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Bee pollinators habitat-3-11
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Bee pollinators habitat-3-11

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  • 1. CA Native Plants for Native Bees and Other Common Pollinators - Western L.A. County I Scientific Name Common Name Trees and Tree-like Large Shrubs Size Flower/ season Soil CA Buckeye 12-30+ ft tall & w X Baccharis salicifolia Mule Fat To 10 ft X Ceanothus arboreus Catalina Ceanothus <20 ft. t 8-10 ft w Blue/Sp ‘Ray Hartman’ Ceanothus To 20 ft t 10-15 w Lt. blue/Sp Western Redbud 6-20 ft tall 10-15 ft w Magenta/ Sp Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany 6-12 ft tall 4 ft. wide Yellowwhite/Sp Desert Willow 5-25 ft tall and wide Pink/ Sp-F FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 Toyon 6-10 ft + 4-6 ft w White/Su FS/PS/FSH Any welldrained 1-2 Island (Rose) Mallow 8-12 ft tall & wide Magenta/ yr round FS/PS Holly-leaf and Catalina Island Cherries < 50 ft White/Su PS any Narrow-leaf Willow 6-15 ft 12-15 ft.w. Yellow/Sp FS/PS any Goodding’s Black Willow To 100 ft T Yellow/Sp FS any FS/PS any Yellow/Sp FS any Yellow/Sp FS any X * Cercis occidentalis Cercocarpus montanus X var. blancheae/ C. alnifolius/ C. betuloides var. blancheae * Chilopsis linearis ssp. X arcuata X Heteromeles arbutifolia Lavatera X assurgentiflora ssp. glabrata & assurgentiflora X Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia & lyonii X Salix exigua Salix gooddingii X Salix lasiolepis Arroyo Willow X Salix laevigata Red Willow Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra Pacific (Shining) Willow 8-35 ft to 35 ft w. 10-30 ft to 45 ft w. 20-40 ft T Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Any welldrained FS/PS Any FS/PS Any welldrained Water Zone+ X Aesculus californica ** Ceanothus ‘Ray Hartman’ White/ Sp-Su Pink-white/ all year Light** 1 1-2 to 2-3 1 Availability 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 1, 2 1, 3, 7, 9, 14, 19 Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 6, 9, 13 FS/PS Any incl clay 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 FS Welldrained 1-2 FS Welldrained 1 1-2 1-2; winter flooding 1-2; winter flooding 1-2; winter flooding 1-2; winter flooding 2-3 to 3 Notes 1, 7, 13 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Spreading; evergreen; good for garden Fall color (red, orange); edible fruit, flowers Hedge; evergreen; upright form Showy flowers; winter decid. Berries toxic in lg. amounts 1, 2, 13 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 1, 2, 3, 14 2 Spreading via roots Needs winter flooding 1, 2 spreads 1, 2, 3, 12, 14 ‘weeping’ growth habit 1, 7, 13, 14 1
  • 2. I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Blue (Mexican) Sambucus nigra ssp. 8-25+ ft White/Sp-Su Elderberry cerulea Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges) X X Baccharis pilularis X Baccharis plummerae subsp. plummerae * Carpenteria californica ** Ceanothus cyanus ‘Sierra Blue’ * Ceanothus X integerrimus * Ceanothus X leucodermis X X Ceanothus megacarpus ** Ceanothus ‘Concha’ Ceanothus papillosus var. roweanus X C. impressus Ceanothus impressus x papillosus ‘Dark Star’ ** Ceanothus X thyrsiflorus ‘Skylark’ ** Ceanothus X thyrsiflorus 'Snow Flurry' * Ceanothus tomentosus var. olivaceus ** Ceanothus arboreus x thrysiflorus ‘Frosty Blue’ * Ceanothus verrucosus ** Ceanothus ‘Blue Window’ Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Edible berries FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 1-2 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Coyote Bush To 8 ft Cream/F FS/PS any Plummer's Baccharis < 7 ft tall Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any Bush aneneme 6-8 ft tall 