0
© Project SOUND
Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden
Gardening with California Native Plants in Western L.A. County
Proje...
© Project SOUND
More Beautiful Butterflies:
food and habitat for our prettiest
pollinators
C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake
CSUDH...
The garden at 112
Willow St.
 “Designing Your New CA
Garden’ series – Mother
Nature’s Backyard blog -
http://mother-natur...
The garden at 112 Willow St.
© Project SOUND
The garden at
112 Willow St.
6 functional areas :
 Quiet/meditation
 Maintenance
 Vegetable Garden
 Native Grass Lawn
...
Recently been working on hardscape
© Project SOUND
But our task today is to design the
Butterfly Garden
© Project SOUND
Mowed native lawn
Butterfly Garden
Apple tree
Seating...
The photo that inspired our gardeners
© Project SOUND
http://anythingispossibletravel.com/almost-heaven/
What do we like about it?
 Relaxed, natural appearance
 Small size
 Native plants
 Butterflies & other
pollinators vis...
How does our Butterfly Garden stack up?
© Project SOUND
 Relaxed, natural appearance
 Small size
 Native plants
 Butte...
Butterfly Garden
 Soil: clay loam
 Drainage: good (slight slope;
drier on top)
 Full sun
 Water Zone: 2 (tentative)
 ...
UCR Botanic garden – Butterfly Garden
© Project SOUND
© Project SOUND
https://www.facebook.com/UCRBGfriends
UCR Botanic garden – Butterfly Garden
Attributes of the Butterfly Garden
 Fits overall theme for garden: ‘food for all’
 Plants
 Provide food for butterfly a...
Butterfly habitat garden: dimensions
© Project SOUND
46’
23’
8’
6’
Butterfly habitat garden: reality check
© Project SOUND
8’
6’ 4’
3’
Conclusion: butterfly garden is not
wide enough – will...
Revised garden plan increases its size
© Project SOUND
8’
8’
46’
23’
Reality check: still not much space
© Project SOUND
8’
6’
4’2’
Plants will be closely spaced – the
Coastal Sage Scrub look
Space in the ‘Butterfly Garden’ - limited
(1) 8 ft diameter (large shrub)
(6) 6 ft diameter (Salvia size)
(6-7) 4 ft diame...
Add a border between garden and grass
© Project SOUND
B
8’
6’
2’ 4’
Border material (stone; man-made) will be
semi-formal ...
© Project SOUND
Here’s what it looks like from the porch
© Project SOUND
Let’s add the largest plant first
Qualities of the small tree/large shrub
 8-9 ft wide, maximum
 Not too tall (8-10 ft) unless narrow
 Evergreen
 Somewh...
Best butterfly choices for tree/large shrub
 Lavatera assurgentiflora
 Populus spp.
 Prunus spp.
 Prunus ilicifolia ss...
Best butterfly choices for tree/large shrub
 Lavatera assurgentiflora
 Populus spp.
 Prunus spp.
 Prunus ilicifolia ss...
What’s the CA state butterfly?
© Project SOUND
California Dogface - Zerene eurydice
 State insect since 1972. California was the
first state to choose a state insect.
...
California Dogface - Zerene eurydice
 Larvae feed on Amorpha californica,
CA false indigo.
 Adults feed on flower nectar...
© Project SOUND
California false indigo – Amorpha californica
http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/amorph...
 Coastal ranges from N. CA to AZ, Baja
 Santa Monica Mtns, San Gabriel
mountains, Griffith Park
 Dry slopes in Yellow P...
© Project SOUND
False indigo: large shrubby pea
 Size: (varies w/ light)
 5-8 ft tall
 5-8 ft wide
 Growth form:
 Woo...
© Project SOUND
Flowers unique
 Blooms: in spring; usually April-June
 Flowers:
 On dramatic, wand-like stalks
 Purple...
© Project SOUND
Plant Requirements  Soils:
 Texture: most
 pH: any local [6.0-8.0]
 Light:
 Needs some shade; light s...
© Project SOUND
False indigo: shade
 Good choice in high or dappled shade
under trees; woodsy appearance
 To provide Dog...
The only possible
place is in the quiet/
meditation area
© Project SOUND
©2009 Thomas Stoughton
Best butterfly choices for tree/large shrub
 Lavatera assurgentiflora
 Populus spp.
 Prunus spp.
 Prunus ilicifolia ss...
Can we eliminate any based on appearance?
© Project SOUND
Ceanothus cuneatus
Cercocarpus montanus
Frangula californica
Pru...
Comparison of four possibilities
Plant Size Requirements Blooms Butterflies/etc.
Cercocarpus
montanus
6-12 ft tall
4-5 ft....
© Project SOUND
Tentative choice – more next month
© 2005 James M. Andre
© Project SOUND
Add the large srub
Space in the ‘Butterfly Garden’ -
(1) 8 ft diameter (large shrub)
(6) 6 ft diameter (Salvia size)
(6-7) 4 ft diameter (Buc...
© Project SOUND
We’ve got room for six 5-6 ft. shrubs
We’ll have to choose the very best native
butterfly plants
 Eriogonum (Buckwheats)
 Salvia (Sages)
 Asclepias (Milkweed...
Choices for 5-6 ft butterfly shrubs (n=6)
 Eriogonum species
 Eriogonum giganteum
 Eriogonum fasciculatum
 Eriogonum f...
Let’s look at the Salvias first
© Project SOUND
Salvia leucophylla
Salvia clevelandii
Salvia clevelandii ‘Winifred Gilman’...
Comparing the Salvia choices
Name Shape Flowers
Other
Butterfly
habitat
Salvia leucophylla
4’ tall 5-6’ wide;
spreading
Li...
Comparing the others: buckwheats/herbs
© Project SOUND
Eriogonum fasciculatum
Eriogonum fasciculatum ‘Dana Point’
http://b...
What’s the deal about native buckwheats
(Eriogonum spp)?
 Almost all are good nectar/pollen sources for pollinators
 Blo...
© Project SOUND
California Buckwheat - Eriogonum fasciculatum
© Project SOUND
 var. fasciculatum: Dry slopes and canyons near the coast, coastal sage
scrub – primarily Central CA coas...
© Project SOUND
Characteristics of California Buckwheat
 Size: similar to Dune Buckwheat
 2-5 ft tall
 3-5 ft wide
 Gr...
© Project SOUND
CA Buckwheat: showy for months
 Great for summer color:
May-Nov. possible
 As an alternative to the non-...
© Project SOUND
CA Buckwheat cultivars make good
groundcovers
 ‘Dana Point’ - brighter green leaf,
more mounding than spe...
Name Shape Flowers
Other
Butterfly habitat
Eriogonum
fasciculatum
2-3 ft tall
3-5 ft wide
Pink – very pretty
Summer
Showy ...
© Project SOUND
We’ve got room for six 5-6 ft. shrubs
Salvias: S. leucophylla (2); S. clevelandii (3)
Eriogonum fasciculat...
Considering foliage color
Green
 Rhamnus/Frangula
 Salvia clevelandii
 Ergiogonum fasciculatum
 Thyme
Silver/white/gra...
© Project SOUND
Ashy-leaf Buckwheat – Eriogonum cinereum
Plants in the Sunflower family are also
good nectar and pollen sources
© Project SOUND
Early, mid- and late-season bloomers
We can’t have a Butterfly Garden without sunflowers
Width Early/Spring Summer Fall
5-6 ft Grindelia camporum Hazardia/Isoc...
© Project SOUND
California/Big Gum Plant
Grindelia camporum var. bracteosa
Include in your garden because of..
