Types of educational_research

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Types of educational_research

  1. 1. Types of EducationalResearch
  2. 2. Quantitative And QualitativeResearch Traditions “Quantitative: Emphasizes numbers,measurements, deductive logic, controland experiments.” Qualitative” Emphasizes natural settings,inductive logic, verbal narratives andflexible designs.” McMillan, 2000
  3. 3. Quantitative Research Nonexperimental research: Nomanipulation of factors; involvesdescription or identification ofrelationships Nonexperimental classifications:Descriptive, comparative, correlational,causal comparative
  4. 4. Quantitative Research Experimental: Manipulation of factors toinfluence or cause change in subjects Experimental Purpose: Investigate causalfactors Experimental Classifications: Trueexperimental, quasi-experimental; singlesubject.
  5. 5. Qualitative Research Phenomenological Study: Acquire understandingof a phenomenon through extensive individualinterviews/observations Ethnography: Description of cultural or socialgroup systems Grounded Theory: Generation of a theorythrough examination of an situation Case Study: In-depth study of a single or fewentities
  6. 6. Four Educational ResearchCategories Basic: Purpose is to generate a theory Applied: Purpose is to test theories in aneducational setting Action: Purpose is immediateimprovement of practice Evaluation: Purpose is to decide theeffectiveness of a program
  7. 7. Research VariablesExperimental Independent variable: Influences orpredicts; comes first Dependent variable: Result of or affectedby the independent variable Extraneous variable: Unknown,uncontrolled; affects the dependentvariable
  8. 8. Research VariablesExample Independent variable: What is examinedor compared. Ex: Teaching method Dependent variable: What is counted.Ex: Scores on an achievement test Extraneous variables??????
  9. 9. Research Report Format Title and author Abstract Section One: UntitledResearch problemSignificance of research problemContext for the researchReview of literature
  10. 10. Research Report Format Method and designSubjectsProceduresInstruments Dependent variables Units of analysis
  11. 11. Research Report Format Results Discussion/Conclusions References
  12. 12. Research Review Purpose/Focus of Review Organization/Methodology of Review Categories of Studies Findings Conclusions; tie to practice

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