Curso/CTR Reisejournalismus Edinburgh: The Guide

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Once upon a time high up north there is a place called Edinburgh. This city has been the capital of Scotland since 1437. Dùn Èideann, which means Edinburgh in Gaelic, is divided into old and new town, wherein the older part only consists of two streets. Although it is not very known everywhere it is one of the most incredible and beautiful places all over the world. Edinburgh is the second biggest city in Scotland with about 486.000 inhabitants and one particularly dog. By the way: My name is Bobby and I’m going to guide you to extraordinary places. Furthermore there are plenty of interesting stories which are worth mentioning. The famous dark side of my home city is nothing for me but be surprised...Let’s get it started!
Team CTR Edinburgh March 2013

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Curso/CTR Reisejournalismus Edinburgh: The Guide

  1. 1. upon a lled meinhigh h. This ti up northOnce e ca Ed burgthere is a plac tal of Scotland sincecity ha s been the capi ans Edinburgh in1437. Dùn Èi deann, which me town, to old and newGaelic , is divided in ly consists of twowherein th e older part on own is not very kn street s. Although it e most incredib le everywhere it is one of th e world. es all over th and beautiful plac biggest city in Edinburg h is the second inhabitants an d about 486.000 Scotland with By the way: My name is one part icularly dog. e you to extrao r- Bobby and I’ m going to guid e plen- rmore there ar places. Furthe rth dinary s which are wo ty of inte resting storie side of my home e famous dark mentioning. Th t be surprised. .. city is no thing for me bu arted! Let’s get it st EH,AE
  2. 2. CONTENTSFACTS: > Art > Bobby > Language > Short history time line Lifestyle: > Things to do in the capital of Scotland > vintage shopping > Old Town Bookshop > Second hand bookTypically Scottish: shopping > Pubs and Nightlife> Kilts and bagpipes > The Tartan Weaving Mill > Scottish Sweets and Dark side of Edinburgh: Desserts > Shortbread House > Ghost Tour> Scotch Whisky > Jekkyl and Hyde> Haggis Rezept > 10 ways to die> Music in and from Scotland> Traditional folk Politics: music> Ceilidh > Parliament > IndependenceCulture and Sights: Surroundings: > Arthurs Seat and the Royal Botanic gar > Rosslyn Chapel dens > St. Andrews > Literary Edi > Borders > Storytelling Center > Highlands > David Hume > Loch Ness > The Scott Monument > Fairytales > Camera Obscura > Lickety Splits
  3. 3. Photo by Johanna Lesnik
  4. 4. LanguageChan eil mi ‘tuigsinn Gàidhlig– I don’t understand Scottish Gaelic by Elfi Heinke tish Gaelic also called Gàidhlig – the lowest figure ever. Those live mainly in the Highlands (a’Ghaidhealtachd) and in the Western Isles (Na h-Eileanan an Isa). But there are also Gàidhlig speakers in Glasgow (Glaschu), Ed- inburgh (Dùn Eideann) and Inverness (Inbhir Nis). Gaelic belongs to the Goidel-Scotland without Gael- ic branch of Celtic languagesic would be like a country and was spoken by the Scots ofwithout heather moorland. the Kingdom of Dalriada. It is closely related to IrishLanguages are always part of and Manx Gaelic. All of themthe culture of a country and descended from Old Irish,of course of its history. In which was brought to ScotlandEdinburgh you will not meet around the 4th century AD.many people who can speak In the 800s the Scots domi-Gaelic. But if you want to nated the Picts. Because ofdiscover western and north- this Pictish was replaced byern Scotland it is maybe Gaelic across a large partvery helpful to know a lit- of Scotland. Still latertle bit about this old but Gàidhlig succeeded in dis-very interesting language. placing Old Norse in many of the Viking-dominated ar-About 60,000 people in Scot- eas in north and west Scot-land (Alba) can speak Scot- land. In South East Scotland
