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Methodology for community profiles

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  • 1. Methodology for Community Profiles And everything else
  • 2. The academic gaze• “For years and years we have had people coming in from outside to find out what’s wrong with us, how we live, and what makes us so criminal”• “The strange visitor was coming to question the usefulness of our insalubrious existence”• Jeremy Brent ( 2009) Searching for Community: Representation, Power and Action on an Urban Estate
  • 3. Edward Said • “Perhaps the most important fact of all would be...to ask how one can study [represent or act with] other cultures and peoples from a libertarian, or a non-repressive and non-manipulative perspective” p63 Would those being written about{ recognise my account of them? }
  • 4. Objectives• What do YOU think is the purpose of community profiling?• Which definition of community profiling do you prefer?
  • 5. Scope• Where does this profile end? – Geographical • where are the boundaries? What is/is not Spring Boroughs? Where does it connect/differ from nearby neighbourhoods? – Topics • what social policies are important right now? – What have you SEEN in the fieldwork? – Will it represent the community you are profiling?
  • 6. What is your Research Question?• Open ended question – we are not sure, yet, what we know and what we don’t know• Exploratory – comparing ‘what we think we know’ with ‘what we are seeing/hearing in the field’• What are the key features of Far Cotton that contribute to it’s successes and failures and what issues/challenges might best contribute to its improvement
  • 7. Epistemology• What is knowledge? How is knowledge acquired?• Philosophy of science in a nutshell critical realism Roy Bhaskar is thepositivism theory that some of our sense-data (for social constructionism example, those of primary qualities) can Berger and LuckmannAuguste Comte and do accurately represent externalPositivism states that argue that all knowledge, objects, properties, and events, while including the most basic,the only authentic other of our sense-data (for example,knowledge is that which taken-for-granted common those of secondary qualities and sense knowledge ofallows positive perceptual illusions) do not accuratelyverification everyday reality, is derived represent any external objects, from and maintained by properties, and events social interactions.
  • 8. Methodology/Method• Methodology – the analysis of the principles of methods, rules, and claims employed by a discipline – a pretentious substitute for the word method• Method• What you actually did, when and how, to collect data for your study• Methodology• Your justification for why your method was the best way of collecting the right data
  • 9. Data• Qualitative and Quantitative• Mixed methods• How certain am I?• TRIANGULATION I see an object I hear a story I read some data
  • 10. http://www.uefap.com/writing/function/function.htmWRITING
  • 11. Blooms taxonomy
  • 12. reasoned argument• ‘showing your grasp of ideas’.• you are showing that you can take hold of the ideas and organise them to do some work for you – your claim (proposition, thesis, point, position) - your point of view, what you believe; – your reason(s) (explanations)- why you believe what you do; – your evidence (support or grounds) – your primary observations , secondary data and examples that support your point of view; and – your argument (warrant) - how the evidence you have provided leads to the claim your are making.• This is ‘threaded’ throughout the WHOLE document• Make sure reader knows exactly what is going on at each point in the narrative
  • 13. Taking a stance• it is not enough to simply describe a situation or recall the facts, you need to take a stance or position yourself in relation to the situation or the facts.• Previous studies (Jones, 1997; Smith, 2006) have indicated that the intensity of physiotherapy provision may affect some patient outcomes including reduced mortality following a stroke.• Critical community development• Our work is the ‘practice of freedom’ (Freire, 1976) not maintenance of the status quo,• http://www.infed.org/community/critical_community_development.htm