Language Learning Strategies M.Sajid us Salam M.Phil Linguistics The Islamia University Bahawalpur [email_address]
Using Learning Strategies to Overcome Affective Barriers to Efficient Learning Affective: Motivation; Anxiety; Willingness to communicate; Attitudes and Beliefs toward language learning. But what are strategies?
LLS are "behaviors or thoughts that a learner engages in during… the learner's encoding process."
These strategies "are the techniques for the learner's conscious construction of language rules, vocabulary, pronunciation, discourse, and sociocultural understanding. (Weinstein & Mayer, 1986, p. 315).