6-12 ft W WhiteYellow/ Spr PS/FSH Welldrained Sierra Blue Ceanothus To 15 ft t. & wide Dk blue /Sp FS Deerbrush 3-6+ ft t White/Sp Chaparral Whitethorn 8-12 ft t 10 ft wide To 12 ft tall Lt. bluewhite/Sp Whitelavender/ Sp ‘Concha’ Ceanothus 4-6 ft. tall & wide Dark Blue/ Sp ‘Dark Star’ Ceanothus ‘Skylark’ Ceanothus 6-8 ft high 5-8 ft wide Dk blue/ WSp 3-6 ft t Lt blue/Sp FS/PS Any incl clay 2 1, 3, 6, 13 ‘Snowflurry’ Ceanothus 6-10 ft t 10 ft w White/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 2 1, 3, 6, 9, 13, 14 Wooly-leaf Ceanothus 6-12 ft t 4-8 ft w Blues/Sp FS Sandy or rocky 1-2 ‘Frosty Blue’ Ceanothus 6-10 ft t 8 ft wide Med blue/ W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained, sandy 2 White Coast (Wartstemmed) Ceanothus ‘Blue Window’ Ceanothus 5-8 ft tall 4-6 ft wide White/ FS 10-15 ft t 8-10 ft w Med Blue/ FS Big-pod Ceanothus FS/PS FS FS/PS Any welldrained Any Sandy/ rocky Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 to 2 1 to 2 1 to 1-2 1 FS/PS Most 1-2 to 2 FS Any 1-2 ? 1, 3, 7, 13, 14, 19 Showy, fragrant flowers 3, 6, 8 Fast; easy; showy 3, 13, 16 Drought decid; glossy leaves 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 20 1, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 Very showy; open growth 3, 6, 8, 9, 14, 24, Alkali & garden tolerant 1, 3, 9, 13, 14, 24 Hedge; best nearer coast 1, 13, 14 1, 3, 6, 13 Dense; shrubby; fast Upright; evergreen; heavy bloomer Dense; evergreen; prune or hedge 1-2 Sandy best 3, 6, 14, 20 Dense foliage 1-2 1, 13 Dense; evergreen 2
  • 3. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season ** Ceanothus ‘Tassajara Blue’ ‘Tassajara’ Ceanothus To 8 ft t 5-8 ft w Lt. blue/ Sp Cleome isomeris (Isomeris arborea) Bladderpod 2-6+ ft Desert Lavender Mahonia (Berberis) nevinii Nevin’s Barberry X * Philadelphus lewisii CA Mock Orange X * Rhamnus californica California Coffeeberry X Rhus integrifolia Lemonadeberry X Rhus ovata Sugar Bush I X X * Hyptis emoryi X X Ribes aureum var. gracillimum X * Simmondsia chinensis Light** Soil * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium * Chrysothamnus X nauseosus X X Coreopsis gigantea X Constancea (Eriophyllum) nevinii X Encelia californica Availability Notes 1, 13 Can be hedged FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 Yellow/ Sp + FS Welldrained 1 4-12 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Violet/W-Sp FS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 1, 8, 10, 13, 14 3-8+ ft tall 6-12 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14 White/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any, incl clays 2-3 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Very fragrant Buff/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 'Eve Case', 'Mound San Bruno' smaller Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2-3 4-10 ft tall & wide 6-12 ft t & wide; short cultivars 2-10 ft 3-20 ft w. 8-12 ft 6-15 ft w. Golden Currant To 10 ft Yellow/ W-Sp Jojoba 5-12 ft tall & wide Yellow/Sp FS Welldrained Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; includes woody sub-shrubs X Baccharis emoryi Water Zone+ 1-2 Emory Baccharis 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding Oregon Grape < 6 ft Yellow/Sp PS any 2-3 to 3 Rabbitbush 2-5 ft tall & wide Yellow/Su-F FS any 1-2 to 2-3 Giant Coreopsis 3-5+ ft Yellow/Sp FS/PS Catalina Silverlace 3-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS CA Bush Sunflower 2-5 ft Yellow/ W-Sp FS/PS Fertile, welldrained Any welldrained Any welldrained 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 16 1, 3, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 1, 3, 9, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Unusual scent; attractive branch ‘Silver Lining’; fragrant Edible berries; good bird habitat Edible fruits Edible fruits 7, 12, 14 Any welldrained; Birds eat berries 1, 8, 14, 16, 20 Fruit for birds; greygreen; evergreen 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 Salt tolerant 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 7, 10, 13, 16 Insect-eaters 1-2 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16, Unusual 1 to 2-3 1, 6, 7, 13, 14 ‘Silver Canyon’ 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Good winter color 3
