Lecture 2 A Continent On The Move
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Lecture 2 A Continent On The Move

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Covers the kingdoms that ruled Africa before and at the time of European contact, religious conflict in Europe and in fighting between the English and Spanish nations and the rise of the European ...

Covers the kingdoms that ruled Africa before and at the time of European contact, religious conflict in Europe and in fighting between the English and Spanish nations and the rise of the European powers and their first voyages into the New World.

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Lecture 2 A Continent On The Move Lecture 2 A Continent On The Move Presentation Transcript

  • A CONTINENT ON THE MOVE 1400-1725 Mrs. Dani Vaughn-Tucker History 103: American History to 1865 Spring 2009 Term A
  • New Worlds in Africa and America
    • Europeans viewed themselves as “civilized” and called the peoples they encountered “barbarians,” “savages” and “heathens”
    • Most of the American, American and Asian continents were actually very civilized:
      • Legal codes
      • Political structures
      • Religious organizations
      • Monetary systems
  • Africa
  • African Empire: Ghana
    • Covered territory between the Sahara and the Gulf of Guinea and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Niger River
    • Large towns
    • Skillfully designed buildings
    • Elaborate artwork
    • Had a thriving caravan trade
    • Large army that was eventually destroyed by North African Muslims
  • African Empire: Mali
    • Islamic kingdom
    • Controlled the gold trade
    • Timbuktu became an important center of education
    • Other kingdoms:
    • Kongo
    • Songhay
    • Benin
  • Life in Africa
    • Family was the central unit
    • Society was matrilineal
    • Worship
      • Polytheistic
      • Ancestors were revered
      • Columbian Exchange
        • Slavery
        • Loss of national history
  • The Rise of Europe
    • Spain and the Coast
    • Juan Ponce de Leon
    • Lucas Vasquez de Allyon
    • Florida was important to the Franciscan priests
    • Spain and the Gulf of Mexico
    • Hernando de Soto
    • St. Augustine
  • The Rise of Europe
    • Spain and the Southwest
    • Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
    • Established Spanish claims to the southern portions of North America
    • Franciscans tried to blend Catholicism with traditional Pueblo beliefs
  • The Rise of Europe
    • England
    • John Cabot
      • Newfoundland
      • Nova Scotia
    • Initial interest focused on fish
    • Later interest centered on finding new markets for wool
  • The Rise of Europe
    • Queen Elizabeth I
    • Did not promote overseas colonization
    • Protestant
    • Conflict with her Catholic brother, King Philip II of Spain
    • Excommunicated in 1571
  • Conflict Between Spain and England
    • 1587 – Philip II sent 20,000 Spanish soldiers to Netherlands to suppress Protestantism
    • 1572 – Philip II helped arrange the massacre of thousands of French Protestants
    • 1580 – Elizabeth provided aid to Protestant Dutch against Catholic rule
    • 1585 – Elizabeth sent 6000 English troops to help Dutch Protestants
    • 1588 – Philip sent in a Spanish armada
  • English Expansion
    • Began its first attempts at colonization in Ireland
    • First attempts in the Americas were small and feeble
  • We Have Discussed:
    • The kingdoms that ruled Africa before and at the time of European contact
    • Religious conflict in Europe and in fighting between the English and Spanish nations
    • The rise of European powers and their first voyages into the New World