Psychology- Drugs and consciousness


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Group 5 in PSYC in the topic of DRUGS & Consciousness

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  • Preview Question 10: What are dependence and addiction? Can substance abusers overcome their addictions?
  • Addictive drugs quickly corrupt: After taking drugs only (perhaps) 10% become addict. Addiction cannot be overcome voluntarily: It can be to a large extent. Addiction not different than repetitive pleasure-seeking behaviors: Indeed. But should we stretch the concept to cover social behaviors?
  • Preview Question 11: What are depressants, and what are their effects?
  • Preview Question 12: What are stimulants, and what are their effects?
  • Preview Question 13: What are hallucinogens, and what are their effects?
  • Psychology- Drugs and consciousness

    1. 1. GROUP 5
    2. 2. Psychology
    3. 3. DrugsandConsciousness
    4. 4. DRUGS-any substance, natural or artificial, otherthan food, that by its chemical or physicalnature alters structure or function in theliving organism.Consciousness- refers to our awareness ofsensations, thoughts, and otherinternal processes. 
    5. 5. 7Drugs and Consciousness…Psychoactive Drug:A chemical substance that alters perceptions andmood.
    6. 6. Addiction & Dependence
    7. 7. AddictionAddiction is a brain diseaseidentified by components ofphysical and psychologicaldependence.
    8. 8. 10Addiction & Dependence…tolerance - the powerof enduring the action ofthe drug.- is one aspect ofphysical dependence.
    9. 9. Withdrawal & DependenceWithdrawal is a term referring to the feelings ofdiscomfort, distress, and intense craving for asubstance that occur when use of the substance isstopped.Dependence Absence of a drug may lead to afeeling of physical pain, intense cravings andnegative emotions.
    10. 10. 12Misconceptions About Addiction1. Addictive drugs quickly corrupt.2. Addiction cannot be overcome voluntarily.3. Addiction is no different than repetitivepleasure-seeking behaviors.
    11. 11. TypesofPsychoactive Drugs
    12. 12. 14Psychoactive drugs are divided into three groups.1. Depressants2. Stimulants3. Hallucinogens
    13. 13. DepressantsDepressants are drugs that reduce neural activityand slow body functions. They include:A. AlcoholB. BarbituratesC. Opiates
    14. 14. 16Depressants…A. Alcohol affects motor skills, judgment, andmemory.Drinking and DrivingDanielHommer,NIAAA,NIH,HHSRayNg/Time&LifePictures/GettyImages
    15. 15. Why do college students drink?1. Increases sociability2. Relieves anxiety or tension3. Feel elated or euphoric4. Less inhibited5. Can go along with friends6. Different state of consciousness7. Sexual inhibition8. Stops worrying9. Alleviates depression10. Less self-conscious
    16. 16. 18Depressants…B. Barbiturates: Drugs that depress the activity ofthe central nervous system, reducing anxietybut impairing memory and judgment.Nembutal, Seconal, and Amytal are someexamples.
    17. 17. Depressants …C. Opiates-they are highlyaddictive-temporarilylessening pain andanxiety.
    18. 18. 20StimulantsStimulants are drugs that excite neural activity andspeed up body functions. Examples of stimulantsare:1. Caffeine2. Nicotine3. Cocaine4. Ecstasy5. Amphetamines6. Methamphetamines
    19. 19. 212. Stimulants: Caffeine & NicotineA & B. Caffeine and nicotine increase heart andbreathing rates and other autonomic functions toprovide energy.
    20. 20. 222. Stimulants:Why Do People Smoke?1. People smoke because it is socially rewarding.2. Smoking is also a result of genetic factors.RusselEinhorn/TheGammaLiasonNetwork
    21. 21. 232. Stimulants: Why Do PeopleSmoke?3. Nicotine takes awayunpleasant cravings4. Nicotine itself isrewarding (positivereinforcement).
    22. 22. 242. StimulantsC. CocaineCocaine induces immediate euphoria followed by a crash.Crack, a form of cocaine, can be smoked. Other forms ofcocaine can be sniffed or injected.
    23. 23. 252. Stimulants:D. EcstasyEcstasy orMethylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is astimulant and mildhallucinogen. It produces aeuphoric high and candamage serotonin-producingneurons, which results in apermanent deflation of moodand impairment of memory.GregSmith/APPhotos
    24. 24. 263. HallucinogensHallucinogens arepsychedelic (mind-manifesting) drugs thatdistort perceptions andevoke sensory images inthe absence of sensoryinput.RonaldK.Siegel
    25. 25. 3. Hallucinogens: Names of Drugs• Acid, Peyote, Mighty Quinn, Mescal, Ibogaine,Window Panes, MDMA, Gelatin, Pearly Gates,Owsley Acid, Mind Detergent, Bufotenine, CaliforniaTriple Dip, Sandoz’s, Sunshine, Lysergic AcidDiethylamide, Mescaline, Cube, Salvia Divinorum,Blue Cheers, Vacation, Hawk, LSD, Wedding Bells,Adams, Phenethylamines, Psilocybin Analogs, BrownDot, Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds, Strawberries,Blotter, Pink Wedge, Psilocybin, Mushrooms,‘Shrooms, Ayahuasca, and other names.
    26. 26. 3. Hallucinogens: Meth
    27. 27. 29After a close brush withdeath, many peoplereport an experience ofmoving through a darktunnel with a light at theend. Under the influenceof hallucinogens, othersreport bright lights atthe center of their fieldof vision.3. Hallucinogens: Near-DeathExperiences(From“Hallucinations”byR.K.Siegel.Copyright©1977ScientificAmerican,Inc.Allrightsreserved.)
    28. 28. Influence for Drug Preventionand Treatment1.Education about the long-termcosts2.Efforts to boost people’s self-esteem and purpose3.Attempts to modify peerassociations and teachingrefusal skills
    29. 29. Drugs Make you Ugly!
    30. 30. 33DrugsSummary
    31. 31. 34Thank you for listening!
    32. 32. Group 5Clavecilla, AppleKarenMarbella, Joel F.Cuaresma, John Paul E.Cuaresma, Richard E.Espalita,Cymon Jerick