 Attractive flowers Mar-Oct
 Balsamic aroma
 Tolerates any soil – well-
drained is ...
CA Gum Plant: big
 Erect herbaceous perennial to 4
ft tall by 5+ ft wide
 Grows in clay or sandy soil:
 Dry stream bank...
© Project SOUND
Do we have room for Big gum plant?
Salvias: S. leucophylla (2); S. clevelandii (3)
Eriogonum fasciculatum ...
Who can resist a sunflower?
© Project SOUND
CA Bush Sunflower – Encelia californica
CA Encelia is a great habitat plant – and it
blooms early!
 Flower petals (ray flowers)
 Insects
 Beetles
 Butterfly l...
© Project SOUND
* San Diego Sunflower – Viguiera laciniata
http://image57.webshots.com/157/1/52/8/2588152080044943617JdrPN...
© Project SOUND
*Viguiera parishii – a desert species
 Full sun
 Very well-drained soils
 Low water (Zone 1-2)
http://w...
© Project SOUND
*Parish’s goldeneye – Viguiera (Bahiopsis) parishii
 Mojave and Sonoran Deserts
of CA, NV, AZ, northwestern
Mexico
 Dry mesas, washes & rocky
slopes to 3500 ft.
 Areas tha...
© Project SOUND
Parish’s goldeneye – rather Encelia-like
 Size:
 2-4 ft tall
 2-4 ft wide
 Growth form:
 Half-woody (...
© Project SOUND
Sunflower heads with yellow disk flowers
 Blooms:
 After rains from Feb-June
 After summer monsoon (or
...
© Project SOUND
Plant Requirements  Soils:
 Texture: well drained- sand to clay
 pH: any local
 Light:
 Full sun to v...
© Project SOUND
Gardening with Parish’s goldeneye
 As an attractive pot plant
 Sunny slopes, rock gardens, desert-themed...
© Project SOUND
We’ve still got room for 4-5 ft. shrubs
Encelia californica; Viguiera parishii
Salvias: S. leucophylla (2)...
Plenty of green foliage color…
Green
 Rhamnus/Frangula
 Salvia clevelandii
 Ergiogonum fasciculatum
 Thyme
 Encelia c...
Nevin’s Wooly Sunflower/Catalina Silverlace
Constancea (Eriophyllum) nevinii
© Project SOUND
* Guadalupe Island Rock Daisy – Perityle incana
© Project SOUND
* Guadalupe Island Rock Daisy – Perityle incana
 Endemic to Guadalupe Island, Baja CA
 Southernmost exte...
© Project SOUND
The genus Perityle – the Rock Daisies
 In Asteraceae (Sunflower family);
native to western North America....
© Project SOUND
Somewhat similar to
Catalina Silverlace
 Size:
 2-3 ft tall
 3-5+ ft wide
 Growth form:
 Half-woody (...
© Project SOUND
Flowers provide a life-friendly treat
 Blooms: spring into summer; April
to July, intermittently
 Flower...
© Project SOUND
Drought tolerant
 Soils:
 Texture: best in sandy/rocky, but
does fine in clay
 pH: any local
 Light:
...
© Project SOUND
Many ways to use
 As a shrub in mixed beds with
Salvias, Eriogonum, Encelia
 Nice against a dark wall or...
© Project SOUND
Consider foliage/flower contrast
?? Where to place the Perityle incana
Encelia californica; Viguiera paris...
We need some more fall bloomers
© Project SOUND
http://camissonia.blogspot.com/2010/09/treks-on-santa-rosa-plateau-august....
We’ve got several choices among the Sunflowers
Width Early/Spring Summer Fall
5-6 ft
Grindelia camporum Hazardia/Isocoma
4...
© Project SOUND
* Rubber Rabbitbush – Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa
(Chrysothamnus nauseosus)
© 2003 Michael Charters
© Project SOUND
 Occurs in deserts & shrublands in much
of the west
 In CA, in foothills from 3,000-8,000 ft
 Favors su...
© Project SOUND
Rabbitbush is a bush Sunflower
 Size:
 2-5 ft tall (usual); some
populations up to 10 ft tall
 2-4 ft w...
© Project SOUND
 Blooms: early fall - usually
Aug-Sept. in western L.A. Co.
 Flowers:
 Small & golden yellow
 In dense...
© Project SOUND
Easy to grow, reliable  Soils:
 Texture: just about any
 pH: just about any, incl. alkali
 Light: full...
© Project SOUND
Garden uses for Rabbitbush
 In a habitat garden – a real
winner
 For fall color
 As a tough plant for
c...
© Project SOUND
We’re out of room for shrubs
Ericameria nauseosa; Perityle incana
Encelia californica; Viguiera parishii
S...
Need some ‘fillers’ that increase habitat value
Adult food (nectar)
 Sunflowers
 Cirsium occidentale
 Grindelia hirsutu...
© Project SOUND
Cliff Aster – Malacothrix saxatilis
© Project SOUND
Desert Mallow – Sphaeralcea ambigua
© Project SOUND
Flowers remind one of
Hollyhocks
 Blooms:
 Spring is usual bloom season
(Mar-May), following rains
 May...
© Project SOUND
Desert Mallow is
versatile in the garden
 Lovely addition to mixed beds –
place appropriate for size
 Ex...
© Project SOUND
Cultivar ‘Louis Hamilton’
Nice habitat plant –
and accent color
for spring/summer
http://www.calflora.net/...
© Project SOUND
Can we fit in any more?
Malacothrix saxatilis; Sphaeralcea ambigua
Ericameria nauseosa; Perityle incana
En...
Smaller perennial ‘fillers’ for habitat value
Adult food (nectar)
 Annual wildflowers
 Tidytips
 Goldfields
 Globe gil...
Narrow-leaf Milkweed - Asclepias fascicularis
© Project SOUND
Island Buckwheat – Eriogonum grande var. rubescens
© Project SOUND
Island Buckwheat – Eriogonum grande
 Channel Island endemic:
 var. grande (Island Buckwheat)
 Channel I...
© Project SOUND
Special features of Red Buckwheat
 Size:
 1-2 ft tall
 2-4 ft wide
 Growth form:
 Low-growing, dense ...
© Project SOUND
Red buckwheat: one of the showiest!
 Blooms:
 Primarily in summer
 Any time from May to Aug – depends
a...
© Project SOUND
Plant Requirements  Soils:
 Texture: best in well-drained
soils; fine in dryish clay
 pH: any local inc...
© Project SOUND
Garden uses for Red
Buckwheat
 As an unusual accent plant
 Super as a pot plant
 Lovely massed; ground ...
© Project SOUND
Management of smaller perennial
Buckwheats
 In general, need very little
care, as long as they are
given ...
© Project SOUND
*Dunn’s Lobelia – Lobelia dunnii var. serrata
http://www.laspilitas.com/plants/397.htm
© Project SOUND
*Dunn’s Lobelia – Lobelia dunnii var. serrata
 CA endemic; also in N. Baja
 Found in Coastal and
Transve...
© Project SOUND
Characteristics of Dunn’s (Blue) Lobelia
 Size:
 to 1 ft tall
 2+ ft wide; spreading
 Growth form:
 H...
© Project SOUND
Flowers are fantastic
 Blooms: summer; usually July-Aug.
in S. Bay; may last into Sept.
 Flowers:
 Lobe...
© Project SOUND
Dunn’s Lobelia needs moist conditions for
optimal bloom…  Soils:
 Texture: any; prefers soil heavy in
or...
© Project SOUND
Garden uses for Blue Lobelia
 In the butterfly garden –
nectar is irresistible for many
butterflies
 Nic...
