Group 5
Drugs
and Consciousness
-any substance, natural or artificial, other
than food, that by its chemical or physical
nature alters structure or functi...
6
Drugs and Consciousness…
Psychoactive Drug:
A c h e m i c a l
s u b s t a n c e t h a t
a l t e r s
p e r c e p t i o n ...
A d d i c t i o n &
D e p e n d e n c e
Addiction
Addiction is a brain disease
identified by components of
physical and psychological
dependence.
9
A d d i c t i o n &
D e p e n d e n c e …
tolerance
the power of enduring
the action of the drug.
- is one aspect of phy...
Withdrawal & Dependence
Withdrawal
is a term referring to the feelings of discomfort, distress, and
intense craving for a ...
11
Misconceptions
About Addiction
1. Addictive drugs quickly corrupt.
2. Addiction cannot be overcome voluntarily.
3. Addi...
Types
of
Psychoactive Drugs
13
1. Depressants
2.Stimulants
3.Hallucinogens
P s y c h o a c t i
v e D r u g s :-a r e d i v i d e d i n t o
t h r e e g...
D e p r e s s a n t s
A. Alcohol
B. Barbiturates
C. Opiates
Depressants
-are drugs that reduce neural activity and slow
bo...
15
Depressants…
A. Alcohol affects motor skills, judgment, and
memory.
Why do college students drink?
1. Increases sociability
2. Relieves anxiety or tension
3. Feel elated or euphoric
4. Less ...
Depressants…
B . B a r b i t u r a t e s :
D r u g s t h a t d e p r e s s t h e
a c t i v i t y o f t h e
c e n t r a l n...
Depressants …
C. Opiates
-they are highly
addictive
-temporarily
lessening pain and
anxiety.
19
Stimulants
Stimulants
-are drugs that excite neural activity and speed up
body functions. Examples of stimulants are:
1...
20
2. Stimulants: Caffeine & Nicotine
A & B. Caffeine and nicotine increase heart and
breathing rates and other autonomic ...
21
2. Stimulants:
Why Do People Smoke?
1. People smoke because it is socially rewarding.
2. Smoking is also a result of ge...
22
2. Stimulants: Why Do People
Smoke?
3. Nicotine takes away
unpleasant cravings
4. Nicotine itself is
rewarding (positiv...
23
Cocaine induces immediate euphoria followed by a crash.
Crack, a form of cocaine, can be smoked. Other forms of
cocaine...
24
2. Stimulants:
D. Ecstasy
Ecstasy or
Methylenedioxymethamphet
amine (MDMA) is a
stimulant and mild
hallucinogen. It pro...
25
3. Hallucinogens
H a l l u c i n o
g e n s
-are psychedelic (mind-
manifesting) drugs that
distort perceptions and
evok...
3. H a l l u c i n o g e n s :
N a m e s o f D r u g s
• Acid, Peyote, Mighty Quinn, Mescal, Ibogaine,
Window Panes, MDMA,...
3. Hallucinogens Meth
28
After a close brush with
death, many people
report an experience of
moving through a dark
tunnel with a light at the
en...
Influence for Drug Prevention
and Treatment
1.Education about the long-term
costs
2.Efforts to boost people’s self-
esteem...
D r u g s M a k e y o u
U g l y !
32
Thank you for
listening!
G r o u p 5
Clavecilla, Apple Karen
Marbella, Joel F.
Cuaresma, John Paul E.
Cuaresma, Richard E.
Espolita, Cymon Jerick
Group 5
Group 5
Group 5
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Group 5

  1. 1. Group 5
  2. 2. Drugs and Consciousness
  3. 3. -any substance, natural or artificial, other than food, that by its chemical or physical nature alters structure or function in the living organism. - refers to our awareness of sensations, thoughts, and other internal processes.
  4. 4. 6 Drugs and Consciousness… Psychoactive Drug: A c h e m i c a l s u b s t a n c e t h a t a l t e r s p e r c e p t i o n s a n d m o o d .
  5. 5. A d d i c t i o n & D e p e n d e n c e
  6. 6. Addiction Addiction is a brain disease identified by components of physical and psychological dependence.
  7. 7. 9 A d d i c t i o n & D e p e n d e n c e … tolerance the power of enduring the action of the drug. - is one aspect of physical dependence.
  8. 8. Withdrawal & Dependence Withdrawal is a term referring to the feelings of discomfort, distress, and intense craving for a substance that occur when use of the substance is stopped. Dependence Absence of a drug may lead to a feeling of physical pain, intense cravings and negative emotions.
