  Winter: can take some flooding  Summer: likes moist soil – Zone 2-3 or even 3  Fertilizer: likes organic amendments/ richer soils  Other: cannot take heathttp://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Species=ciliosa © Project SOUND
  51. 51. Orange Honeysuckle lights up dark corners of the garden  As an attractive pot plant  In a woodsy garden – like many of our ‘mature’ gardens  Sprawling over a wall or fence  As a groundcover under trees that need regular water  Any other place that is shady and gets a little regular waterhttp://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/carr/ofp/lon_cil.htm © Project SOUND
  52. 52. For garden vines, usea native alternative… http://biology.burke.washington.edu/herbarium/imagecollection.php?Genus=Lonicera&Sp ecies=ciliosaCape Honeysuckle - Tecomaria capensis Native to Australia Orange Honeysuckle – Lonicera ciliosa © Project SOUND
  53. 53.  Throughout the United States and Canada, many other invasive species of vines are choking out native vegetation and harming wildlife.  Some nurseries still sell several of these villains—such as oriental bittersweet, porcelain berry, English ivy and Chinese wisteria—to unsuspecting gardeners.  Most botanists believe that you can help keep this ecological nightmare from getting any worse by planting only native vines.  In the process, you will add eye- catching, flowering plants to your yard that will help you attract birds, butterflies, bees, moths and evenEnglish Ivy – Gardena some small mammals.Willows Wetland Preserve © Project SOUND
  54. 54. ‘Hate it with a Passion’ vine Don’t plant it – the Gulf Fritillaries will get by just fine © Project SOUND
  55. 55. Invasive alien vines –DO NOT PLANT  Japanese Honeysuckle - Lonicera japonica  Cape ivy - Delairea odorata (Senecio mikanioides)  English ivy, Algerian ivy - Hedera helix & H. canariensis Cape Ivy  Bridal creeper - Asparagus asparagoides  Blue Morning-glory - Ipomoea indica  Chinese Creeper; ‘Mile-a-minute’ vine -Mikania micrantha  Passion Vines - Passiflora species  Nasturtium - Tropaeolum majusBridal Creeper © Project SOUND
  56. 56. Alien Honeysuckles – the “bad boys” of invasive vines  Japanese Honeysuckle - Lonicera japonica  Amur Honeysuckle - Lonicera maackii  Very invasive- remove by cutting, flaming, or burning the plant to root level and repeating on two-week increments until nutrient reserves in the roots are depleted © Project SOUND
  57. 57. California honeysuckles are not aggressive vigorous vines…  It’s the non-native species that completely engulfing chain link fences – and give our native species a bad reputation.  CA native species tend to be more like open shrubs that couldnt quite stand up on their own and needed to hold onto a few of their neighbors. © Project SOUND
  58. 58. Arches can add mystery – and increase the ‘size’ - of small gardenshttp://www.flickr.com/photos/lovedaylemon/3710741760/ © Project SOUND
  59. 59. Our two locally native Honeysuckles Purple (Pink) Honeysuckle Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans Santa Barbara & Southern Honeysuckles Lonicera subspicata vars. denudata & subspicata © Project SOUND
  60. 60. Pink Honeysuckle – Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans © 2001 Steven Thorsted © Project SOUND
  61. 61. A honeysuckle with pink flowers…  Blooms Apr-July  Pink-lavender and white flowers – typical Honeysuckle  Flowers in showy clusters at ends of flowering stalks  Flowers are scented  Provide a good nectar source for hummingbirds, bees & butterflieshttp://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/hairyhoneysuckle.html © Project SOUND
  62. 62. * Chaparral Honeysuckle – Lonicera interrupta© 2008 Chris Winchell © Project SOUND
  63. 63. * Chaparral Honeysuckle – Lonicera interrupta  Native to foothills from S. OR to AZ and into N. Mexico  Dry slopes, ridges, mixed forest to 6000’  Chaparral, yellow pine forest, often in shade of trees/shrubshttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Lonicera+interrupta © Project SOUND