© Project SOUND
http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/lobelia-dunnii-serrata
We’ll have to put the
Dunn’s ...
© Project SOUND
Our shrubs & perennials are in place
Eriogonum grande var. rubescens; annuals
Malacothrix saxatilis; Sphae...
Smaller ‘fillers’ that increase habitat value
Adult food (nectar)
 Annual wildflowers
 Tidytips
 Goldfields
 Phacelia ...
Annual wildflowers
© Project SOUND
Tidy-tips
Goldfields
Globe gilia
Arroyo lupine
© Project SOUND
White Everlasting – Pseudognaphalium canescens
© Project SOUND
White Everlasting is great
for an ‘Evening Garden’
 Most people include this
species as a butterfly plant...
© Project SOUND
Cobwebby Thistle – Cirsium occidentale
http://www.ubcbotanicalgarden.org/potd/2006/01/cirsium_occidentale_...
© Project SOUND
Garden uses for Cobwebby Thistle
 As an attractive pot plant
 In the annual wildflower garden, mixed bed...
© Project SOUND
Whew! I think we’re almost there
Eriogonum grande var. rubescens; annuals
Malacothrix saxatilis; Sphaeralc...
2014: Bringing Nature Home - Lessons
from Gardening Traditions Worldwide
© Project SOUND
Final nectar plant list: impressive
Spring Summer Fall
Trees/Large
shrub
Amorpha californica
Rhamnus illicifolia
Smaller s...
We’ve provided larval food for ~ 20 species
 Pale Swallowtail (Rhamnus illicifolia)
 Anise Swallowtail (Parsley)
 Calif...
© Project SOUND
https://www.facebook.com/UCRBGfriends
UCR Botanic garden – Butterfly Garden
We’ve met our goals
 Relaxed, natural appearance
 Small size
 Native plants
 Butterflies & other pollinators
visit
 S...
Next month we’ll convert a yard into
‘Hummingbird Heaven’
© Project SOUND
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Beautiful butterflies 2014

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Talk on how to design a small butterfly garden using California native and other plants.

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Transcript of "Beautiful butterflies 2014"

  1. 1. © Project SOUND Out of the Wilds and Into Your Garden Gardening with California Native Plants in Western L.A. County Project SOUND – 2014 (our 10th year)
  2. 2. © Project SOUND More Beautiful Butterflies: food and habitat for our prettiest pollinators C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh Preserve Madrona Marsh Preserve July 5 & 8, 2014
  3. 3. The garden at 112 Willow St.  “Designing Your New CA Garden’ series – Mother Nature’s Backyard blog - http://mother-natures- backyard.blogspot.com/2013 /07/designing-your-new- california-garden-1.html). © Project SOUND  July, 2013 – Aug/Sept, 2014  Needed an example that was typical of a small S. CA yard
  4. 4. The garden at 112 Willow St. © Project SOUND
  5. 5. The garden at 112 Willow St. 6 functional areas :  Quiet/meditation  Maintenance  Vegetable Garden  Native Grass Lawn  Shady Seating  Butterfly Garden © Project SOUND
  6. 6. Recently been working on hardscape © Project SOUND
  7. 7. But our task today is to design the Butterfly Garden © Project SOUND Mowed native lawn Butterfly Garden Apple tree Seating area Porch/patio with roof
  8. 8. The photo that inspired our gardeners © Project SOUND http://anythingispossibletravel.com/almost-heaven/
  9. 9. What do we like about it?  Relaxed, natural appearance  Small size  Native plants  Butterflies & other pollinators visit  Some color – but natural – not like Disneyland  Sunny  Easy access  Could have seating that allowed enjoying it © Project SOUND Clearly someone really likes being in this garden; ‘Life-friendly’ for humans and others
  10. 10. How does our Butterfly Garden stack up? © Project SOUND  Relaxed, natural appearance  Small size  Native plants  Butterflies & other pollinators visit  Some color – but natural – not like Disneyland  Sunny  Easy access  Seating that allows enjoying it  Life-friendly We’ll need to carefully choose our plants to maximize
  11. 11. Butterfly Garden  Soil: clay loam  Drainage: good (slight slope; drier on top)  Full sun  Water Zone: 2 (tentative)  Watered with soaker hose  Other:  Afternoon breeze  Nice views behind (to south)  5 ft wood fence behind  Visible from house, porch, ‘shady seating area’, ‘lawn’  Near ‘vegetable garden’  Mulched (if appropriate) © Project SOUND
  12. 12. UCR Botanic garden – Butterfly Garden © Project SOUND
  13. 13. © Project SOUND https://www.facebook.com/UCRBGfriends UCR Botanic garden – Butterfly Garden
  14. 14. Attributes of the Butterfly Garden  Fits overall theme for garden: ‘food for all’  Plants  Provide food for butterfly adults, larva or both  Suitable for clay-loam soil  Tolerate full sun  Tolerate modest slope  Water Zone 2 or less  Purple/blue and yellow flowers (if possible)  Something in bloom early spring through fall  Hardscape  Soaker hose irrigation  Chipped bark mulch (if appropriate for plants)  Bird bath; drinking saucers for butterflies © Project SOUND
  15. 15. Butterfly habitat garden: dimensions © Project SOUND 46’ 23’ 8’ 6’
  16. 16. Butterfly habitat garden: reality check © Project SOUND 8’ 6’ 4’ 3’ Conclusion: butterfly garden is not wide enough – will look bad
  17. 17. Revised garden plan increases its size © Project SOUND 8’ 8’ 46’ 23’
  18. 18. Reality check: still not much space © Project SOUND 8’ 6’ 4’2’ Plants will be closely spaced – the Coastal Sage Scrub look
  19. 19. Space in the ‘Butterfly Garden’ - limited (1) 8 ft diameter (large shrub) (6) 6 ft diameter (Salvia size) (6-7) 4 ft diameter (Buckwheat size) (5-10+) 3 ft or less (perennial/fill) Annual wildflowers Grass lawn – for skippers  We like the formal look of the borders in the UCR Garden; plants soften the edges © Project SOUND
  20. 20. Add a border between garden and grass © Project SOUND B 8’ 6’ 2’ 4’ Border material (stone; man-made) will be semi-formal and same warm gray as rest of path materials
  21. 21. © Project SOUND Here’s what it looks like from the porch
  22. 22. © Project SOUND Let’s add the largest plant first
  23. 23. Qualities of the small tree/large shrub  8-9 ft wide, maximum  Not too tall (8-10 ft) unless narrow  Evergreen  Somewhat neat appearance  Attract the most butterflies (or different from those attracted by smaller plants)  Added points for:  Attractive flowers  Flowering time  Fruits  Scents © Project SOUND Cercocarpus montanus
  24. 24. Best butterfly choices for tree/large shrub  Lavatera assurgentiflora  Populus spp.  Prunus spp.  Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia  Quercus spp.  Quercus berberidifolia/dumosa  Rhamnus spp.  Ribes spp.  *Aesculus californica  Alnus species  *Amorpha californica  *Arbutus menziesii  Arctostaphylos (large forms)  Atriplex lentiformis ssp. breweri  Baccharis salicifolia  *Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus  Cercocarpus spp.  *Chilopsis linearis  *Frangula californica © Project SOUND