  • 4. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season * Eriodictyon trichocalyx Southern Yerba Santa 4-6 ft Lilac/Su X Eriogonum cinereum Ashy-leaf Buckwheat 2-5 ft X * Eriogonum crocatum Conejo Buckwheat I X X Eriogonum elongatum var. elongatum Wand Buckwheat 1 ft 1-3 3-6 1-2 tall ft wide ft tall ft wide Pink-wht/ Sp-F Yellow/SpSu Light** FS FS/PS FS/PS Soil Lightsandy best Any welldrained Water Zone+ 1 to 1-2 1 to 2-3 any 1 to 1-2 Availability Notes 10, 16 Aromatic leaves 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 1, 3, 8, 12, 14, 19 Pink/Su-F FS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 Gray foliage 1, 8, 12 X Eriogonum fasciculatum California Buckwheat 1-3 ft tall 3-6 ft wide Pink/Sp-F FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 'Dana Point' tight, compact; ‘Bruce Dickinson’ - prostrate Eriogonum giganteum X vars. formosum, giganteum St. Catherine’s Lace 3-6 ft Pink-white/ Su FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 13, 14, 16, 19 Don’t plant near native buckwheats X Eriogonum parvifolium Coastal Buckwheat 2-4 ft Pink-creme/ Su + FS/PS/ FSH Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 Slender Buckwheat 1-3 ft tall Pink/Su-F FS any Bracted Gumplant 2-4 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Yellow/Su Fs Welldrained Sawtooth Goldenbush 1-3 ft Yellow/Su-F FS Any welldrained Coast Goldenbush 1-3 ft tall and wide Yellow/ Su-F FS Any Scale Broom; CA Broomsage Deer Vetch/ Deer Broom Guadalupe Island Rock Daisy Basket Bush; Sour Berry; Skunkbrush 4-6 ft tall and wide Buff/ Su-F FS Sandy best 3-5 ft Yellow-red/ Sp-Su FS 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS coast PS 2-6 ft Yellowgreen/Sp PS Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Red-white/ W-Sp PS/FSH Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 White Currant To 6 ft White/W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 Eriogonum gracile var. gracile Grindelia camporum X var. bracteosa X Hazardia squarrosa X Isocoma menziesii var. menziesii Lepidospartum squamatum Lotus scoparius var. X scoparius X X * Perityle incana X Rhus trilobata X Ribes californicum var. hesperium X Ribes indecorum Any welldrained Welldrained any 10, 16 (?var) unusual 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Tolerates salty, alkali soils 1 to 1-2 1, 2 1-2 1-2 1, 14 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 10, 13, 16 1 to 1-2 Tolerates seaside conditions Aromatic; butterfly plant 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 1-2 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) 1, 3, 12, 14 Evergreen with silvery foliage Birds eat berries Birds eat berries 4
  • 5. Common Name Size Flower/ season Chaparral Currant 5-8 ft Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry Red-flowering Currant 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ W-Sp FS/PS/FSH 4-10 ft Pink/Sp X Rosa californica California Wild Rose 3-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/ Sp-Su X Salvia apiana White Sage 3-5 ft X * Salvia brandegeei Santa Rosa Island Sage To 3-4 ft; often sprawling I Scientific Name X Ribes malvaceum X Ribes speciosum X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum White/ Sp-Su Pale lavender/ Sp-Su Light** PS/FSH