<ul><li>Evaluation of Library Software;  </li></ul><ul><li>Its implications on Library Services </li></ul>
Outline <ul><li>Scope </li></ul><ul><li>Library Automation </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Trends </li></ul><ul><li>Librar...
Scope <ul><li>Information Storage & Retrieval Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DBMS - On-line Databases </li></ul></ul><ul><...
why Library Automation <ul><li>Library Services </li></ul><ul><li>Operation of Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor-inten...
Impact of IT on  Libraries <ul><li>Impact of IT has been Profound and Omini Present </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical & Horizonta...
Technological Trends <ul><li>Paper > Electronic Means </li></ul><ul><li>Information Demand > End-Users </li></ul><ul><li>D...
Technological Trends <ul><ul><li>Small Band > Wide Band </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed Equipment > Mobile/Portable Equip...
Technological Trends <ul><ul><li>Cost-based pricing > Value based Pricing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variable fee > flat f...
Evaluation of Library Software <ul><li>Technical Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operating Systems & Hardware Configura...
Evaluation Criteria <ul><li>Ease of Use </li></ul><ul><li>Tried & Tested Features </li></ul><ul><li>Good Documentation </l...
Evaluation Criteria <ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Support </li></ul><ul><li>Obsolescence and Upgrades </li></...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Acquisition <ul><li>Acquisition Librarian functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Receive...
Acquisition <ul><ul><ul><li>Exchange Rate, Vendor Record, Budget, Discount, Accession No's  etc.. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul>...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><li>Data Input & Maintenance of Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct input from Ke...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><ul><li>compulsory input option for certain fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Cataloguing <ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Titles-in-Process, Update H...
Cataloguing Standards <ul><li>ISBD </li></ul><ul><li>MARC </li></ul><ul><li>Common Communication Format </li></ul><ul><ul>...
CCF <ul><li>Conform to ISO 2709 </li></ul><ul><li>Core record consists of Mandatory Data essential to bibliographic descri...
CCF <ul><li>INFORMATION SYSTEM </li></ul>DATA BASE INPUT FORMAT STORAGE FORMAT RETRIEVAL FORMAT DISPLAY FORMAT RECORDS
Z.3950 <ul><li>OSI Model </li></ul><ul><li>Database source systems </li></ul><ul><li>Client-server communication </li></ul...
Z.3950 <ul><li>Integrate Text & Graphics </li></ul><ul><li>Support Multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Support complex documents ...
Z.3950 <ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security Validation </li></ul></u...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Information Storage & Retrieval <ul><li>Searching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequentia...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><ul><li>Choice of each file to be indexed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indexing o...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><li>Retrieval of Stored Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Searching through an ...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><ul><li>Presence of KEEP command offers full boolean possibilities </li></ul></...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><ul><li>User defined output formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sorting of data ...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Circulation <ul><li>Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Returns </li></ul><ul><li>Reserves <...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Circulation <ul><li>Enquiries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Status, Transactions Log, Cha...
Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Serials Control <ul><li>New Subscription </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Titles, Approv...
Classical Retrieval systems : CDS/ISIS <ul><li>UNESCO </li></ul><ul><li>Information Storage & Retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>...
Classical Retrieval systems : CDS/ISIS <ul><ul><li>reorganizing, exporting in ISO-format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cr...
Classical Retrieval systems : CDS/ISIS <ul><li>Format Tables for output data </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved data can be expor...
Classical Retrieval systems : CDS/ISIS <ul><li>Limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User Manual is essential </li></ul></ul><...
Classical Retrieval systems : CDS/ISIS <ul><ul><li>Format Tables are complicated to create </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No h...
Integrated Library Software  : Libsys <ul><li>Generalized & Comprehensive Library Software Package </li></ul><ul><li>Integ...
Integrated Library Software  : Libsys LibSys Acquisition Cataloguing Circulation Serials Control OPAC
Integrated Library Software  : Libsys <ul><li>Limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentat...