  25. 25. Best butterfly choices for tree/large shrub  Lavatera assurgentiflora  Populus spp.  Prunus spp.  Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia  Quercus spp.  Quercus berberidifolia/dumosa  Rhamnus spp.  Ribes spp.  Salix spp.  *Aesculus californica  Alnus species  *Amorpha californica  *Arbutus menziesii  Arctostaphylos (large forms)  Atriplex lentiformis ssp. breweri  Baccharis salicifolia  *Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus  Cercocarpus spp.  *Chilopsis linearis  *Frangula californica © Project SOUND
  26. 26. What’s the CA state butterfly? © Project SOUND
  27. 27. California Dogface - Zerene eurydice  State insect since 1972. California was the first state to choose a state insect.  Its endemic range is limited CA from San Diego County north to Sonoma County.  The ‘dogface’ name comes from a wing pattern resembling a dog’s face (some think it looks like a poodle) which is found on the male of the species.  Its wings are an iridescent bluish-black, orange and sulfur-yellow in color. The female has a small black dot on each of its yellow forewings.  Rare/local – primarily in foothill chaparral, woodlands © Project SOUND http://butterflyfarms.org/california-dogface/ female http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_dogface_butterfly
  28. 28. California Dogface - Zerene eurydice  Larvae feed on Amorpha californica, CA false indigo.  Adults feed on flower nectar – particularly fond of purple flowers.  In the California chaparral and woodlands habitats of the Santa Ana Mountains, the adult California Dogface butterflies can be seen nectaring at thistles: natives (Cirsium occidentale) and introduced invasive species.  They are hard to get close to and hard to photograph because they fly very fast. © Project SOUND http://socalbutterflies.com/pieridae_html/calif_dog.htm
  29. 29. © Project SOUND California false indigo – Amorpha californica http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/amorpha-californica
  30. 30.  Coastal ranges from N. CA to AZ, Baja  Santa Monica Mtns, San Gabriel mountains, Griffith Park  Dry slopes in Yellow Pine Forest, Chaparral, Mixed Evergreen Forest, Northern Oak Woodland; stream banks © Project SOUND California false indigo – Amorpha californica var. californica http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?3691,3713,3714,3715 ©2011 Aaron Arthur http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/amorpha-californica
  31. 31. © Project SOUND False indigo: large shrubby pea  Size: (varies w/ light)  5-8 ft tall  5-8 ft wide  Growth form:  Woody shrub; semi-deciduous  Rather irregular shape  Foliage:  Medium green  Leaves compound, large (1 ft) with simple leaflets  Plant noticeably hairy  Pleasant scent: guava, pineapple, lavender maybe a little pine  Larval food plant for CA State butterfly, the California Dogface (Zerene eurydice). ©2011 Aaron Arthur ©2010 Dee E. Warenycia
  32. 32. © Project SOUND Flowers unique  Blooms: in spring; usually April-June  Flowers:  On dramatic, wand-like stalks  Purple-magenta fused sepals give the color  Anthers extend well beyond the sepals  Flower type typical for Amorpha  Seeds: in one-seeded pod; plant fresh seed or pre-chill 3 weeks prior to planting http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/amorpha-californica http://www.smmflowers.org/mobile/species/Amorpha_cal ifornica_californica.htm
  33. 33. © Project SOUND Plant Requirements  Soils:  Texture: most  pH: any local [6.0-8.0]  Light:  Needs some shade; light shade to quite shady  Water:  Winter: needs good winter rains  Summer: best with some summer water – Zone 2 probably optimal for appearance  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: either difficult or easy – needs the right spot. Easy to prune or shape ©2004 Aaron Schusteff
  34. 34. © Project SOUND False indigo: shade  Good choice in high or dappled shade under trees; woodsy appearance  To provide Dogface habitat  Back of bed shrub – north-facing  Large containers  In a scented garden http://mamba.bio.uci.edu/~pjbryant/biodiv/plants/Fabaceae/Amorpha%20cali fornica.htm http://www.smmflowers.org/mobile/species/Amorpha_californica_californica.htm http://www.smmflowers.org/mobile/species/Amorpha_californica_californica.htm
  35. 35. The only possible place is in the quiet/ meditation area © Project SOUND ©2009 Thomas Stoughton
  36. 36. Best butterfly choices for tree/large shrub  Lavatera assurgentiflora  Populus spp.  Prunus spp.  Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia  Quercus spp.  Quercus berberidifolia/dumosa  Rhamnus spp.  Ribes spp.  Salix spp.  *Aesculus californica  Alnus species  *Amorpha californica  *Arbutus menziesii  Arctostaphylos (large forms)  Atriplex lentiformis ssp. breweri  Baccharis salicifolia  *Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus  Cercocarpus spp.  *Chilopsis linearis  *Frangula californica © Project SOUND
  37. 37. Can we eliminate any based on appearance? © Project SOUND Ceanothus cuneatus Cercocarpus montanus Frangula californica Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia Rhamnus ilicifolia
  38. 38. Comparison of four possibilities Plant Size Requirements Blooms Butterflies/etc. Cercocarpus montanus 6-12 ft tall 4-5 ft. wide Tree-like Sun/well-drained Water Zone 1-2, 2 Insig /Sp Hairstreaks Bees Frangula californica 6-12 ft t/ w smaller cultivars Shrub-like FS/PS Any soil Water 1-2 to 2-3 Insig /Sp Colored fruits Pale Swallowtail Painted Lady Gray Hairstreak Bees Fruit-eating birds Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia 10-25 ft t 10-20 ft w Shrub-like FS/PS Any soil Water 1-2 to 2-3 White/Su Colored fruits Swallowtails Bees Humans Rhamnus ilicifolia 12 ft tall 5-6 ft w Shrub-like FS/PS/ FSH Any soil Water 1-2 to 2 Insig /Sp Colored fruits Pale Swallowtail Painted Lady Gray Hairstreak Bees /birds © Project SOUND
  39. 39. © Project SOUND Tentative choice – more next month © 2005 James M. Andre
  40. 40. © Project SOUND Add the large srub
  41. 41. Space in the ‘Butterfly Garden’ - (1) 8 ft diameter (large shrub) (6) 6 ft diameter (Salvia size) (6-7) 4 ft diameter (Buckwheat size) (5-10+) 3 ft or less (perennial/fill) Grass lawn – for skippers © Project SOUND
  42. 42. © Project SOUND We’ve got room for six 5-6 ft. shrubs
  43. 43. We’ll have to choose the very best native butterfly plants  Eriogonum (Buckwheats)  Salvia (Sages)  Asclepias (Milkweeds)  Sunflower family  Herbs/vegetables (non-native)  Annual wildflowers  Grasses © Project SOUND
  44. 44. Choices for 5-6 ft butterfly shrubs (n=6)  Eriogonum species  Eriogonum giganteum  Eriogonum fasciculatum  Eriogonum fasciculatum ‘Dana Point’  Mediterranean herbs  Lavender  Rosemary (bush type)  Salvia species  Salvia leucophylla  Salvia mellifera  Salvia clevelandii  Salvia clevelandii x S. leucophylla ‘Allen Chickering’ © Project SOUND
  45. 45. Let’s look at the Salvias first © Project SOUND Salvia leucophylla Salvia clevelandii Salvia clevelandii ‘Winifred Gilman’ Salvia ‘Allen Chickering’