FS/PS/FSH Soil Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained any Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1-2 3, 13, 14, 19 Birds eat berries 2-3; 3 in sun 1, 3, 10, 1214, 19 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 1-2; 3 (sun) 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding FS Welldrained 1 1, 3, 5, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 FS Welldrained 1 1, 6, 8, 14, 19 Dark-green foliage Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 2-5 ft Purple/lav. Sp-Su FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Cultivars: ‘Betsy Clebsch’, ‘Compacta’, ‘Winifred Gilman’, ‘Vicki Romo’ Sage 3-4 ft tall & wide Lavender/Sp FS Most 1-2 to 2 6, 8 Silver-white foliage; fragrant ** Salvia clevelandii X X S. leucophylla ‘Allen Chickering’ Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 2-4 ft tall & wide Light blue/ Sp-Su FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 13, 14 Silvery foliage; prune back by 1/3 in fall X Salvia leucophylla Purple Sage 3- 5 ft Lavender/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 X Salvia mellifera Black Sage 3-5 ft Light purple/Sp FS Welldrained 1-2 San Diego Sage 2-3 ft tall 3-4 ft w Blue/Su FS Welldrained Butterweed 2-3 ft Yellow/ Su-F FS any 1 Globe Mallow/ Desert Mallow Common Snowberry 2-3 ft tall & wide Orange/ Sp-Su FS Most 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 Reseeds; silvery to white foliage 3-5 ft, spreading White/Sp PS Clays, loams 2-3 7, 9, 13, 19 Fruit may be toxic to humans X * Salvia clevelandii ** Salvia apiana X S. clevelandii ‘Vicki Romo’ X * Salvia munzii X Senecio flaccidus var. douglasii X * Sphaeralcea ambigua X Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16,18, 19 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 14, 16, 17 Nice scent Fragrant like Black Sage; ‘Baja Blue’, ‘Emerald Cascade’ 13, 14 5
  • 6. Common Name Size Flower/ season X Symphoricarpos mollis Snowberry 2-4 ft tall & wide X Trichostema lanatum Wooly Bluecurls 2-4 ft I Scientific Name Light** Soil Pink/W-Sp PS/FSH any Purple/ W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained Welldrained Water Zone+ 2-3 to 3 1 Availability Notes 13, 14 mulch 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 difficult Perennial Vines X Calystegia macrostegia California Morning Glory To 30+ ft White/Sp-F PS FS coastal X * Clematis lasiantha Chaparral Clematis 8-20 ft vine White/SpSu; sep. m/f plants FS (top) PS (roots) any 1-2 to 2 X Clematis ligusticifolia Virgin’s Bower To 15 ft White/Su PS/FSH Any 2-3 to 3 X Keckiella cordifolia Climbing Penstemon 3-4 ft Red-Or/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH any 1-2 X Lathyrus vestitus Wild Sweetpea; Canyon Pea 3-9 ft Purplewhite/ Sp PS/FSH any 1-2 2-3 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 1, 6, 8, 13 Invasive; can look weedy; ‘Anacapa Pink’; ‘Candycane’ Winter decid.; tolerates flooding 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14 1, 8, 13 Good under trees; drought deciduous Perennial Groundcover Plants X Achillea millefolia Yarrow 1-2 ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 most Alkali soils fine ** Aster chilensis ‘Point St. George’ * Berberis (Mahonia) X aquifolium var. repens ** Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium ‘Compacta’ Point St. George Coast Aster Creeping Oregon Grape ‘Compacta’ Oregon Grape 1-3 ft tall spreading Lavender/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 1, 8, 11, 13 Good habitat plant 1 ft tall < 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Good habitat; edible berries 2-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Joyce Coulter Ceanothus 2-3 ft tall 10 ft wide Blue/W-Sp PS Point Reyes Ceanothus Carmel Creeper Ceanothus 