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U2.LP6: Checks and Balances

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U2.LP6: Checks and Balances U2.LP6: Checks and Balances Presentation Transcript

  • Warm-Up Match the following words with the correct definition. _____ 1. Traditional Economy A. a system where only buyers and sellers make decisions. _____ 2. Market Economy B. a form of government where people rule by voting on laws. _____ 3. Mixed Economy C. a form of government where people elect officials. _____ 4. Command Economy D. a type of system where old customs and ways dictate _____ 5. Unitary decisions. _____ 6. Confederate E. a form of government where people vote for an executive _____ 7.Direct Democracy and legislative officials. _____ 8. Representative Democracy F. U.S. system of economics _____ 9. Presidential Democracy G.When government makes all business decisions in a _____ 10. Parliamentary Democracy country. H. a type of government where the executive is elected by the legislative branch. I. A government with one strong central government. J. The type of government that the U.S. had before the Constitution
  • Objective • SW evaluate the system of Constitutional Checks and Balances in order to utilize them in mock government situations
  • Agenda • Objective and Warm-Up • INM: Checks and Balances • GP: How Checks and Balances Work • IP: Mock Government • Exit Slip
  • Agenda • Objective and Warm-Up • INM: Checks and Balances • GP: How Checks and Balances Work • IP: Mock Government • Exit Slip
  • Checks and Balances in the Constitution
  • Checks and Balances in the Constitution • There are three branches of government:
  • Checks and Balances in the Constitution • There are three branches of government: • Legislative, Executive and Judicial
  • Checks and Balances in the Constitution • There are three branches of government: • Legislative, Executive and Judicial • The legislative branch makes the laws. The executive branch enforces the laws, and the judicial branch interprets the laws.
  • Checks and Balances in the Constitution • There are three branches of government: • Legislative, Executive and Judicial • The legislative branch makes the laws. The executive branch enforces the laws, and the judicial branch interprets the laws. • To ensure that no one branch has too much power, all branches are able to check one another in order to make sure power is balanced.
  • Legislative checks Executive
  • Legislative checks Executive • Congress can overturn a Presidential veto with a 2/3 vote of both houses
  • Legislative checks Executive • Congress can overturn a Presidential veto with a 2/3 vote of both houses • Senate can reject proposed treaties (2/3 vote to approve)
  • Legislative checks Executive • Congress can overturn a Presidential veto with a 2/3 vote of both houses • Senate can reject proposed treaties (2/3 vote to approve) • Senate can reject presidential nominations of federal officials or judges
  • Legislative checks Executive • Congress can overturn a Presidential veto with a 2/3 vote of both houses • Senate can reject proposed treaties (2/3 vote to approve) • Senate can reject presidential nominations of federal officials or judges • Congress can impeach and remove the President (House serves as prosecution, Senate serves as jury)
  • Legislative checks Judicial
  • Legislative checks Judicial • Congress can create lower courts
  • Legislative checks Judicial • Congress can create lower courts • Senate can reject nominees to the federal courts/Supreme Court
  • Legislative checks Judicial • Congress can create lower courts • Senate can reject nominees to the federal courts/Supreme Court • Congress can amend the Constitution to overturn decisions of the Supreme Court
  • Legislative checks Judicial • Congress can create lower courts • Senate can reject nominees to the federal courts/Supreme Court • Congress can amend the Constitution to overturn decisions of the Supreme Court • Congress can impeach judges and remove from the bench
  • Executive checks Legislative
  • Executive checks Legislative • President has the power to veto laws passed by the Congress
  • Executive checks Legislative • President has the power to veto laws passed by the Congress • Proposes laws to Congress
  • Executive checks Legislative • President has the power to veto laws passed by the Congress • Proposes laws to Congress • Submits the Federal Budget to the House of Representatives
  • Executive checks Legislative • President has the power to veto laws passed by the Congress • Proposes laws to Congress • Submits the Federal Budget to the House of Representatives • Appoints federal officials, who carry out and enforce laws
  • Executive checks Judicial
  • Executive checks Judicial • Nominates judges to the Supreme Court
  • Executive checks Judicial • Nominates judges to the Supreme Court • President has the power to pardon individuals convicted of crimes
  • Executive checks Judicial • Nominates judges to the Supreme Court • President has the power to pardon individuals convicted of crimes • President can grant amnesty, forgiving a class of crime
  • Judicial checks Executive and Legislative
  • Judicial checks Executive and Legislative • Supreme Court can use the power of judicial review to rule laws and actions of the President unconstitutional
  • Judicial checks Executive and Legislative • Supreme Court can use the power of judicial review to rule laws and actions of the President unconstitutional • Supreme Court Justices serve for the remainder of their lives after appointed
  • Why are Checks and Balances important?
  • Why are Checks and Balances important? • They have to check and balance one another in order to ensure that government works properly for the people.