  46. 46. Comparing the Salvia choices Name Shape Flowers Other Butterfly habitat Salvia leucophylla 4’ tall 5-6’ wide; spreading Light purple ; earlier Nice scent Gray-green foliage Excellent adult Salvia clevelandii 5’ x 5’; rounded Blue-purple; summer Nice scent Green foliage Excellent adult Salvia clevelandii ‘Winifred Gilman’ 5’ x 5’; rounded Intense blue-purple; Su Lovely scent Green foliage ? short-lived Excellent adult Salvia ‘Allen Chickering’ 4-5’ x 4-6’; spreading Medium lavender; Sp/Su Nice scent - different Gray-green foliage Excellent adult © Project SOUND
  47. 47. Comparing the others: buckwheats/herbs © Project SOUND Eriogonum fasciculatum Eriogonum fasciculatum ‘Dana Point’ http://bonnieplants.com/growing/growing-rosemary/ Rosemary http://www.addorganicgardening.com/lavender-flower-benefits/ Lavender
  48. 48. What’s the deal about native buckwheats (Eriogonum spp)?  Almost all are good nectar/pollen sources for pollinators  Bloom late when other food sources aren’t available.  Eriogonum are used as food plants by larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). Some feed only on native buckwheats:  Apodemia mormo (Mormon metalmark) - feeds exclusively on Eriogonum  Apodemia mormo langei (Lange's metalmark) - only known from Eriogonum nudum ssp. auriculatum  Chionodes dammersi (moth) - feeds exclusively on Eriogonum  Chionodes luteogeminatus (moth) - only known from Eriogonum niveum  Euphilotes enoptes smithi (Smith's blue butterfly) - only known from Eriogonum latifolium and Eriogonum parvifolium © Project SOUND
  49. 49. © Project SOUND California Buckwheat - Eriogonum fasciculatum
  50. 50. © Project SOUND  var. fasciculatum: Dry slopes and canyons near the coast, coastal sage scrub – primarily Central CA coast  var. foliolosum: Sandy to gravelly flats, slopes & canyons , mixed grassland and chaparral communities, oak and conifer woodlands http://www.cnps.org/cnps/nativeplants/gallery/ingram/index.php var. fasciculatum var. foliolosum
  51. 51. © Project SOUND Characteristics of California Buckwheat  Size: similar to Dune Buckwheat  2-5 ft tall  3-5 ft wide  Growth form:  low mounded semi-evergreen shrub  Many-branched ; dense  Neat appearance http://www.newportbay.org/plants/index.html  Foliage:  Leaves alternate, but densely clustered at nodes, evergreen, narrow lanceolate (nearly needle-like when dry)  Somewhat similar to Rosemary in appearance http://www.birdmom.net/wildflowerspink.html
  52. 52. © Project SOUND CA Buckwheat: showy for months  Great for summer color: May-Nov. possible  As an alternative to the non- native Rosemary  In perennial beds  On parking strips & bordering paths and driveways  For erosion control  Larval foodsource for Mormon Metalmark, Bramble Hairstreak, Common Hairstreak, Avalon Hairstreak
  53. 53. © Project SOUND CA Buckwheat cultivars make good groundcovers  ‘Dana Point’ - brighter green leaf, more mounding than species. Gets to be really large (6+ ft)  'Bruce Dickinson' – good for groundcover; stays close to the ground, spreads nicely, and holds good form throughout the year.  ‘Theodore Payne' – low groundcover (1 ft high; 1-3 ft spread)  'Warriner Lytle' - A sprawling low growing California buckwheat; can grow to 2 feet tall but is often more prostrate, hugging the ground like a mat ‘Dana Point’ ‘Warriner Lytle’
  54. 54. Name Shape Flowers Other Butterfly habitat Eriogonum fasciculatum 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Pink – very pretty Summer Showy rust-color seeds in fall Adults (many) Larva: Morman Metalmark, Bramble Hairstreak, Common Hairstreak, Avalon Hairstreak Bees Pollinators Eriogonum fasciculatum ‘Dana Point’ 2-3 ft tall 5-6+ ft wide Pink – very pretty summer Showy rust-color seeds in fall Adults (many) Larva (see above) Bees Pollinators Rosemary < 2 ft tall spreading White Spring/summer Fragrant cooking herb Bees Hummingbirds Lavender 1-3 ft tall 1-4+ ft wide Size depends on cultivar Lavender flowers Summer Lovely fragrance Adults Bees Hummingbirds © Project SOUND Thyme Adults
  55. 55. © Project SOUND We’ve got room for six 5-6 ft. shrubs Salvias: S. leucophylla (2); S. clevelandii (3) Eriogonum fasciculatum (?1) Lavender Thyme
  56. 56. Considering foliage color Green  Rhamnus/Frangula  Salvia clevelandii  Ergiogonum fasciculatum  Thyme Silver/white/gray  Salvia leucophylla  ? Lavender (choose appropriate)  ? Eriogonum cinereum (Ashyleaf buckwheat) © Project SOUND
  57. 57. © Project SOUND Ashy-leaf Buckwheat – Eriogonum cinereum
  58. 58. Plants in the Sunflower family are also good nectar and pollen sources © Project SOUND Early, mid- and late-season bloomers
  59. 59. We can’t have a Butterfly Garden without sunflowers Width Early/Spring Summer Fall 5-6 ft Grindelia camporum Hazardia/Isocoma 4-5 ft Encelia californica *Perityle incana Grindelia hirsutula *Perityle incana Solidago spp *Viguiera parishii Ericameria ericoides *Ericameria nauseosa Solidago spp *Viguiera parishii < 3 ft filler Lasthenia spp Layia platyglossa Achillea millefolium Cirsium occidentale Helianthus annuus Heterotheca grandiflora Malacothrix saxatilis Pseudognaphalium canescens *Symphyotrichum chilense Achillea millefolium Pluchea odorata *Symphyotrichum chilense © Project SOUND Extra points for locally native species (in green) and adult/larval (bold)
  60. 60. © Project SOUND California/Big Gum Plant Grindelia camporum var. bracteosa
  61. 61. Include in your garden because of..  Attractive flowers Mar-Oct  Balsamic aroma  Tolerates any soil – well- drained is best  Drought tolerance  Easy to grow  Highly attractive for  Bees  Butterflies  Other insects (beetles; other unusual insects)  Birds (seeds)
  62. 62. CA Gum Plant: big  Erect herbaceous perennial to 4 ft tall by 5+ ft wide  Grows in clay or sandy soil:  Dry stream banks, washes  Rocky fields & plains  Sandy or alkali bottomlands  Along road sides  Grows where it gets full sun  Is stress deciduous – loses leaves during dry periods
  63. 63. © Project SOUND Do we have room for Big gum plant? Salvias: S. leucophylla (2); S. clevelandii (3) Eriogonum fasciculatum (?1) Eriogonum cinerium Lavender Thyme
  64. 64. Who can resist a sunflower? © Project SOUND
  65. 65. CA Bush Sunflower – Encelia californica
  66. 66. CA Encelia is a great habitat plant – and it blooms early!  Flower petals (ray flowers)  Insects  Beetles  Butterfly larva: Monarch; Metalmarks;  Ground squirrels  Nectar/pollen  Bees  Butterflies  Seeds  Birds (eat seeds)  Goldfinches  Sparrows  Small mammals (mice)  Spiders (eat insects)  Green lynx spider
  67. 67. © Project SOUND * San Diego Sunflower – Viguiera laciniata http://image57.webshots.com/157/1/52/8/2588152080044943617JdrPNe_fs.jpg
  68. 68. © Project SOUND *Viguiera parishii – a desert species  Full sun  Very well-drained soils  Low water (Zone 1-2) http://www.delange.org/Viguiera/Viguiera.htm http://www.delange.org/Viguiera/Viguiera.htm http://www.azhikinggallery.com/galleryintro.asp?galleryid=spurcrossranch_042107
  69. 69. © Project SOUND *Parish’s goldeneye – Viguiera (Bahiopsis) parishii