1-2 ft tall to 8 ft wide Lt. blue/Sp FS (coast) / PS 1-3 ft tall 5-15 ft w Lt. blue/ Hearst’s Ceanothus 1 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Blue/W-Sp * * Ceanothus cultivars (see groundcover list) X * Ceanothus gloriosus X * Ceanothus griseus horizontalis * Ceanothus hearstiorum Any 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 13 Sandy best 2-3 3 FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 PS Any incl clays 1 to 1-2 Good habitat; edible berries C. impressus X papillosus; mounding Dense foliage; holly-like 1, 3, 8, 13 3, 7, 8, 16, 19 Sticky; matlike; best near coast 6
  • 7. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season * Ceanothus maritimus Maritime (Bluff) Ceanothus 1-3 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Whitelavender/ FS (coast) / PS Any incl clays 1-2 * Ceanothus thyrsiflorus var. repens Epilobium canum X (Zauschneria californica) & cultivars Creeping Blueblossom 1-3 ft tall 6-10 ft Blue/W-Sp FS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 CA Fuschia 1-3 ft 3-5 ft wide Orange/F Any 1-2 to 2-3 X Grindelia camporum Large Gumplant 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Fa * Grindelia stricta ssp. X venulosa (var. platyphylla) Spreading Gum Plant 1 ft tall 3+ ft wide Yellow/Su Seaside Heliotrope < 2 ft 4-8 ft w. Whitepurple/Sp-F San Clemente Is. Bush Mallow 2-4 ft tall to 8 ft wide Light pink/Spr FS Any Coyote Mint 1-2 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Pink/Spr-Su PS Welldrained X Phacelia ramosissima Branching (Strand) Phacelia 2-4 ft tall & wide Lavender/ Spr-Su FS/PS * * Salvia clevelandii X hybrids (see groundcover list) Compact Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 3 ft tall & wide Lavender/ Spr-Su FS Welldrained Point Sal Sage 2-3 ft tall 8-10 ft w Pink-violet/ Spr-Su 1-2 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Light purple/Spr 1-4 ft 1-2 ft I X Heliotropum X curassivacum Malacothamnus clementinus ** Monardella villosa X ‘Russian River’ X Salvia leucophylla X ‘Point Sal’ & ‘Point Sal Spreader’ ** Salvia mellifera X ‘Tera Seca’, ‘Green Carpet’ X Stachys bullata Stachys rigida var. X rigida (Stachys ajugoides) Tera Seca (Prostrate Black) Sage California Woodmint (Hedgenettle) Rigid Woodmint (Hedgenettle) Light** FS/PS FS Soil Welldrained FS/PS sandy FS/PS Any; alkali best any Water Zone+ 1-2 1 to 1-2 2-3 1 to 1-2 1-2 1 to 2-3 Availability Notes 3, 6, 8, Dark holly-like leaves; best near coast Dense foliage 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates winter flooding 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Spreading 5, 19 Mat-like; Coastal best 2, 10, 16 Great butterfly nectar plant; don’t eat – toxic foliage 1, 8, 13 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 1, 2, 10, 12, 16 1 to 1-2 ? FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 13, 19 FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13, 16 Pink/Spr-Su PS Welldrained 2-3 1, 3, 7, 12, 14 Pink/Spr-Su FS/PS Clay 2-3 to 3 Hairs may cause rash Showy Dense, evergreen; fastgrowing; aromatic Dense; Good for slopes; aromatic Tolerates seasonal flooding 1, 13 7
  • 8. I Scientific Name X Verbena lasiostachys Herbaceous Perennials X * Agastache urticifolia X Asclepias eriocarpa X Asclepias fascicularis Common Name Size Flower/ season California Verbena 1-4 ft Lavender/Sp r-Fa FS/PS Giant Nettleleaf Hyssop Indian Milkweed Narrow-leaf Milkweed 2-5 ft tall & wide 2-3 ft Pink/Su FS/PS Pink/Su Creampink/Su FS/PS Welldrained Sandy FS/PS Sandy 2-3 ft Light** Soil Any Water Zone+ 1-2 2 to 2-3 Availability Notes 1, 10, 13, 16 No water after flowering 6, 13, 19 Excellent pollinator plant 1-2 13 1-2 1, 3, 10, 14 X Asclepias speciosa Showy Milkweed 2-3 