  9. 9. 11 Misconceptions About Addiction 1. Addictive drugs quickly corrupt. 2. Addiction cannot be overcome voluntarily. 3. Addiction is no different than repetitive pleasure-seeking behaviors.
  10. 10. Types of Psychoactive Drugs
  11. 11. 13 1. Depressants 2.Stimulants 3.Hallucinogens P s y c h o a c t i v e D r u g s :-a r e d i v i d e d i n t o t h r e e g r o u p s .
  12. 12. D e p r e s s a n t s A. Alcohol B. Barbiturates C. Opiates Depressants -are drugs that reduce neural activity and slow body functions. They include:
  13. 13. 15 Depressants… A. Alcohol affects motor skills, judgment, and memory.
  14. 14. Why do college students drink? 1. Increases sociability 2. Relieves anxiety or tension 3. Feel elated or euphoric 4. Less inhibited 5. Can go along with friends 6. Different state of consciousness 7. Sexual inhibition 8. Stops worrying 9. Alleviates depression 10. Less self-conscious
  15. 15. Depressants… B . B a r b i t u r a t e s : D r u g s t h a t d e p r e s s t h e a c t i v i t y o f t h e c e n t r a l n e r v o u s s y s t e m , r e d u c i n g a n x i e t y b u t i m p a i r i n g m e m o r y a n d j u d g m e n t . N e m b u t a l , S e c o n a l , a n d A m y t a l a r e s o m e e x a m p l e s .
  16. 16. Depressants … C. Opiates -they are highly addictive -temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
  17. 17. 19 Stimulants Stimulants -are drugs that excite neural activity and speed up body functions. Examples of stimulants are: 1. Caffeine 2. Nicotine 3. Cocaine 4. Ecstasy 5. Amphetamines 6. Methamphetamines
  18. 18. 20 2. Stimulants: Caffeine & Nicotine A & B. Caffeine and nicotine increase heart and breathing rates and other autonomic functions to provide energy.
  19. 19. 21 2. Stimulants: Why Do People Smoke? 1. People smoke because it is socially rewarding. 2. Smoking is also a result of genetic factors.
  20. 20. 22 2. Stimulants: Why Do People Smoke? 3. Nicotine takes away unpleasant cravings 4. Nicotine itself is rewarding (positive reinforcement).
  21. 21. 23 Cocaine induces immediate euphoria followed by a crash. Crack, a form of cocaine, can be smoked. Other forms of cocaine can be sniffed or injected. 2. Stimulants C. Cocaine
  22. 22. 24 2. Stimulants: D. Ecstasy Ecstasy or Methylenedioxymethamphet amine (MDMA) is a stimulant and mild hallucinogen. It produces a euphoric high and can damage serotonin-producing neurons, which results in a permanent deflation of mood and impairment of memory.
  23. 23. 25 3. Hallucinogens H a l l u c i n o g e n s -are psychedelic (mind- manifesting) drugs that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.
  24. 24. 3. H a l l u c i n o g e n s : N a m e s o f D r u g s • Acid, Peyote, Mighty Quinn, Mescal, Ibogaine, Window Panes, MDMA, Gelatin, Pearly Gates, Owsley Acid, Mind Detergent, Bufotenine, California Triple Dip, Sandoz’s, Sunshine, Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, Mescaline, Cube, Salvia Divinorum, Blue Cheers, Vacation, Hawk, LSD, Wedding Bells, Adams, Phenethylamines, Psilocybin Analogs, Brown Dot, Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds, Strawberries, Blotter, Pink Wedge, Psilocybin, Mushrooms, ‘Shrooms, Ayahuasca, and other names.
  25. 25. 3. Hallucinogens Meth
  26. 26. 28 After a close brush with death, many people report an experience of moving through a dark tunnel with a light at the end. Under the influence of hallucinogens, others report bright lights at the center of their field of vision. 3. Hallucinogens: Near-Death Experiences
  27. 27. Influence for Drug Prevention and Treatment 1.Education about the long-term costs 2.Efforts to boost people’s self- esteem and purpose 3.Attempts to modify peer associations and teaching refusal skills
  28. 28. D r u g s M a k e y o u U g l y !
  29. 29. 32 Thank you for listening!
  30. 30. G r o u p 5 Clavecilla, Apple Karen Marbella, Joel F. Cuaresma, John Paul E. Cuaresma, Richard E. Espolita, Cymon Jerick

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