CUTA 2008: Gayle Lake Presentation


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  • CUTA 2008: Gayle Lake Presentation

    1. 1.
    2. 2. Youth Summit on Sustainable Urban Transportation Canadian Urban Transit Association (CUTA) August 22, 2008 Gayle Lake Policy Specialist American Public Transportation Association [email_address]
    3. 3. Overview <ul><li>What is APTA? </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation Overview </li></ul><ul><li>The Future for Public Transportation </li></ul>
    4. 4. What is APTA? <ul><li>APTA is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade association that represents and supports more than 1,500 members worldwide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Located in Washington, DC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With roots beginning in 1882 – the era of horse-drawn railway cars </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Who Are Our Members?
    6. 6. APTA… <ul><li>Serves as a voice nationally and internationally </li></ul><ul><li>Advocates for more transit dollars and pro-transit policies </li></ul><ul><li>Connects to education and training </li></ul><ul><li>Provides meetings and conferences </li></ul><ul><li>Develops industry standards </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains and disseminates industry information </li></ul>
    7. 7. Overview of U.S. Transportation – The Big Picture <ul><li>U.S. ships 19 billion tons of freight annually </li></ul><ul><li>15,000 ton miles of freight are shipped per person per year </li></ul><ul><li>Americans take 410 billion trips per year covering 5.5 trillion miles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal to 30,000 round trips to the sun each year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>30 years ago we took 212 billion trips covering 2.7 trillion miles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equal to 15,000 round trips to the sun annually </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Overview of U.S. Transportation – The Future <ul><li>Demand for transportation is expected to continue to grow rapidly – National Surface Transportation Policy and Revenue Study Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Population – expected to grow by nearly 120 million by 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>VMT – despite current decline, expected to grow 1.72% annually through 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>Freight – expected to grow from 15 billion tons in 2004 to 29 billion tons in 2035 – a 90% increase </li></ul>
    9. 9. We Spend a Lot on Transportation $1.5 trillion per year = 11.6% of U.S. GDP <ul><li>How does this amount break down? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some of it public - $255 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of it private - $1.3 trillion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Looked at in more detail: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some on water - $41 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A little more on freight rail - $42 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More on public transit - $47 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A lot more on air - $106 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But most on highways - $1.2 trillion </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>But is it enough? </li></ul>
    11. 11. Public Transportation in the U.S. <ul><li>$47 billion industry; employs more than 370,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 6,500 transit providers in U.S., but 70% of usage on top 30 systems </li></ul><ul><li>10.3 billion annual boardings in 2007; highest in 50 years </li></ul><ul><li>34 million times every weekday, people board public transportation </li></ul><ul><li>60% of trips taken on buses </li></ul><ul><li>38% of trips taken on rail vehicles </li></ul>
    12. 12. Transit Use Growing Faster Than Highway Use (1995 – 2007) (13%) (24%) (32%)
    13. 13. How is Transit Funded in America? 2006 Industry Revenue Sources – $47 Billion 2006 Capital Funding - $13.3 Billion 2006 Operating Funds- $33.7 Billion
    14. 14. <ul><li>The Future </li></ul><ul><li>. . . Market for transit will increase </li></ul>
    15. 15. Challenges Facing America <ul><li>Energy security and costs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. uses 24% of world’s petroleum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation sector uses 2/3 of all U.S. petroleum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Petroleum products accounted for around 20% of all imports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher energy prices cause shifts in U.S. thinking and behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. produces 22% of world’s greenhouse gases (2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation sector contributes 34% of U.S. greenhouse gases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must address U.S. transportation sector to deal with greenhouse gas problem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population growth and aging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Census: nearly 420 million people living in U.S. by 2050 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 in 5 age 65 or older (87 million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 in 5 of those don’t drive (18 million) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>. . . Transit can help solve each challenge </li></ul>