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Pink/Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 2, 8, 19 X Coreopsis gigantea Giant Coreopsis 3-8 ft tall 3 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 1, 2, 3, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, X * Coreopsis maritima Sea Dahlia 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow/Spr FS/PS Sandy best Parry’s Blue Larkspur 1-5 ft Bluepurple/Spr FS/?PS X * Delphinium cardinale Scarlet Larkspur To 6 ft Red/Spr-Su FS Diplacus aurantiacus ssp. aurantiacus Diplacus (Mimulus) linearis Eriogonum elongatum var elongatum Eriogonum grande var. grande * Eriogonum grande X var. rubescens Bush Monkeyflower Chaparral Bush Monkey Flower 2-3 ft Orange/WSpr FS/PS Sandy 2-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Yellow/WSpr FS/PS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 3, 10, 13 Wand Buckwheat 3-5 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Pink/Su-F FS Any, incl clay, Alk. 1 to 1-2 1, 8, 12 Island Buckwheat 2-5 ft tall & wide White/Sp-F FS/ Welldrained 1 to 1-2 ? Red Buckwheat 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Red-pink/ Su-F Needs seasonal flooding Tol. Flooding; Monarch host plant; silvery X Delphinium parryi ssp. maritimum & parryi X * Eriogonum kennedyi Cushion Buckwheat * Eriogonum saxatile Rock Buckwheat * Eriogonum umbellatum Eriophyllum X confertiflorum var. confertiflorum Sulfur-flowered Buckwheat < 1 ft 1-3 ft wide 1 ft tall & wide 1 ft tall 3 ft wide Golden Yarrow 1-3 ft FS/PS Welldrained Welldrained Any 1-2 1 1 to 1-2 1-2 1-2 8, 13, 14 8, 20 Tolerates seaside conditions Good under oaks 10, 16, 19 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 1, 5, 7, 8, 14 FS Sandy/ rocky 1-2 to 2 Red-yellow/ Su FS/PS gravelly 1-2 1, 13 Yellow/ FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 FS/PS Sandy best 1-2 1, 3, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Tol. moderate salt, alkali soils 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 Gold-yellow/ Sp-Su Tough plant Pink/ 13, 14 Alpine plant; silvery-white Desert mtns plant; compact Tol. moderate salt, alkali soils 8
  • 9. I Scientific Name X Grindelia camporum X Grindelia hirsutula var. hirsutula * Lobelia dunnii var. serrata Lotus grandiflorus var. X grandiflorus X Common Name Size Flower/ season Large Gumplant 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Fa FS Welldrained Hairy Gumplant 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS Any Dunn’s Lobelia 1 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Lavender/Su PS Welldrained Showy Lotus 8-24 in tall Cream/Sp PS Lotus heermannii X Wooly Lotus Malacothrix saxatilis var. tenuifolia Cliff Aster * Monardella X macrantha 1 ft 1-3 2-4 1-3 tall ft w ft tall ft wide Light** Yellow/Sp-F FS/PS White/Sp-F FS/PS Red Monardella 1-2 ft tall & wide Red/Su-F Coyote Mint 1 ft Scarlet Bugler X * Penstemon grinnellii Soil Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Spreading 1, 10 Butterfly plant 1, 6, 8, 13 Lovely blooms 1-2 1, 13 Short-lived 2-3 10, 16 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 2-3 to 3 1 to 1-2 1, 10 PS best Any; no alkali 2-3 1, 6, 8, 13, 14, 19 Pink/Sp-Su PS See note 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 1-3 ft OR-Red/ Sp-Su FS Welldrained 1 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 Grinnell’s Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/Su FS Welldrained 1 1, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14 Penstemon X heterophyllus (incl. ‘Margarita BOP’) Foothill Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/ Sp-Su FS/PS X * Penstemon laetus Gay Penstemon 1-3 ft Lavender/ Sp-Su FS/PS Sonoma Penstemon 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Magenta/ FS/PS Pink Wild Snapdragon 