On march 4 of 1961, Abraham Lincoln became in theunited states of Americas president taking that oath ofoffice.In his inaugural address as president he presented twopoints of view to the southern states :-“He promised that he would not interfere with theslavery in any of them”.- “But he warned that he would not allow them tobreak up the united states by seceding”.The confederacy did not take notice of Lincolnsaddress. Therefore on April 12 confederate gunsopened fire on Fort Sumter.This attack marked the beginning of the US Civil War.
Some people found really hard to take thedecision to decide which side to support.The decision split families.From the beginning of the war south portswere blockaded by Union warships toprevent the Confederacy cotton was selledabroad and foreign supplies wereobtained.
The north outnumbered the south formore than the double.North were twenty-two millionpeople, while South were nine millionpeople (3.5 were slaves).In spite of it the confederacy began thewar with many advantages but the biggestone was that the war happened mostly inthe south.
The war was fought in two areas: Virginia and inthe Mississippi Valley.The northerners conquered New Orleans sailingUnion ships commanded by the naval officerDavid Farragut in April of 1862.By spring of the next year, the Union armieswere closing in on Vicksburg.An on July 4 General Ulysses made Vicksburgsurrender.At the end of June 1863, Lee marched his armyinto a small town called Gettysburg inPennsylvania.
The EmancipationProclamation was issued onSeptember 22 of 1862 tomade all slaves be free fromJanuary 1, 1863, but only ifthey lived in areas thatbelonged to theConfederacy..
In November 1864 GeneralWilliam T. Sherman marched withhis army to through Georgia.On December 22 the occupied thecity of Savannah.Then Sherman marched troughthe Carolinas.
Gettysburg in Pennsylvania is remembered fortwo things:The first is the battle that was fought there.The second is the speech that Abraham Lincolnmade there a few months later.On November 19, 1863, Lincoln traveled to thebattlefield to dedicate part of it as a warcemetery.Lincoln’s speech in later years came to be seenas a moving expression of faith in the basicprinciples of democratic government.
The Gettysburg Address “Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation, so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this. But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate, we can not consecrate, we can not hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.”
References The American illustration of an American culture. Wikipedia. www.civilwar.com.