  64. 64. Native Honeysuckles are all similar-looking  Size:  6-10+ ft tall & wide  Growth form:  Sprawling deciduous shrub/vine  Plants stout & woody at base – become many-branched above  Long, flexible stems used in basketry  Foliage:  Leaves typical for Honeysuckle – paired, simple, rounded, medium-green  Roots: roots easily where stems touch soil© Br. Alfred Brousseau, Saint Marys College http://www.timetotrack.com/jay/socal/honeysi5.htm © Project SOUND
  65. 65. Flowers are the most yellow of the natives  Blooms:  Mid-spring to mid-summer  Usually May-June in our area  Flowers:  Typical Honey-suckle shape  Color is a bright, clear yellow  Many clusters of flowers – showy in bloom  Kids of all ages love to suck the ‘honey’ (nectar) from the flowers  Hummingbird pollinated  Birds love the fruits © Project SOUND© 2008 Chris Winchell
  66. 66. Honeysuckles are relatively easy to propagate from seed  Remove seeds from fruits  Use fresh seed for best germination – often will need no cold treatment, but test germination with a few seeds  Soak seeds 24 hr before planting  Stored seed then needs cold- moist treatment for 1-2 mo. (use coffee filter; place in open plastic bag in refrigerator – check for germination)Beatrice F. Howitt © California Academy of Sciences © Project SOUND
  67. 67. Rooting honeysuckle  The best time is when new growth starts to appear in the spring (if there cuttings is easy! is green growth, you can do itmost anytime of the year)  Cut a length of green, “semi-soft wood" growth from the end of the vine - be sure to get several sets of leaves.  Strip off the leaves nearest the cut end. Leave one or two leaf nodes bare and one or two sets of leaves left on the vine.  At this point you have a couple of options.You will soon (1-2 weeks) see  Dip the cutting in rooting hormone andthe new roots forming, and place it in damp potting soil or otherwhen you have several good rooting medium.roots (an inch or so long) youare ready to plant your new  Place the cutting in a vase of water andHoneysuckle vine! allow the roots to develop - change the water regularly to prevent rot. © Project SOUND
  68. 68. Chaparral Honeysuckle takes drier conditions…  Soils:  Texture: very adaptable – one of the better for gardens  pH: any local pH  Light: full sun (on coast) to part- shade; excellent in dappled shade  Water:  Winter: takes quite wet, including a little flooding  Summer: drought tolerant (Zone 1- 2) but better as Zone 2; can even take Zone 2-3 in well-drained soils  Fertilizer – best with an organic mulch – it’s a Chaparral planthttp://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/chaparralhoneysuckle.html © Project SOUND
  69. 69. Use Chaparral Honeysuckle instead of L. japonica  Great groundcover on banks  As a flowery accent in mixed hedges/hedgerows  Climbing over an arbor – enjoy© 2007 Julie Kierstead Nelson the sweet-scented flowers  On a lattice or trellis to hide a ‘less than perfect’ view  As an attractive pot plant  All honeysuckles are great choices for habitat garden © 2009 Barry Breckling © Project SOUND
  70. 70. The Honeysuckles – consummate hummingbird plants  Native honeysuckles are mostly hummingbird pollinated, throughout the world  Are known for their fragrance, medicinal qualities, use in basketry and cordage-making and for their beauty  Feed a wide range of living things including hummingbirds, other birds, bees, moths, butterflies and small animals  Some critters even live in their shady hidey places. © Project SOUND
  71. 71. Can you relate to this photo?  Challenges:  Narrow space  Shady  Damp in winter; drier in summer  Ugly wall  Neighbors close by – need to screen  Poor air circulation  Consider an Edwardian solution – a vine-covered archhttp://www.cheeseslave.com/2008/06/04/update-on-the-growing-challenge/ © Project SOUND
