Quantitative Research Nonexperimental research: Nomanipulation of factors; involvesdescription or identification ofrelationships Nonexperimental classifications:Descriptive, comparative, correlational,causal comparative
Quantitative Research Experimental: Manipulation of factors toinfluence or cause change in subjects Experimental Purpose: Investigate causalfactors Experimental Classifications: Trueexperimental, quasi-experimental; singlesubject.
Qualitative Research Phenomenological Study: Acquire understandingof a phenomenon through extensive individualinterviews/observations Ethnography: Description of cultural or socialgroup systems Grounded Theory: Generation of a theorythrough examination of an situation Case Study: In-depth study of a single or fewentities
Four Educational ResearchCategories Basic: Purpose is to generate a theory Applied: Purpose is to test theories in aneducational setting Action: Purpose is immediateimprovement of practice Evaluation: Purpose is to decide theeffectiveness of a program
Research VariablesExperimental Independent variable: Influences orpredicts; comes first Dependent variable: Result of or affectedby the independent variable Extraneous variable: Unknown,uncontrolled; affects the dependentvariable
Research VariablesExample Independent variable: What is examinedor compared. Ex: Teaching method Dependent variable: What is counted.Ex: Scores on an achievement test Extraneous variables??????
Research Report Format Title and author Abstract Section One: UntitledResearch problemSignificance of research problemContext for the researchReview of literature
Research Report Format Method and designSubjectsProceduresInstruments Dependent variables Units of analysis
Research Report Format Results Discussion/Conclusions References
Research Review Purpose/Focus of Review Organization/Methodology of Review Categories of Studies Findings Conclusions; tie to practice