  70. 70.  Mojave and Sonoran Deserts of CA, NV, AZ, northwestern Mexico  Dry mesas, washes & rocky slopes to 3500 ft.  Areas that get a little bit of extra water © Project SOUND *Parish’s goldeneye – Viguiera parishii http://www.calflora.org/cgi-bin/species_query.cgi?where-taxon=Bahiopsis+parishii http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=82217 ©2010 Lee Dittmann http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/viguiera-deltoidea-parishii
  71. 71. © Project SOUND Parish’s goldeneye – rather Encelia-like  Size:  2-4 ft tall  2-4 ft wide  Growth form:  Half-woody (sub-shrub)  Overall shape mounded; many branches  Fast-growing  Foliage:  Gray green; stiff hairs  Triangular shape; fairly small (typical of desert shrubs)  Spicy sunflower fragrance  May be winter deciduous  Larval food for California Patch (Chlosyne californica)©2010 Thomas Stoughton
  72. 72. © Project SOUND Sunflower heads with yellow disk flowers  Blooms:  After rains from Feb-June  After summer monsoon (or water) from Sept-Oct  Flowers:  In typical sunflower heads – 2 inches across  Disk flowers (center) are primarily yellow  Pretty as only sunflowers can be  Seeds:  Small and hairy; birds love them ©2010 Thomas Stoughton
  73. 73. © Project SOUND Plant Requirements  Soils:  Texture: well drained- sand to clay  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun to very light shade  Water:  Winter: adequate  Summer: is drought tolerant (Water Zone 1-2 or 2) but best if given some water in August (monsoon)  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other:  Cut back hard (to 6-8 inches; like CA Encelia) in winter dormant period  Inorganic or light organic mulch http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bahiopsis_parishii_3.jpg
  74. 74. © Project SOUND Gardening with Parish’s goldeneye  As an attractive pot plant  Sunny slopes, rock gardens, desert-themed gardens  For habitat value (attracts many pollinators), fragrance and pretty flowers in mixed beds  Good on banks for erosion control ©2010 Neal Kramer http://www.abdnha.org/pages/03flora/family/asteraceae/viguiera_parishii.htm
  75. 75. © Project SOUND We’ve still got room for 4-5 ft. shrubs Encelia californica; Viguiera parishii Salvias: S. leucophylla (2); S. clevelandii (3) Eriogonum fasciculatum (?1) Eriogonum cinerium Lavender Thyme
  76. 76. Plenty of green foliage color… Green  Rhamnus/Frangula  Salvia clevelandii  Ergiogonum fasciculatum  Thyme  Encelia californica  Viguiera parishii Silver/white/gray  Salvia leucophylla  ? Lavender (choose appropriate)  Eriogonum cinerium (Ashyleaf buckwheat) © Project SOUND
  77. 77. Nevin’s Wooly Sunflower/Catalina Silverlace Constancea (Eriophyllum) nevinii
  78. 78. © Project SOUND * Guadalupe Island Rock Daisy – Perityle incana
  79. 79. © Project SOUND * Guadalupe Island Rock Daisy – Perityle incana  Endemic to Guadalupe Island, Baja CA  Southernmost extent of California Floristic Province; similar to the Channel Islands of California  At least 35 species endemic to island; practically denuded by feral goats. http://www.sdsharkdiving.com/images/GuadRte.jpg http://www.people.carleton.edu/~mcass/Pangea/GIsland.JPG
  80. 80. © Project SOUND The genus Perityle – the Rock Daisies  In Asteraceae (Sunflower family); native to western North America.  Commonly known as Rock daisies  Highly variable genus, including small herbs to spreading shrubs  Most have yellow or white ‘daisy’ flower heads.  The fruit is generally a flat seed with thickened margins which may or may not have a pappus or scales.  Perityle emoryi – annual  Other Perityles (Ca shrubby) from Desert Mountains (chiefly the White, Inyo Mountains) Perityle emoryi http://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/rockdaisy.html
  81. 81. © Project SOUND Somewhat similar to Catalina Silverlace  Size:  2-3 ft tall  3-5+ ft wide  Growth form:  Half-woody (sub-shrub); woody base  Mounded to irregular shape  Moderate growth rate  Foliage:  Silvery green (less white than Catalina Silverlace); hairy  Leaves incised; open appearance – very attractive  Frost tender Catalina Silverlace
  82. 82. © Project SOUND Flowers provide a life-friendly treat  Blooms: spring into summer; April to July, intermittently  Flowers:  Small; in ‘heads’ somewhat like Mule Fat (minimal/no ray flowers)  Inflorescence above the foliage – very attractive  Lovely gold-yellow color  Attract many insects: pollinators, butterflies  Seeds:  Eaten by song birds
  83. 83. © Project SOUND Drought tolerant  Soils:  Texture: best in sandy/rocky, but does fine in clay  pH: any local  Light:  Full sun coast; some afternoon shade in hot inland gardens  Water:  Winter: adequate; supplement if needed  Summer: occasional water – likes ‘summer monsoon’ in Aug. (will bloom after ‘rain’)  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: Cut back to 4-6 inches above wood after peak bloom for best shape http://www.sdnhm.org/research/guadalupe/p-perityle.html
  84. 84. © Project SOUND Many ways to use  As a shrub in mixed beds with Salvias, Eriogonum, Encelia  Nice against a dark wall or shrubs  Good habitat plant  Useful as groundcover, fill  Even works in a container http://plantexplorer.longwoodgardens.org/weboi/oecgi2.exe/INET_ECM_DispPl?NAME NUM=15062&DETAIL=1 http://www.nativegardeningla.com/shrubs/perityle.html
  85. 85. © Project SOUND Consider foliage/flower contrast ?? Where to place the Perityle incana Encelia californica; Viguiera parishii Salvias: S. leucophylla (2); S. clevelandii (3) Eriogonum fasciculatum (?1) Eriogonum cinerium Lavender Thyme
  86. 86. We need some more fall bloomers © Project SOUND http://camissonia.blogspot.com/2010/09/treks-on-santa-rosa-plateau-august.html
  87. 87. We’ve got several choices among the Sunflowers Width Early/Spring Summer Fall 5-6 ft Grindelia camporum Hazardia/Isocoma 4-5 ft Encelia californica *Perityle incana *Perityle incana Solidago spp *Viguiera parishii Ericameria ericoides *Ericameria nauseosa Solidago spp < 3 ft filler Lasthenia spp Layia platyglossa Achillea millefolium Cirsium occidentale Grindelia hirsutula Helianthus annuus Heterotheca grandiflora Malacothrix saxatilis Pseudognaphalium canescens *Symphyotrichum chilense Achillea millefolium Pluchea odorata *Symphyotrichum chilense © Project SOUND Extra points for locally native species (in green) and adult/larval (bold)
  88. 88. © Project SOUND * Rubber Rabbitbush – Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa (Chrysothamnus nauseosus) © 2003 Michael Charters
  89. 89. © Project SOUND  Occurs in deserts & shrublands in much of the west  In CA, in foothills from 3,000-8,000 ft  Favors sunny, open sites including disturbed areas in chaparral, desert foothills  Has been cultivated since 1886 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chrysothamnus_nauseosus http://www.swcoloradowildflowers.com/Yellow%20Enlarged%20Photo %20Pages/chrysothamnus%20nauseosus.htm http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Chrysothamnus+nauseosus * Rubber Rabbitbush – Ericameria nauseosa ssp. nauseosa (Chrysothamnus nauseosus)