    16. 16. Decreases Dependence on Foreign Fuel; Conserves Energy <ul><li>Households near public transit drive an average of 4,400 fewer miles annually </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saving 4.2 billion gallons of gasoline </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Buildable urban land becomes desired </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Development sites in transit zones have become the new beachfront property.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-- (Multifamily Executive magazine, 2007) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Demand for housing within walking distance of transit will more than double by 2025 </li></ul><ul><li>. . . Market for transit will increase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>. . . Market for transit will increase </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Reduces Greenhouse Gases <ul><li>Communities that invest in public transit reduce carbon emissions by 37 million metric tons each year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equivalent to households of New York City; Washington, DC; Atlanta; Denver; and Los Angeles COMBINED stopping use of electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>One commuter switching from car to transit reduces his/her annual CO 2 emissions by 4,800 pounds per year; reduces carbon footprint by 10% </li></ul><ul><li>. . . Market for transit will increase </li></ul>
    18. 18. Population Growth and Aging <ul><li>10-12 mega regions will: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide 70% of nation’s economic activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Absorb 70% of the 120 million population growth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Greater density will result </li></ul><ul><li>Doubling of older Americans will change land use and mobility patterns </li></ul><ul><li>. . . Market for transit will increase </li></ul>
    19. 19. Challenges Facing Transit Growth in America <ul><li>Inadequate transit availability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 53% of households have any transit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In small cities and rural areas, nearly 2/3 of all residents have few, if any, options </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transit funding issue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unmet capital needs in excess of $45 billion annually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shortfall of operating revenues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High fuel prices—double-edge sword </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Petroleum fuel bills up 166%; electricity up 19% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dealing with capacity and costs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transit security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transit frequent terrorist target, yet most transit systems receive no U.S. Department of Homeland Security funding </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. How to Address These Challenges? <ul><li>Continue Federal/State/Local funding partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage private sector investment </li></ul><ul><li>Need for pro-transit policies </li></ul>
    21. 21. National Surface Transportation Policy and Revenue Commission Report <ul><ul><li>Transportation for Tomorrow – recommendations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Performance based investments/accountability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased federal investment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Major revisions in program structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-modal approach </li></ul></ul></ul>
    22. 22. APTA TransitVision 2050 <ul><li>Major APTA initiative to create a long term vision of public transportation’s role in America’s future </li></ul><ul><li>Three areas that will affect future public transportation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of life </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The vision: In 2050, America’s multi-modal, energy efficient, environmentally sustainable transportation system is the envy of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2050, high quality public transportation options are available to a very large percentage of avenues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every urban area is served by a high capacity regional system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persons living in rural areas have public transit appropriate to needs of their area </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. APTA Draft Authorization Proposals <ul><li>Invest $123 billion over next 6 years- meet 50% of estimated capital needs </li></ul><ul><li>Guarantees strengthened </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel tax increase, plus develop new financing streams </li></ul><ul><li>Program should be “needs based” </li></ul><ul><li>Transit should receive at least 20% of surface transportation investment </li></ul><ul><li>Streamline the federal program </li></ul>
    24. 24. APTA Draft Authorization Proposals <ul><li>Encourage state and local investment </li></ul><ul><li>Workforce development encouraged </li></ul><ul><li>Continued emphasis on planning </li></ul><ul><li>Increased investment in research and development </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen transit’s role in environment/global warming </li></ul>
    25. 25. Will Americans Support More Public Transportation Investment? <ul><li>75% see more transit choices and walkable communities – rather than more roads – as the key to reducing traffic congestion </li></ul><ul><li>76% support public funding for expansion and improvement of public transit </li></ul><ul><li>70% of voter initiatives for transit investment approved since 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Americans say commuter, long distance trains, local bus service should have greater share of future passenger travel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Harris Interactive) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More than 80% of Americans surveyed favored building communities where they could drive less </li></ul><ul><li>75% said more transit choices and walkable communities are the answer to traffic congestion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Smart Growth America/National Association of Realtors) </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. <ul><li>And Next…? </li></ul>