  72. 72. Native Honeysuckles are a great idea fornarrow side yard  If your Honeysuckle is to be grown on a trellis or an arbor, put this support structure in place before planting, to avoid damaging the vine.  Plant Honeysuckle 6-12 in. away from the support to allow enough growing room for developing stems.  Tie vines to their support using strong, stretchy materials that wont cut into growing branches.  Strips of old nylon hosiery work very well.  Loop each tie into a figure 8, with the crossed portion between the stem and the support to keep stems from rubbing or being choked. http://kinsellandscape.com/Project_Samples/Gardens/GardenArbor1p.jpg © Project SOUND
  73. 73. Climbing Penstemon - Keckiella cordifolia http://botit.botany.wisc.edu/courses/img/bot/401/Magnoliophyta/Magnoliopsida/Asteridae/Scrophulariaceae/Keckiella_cordifolia_FL_.jpg © Project SOUND
  74. 74. Climbing (heart-leafed) Penstemon - Keckiella cordifolia  South and central coasts of CA to N. Baja  In chaparral, woodlands and even forest  Keckiella: after David Daniels Keck (1903-1995), an American botanist known for his work on experimental taxonomy who collaborated with Philip Munz on A California Flora, cordifolia: in Latin means withhttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?7177,7347,7354 "heart-shaped leaves" © Project SOUND
  75. 75. Characteristics of Climbing Penstemon  A woody vine/ open climbing shrub  Size: usually 3-6 ft long (to 15 ft); fast- growing  Sprawling – often found growing through other plants  evergreen in mildhttp://biology.csusb.edu/PlantGuideFolder/KeckiellaCord/KeckiellaCordPage.htm climates with a little watering, deciduous in winter cold or under drought stress. © Project SOUND
  76. 76. Who could resist such a pretty flower?  Blooms: May-Jul  Flowers: bright orange- red to deep red in clusters – very showy  Excellent summer nectar source:  Hummingbirds  Butterflies  Bees, etc. http://www.timetotrack.com/jay/keck2.htm  Birds also eat the seed © Project SOUND
  77. 77. Tricks for gardening with Climbing Penstemon  Does best in light shade  Likes any well-drained soil  Probably lives longer with little/no summer water, but it can be kept green with modest waterings  prefers cool roots, so consider mulching with organic mulch  Prune only to remove dead branches or to shape © Project SOUND
  78. 78. Climbing Penstemon in the garden  Great summer color in dry shady areas – really showy  Good under oaks  Excellent habitat  On slopes  As backdrop for other plants – attractive leaves http://www.marrsandersen.com/Stuff/California-plants/Page1.html with some summerCan be trained to “climb” ifgiven support water © Project SOUND
  79. 79. Outdoor activities – important in Edwardian (and our) gardens Many appropriate chairs and benches are readily availablehttp://www.flickr.com/photos/43688219@N00/3934056099 © Project SOUND
  80. 80. When styles clash, the results aren’t pretty  Edwardian  Rustic; substantial looking  Natural colors for wood, metal hardscape  Natural-looking/ informal plantings  Victorian  Refined; more delicate- looking – often embellished  Hardscape often painted (white or pastels)  Geometric/formalhttp://www.heartlandhomeandgarden.com/ plantings http://s7.kmart.com/is/image/Sears/07114609000?hei=500&wid=500&op_sharpen=1 © Project SOUND
  81. 81. Accessories, hardscape all should carryout the theme This was true in 1910 and is still a good rule today!http://www.kellscraft.com/AmericanGardens/americangarden16.html If your garden has a rustic/Edwardian look, then arbors, trellises, furniture should reflect this http://inandoutdoors.com/gardenbenches/ © Project SOUND
  82. 82. * Roving Sailor/Climbing Snapdragon – Maurandella antirrhiniflora © Project SOUNDPatrick J. Alexander @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database
