FAST II: Unit 2 Review


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FAST II: Unit 2 Review

  1. 1. Articles of Confederation<br />Popular Sovereignty<br />Consent of the Governed<br />Separation of Powers<br />Judicial Review<br />Constitution<br />Equal Protection<br />Amendment<br />Limited Government<br />Override.<br />The first Constitution in the U.S.<br />Rule by the People<br />People agree to have Gov’t<br />Creates the three branches<br />The document that currently protects our rights<br />The Supreme Court’s power over all gov’t<br />All people receive fair treatment by law<br />A change to the Bill of Rights<br />The reversal of a veto<br />Gov’t has power, but can’t do whatever it wants.<br />Warm-Up<br />
  2. 2. Students will review material from Unit 2 in order to identify key vocabulary and major concepts. <br />Agenda<br />
  3. 3. Objective and Warm-Up<br />INM: Unit 2 Material<br />GP: Game<br />IP: Review Packet Work Time<br />Exit Slip: None today<br />Agenda<br />
  4. 4. Unit II introduced the foundations of U.S. government.<br />There were 9 lessons in the Unit. <br />Political Theory<br />Declaration of Independence<br />Weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation<br />Principles of the Constitution<br />Constitutional Powers<br />Checks and Balances<br />Bill of Rights<br />Other Amendments<br />Unit 2: Foundations of U.S. Gov’t<br />
  5. 5. The basic principles of American government stem from the theories of John Locke and early documents such as the Magna Carta.<br />Political Theory<br />Magna Carta<br />John Locke<br />
  6. 6. Declaration of Independence<br />Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence in order to announce our separation from British rule.<br />Based on liberty and consent of the governed—the idea that government gets power from the people.<br />Stated that all men are created equal and deserve basic, or natural rights.<br />
  7. 7. The Articles of Confederation was the first Constitution of the United States<br />It is best known for its weaknesses.<br />The National Government could not:<br />Collect taxes (no money for public services)<br />Couldn’t raise an army (no national defense)<br />Couldn’t regulate trade<br />Articles of Confederation<br />
  8. 8. Principles of the Constitution<br />The Constitution was created to solve the problems of the Articles of Confederation, while continuing to protect individual rights.<br />It limited the power of government, while also giving more to the national level.<br />It introduced several major principles:<br />Federalism<br />Separation of powers<br />Checks and balances<br />Judicial Review<br />Rule of Law<br />
  9. 9. There are five types of Constitutional Powers:<br />Delegated Powers – held by National Gov’t<br />Reserved Powers – held by the States<br />Concurrent Powers – held by both<br />Denied Powers – held by neither<br />Implied Powers – they aren’t written down, but we know the gov’t has these powers (an example is the elastic clause)<br />Constitutional Powers<br />
  10. 10. Constitutional Powers<br />National<br />Government<br />State<br />Government<br />Delegated Powers<br />International Warfare<br />Peace Treaties<br />International Trade<br />National Highways<br />Post Office Issues<br />Reserved Powers<br />Public Transportation<br />Schools<br />Elections<br />Streets<br />
  11. 11. Checks and Balances limit the power of all three branches of government.<br />The executive branch can veto laws created by the legislative branch.<br />The legislative branch can override vetoes.<br />The judicial branch can use judicial review to declare actions and laws illegal.<br />The legislative branch can also impeach a president or judge.<br />Checks and Balances<br />
  12. 12. The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution.<br />Designed to limit the power of government and protect individual rights.<br />1st Amendment: Free speech and freedom of religion<br />5th Amendment: Due process, Protection from Double Jeopardy and Self-incrimination, as well as compensation for cases of Eminent Domain.<br />Bill of Rights<br />
  13. 13. After the Bill of Rights other amendments were added to protect people from state gov’t:<br />13th Amendment: Abolished slavery<br />14th Amendment: Provides Equal Protection<br />15th Amendment: Allows men of color to vote<br />19th Amendment: Gives women the right to vote<br />Other Amendments<br />
  14. 14. Bust out the clickers.<br />It’s time to see what you know.<br />
  15. 15. Check for Understanding <br />28. The U.S. Constitution corrected a weakness of the Articles of Confederation by<br />A. establishing a national legislature <br />B. allowing state governments to have power <br />C. requiring that amendments be approved by the states<br />D. giving the national government the power to collect taxes<br />
  16. 16. Check for Understanding <br />31. Which of these is an example of separation of powers?<br />Representatives rewrite a bill in committee meetings. <br />Representatives hold hearings to hear public opinion.<br />The President enforces a law passed by Congress.<br />The President fires a cabinet member who is performing poorly.<br />
  17. 17. Check for Understanding <br />34. Read the excerpt below.<br />“In [creating] a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: You must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place, [make it ]control itself.” --- The Federalist No. 51<br />Which of these principles is best reflected in the excerpt?<br />A. majority rule <br />B. popular sovereignty <br />C. limited government <br />D. representative democracy<br />
  18. 18. Check for Understanding <br />38. According to the U.S. Constitution, which of these actions is a power of the states?<br />A. coining money <br />B. establishing post offices <br />C. conducting elections <br />D. raising an army<br />
  19. 19. Check for Understanding <br />39. According to the U.S. Constitution, which of these actions is NOT a concurrent power?<br />A. levying taxes <br />B. spending on public services <br />C. creating laws <br />D. regulate international trade<br />
  20. 20. Have your notes ready, as we get ready to play a game of…<br />Guided Practice<br />JEOPARDY!!!<br />
  21. 21. This game will not run like a traditional game of Jeopardy.<br />You will be organized into teams, and each group will get a turn in order.<br />The difference is that if a team gets an answer wrong, the FIRST team to get their answer in will win.<br />Guided Practice<br />
  22. 22. Use the remaining time in class to complete your Unit 1 and 2, or Unit 3 Review Packet.<br />If you have any questions, please be sure to ask—your success is the most important thing in this classroom.<br />Independent Practice<br />
  23. 23. HOMEWORK<br />You must complete the Unit 3 Review Packet by next Thursday.<br />You must complete the Unit 1 and 2 Review Packets by Friday.<br />B DAY<br />You must complete the Unit 3 Review Packet by next Friday.<br />You must complete the Unit 1 and 2 Review Packets by Monday.<br />A DAY<br />
  24. 24. Write a BCR on the following prompt:<br />What would be the best government system and why?<br />Choose a government power system, such as unitary, confederate, or federal.<br />Choose an economic system, such as mixed, market, command or traditional.<br />Choose a type of government, such as democracy or authoritarian.<br />Exit Slip<br />