Extroversion Introversion
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Extroversion Introversion

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Extroversion Introversion Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Introversion/Extroversion Individual differences in SLA
  • 3. Presented by
    • Syed Ali Tahir
    • Riaz Hussain
  • 4. The dimensions of a learner’s personality
    • 1.Inhibition (adaptiveness of learner’s language ego)
    • 2.self-esteem(how far learners consider themselves significant people)
    • 3.Empathy
    • 4.anxiety
    • 5.Tolerance of ambiguity( dealing with ambiguity)
    • 6.risk-taking( less hesitancy)
    • 7.Extroversion/Introversion
    • Extroversion/introversion distiction is only one aspect of learner’s personality.
  • 5. Extroversion/Introversion
    • The extroversion/Introversion distinction refers to one of several traits which together constitute an individual’s personality (Eysenck 1970)
  • 6. Hans Jurgen Eysenck
    • 1916(Germany)-1997(London
    • Authored 50 books and 900 articles
    • Editor of the journal Personality and individual differences
    • He gave dimensions of personality
  • 7. Extroversion/Introversion continuum
    • Extroversion Introversion represents a continuum.it means that individuals can be more or less extroverted
    • Rod Ellis(2004)
    • .
  • 8. Measuring Extroversion/Introversion
    • The extent to which individuals verge towards one of these types is measured by analysing responses to self-report questions such as those in the Eysenck Personality Questionaire.
  • 9. Qualities of extroverts and introverts Enumerated by researchers
  • 10. Comparison
    • Introvert
    • a person mainly thinks about his own thoughts and personal life and does not enjoy spending time with other people.
    • Extrovert
    • Someone who is active and confident , and who enjoys spending time with other people.
    • Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English(2000)
  • 11. Introverts
  • 12. Qualities of Introverts
    • Introverts are
    • Quiet
    • Prefer reading to meeting people
    • Have few but close friends
    • Ususally avoid excitement.
    • introspective; quiet; retiring; reserved;
    • (Eysenck and Chan 1982:54)
  • 13. Introverts and CALP
    • J.Cummins(1981) used this term
    • Cognitive academic language Proficiency(CALP)
    • Proficiency required to engage effectively in academic studies
    • Introvert learners do better at developing CALP.
    • (Griffiths 1991)
  • 14. The rationale behind the hypothesis
    • The rationale for this hypothesis comes from the studies which show that introverted learners typically enjoy more academic success, perhaps because they spend more time reading and writing
    • (Griffiths 1991)
  • 15. Extrovert s
  • 16.
    • Sociable
    • Like parties
    • Have many friends
    • need excitement
    • Sensation seekers
    • Risk –takers
    • Like practical jokes
    • Lively and active
    • dislike solitude
    • impulsive.
    Qualities of extroverts of extroverts
  • 17. Extroverts and BICS
    • Cummins used this term (1981)
    • Extrovert learners will do better in acquiring basic interpersonal communications skills(BICS)
    • (Griffiths 1991)
  • 18. The Rationale behind the hypothesis
    • The rationale for this hypothesis is that sociability( an essential feature of extroversion) will result in more oportunities to practice, more input, and more success in communicating L2
    • (Griffiths 1991)
  • 19. Research on Extroversion/Introversion
  • 20. A small scale study supporting the first hypothesis
  • 21. Research made by Busch
  • 22. Conclusions drawn by Rod Ellis
    • The evidence linking extroversion to the acquisition of BICS is fairly substantial
    • There is no clear support for the claim that introversion benefits the acquisition of CALP
    • The effects of extroversion/introversion may be situation-dependent,evident in some learning contexts but not in others
  • 23. Suggestions made by Rod Ellis
    • Better results may be obtained when the measures of extroversion/introversion are based on observation than when they are based on self-report questionnaires.
    • Better results may be obtained if researchers explore specific interactions between personality measures such as extroversion/introversion and learners’ under different instructional conditions.
  • 24. Rod Ellis
    • Professor in the department of Applied Linguistics Auckland.
    • His book The Study of Second Language acquisition has won (Duke of Edinburgh prize 1995)
  • 25.