It is a comprehensive program of language arts
acquisition. It contains all of the components
necessary for students to master written and oral
Balanced Literacy incorporates all reading
approaches realizing students need to use
multiple strategies to become proficient readers.
In a balanced approach to literacy instruction,
teachers integrate instruction with authentic
reading and writing and experiences so that
students learn how to use literacy strategies and
skills and have opportunities to apply what they
Phonics and Other Skills
It provides and cultivates the skills of reading,
writing, thinking, speaking and listening for all
students. A Balanced Literacy Program includes:
Modeled Reading (Reading Aloud) and Modeled
Shared Reading and Shared Writing
Guided Reading and Guided Writing
Independent Reading and Independent Writing
Reading to children: read alouds
help to internalize sentence
structure and "book language"
concepts, provide motivation to
learn to read, a sense of story
structure, vocabulary concepts,
build prediction skills, and provide
a proficient reader model.
Writing for children: teacher-modeled
models how phonics works, models
conventional spelling, models
mechanics of writing aids in
understanding the reciprocity of
reading and writing.
Helps in hearing/sequencing sounds
in words, and develops print
Teachers Should Use a Variety of Assessment
• teacher observations
• oral reading samples
• writing samples
• spelling samples
• as well as standardized and other tests.
teachers who know students
individually provide many
kinds of support, enabling
students to move to higher
levels of reading and
A balanced literacy plan is most
effective when children are given
direct instructional support and a
variety of daily reading and writing
experiences that are needed in the
complex process of becoming
independent readers and writers.
Engagement and motivation are crucial
components for children as they learn to read.
Adults must foster joy in and purposefulness for
reading because children will not become
proficient readers if they do not enjoy the
experience or see any value in it.
‘Practical strategies to help you build a truly
balanced classroom literacy program by Dorothy