  83. 83. * Roving Sailor – Maurandella antirrhiniflora  Grows in desert mountains/ foothills of the Southwest – Texas to N. Mexico  In S. Ca – grows in Providence Mtns., San Bernardino Co.  Bluffs, dry stony slopes, desert flats, washeshttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?7177,7383,0,7384 http://www.desertmuseumdigitallibrary.org/public/img.php?t=detail&id=ASDM01072 © Project SOUND
  84. 84. Roving Sailor is a nice, refined little vine  Size:  4-10 ft long & wide  Growth form:  Semi-woody vine/sprawling shrub in our area – grown as an annual in cold-winter areas – fast growth  Sprawls and twines through/overG.A. Cooper @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database other plants (or trellises, etc.)  Foliage:  Fresh, medium to dark green (woodsy looking with water) – to gray-green (in hot, dry conditions)  Dainty – leaves somewhat ivy-like but more attractive shape  Dies back almost to ground in winter (or cut back if needed) © Project SOUND http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=maan9
  85. 85. Flowers are a designer’s dream  Blooms:  From spring to fall; often from April-Oct. with a little summer water.  Blooms open over long bloom season – excellent season- stretcher  Flowers:  ~ 1 inch – but lots of them  Snapdragon-like appearance  Usually lilac color; natural red-maroon variants  Really showy – but up close  Seeds: tiny, but good germination; will reseed © Project SOUNDPatrick J. Alexander @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database © 2008 Aaron Schusteff © 2007 Zoya Akulova
  86. 86. Roving Sailor is surprising well suited to garden conditions…  Soils:  Texture: likes a well-drained soil; sandy soils are great, as are well- drained clays  pH: good for alkali soils  Light: full sun to part-shade; probably does best in dappled shade (under trees or climbing up a trellis)  Water:  Winter: rainwater often sufficient  Summer: some supplemental water (Zone 2 or even 2-3) will extendhttp://pics.davesgarden.com/pics/htop_1211484777_460.jpg bloom season; drought tolerantRoving Sailor can hide a multitudeof ‘sins’  Fertilizer: not needed, but won’t harm © Project SOUND
  87. 87. English gardeners have known for years…  Nice petite vines to climb up poles, fences, trellises  Use it to hide those ugly chain-link fences  Excellent (period- appropriate) climber for an Edwardian/ Craftsman Garden – even in a pot!  Use to attract Buckeye butterflies  Looks delicate – but is a real trooper!http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/maurandya-antirrhiniflora © Project SOUND
  88. 88. Available through traditional seed companies as Climbing Snapdragon - Asarina antirrhiniflora  ‘Mixed’ - available through Thompson-Morgan Seedshttp://www.thompson-morgan.com/seeds1/product/7506/1.html  ‘Red’ – available through Summerhill seeds and several others © Project SOUND
  89. 89. Hillside/Pacific Pea - Lathyrus vestitushttp://www.timetotrack.com/jay/socal/peasd.htm © Project SOUND
  90. 90. Canyon Pea flowers are a joy to behold  Flowers:  Spring: usually April-June  Color:  usually light pink to white;  may be lavender;  San Diego variant (var. alefeldii ) is magenta  Flowers look like wild sweetpeas (or even slightly small horticultural varieties)  Sweetly scented  Good for native pollinators: bees, hummingbirds & butterflies  Seed pod:  pink-green & fuzzy, drying to brownhttp://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/canyonsweetpea.html  Seeds of Pea family may be toxic if http://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/canyonsweetpea.html eaten © Project SOUND
  91. 91. Use Canyon Pea like any Sweetpea  In a fragrance garden  Climbing up fences, trellises or other supports  On ‘natural’ hillsides  Great under oaks, Toyon, other chaparral tree & shrubshttp://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/canyonsweetpea.html  Probably even in large containers Locate Canyon Pea where you can enjoy its flowers & fragrance http://www.redshift.com/~bigcreek/fire/fire5/index.html © Project SOUND