Conclusion <ul><li>No software package can meet all the requirements of a given library system.  Inevitably, some compromi...
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Lib Sw Evaluation2

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Lib Sw Evaluation2

  1. 1. <ul><li>Evaluation of Library Software; </li></ul><ul><li>Its implications on Library Services </li></ul>
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Scope </li></ul><ul><li>Library Automation </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Trends </li></ul><ul><li>Library Software Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of IT on Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatics of Library Automation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition, Cataloguing, Circulation, Serials Control, OPAC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Features of Library Software : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CDS/ISIS & LIBSYS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Scope <ul><li>Information Storage & Retrieval Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DBMS - On-line Databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD-ROM Interface Software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>House Keeping Activities including Bibliographic Database Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing Software Packages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Selecting the new Library Software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information Storage & Retrieval Software Packages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DBMS - Online Database & CD-ROM interface Software </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No Customization is possible </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. why Library Automation <ul><li>Library Services </li></ul><ul><li>Operation of Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor-intensive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>costly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Salaries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>benefits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>support facilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in cost of library materials </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Books, Serials , etc.. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Rs.
  5. 5. Impact of IT on Libraries <ul><li>Impact of IT has been Profound and Omini Present </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical & Horizontal Integration of Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diminishing Distinctions between </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Services & Public Services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ex : OCLC, WLN, RLIN </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primary Journals & Secondary Journals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bibliographic Access & Physical Access </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Changing Collection & the Electronic Library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On-line Products & Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD-ROM Products & Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypertext and Hypermedia </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Technological Trends <ul><li>Paper > Electronic Means </li></ul><ul><li>Information Demand > End-Users </li></ul><ul><li>Digitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Miniaturisation </li></ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Computer & Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analogue > Digital </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standalone > Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer Terminal > Client-Server </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Command Structure > Graphic Interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mono Media > Multi Media </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Technological Trends <ul><ul><li>Small Band > Wide Band </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed Equipment > Mobile/Portable Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Markets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard Product > Customized Product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-stop Shopping > One-stop Shopping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Competitors > New Competitors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Market > World Market </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pricing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Source Pricing > Package pricing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single rate Pricing > Service-level Pricing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>format Pricing > content Pricing </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Technological Trends <ul><ul><li>Cost-based pricing > Value based Pricing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variable fee > flat fee/up-front pricing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single-user Pricing > Multi-user, Site Licensing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virtual Library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Penetration of PC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telecommunication Networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automation of Library Catalogues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On-line Databases, National Bibliographies & OPAC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CD-ROM Publishing </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Evaluation of Library Software <ul><li>Technical Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operating Systems & Hardware Configuration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Special versions & Security </li></ul><ul><li>User Friendliness & Documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Database Vs Non-Database (RDMS) </li></ul><ul><li>Input & Maintenance of Data </li></ul><ul><li>Indexing of Stored Information </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieval of Stored Information </li></ul><ul><li>Output of Data </li></ul><ul><li>House Keeping Activities </li></ul>
  10. 10. Evaluation Criteria <ul><li>Ease of Use </li></ul><ul><li>Tried & Tested Features </li></ul><ul><li>Good Documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Large User Community </li></ul><ul><li>Built-in Routines </li></ul><ul><li>Compatibility </li></ul><ul><li>Vendor </li></ul><ul><li>Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul>
