Uploaded on


  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Group 5
  • 2. Drugs and Consciousness
  • 3. -any substance, natural or artificial, other than food, that by its chemical or physical nature alters structure or function in the living organism. - refers to our awareness of sensations, thoughts, and other internal processes.
  • 4. 6 Drugs and Consciousness… Psychoactive Drug: A c h e m i c a l s u b s t a n c e t h a t a l t e r s p e r c e p t i o n s a n d m o o d .
  • 5. A d d i c t i o n & D e p e n d e n c e
  • 6. Addiction Addiction is a brain disease identified by components of physical and psychological dependence.
  • 7. 9 A d d i c t i o n & D e p e n d e n c e … tolerance the power of enduring the action of the drug. - is one aspect of physical dependence.
  • 8. Withdrawal & Dependence Withdrawal is a term referring to the feelings of discomfort, distress, and intense craving for a substance that occur when use of the substance is stopped. Dependence Absence of a drug may lead to a feeling of physical pain, intense cravings and negative emotions.
  • 9. 11 Misconceptions About Addiction 1. Addictive drugs quickly corrupt. 2. Addiction cannot be overcome voluntarily. 3. Addiction is no different than repetitive pleasure-seeking behaviors.
  • 10. Types of Psychoactive Drugs
  • 11. 13 1. Depressants 2.Stimulants 3.Hallucinogens P s y c h o a c t i v e D r u g s :-a r e d i v i d e d i n t o t h r e e g r o u p s .
  • 12. D e p r e s s a n t s A. Alcohol B. Barbiturates C. Opiates Depressants -are drugs that reduce neural activity and slow body functions. They include:
  • 13. 15 Depressants… A. Alcohol affects motor skills, judgment, and memory.
  • 14. Why do college students drink? 1. Increases sociability 2. Relieves anxiety or tension 3. Feel elated or euphoric 4. Less inhibited 5. Can go along with friends 6. Different state of consciousness 7. Sexual inhibition 8. Stops worrying 9. Alleviates depression 10. Less self-conscious
  • 15. Depressants… B . B a r b i t u r a t e s : D r u g s t h a t d e p r e s s t h e a c t i v i t y o f t h e c e n t r a l n e r v o u s s y s t e m , r e d u c i n g a n x i e t y b u t i m p a i r i n g m e m o r y a n d j u d g m e n t . N e m b u t a l , S e c o n a l , a n d A m y t a l a r e s o m e e x a m p l e s .
  • 16. Depressants … C. Opiates -they are highly addictive -temporarily lessening pain and anxiety.
  • 17. 19 Stimulants Stimulants -are drugs that excite neural activity and speed up body functions. Examples of stimulants are: 1. Caffeine 2. Nicotine 3. Cocaine 4. Ecstasy 5. Amphetamines 6. Methamphetamines
  • 18. 20 2. Stimulants: Caffeine & Nicotine A & B. Caffeine and nicotine increase heart and breathing rates and other autonomic functions to provide energy.
  • 19. 21 2. Stimulants: Why Do People Smoke? 1. People smoke because it is socially rewarding. 2. Smoking is also a result of genetic factors.
  • 20. 22 2. Stimulants: Why Do People Smoke? 3. Nicotine takes away unpleasant cravings 4. Nicotine itself is rewarding (positive reinforcement).
  • 21. 23 Cocaine induces immediate euphoria followed by a crash. Crack, a form of cocaine, can be smoked. Other forms of cocaine can be sniffed or injected. 2. Stimulants C. Cocaine
  • 22. 24 2. Stimulants: D. Ecstasy Ecstasy or Methylenedioxymethamphet amine (MDMA) is a stimulant and mild hallucinogen. It produces a euphoric high and can damage serotonin-producing neurons, which results in a permanent deflation of mood and impairment of memory.
  • 23. 25 3. Hallucinogens H a l l u c i n o g e n s -are psychedelic (mind- manifesting) drugs that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.
  • 24. 3. H a l l u c i n o g e n s : N a m e s o f D r u g s • Acid, Peyote, Mighty Quinn, Mescal, Ibogaine, Window Panes, MDMA, Gelatin, Pearly Gates, Owsley Acid, Mind Detergent, Bufotenine, California Triple Dip, Sandoz’s, Sunshine, Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, Mescaline, Cube, Salvia Divinorum, Blue Cheers, Vacation, Hawk, LSD, Wedding Bells, Adams, Phenethylamines, Psilocybin Analogs, Brown Dot, Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds, Strawberries, Blotter, Pink Wedge, Psilocybin, Mushrooms, ‘Shrooms, Ayahuasca, and other names.
  • 25. 3. Hallucinogens Meth
  • 26. 28 After a close brush with death, many people report an experience of moving through a dark tunnel with a light at the end. Under the influence of hallucinogens, others report bright lights at the center of their field of vision. 3. Hallucinogens: Near-Death Experiences
  • 27. Influence for Drug Prevention and Treatment 1.Education about the long-term costs 2.Efforts to boost people’s self- esteem and purpose 3.Attempts to modify peer associations and teaching refusal skills
  • 28. D r u g s M a k e y o u U g l y !
  • 29. 32 Thank you for listening!
  • 30. G r o u p 5 Clavecilla, Apple Karen Marbella, Joel F. Cuaresma, John Paul E. Cuaresma, Richard E. Espolita, Cymon Jerick