4-5 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Lavender/ Sp-Su FS/PS Penstemon spectabilis ssp. subviscosus Showy Penstemon 3-4 ft Lavenderpink/Sp-Su FS * Phacelia californica CA Phacelia 1-2 ft tall and wide Lavender/ FS Phacelia distans Common Phacelia; Wild Heliotrope 1-2 ft tall Violet/Sp FS/PS Hummingbird plant; scented; ‘Marion Sampson’ Well-drained soil best X * Monardella villosa (ssp. subserrata) * Penstemon centranthifolius * Penstemon newberryi var. sonomensis X * Penstemon palmeri X sandy 1 to 1-2 14 1 to 1-2 1, 13 Welldrained 1-2 to 2 8, 13 Welldrained 1 to 1-2 May be difficult 1, 14 Sandy or rocky Welldrained Welldrained 1 13, 19 Blue-green foliage; difficult; ‘St. Helena’ 1, 3, 6, 10, 13, 14, 16 2 Many blooms 1 to 1-2 10 Gray-green foliage Good under other plants 9
  • 10. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Scrophularia californica ssp. floribunda CA Bee Plant 2-3 ft Red/Spr X Solidago californica California Goldenrod 2-4 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 Solidago spectabilis var. confinis Southern Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2-3 10 Stephanomeria blairii Blair’s Wirelettuce 2 ft tall 3 ft. wide Pink/Su-F FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 13 I X X Light** Lavender/ Sp-Su Pink-purple/ Sp-Su Purple-white Sp-Su Purple Clarkia 2-3 ft tall X Clarkia unguiculata Elegant Clarkia 2-5 ft tall Chinese Houses 1-2 ft tall Coastal CA Poppy < 1 ft tall Angel’s Gilia 1-2 ft tall Globe Gilia 1-2+ ft X Gilia nevinii Nevin’s Gilia 1-2 ft tall X Gilia tricolor Bird’s Eye Gilia 1-2 ft tall 1-5 ft tall 1 ft wide 5-8 ft tall X Hemizonia fasciculata Rosilla; Sneezeweed Common (Annual) Sunflower Slender Tarweed Yellow/Or/ Sp-F Yellow/Blue/ Sp Purple-blue/ Sp Yellow/Blue Sp Yellow/Blue Sp Yellowbrown/ Su X Heterotheca grandiflora Telegraph Weed Collinsia heterophylla var. heterphylla Eschscholzia californica X ssp. californica X X Gilia angelensis X Gilia capitata ssp. abrotanifolia X Helenium puberulum X Helianthus annuus Water Zone+ 2-3 to 3 PS Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) Eastwood’s 1-2 ft tall Gold/Sp Amsinckia eastwoodiae FS Fiddleneck Amsinckia menziesii Common Yellow-gold/ 1-3 ft tall X Sp FS/PS var. intermedia Fiddleneck X Clarkia purpurea Soil – Availability Notes 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16 Afternoon shade 7, 10, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding Tolerates seasonal flooding Good bird, pollinator plant no water after flowering Welldrained 1 Welldrained 1 FS/PS any 1-2 FS/PS any 1 to 2-3 PS/FSH any 1-2 16 10, 16 1, 2, 10, 13, 16 2, 5, 10, 13, 16 1, 5, 10, 13, 16 Good for slopes & in grasses Needs drought for seeds Well-drained soil 1, 2 many Be sure to get coastal ssp. 1 to 1-2 5, 13 easy 1 to 1-2 19 FS/PS 1 to 2 FS/PS 1 FS FS/PS Any welldrained Welldrained FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 2, 5, 10, 13 Easy; fragrant FS any 2-3 to 3 2, 6, 13, 21 Edible; pollinator plant; Yellow/Su-F FS any 1-2 2, 10 (local var.) easy Med/tall Goldyellow/Su FS Any 1 4-5+ ft tall Yellow/Su-F FS Any 1 to 1-2 10, 16 1, 2, 10, 16 Abundant reseeder 10
  • 11. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Heterotheca sessiliflora ssp sessiliflora Erect Goldenaster 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide Yellow/F FS Sandy California Goldfields < 1 ft tall Yellow/W-Sp FS any 1 to 1-2 Lasthenia coronaria Royal Goldenfields < 1 ft tall Yellow/W-Sp FS any 1 to 2-3 10, Lasthenia glabrata ssp. coulteri Coulter's Goldfields < 1 ft tall Yellow/Sp FS any 1 to 2-3 5, 10 X Layia platyglossa Coastal Tidy-Tips 1-2 ft tall FS any 1 to 2-3 5, 10, 13 X Limnanthes douglasii Meadowfoam < 1 ft tall FS any 1 to 2-3 5, I X X Lasthenia californica