  11. 11. Evaluation Criteria <ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Support </li></ul><ul><li>Obsolescence and Upgrades </li></ul><ul><li>Software Guides & Directories </li></ul><ul><li>Reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmarks (No. Records) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Acquisition <ul><li>Acquisition Librarian functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Receive the Request </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate to procure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duplicate Check </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approval Procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orders, Invoice Processing & Payment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reminders, Order Cancellation, Recording, Correspondence etc.. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intimating the Users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enquiries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance of Different Databases </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Acquisition <ul><ul><ul><li>Exchange Rate, Vendor Record, Budget, Discount, Accession No's etc.. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Request for Title </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Approval details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>on-line enquiry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>System Administrators Routines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Database Loading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Database reorganization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer of Acquired titles to the Cataloguing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Functional Routines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><li>Data Input & Maintenance of Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct input from Keyboard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Screen Editor/Word Processor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Editing/Deleting record </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data extentended 8-bit ASCII code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data in Record Structure with Separate Fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predefined Record Structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adding/Deleting the Existing Record Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing the Field Names at later date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fields have Variable Field length </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing maximum field length (later date) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><ul><li>compulsory input option for certain fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>direct input of data from other sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>downloaded data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Batch input format </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Cataloguing <ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Titles-in-Process, Update Holdings, Call Nos., Subject Updates, Keywords, etc.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer of Data to OPAC & Circulation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classification Codes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UDC, DDC, CC etc.. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User Services & Products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CAS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SDI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bibliographies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Printing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catalog cards etc.. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Cataloguing Standards <ul><li>ISBD </li></ul><ul><li>MARC </li></ul><ul><li>Common Communication Format </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO 9702 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Z39.50 </li></ul>
  18. 18. CCF <ul><li>Conform to ISO 2709 </li></ul><ul><li>Core record consists of Mandatory Data essential to bibliographic description </li></ul><ul><li>Core Record augmented with optional data elements </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques would be devised for accommodating levels, relationships and links between bibliographic entities </li></ul>
  19. 19. CCF <ul><li>INFORMATION SYSTEM </li></ul>DATA BASE INPUT FORMAT STORAGE FORMAT RETRIEVAL FORMAT DISPLAY FORMAT RECORDS
  20. 20. Z.3950 <ul><li>OSI Model </li></ul><ul><li>Database source systems </li></ul><ul><li>Client-server communication </li></ul><ul><li>state-of-art microcomputer workstations </li></ul><ul><li>Linked System Protocol (OSI) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower Level Interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>physical, Data, Network &Transport </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper Level Layers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Session, Presentation &Application </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Z.3950 <ul><li>Integrate Text & Graphics </li></ul><ul><li>Support Multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Support complex documents </li></ul><ul><li>Multitasking operations </li></ul><ul><li>Large, fast Mass Storage devices </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic mail </li></ul><ul><li>Support Data Acquisition </li></ul><ul><li>Address Substantial amount of Memory </li></ul><ul><li>User Customize permission </li></ul><ul><li>Enough speed to permit intensive processing </li></ul>
  22. 22. Z.3950 <ul><li>Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security Validation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Searching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present Record </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accounting Facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delete Facility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Termination Facility </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Information Storage & Retrieval <ul><li>Searching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sequentially </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computer-generated Index </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Single word, Compound terms & whole (sub) fields </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Indexing of Stored Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Max. No. of Characters indexed per term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Max. no. of different indexes per file </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different Ways of Indexing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>single, compound and Whole Fields </li></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><ul><li>Choice of each file to be indexed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indexing of tagged words only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of Stopword list </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>user defined & maximum no stopwrods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indexing of New Records/batch indexing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>speed of indexing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size of indexed data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building / Removing of Indexes or Changing the type of Index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of controlled index terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Thesaurus </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><li>Retrieval of Stored Information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Searching through an Index or Sequential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-indexed through Sequential search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indexes can displayed/printed; relations through Thesaurus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of Index list on the screen as search terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Default search fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indication of a field or tag is required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boolean searching with AND, OR and NOT operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More operators with parenthesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search terms and/or previous search terms can be combined directly in Boolean searches </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><ul><li>Presence of KEEP command offers full boolean possibilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proximity searching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Searching