PPT - The League of Nations - IIB1


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PPT - The League of Nations - IIB1

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PPT - The League of Nations - IIB1

  2. 2. The year is 1914The world is embroiled in conflict: THE GREAT WARThe war is settled in 1918 by the ttreaty of versaillesThe american president Wilson has a specialcontribution to make: The inclusion of his “fourteenpoints” Point #14: “We shall create a group of nations that will preserve the World´s peace!”
  3. 3. The league of nations came into being in1919.It was headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.The official lenguages of the leaguewere English, French and Spanish.Its members could never settle on designsfor a logo or flag. The closest they evercame was with a semi-logo:This would set the tone for everything TheLeague would ever do.There were four permanent members: GreatBritain, France, Italy and Japan.
  4. 4. 58 other members dropped in and out during The League´s 27-yearlifespan.The United States never joined… Many of these were former colonies ofGerman and The Ottoman Empire. They were into The League´s care by a series of mandates The League had a number of goals: To preven future conflicts that would be as devasting as the great war, to desarm the world, to enforce the conditions of the treaty of Versailles and to better humanity such as the improvement of health, safety and the abolishment of slavery
  5. 5. The league was comprised of three major organs:# 1. The secretariat:This organ was responsable for all The league´s administrative work.It was responsible for paperwork, and for other elements that kept The Leagueorganized.# 2. The League Council: This was a special group of nations that met several times peryear (usually five). Although its membership was in constant flux, England, France, Italyand Japan remained constant. The duty of The League Council was to direct the actionsof the assembly.# 3. The Assembly: This was where the all of The League´s decisions were made. Thesedecisions had to be unanimousThe League of Nations also hosted several smaller agencies: The International LabourOrganization, The Commision for Refugees, The Permanet Court of Justice and ThePermanent Central Opium Board were some of these. The League´s power to solve conflicts was limited at best: 1. It would call the nations together to discuss the problem peacefully. 2. If the offender refused the decision, The League would pose economic sanctions. 3. Failing all else, The League would introduce military enforcement
  6. 6. But why does The League of Nations Not exist today?The League was designed to prevent countries like Germany from inciting conflict. However, The Leaguewas all bark and No bite.The League of Nations had no real power. All it could do was talk. Without a military, it couldn´t enforce itsown sanctions. Britain and France did not have enough power to maintain peace by themselves.America´s refusal to join substantially weakened The League.The League was an inefficient and disorganized entity. All decisions had to be unanimous, there by makingit difficult to get things done.The 1930s brought an economic meltdown to the world.The countries involved in The League became more concerned with their own welfare than that of othernations.Repeated failures to do anything of note undermined the world´s faith in it.The nations involved in The League rarely got along.The League marginalized countries such as Russia and Germany by excluding them.Countries who were left out would be less inclined to adhere to The League´s demands.All in all, The League of Nations never really met any of its goals. One of its most important aims was theprevention of another war. It failed…
  7. 7. END…