  90. 90. © Project SOUND Rabbitbush is a bush Sunflower  Size:  2-5 ft tall (usual); some populations up to 10 ft tall  2-4 ft wide  Growth form:  Most commonly a mounded sub- shrub  Many long branches from a woody base  Foliage:  Narrow, aromatic leaves  May be medium green or more blue-green  Overall has a feathery appearance  Roots: deep taproot with laterals© 2005 Christopher L. Christie
  91. 91. © Project SOUND  Blooms: early fall - usually Aug-Sept. in western L.A. Co.  Flowers:  Small & golden yellow  In dense clusters – either flat or more pyramidal  Extremely showy  Attract tons of weird & wonderful insects  Seeds:  Fluffy appendages like Goldenbush/Mock Heather  Wind disbursed  Must germinate that fall – do not persist in seed bank © 2003 Michael Charters http://www.swcoloradowildflowers.com/Yellow%20Enlarged%20Photo%20Pages/chrysothamnus%20nauseosus.htm Flowers are like Goldenbush
  92. 92. © Project SOUND Easy to grow, reliable  Soils:  Texture: just about any  pH: just about any, incl. alkali  Light: full sun  Water:  Winter: needs good winter/ spring rains; supplement in dry years  Summer: looks best with occasional water – Zones 1-2 or 2 are fine.  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils. But light fertilizer probably wouldn’t hurt it.  Other: prune back heavily after flowering – late fall
  93. 93. © Project SOUND Garden uses for Rabbitbush  In a habitat garden – a real winner  For fall color  As a tough plant for commercial plantings, parking strips, etc.  As an informal hedge  Good choice for erosion control  As a smaller substitute for the Goldenbushes http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/chrysothamnus-nauseosus http://bugguide.net/node/view/40653/bgimage
  94. 94. © Project SOUND We’re out of room for shrubs Ericameria nauseosa; Perityle incana Encelia californica; Viguiera parishii Salvias: S. leucophylla (2); S. clevelandii (3) Eriogonum fasciculatum (?1) Eriogonum cinerium Lavender Thyme
  95. 95. Need some ‘fillers’ that increase habitat value Adult food (nectar)  Sunflowers  Cirsium occidentale  Grindelia hirsutula  Helianthus annuus  Heterotheca grandiflora  Malacothrix saxatilis  Solidago species  *Symphyotrichum chilense  Buckwheats  Several annual species Larval food  Sunflowers  Cirsium occidentale (Painted Lady)  Pseudognaphalium canescens (Ladies)  Mallows  *Sphaeralcea ambigua © Project SOUND
  96. 96. © Project SOUND Cliff Aster – Malacothrix saxatilis
  97. 97. © Project SOUND Desert Mallow – Sphaeralcea ambigua
  98. 98. © Project SOUND Flowers remind one of Hollyhocks  Blooms:  Spring is usual bloom season (Mar-May), following rains  May bloom off and on throughout year in garden  Flowers:  Showy mallow blooms along the stems  Color- usually ‘apricot’ (another name is Apricot Mallow), but differs with variety  Nectar & pollen attract butterflies, hummingbirds, any other insects http://farm1.static.flickr.com/149/430082786_0b30a88eee.jpg?v=0
  99. 99. © Project SOUND Desert Mallow is versatile in the garden  Lovely addition to mixed beds – place appropriate for size  Excellent for water-wise garden, particularly in sandy/rocky soils; most drought-tolerant Sphaeralcea  Good choice for containers  Great on dry slopes, hot gardens; not for very foggy areas  Larval food for Checkered Skipper, Common Hairstreak http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/sphaeralcea-ambigua http://www.bridgerlandaudubon.org/wildaboututah/090407xeri-garden.htm
  100. 100. © Project SOUND Cultivar ‘Louis Hamilton’ Nice habitat plant – and accent color for spring/summer http://www.calflora.net/losangelesarboretum/whatsbloomingmar07E.html
  101. 101. © Project SOUND Can we fit in any more? Malacothrix saxatilis; Sphaeralcea ambigua Ericameria nauseosa; Perityle incana Encelia californica; Viguiera parishii Salvias: S. leucophylla (2); S. clevelandii (3) Eriogonum fasciculatum (?1) Eriogonum cinerium Lavender Thyme
  102. 102. Smaller perennial ‘fillers’ for habitat value Adult food (nectar)  Annual wildflowers  Tidytips  Goldfields  Globe gilia  Cirsium occidentale (thistle)  Sub-shrubs/perennials  Achillea millefolium (Yarrow)  Asclepias spp (Milkweeds)  Eriogonum grande var. rubescens  Lobelia dunnii var. serrata  Garden herbs/vegetables  Garlic Chives Larval food  Annual wildflowers  Lupinus succulentus (Painted Lady, West Coast Lady, Common Sulfur)  Cirsium occidentale (Painted Lady)  Sub-shrubs/perennials  Asclepias spp. (Monarch; Queen)  Garden herbs/vegetables  Parsley (Anise Swallowtail)  Borage (Painted Lady) © Project SOUND
  103. 103. Narrow-leaf Milkweed - Asclepias fascicularis
  104. 104. © Project SOUND Island Buckwheat – Eriogonum grande var. rubescens
  105. 105. © Project SOUND Island Buckwheat – Eriogonum grande  Channel Island endemic:  var. grande (Island Buckwheat)  Channel Islands; Santa Cruz, Anacapa, Santa Catalina, San Clemente Islands  Bluffs and cliffs, coastal sage scrub and chaparral  var. rubescens (Red Buckwheat; San Miguel Island Buckwheat )  n Channel Islands; San Miguel, Santa Cruz, and Santa Rosa islands  Cliffs and bluffs, coastal grassland and scrub communities  AKA: Eriogonum grande ssp. rubescens; Eriogonum grande var. dunklei; Eriogonum latifolium var. rubescens; Eriogonum rubescens http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi- bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?5936,5994,6063,6 064 var. rubescens var. grande
  106. 106. © Project SOUND Special features of Red Buckwheat  Size:  1-2 ft tall  2-4 ft wide  Growth form:  Low-growing, dense mounded form  Spreads slowly  Relatively short-lived – 3-5 years – but re-seeds  Foliage:  Neat, spoon-shaped leaves in rosettes; medium-large for buckwheat  Attractive bright to gray-green with wooly white backs
  107. 107. © Project SOUND Red buckwheat: one of the showiest!  Blooms:  Primarily in summer  Any time from May to Aug – depends a bit on moisture  Flowers:  On stalks 2-3 ft tall  Color range from medium to dark pink; one of showiest CA natives  All the insects love it – good pollen and nectar source!!!  Seeds:  Attracts seed-eating birds  Re-seeds well; naturalizes  Hybridizes with other buckwheats  Vegetative reproduction: mound slowly increases in size
  108. 108. © Project SOUND Plant Requirements  Soils:  Texture: best in well-drained soils; fine in dryish clay  pH: any local including alkali  Light:  Full sun near coast  May appreciate afternoon shade in hot gardens  Water:  Winter: needs normal amount  Summer: little needed – Water Zone 1-2 probably best; can kill with too much in clay  Fertilizer: none; likes poor soils  Other: thin organic mulch, if any http://santacruz.nrs.ucsb.edu/natural-resources/endemic-vascular- plants/red-buckwheat
  109. 109. © Project SOUND Garden uses for Red Buckwheat  As an unusual accent plant  Super as a pot plant  Lovely massed; ground cover  Makes a pretty smaller border plant  For a ‘silver’ (moonlight) garden  In a habitat/pollinator garden  In narrow beds & planters  Pair with dudleyas, salvias, yarrow, Catalina Silverlace, larger buckwheats