  92. 92. Not enough space in your tiny garden? Think creatively!http://tucsonlandscaping.info/trellis http://www.container-gardening-made-easy.com/perennial-flowering-vines.htmlhttp://edenmakersblog.com/?tag=low-water-plants © Project SOUND
  93. 93. http://forums2.gardenweb.com/forums/load/roses/msg070356056294.html Obelisks are four-sided structures that are large at the base and taper as they reach skyward. They may have a finial at the top, where the obelisk comes to a point.The garden obelisk is made with open weave to allow vines to twine in,out and around. Obelisks allow you to grow certain vines in smallplaces. © Project SOUND
  94. 94. * Pride of California – Lathyrus splendens © 2009 Andrew Borcher © Project SOUND
  95. 95. * Pride of California – Lathyrus splendens  Native to Peninsular Ranges of Sand Diego Co. and Baja  An uncommon chaparral plant  Generally, the chaparral is low growing with a moderately open canopy; however, it can occur in dense vegetation on north-facing slopes.http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?3691,3922,3948 Also known as ‘Campo Pea’ © Project SOUND
  96. 96. Pride of California – a perennial Sweetpea  Size:  6-12 ft long  Growth form:  Semi-woody perennial vine/shrub  Long, weak stems – delicate- looking plant  Can climb up or through – has tendrils like many species in the Pea family  Foliage:  Leaves typical for peas – compound leaf with rounded leaflets  Foliage color – usually blue-http://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=LASP3 green © Project SOUND
  97. 97. A riot of scarlet blooms  Blooms:  In spring; usually May-June in our area  Flowers:  One of our most splendid native plants – like the best Sweetpea  Flower shape – Pea-type  Brilliant carmine color – darken with age  Tropical-looking; attract hummingbirds & butterflies  Seeds:  Typical peas in a podJ. E.(Jed) and Bonnie McClellan © California Academy of Sciences © Project SOUND
  98. 98. Pride of California – a bit difficult to grow…  Soils:  Texture: well-drained soils a must; sandy/rocky soils best  pH: any local  Light:  Part-shade – dapple shade is perfect  Water:  Winter: supplement if necessary  Summer: Dry – Zone 1-2 best; water perhaps 1-2 times in summer  Fertilizer: nonehttp://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=LASP3 © Project SOUND
  99. 99. Pride of CA would make a nice vine for sandy soil gardens  Unfortunately, I haven’t been able tohttp://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=LASP3 find a source for seeds or plants  Your mission (if you choose to accept it): find us a source © Project SOUND © 2008 Dr. James D. Adams
  100. 100. Don’t be fooled…  It is important to distinguish this species from Lathyrus latifolius Splendens which is sometimes sold under the same name.  The latter is merely a selected form of the common European Everlasting Pea.  The true species is uncommon in cultivation and difficult to obtain.http://chestofbooks.com/flora-plants/flowers/Western-Wild-Flowers/Pride-Of-California- © Project SOUNDLathyrus-Splendens-Crimson-Spring-California.html
  101. 101. What is it about a grandmother’s garden? © Project SOUND
  102. 102. Lessons from Edwardian Gardens 1. Follow Mother Nature; informal, ‘natural’ style for restful urban gardens 2. Create pleasing places for http://www.gardenvisit.com/garden/gertrude_jekyll_garden_glebe_house_museum outdoor living • Shady and sunny places • Places to sit/dine/etc. 3. Use native plants creatively – they are pretty, ‘old fashioned’ and don’t require as much water, care 4. Use valuable space to the max: use fore-, mid- and background-spacehttp://goldenagegardens.blogspot.com/2008_02_01_archive.html © Project SOUND
  103. 103. What is it about your garden that makes it a good ‘grandmother’s/grandfarther’s garden’? http://www.wickedlocal.com/mansfield/archive/x639771749/This-is-not-your-grandmother-s-garden-clubhttp://www.junedudley.com/images/grandmother%27s-garden432v.jpg © Project SOUND

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