X Yellow/white / Sp Yellow/white Sp Light** Soil Water Zone+ 2 Availability Notes 3, 8, 13, 16 (? ssp) Dune plant 10, 13 Salt tolerant Lotus salsuginosus var. salsuginosus Small-flowered Lotus Short-bannered Coastal Lotus Lotus strigosus Biship’s Lotus < 1 ft tall Yellow FS any 1 to 2-3 Lotus unifoliatus (purshianus) var. unifoliatus Spanish Lotus 2-3 ft tall Pinkwhite/Su-F FS any 1-2 X Lupinus succulentus Arroyo (Succulent) Lupine 1-3 ft tall FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 5, 8, 10, 13, 16, 18 X * Madia elegans Common Madia 1-3 ft 1-2 to 2 5, 10, 16, 19 Desert Dandylion 1 ft Yellow/Sp FS Linley’s Blazingstar 1-2 ft Yellow/Sp FS San Luis Blazingstar 1-3 ft tall Yellow/SpSu FS any 1 Baby Blue-eyes 1-2 ft tall Blue/Sp-Su PS/FSH any 2-3 5, 10, 13, 16 Blue Toadflax 1-3 ft tall Blue/Sp-Su FS/PS Sandy best 2-3 5+ ft tall Yellow/Su Desert Bluebells 1-2 ft tall Blue/Sp easy 16, Hooker’s Evening Primrose Moderately salt tolerant Good for water gardens; salt tolerant Lotus hamatus X * Malacothrix glabrata X * Mentzelia lindleyi Mentzelia micrantha Nemophila menziesii var. menzeisii Nuttallanthus/Linaria canadensis Oenothera elata ssp. X hirsutissima & hookeri * Phacelia X campanularia X < 1 ft tall Yellow/Sp FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 10 < 1 ft tall Yellow/Sp FS Sandy best 1 to 1-2 10 10 Bluepurple/Sp Yellow-red/ Su-F FS Welldrained Sandy or rocky Welldrained 1 1-2 FS Welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 2, 10 10, 13 5, 13, 16 Easy Foliage aroma of tropical fruit Desert annual; showy flowers Fragrant flowers 10 easy 10, 16 Abundant reseeders 5, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 Lovely flowers 11
  • 12. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Phacelia cicutaria var. hispida Caterpillar Phacelia 1-2 ft tall Light Purple X Phacelia grandiflora Large-flowered Phacelia 1-3 ft tall Purple/Sp X Phacelia parryi Parry’s Phacelia (Fiddleneck) 1-3 ft tall X Phacelia tanacetifolia Purple fiddleneck 1-3 ft tall X Phacelia viscida Sticky Phacelia 1-2 ft tall X Salvia carduacea Thistle Sage 1-2 ft tall X Chia Sage 1-2 ft X Opuntia littoralis Coastal Prickly Pear To 3 ft Yellow/W-Sp FS X Opuntia oricola Chaparral Prickly Pear 6-8 ft tall spreading Yellow-Or/ Sp FS I X Salvia columbariae var. columbariae Cacti and Succulents Purplewhite/Sp Purple/SpSu BlueWhite/Sp Lavender/ Sp Blue-purple/ Sp Light** FS FS/PS FS/PS FS/PS FS/PS FS FS Soil Any welldrained Welldrained/ sandy Any welldrained Any welldrained any Sandy or rocky Sandy or rocky Welldrained Welldrained Water Zone+ 1 Availability Notes 10, 16 2 to 3 8, 10, 13, 16, 17, 19 2-3 13, 16 Very showy 2-3 to 3 5, 10, 13, Easy, scent, cut flower 1-2 to 2-3 2, 8, 19 Easy, pretty 1 1 to 1-2 10, 13, 16 5, 10, 13, 16 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 1 to 1-2 1 Bulbs and Corms X Allium haematochiton X Calochortus albus X Calochortus catalinae X * Calachortus luteus X Calochortus splendens Red-skin Onion 1-1 ½ ft White Fairy Lantern Catalina Mariposa Lily Gold Nuggets/ Yellow Mariposa Splendid Mariposa Lily 1 ft tall <1 ft wide White-pink/ Sp White-pink/ Sp-Su 1 ft tall <1 ft wide Whitepurple/Sp FS Clays best 1 1, 8, 13, 20 Fine in grass 1 ft Yellow/Sp FS Welldrained 1 1, 8, 10, 18, 20 Summer-dry; ‘Golden Orb’ 6-18 in. Pink/Sp-Su FS/PS Welldrained 1 1, 8, 10, 18, 20 difficult FS/PS FS/PS Welldrained Clays best 1 1 1, 8, 10, 13, 16 1, 8, 13, 19, 20 1/18/2011 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet :(http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants.html) or at the Madrona Marsh Nature Center * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ** horticultural cultivar ++ light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html + 12