on Truncated terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>left, right and internal masking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range searching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>From, to, greater than, lessthan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saving the search strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Output of Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Display, Printing &Writing of data </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules <ul><ul><li>User defined output formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sorting of data in varies fields (multiple) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Including field tags or names </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search terms can be highlighted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formats for direct data exchange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference lists according to Journal styles </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Circulation <ul><li>Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Returns </li></ul><ul><li>Reserves </li></ul><ul><li>Membership Records </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Registration, Category, Institute member, Define subjects for SDI </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collection Updates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Display Titles, Copy missing, Damaged, Withdrawn, Binding etc.. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inter Library Loan </li></ul>
  29. 29. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Circulation <ul><li>Enquiries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Status, Transactions Log, Charges, Missing, Withdrawn etc.. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reserves, Overdues, etc.. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reports Printing </li></ul><ul><li>System Setup </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No. of Days issues, Category wise issues, Reference,Serials issue etc.. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Pragmatics of Library Software Modules : Serials Control <ul><li>New Subscription </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New Titles, Approval procedures, Order, Subscription Details, Invoicing, Payment, Correspondence, etc.. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Renewals </li></ul><ul><li>Issues Received (Kardex) </li></ul><ul><li>Claims Monitoring </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Periodical Reminders, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Binding </li></ul><ul><li>Enquiries </li></ul><ul><li>Circulation of Back issues </li></ul>
  31. 31. Classical Retrieval systems : CDS/ISIS <ul><li>UNESCO </li></ul><ul><li>Information Storage & Retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>Menu Driven </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choosing the Existing Database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing or Adding Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Searching the Database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sorting & Printing; writing on file </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating or Updating the indexes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating or changing database definition </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Classical Retrieval systems : CDS/ISIS <ul><ul><li>reorganizing, exporting in ISO-format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>creating a back-up of a database </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utility programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programming additional modules in Pascal according to ISO-format </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Very Comprehensive & well-organized manual </li></ul><ul><li>Field Definition Table </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Field Structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subfield within field </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive Search Facility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a.ANY file for synonyms and narrower terms </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Classical Retrieval systems : CDS/ISIS <ul><li>Format Tables for output data </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved data can be exported ISO format </li></ul><ul><li>Very powerful & Versatile program </li></ul><ul><li>It is fast on relatively old & slow PC’s </li></ul><ul><li>CDS/ISIS Ver 3.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Network use & Unix Version </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Classical Retrieval systems : CDS/ISIS <ul><li>Limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User Manual is essential </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>very Comprehensive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive menu driven, confusing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FDT cannot be created automatically </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FDT cannot be duplicated (only through MS-DOS) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not easy to change existing data entry sheet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worksheet composed of several pages (screens) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quantity of information on content is more </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indexing process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>long time, lengthy process, lot of space etc.. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Classical Retrieval systems : CDS/ISIS <ul><ul><li>Format Tables are complicated to create </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No high lighting or special colors for retrieved data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restrictions on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Display of databases, Six Characters of Database name, user print formats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Screen presentations are character oriented </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Integrated Library Software : Libsys <ul><li>Generalized & Comprehensive Library Software Package </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated with Multi-user Capability </li></ul><ul><li>Menu Driven </li></ul><ul><li>Modularized Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Utilities </li></ul><ul><li>Security through Modules and Operations </li></ul><ul><li>Parametrically Defined </li></ul>
  37. 37. Integrated Library Software : Libsys LibSys Acquisition Cataloguing Circulation Serials Control OPAC
  38. 38. Integrated Library Software : Libsys <ul><li>Limitations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manuals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>On-line Help </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serials Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not incremental </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slow </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customer Support </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Conclusion <ul><li>No software package can meet all the requirements of a given library system. Inevitably, some compromises will be needed in work flows, input, output and report formats. Customization takes lot of time, by doing that other problems could arise. Therefore while evaluating the Library Software it is important to prioritize the requirements and make sure that the chosen software meets most, if not all the high priority requirements </li></ul>
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