  110. 110. © Project SOUND Management of smaller perennial Buckwheats  In general, need very little care, as long as they are given proper soils and watering  Prune lightly in fall to stimulate next season’s growth, but avoid cutting deep into woody material
  111. 111. © Project SOUND *Dunn’s Lobelia – Lobelia dunnii var. serrata http://www.laspilitas.com/plants/397.htm
  112. 112. © Project SOUND *Dunn’s Lobelia – Lobelia dunnii var. serrata  CA endemic; also in N. Baja  Found in Coastal and Transverse ranges; locally in Santa Monica and San Gabriel Mountains  Found in mossy seeps, cliffs and rocky stream banks  Moist canyons below 4500 ft, coastal sage scrub, chaparral http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?Lobelia+dunnii+var.+serrata
  113. 113. © Project SOUND Characteristics of Dunn’s (Blue) Lobelia  Size:  to 1 ft tall  2+ ft wide; spreading  Growth form:  Herbaceous perennial  Winter dormant; usually dies back entirely  Stems semi-woody; reclining  Foliage:  Light green  Small leaves http://www.calflora.net/bloomingplants/dunnslobelia.html
  114. 114. © Project SOUND Flowers are fantastic  Blooms: summer; usually July-Aug. in S. Bay; may last into Sept.  Flowers:  Lobelia-shaped  Bright blue to lavender-blue  1 inch size  On upright spike; open sequentially  Long-blooming – at least 1 month with some water  Seeds: many little seeds; self-sows if happy  Vegetative reproduction: can be divided http://www.laspilitas.com/plants/397.htm
  115. 115. © Project SOUND Dunn’s Lobelia needs moist conditions for optimal bloom…  Soils:  Texture: any; prefers soil heavy in organics (leaf mulch)  pH: 6.0-8.0  Light:  Full sun only in coolest gardens  Best flowering (and flower color) in partial or filtered shade. Fine under trees  Water:  Winter: tolerates winter flooding  Summer: like a moist soil; Zone 2-3 to 3, although quite drought tolerant  Fertilizer: use a leaf mulch  Other: quite problem-free© 1999 John Game
  116. 116. © Project SOUND Garden uses for Blue Lobelia  In the butterfly garden – nectar is irresistible for many butterflies  Nice addition to bog garden, pond edge - even in shallow water ; Lovely with Juncus, Mimulus, Goldenrods  Late season color for gardens, hanging baskets, patio pots, window boxes, planters  Shady-moist ground cover; fine textured http://www.laspilitas.com/plants/397.htm
  117. 117. © Project SOUND http://www.laspilitas.com/nature-of-california/plants/lobelia-dunnii-serrata We’ll have to put the Dunn’s Lobelia in the moist shade under the apple tree
  118. 118. © Project SOUND Our shrubs & perennials are in place Eriogonum grande var. rubescens; annuals Malacothrix saxatilis; Sphaeralcea ambigua Ericameria nauseosa; Perityle incana Encelia californica; Viguiera parishii Salvias: S. leucophylla (2); S. clevelandii (3) Eriogonum fasciculatum (?1) Eriogonum cinerium Lavender Thyme
  119. 119. Smaller ‘fillers’ that increase habitat value Adult food (nectar)  Annual wildflowers  Tidytips  Goldfields  Phacelia spp  Globe gilia  Sub-shrubs/perennials  Achillea millefolium  Asclepias spp (Milkweeds)  Eriogonum grande var. rubescens  Lobelia dunnii var. serrata  Garden herbs/vegetables  Garlic Chives Larval food  Annual wildflowers  Lupinus succulentus (Painted Lady, West Coast Lady, Common Sulfur)  Cirsium occidentale (Painted Lady)  Sub-shrubs/perennials  Asclepias spp. (Monarch; Queen)  Garden herbs/vegetables  Parsley (Anise Swallowtail)  Borage (Painted Lady) © Project SOUND
  120. 120. Annual wildflowers © Project SOUND Tidy-tips Goldfields Globe gilia Arroyo lupine
  121. 121. © Project SOUND White Everlasting – Pseudognaphalium canescens
  122. 122. © Project SOUND White Everlasting is great for an ‘Evening Garden’  Most people include this species as a butterfly plant – larval food for American Lady  Excellent choice for an ‘Evening Garden’ – looks nice during the day but very striking in low-light situations  Makes an attractive pot plant; place where you can watch the butterflies American Lady larva http://www.theodorepayne.org/plants/ plants_for_butterflies.htm
  123. 123. © Project SOUND Cobwebby Thistle – Cirsium occidentale http://www.ubcbotanicalgarden.org/potd/2006/01/cirsium_occidentale_var_occidentale.php
  124. 124. © Project SOUND Garden uses for Cobwebby Thistle  As an attractive pot plant  In the annual wildflower garden, mixed beds  In the vegetable garden; stem may be eaten raw or cooked  Great addition to the wildlife garden: butterflies, bees, birds, hummingbirds, and more! Remember: plant where the spiny leaves won’t be a hazard
  125. 125. © Project SOUND Whew! I think we’re almost there Eriogonum grande var. rubescens; annuals Malacothrix saxatilis; Sphaeralcea ambigua Ericameria nauseosa; Perityle incana Encelia californica; Viguiera parishii Salvias: S. leucophylla (2); S. clevelandii (3) Eriogonum fasciculatum (?1) Eriogonum cinerium Lavender Thyme
  126. 126. 2014: Bringing Nature Home - Lessons from Gardening Traditions Worldwide © Project SOUND
  127. 127. Final nectar plant list: impressive Spring Summer Fall Trees/Large shrub Amorpha californica Rhamnus illicifolia Smaller shrub (4-6 ft) Encelia californica Perityle incana Salvia leucophylla Eriogonum cinereum Eriogonum fasciculatum Perityle incana Salvia clevelandii Viguiera parishii Eriogonum cinereum Ericameria nauseosa Viguiera parishii Other (fillers) Annual wildflowers Garlic Chives Gilia capitata Sphaeralcia ambigua Asclepias fascicularis Cirsium occidentalis Eriogonum grande rubescens Gilia capitata Lavender Lobelia dunnii var. serrata Malacothrix saxatilis Thyme Sphaeralcia ambigua © Project SOUND
  128. 128. We’ve provided larval food for ~ 20 species  Pale Swallowtail (Rhamnus illicifolia)  Anise Swallowtail (Parsley)  California Dogface (Amorpha californica)  Cabbage White (vegetable garden)  Common Checkered White (vegetable garden)  Gray Hairstreak (Amorpha spp.; Eriogonums ; Lupinus)  Marine Blue (Amorpha spp.; Eriogonum spp.; Lupinus)  Acmon Blue (Eriogonum spp.; Lupinus)  Mormon & Dusky Metalmarks (Encelia california; Eriogonum fasciculatum)  Painted & American Ladies (Cirsium occidentalis; Lupinus succulentus ; Pseudognaphalium spp.)  West Coast Lady (Lupinus succulentus; Borage)  Monarch & Queen (Asclepias spp.)  Skippers (grass) © Project SOUND
  129. 129. © Project SOUND https://www.facebook.com/UCRBGfriends UCR Botanic garden – Butterfly Garden
  130. 130. We’ve met our goals  Relaxed, natural appearance  Small size  Native plants  Butterflies & other pollinators visit  Some color – but natural – not like Disneyland  Sunny  Easy access  Seating that makes it easy to enjoy the plants/pollinators  A Life-friendly garden © Project SOUND
  131. 131. Next month we’ll convert a yard into ‘Hummingbird Heaven’ © Project SOUND
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