  5. 5. this language never gained language was afforded a de-much of a foothold because gree of official recogni-the main language there was tion. Gaelic was also adopt-the Middle English spo- ed as the primary languageken by the Angles dominat- of the Western Isles Coun-ing this part of Scotland. cil. Meanwhile road signsIn 1755 289.772 22.9% of all across the Highlands appearScottish inhabitants could in a bilingual form. To re-speak only Gaelic. Just new a Gaelic revival in Scot-136 years later the picture land BBC launched a Gaelichad changed utterly – Gael- only news channel, calledic-only speakers were not BBC Alba. In 2006 a Gaelicmuch more than 1% of a pop- only secondary school openedulation of 4,025,647. Only in the city of Glasgow.about 5% were bilingual inGaelic and English. And it Scotland without Gael-was getting worse and worse. ic would be like a countryIn 1971 Gaelic-only speak- without heather moorland.ers had declined to 477. There would be nobody whoThere are a lot of reasons has to starve as a resultfor the decline in Gaelic. of it, but the nation wouldThe most important one has be immeasurably poorer.been the historical domi-nance of Edinburgh in par-ticular and central Scot- DID YOU KNOW TH AT: land over the political andeconomic development of the > the Scottish Gaeliccountry. In this area they alphabet is wr itten withnever spoke Gaelic. Because just 18 letter s?of that it was rather their > every letter of Scottishlanguage influencing the Gaelic alphabet is namedothers. Other reasons are after a tree or shrub?the growing ruling class- Like: B = Beit h (Birch),es of English. If you want- C = Coll (Hazeled to be part of the upper ), G = Gort (Ivy),classes it was not enough M = Muinto speak Scots. This lan- (Vine)guage became anglicised, now If you want toknown as Scots English. Any- learn more Gaellic, haveway the Highlanders were at a look on this page:best second class citizens.The Scottish Parliament’s http://www.bbc .co.uk/scot-Gaelic Language Act 2005 land/alba/fogh lam/beag_air_should change something. The bheag/
  6. 6. „Scots is a key part of our nation‘sheritage and culture. It is also a livinglanguage.” Culture Minister Fiona Hyslop by Alisa EßlingerScots a dead language? No way! of Scots. Since the AnglesNowadays, Scots is being re- had a massive impact on thevived in schools. More and Northern English language,more books in Scots are be- the Old Northern English de-ing published so children veloped differently to thecan learn it, and use it spoken English in the South.automatically for the rest The former language of Scot-of their lives. Besides, tish Kings, Gaelic, was re-Scots is spoken in the ev- placed by the new Germaniceryday life of many Scottish language called“Inglis. How-families. There are plen- ever, in 15th century, thety of people who say “Aye” English spoken in Scotlandwhen they are asked if they was so different that it wasspeak Scots. Either you are called “Scottish” or “Sots”.standing in a queue in a As you can see, at the presentsupermarket or if you take time English and Scots area guided tour through the sister languages. But theyParliament buildings, you are autonomous languages.will hear Scottish words. However, times were chang-There is often a debate if ing. As James VI became KingScots is either an autono- of both Kingdoms, Englandmous language or a dialect and Scotland, Scots lost itsor even slang. It is true status in Scotland since En-that Modern English and glish became the languageScots have the same ances- of services and adminis-tor, namely Old English. tration. More educated peo-In the Middle Ages, the ple wanted to forget abouttribes of Angles and the the Scots language and theSaxons invaded Celtic Brit- culture. Many poets or phi-ain. The present English de- losophers such as Robertveloped from the Germanic Burns and David Hume weretongue of the Saxon, while not afraid to show their na-the Angles’ Germanic lan- tionality in the languageguage is the mother language they used. Robert Burns kept
  7. 7. the almost forgotten tonguealive in literature. Without IMPORTANT WORDS:him, it’s not certain wheth-er this particular Scottish NOO - NOWlanguage would still exist. MOCKIT - VERY DIRTYNevertheless, the question of LAVVY - OUTSIDE TOILETScots is not completely solved. WHEESHT - BE QUIETHas a dialect its own dialects? EEJIT -IDIOTYou see, Scots has its own as SHUG -HUGH !for example Glaswegian, Dor-ic, Ayrshire and Shetland. Just joking. Useful sen-Overall, most Scottish peo- tences are following...ple consider that Scotshas a high impact on his-tory, on culture but mostof all on local identity.
  8. 8. full E-Book: http://www.lulu.com/content/e-book/edinburgh/13742874

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