  • Why are Checks and Balances important? • They have to check and balance one another in order to ensure that government works properly for the people. • It ensures equity in the law and preserves individual rights by limiting the powers of government.
  • Legislative Executive Judicial Laws Appointments Budgets Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws Appointments Budgets Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can approve or veto laws Appointments Budgets Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or vetos veto laws Appointments Budgets Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or can declare laws vetos veto laws unconstitutional Appointments Budgets Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or can declare laws vetos veto laws unconstitutional nominates judges Appointments and executive secretaries Budgets Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or can declare laws vetos veto laws unconstitutional can reject nominates judges Appointments executive and executive appointments secretaries Budgets Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or can declare laws vetos veto laws unconstitutional can declare can reject nominates judges actions of the Appointments executive and executive presidents appointments secretaries unconstitutional Budgets Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or can declare laws vetos veto laws unconstitutional can declare can reject nominates judges actions of the Appointments executive and executive presidents appointments secretaries unconstitutional can declare actions of the president Budgets and congress unconstitutional Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or can declare laws vetos veto laws unconstitutional can declare can reject nominates judges actions of the Appointments executive and executive presidents appointments secretaries unconstitutional creates a 1st draft can declare actions of the budget of the president Budgets and congress unconstitutional Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or can declare laws vetos veto laws unconstitutional can declare can reject nominates judges actions of the Appointments executive and executive presidents appointments secretaries unconstitutional creates a 1st draft can declare actions of the budget of the president Budgets approves or vetoes and congress final budget unconstitutional Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or can declare laws vetos veto laws unconstitutional can declare can reject nominates judges actions of the Appointments executive and executive presidents appointments secretaries unconstitutional creates a 1st draft can declare actions can pass or deny of the budget of the president Budgets the budget approves or vetoes and congress final budget unconstitutional Amendments to the Constitution
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or can declare laws vetos veto laws unconstitutional can declare can reject nominates judges actions of the Appointments executive and executive presidents appointments secretaries unconstitutional creates a 1st draft can declare actions can pass or deny of the budget of the president Budgets the budget approves or vetoes and congress final budget unconstitutional Amendments to Declares an action the of government Constitution unconstitutional
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or can declare laws vetos veto laws unconstitutional can declare can reject nominates judges actions of the Appointments executive and executive presidents appointments secretaries unconstitutional creates a 1st draft can declare actions can pass or deny of the budget of the president Budgets the budget approves or vetoes and congress final budget unconstitutional Amendments to Can amend Declares an action the (change) the of government Constitution Constitution unconstitutional
  • Legislative Executive Judicial creates laws Laws can override can approve or can declare laws vetos veto laws unconstitutional can declare can reject nominates judges actions of the Appointments executive and executive presidents appointments secretaries unconstitutional creates a 1st draft can declare actions can pass or deny of the budget of the president Budgets the budget approves or vetoes and congress final budget unconstitutional Can grant amnesty, Amendments to Can amend or forgiveness for Declares an action the (change) the certain types of of government Constitution Constitution unconstitutional crimes
  • Checks and Balances is the fact that... A. each branch has 3 separate powers. B. each branch of government limits the power of others. C. each level of government has separate powers.
  • The Legislative can check the Executive Branch by A. vetoing bills. B. overriding vetoes by two/thirds majority C. declaring a law unconstitutional
  • The Judicial Branch can check other branches EXCEPT in the following way A. Justices having life term appointments B. Not approving a Presidential nominee C. declaring a law unconstitutional
  • Which principle is NOT demonstrated when the Supreme Court declares a law unconstitutional, A. Judicial Review B. Checks and Balances C. Popular Sovereignty
  • GP: Instructions
  • GP: Instructions • You will work with the class;
  • GP: Instructions • You will work with the class; • You must listen carefully for your instructions;
  • GP: Instructions • You will work with the class; • You must listen carefully for your instructions; • You will read/hear a mock action of government;
  • GP: Instructions • You will work with the class; • You must listen carefully for your instructions; • You will read/hear a mock action of government; • You must evaluate the situation and take an action using your knowledge of checks and balances;
  • IP: Complete the rest
  • IP: Complete the rest • You will work with your assigned group;
  • IP: Complete the rest • You will work with your assigned group; • You must listen carefully for your instructions;
  • IP: Complete the rest • You will work with your assigned group; • You must listen carefully for your instructions; • You will read/hear a mock action of government;
  • IP: Complete the rest • You will work with your assigned group; • You must listen carefully for your instructions; • You will read/hear a mock action of government; • You must evaluate the situation and take an action using your knowledge of checks and balances;
  • IP: Complete the rest • You will work with your assigned group; • You must listen carefully for your instructions; • You will read/hear a mock action of government; • You must evaluate the situation and take an action using your knowledge of checks and balances; • The group that completes the action first will receive a government handout: CANDY!!!!!!!!!
  • Exit Slip: 1. You will have 5 minutes to complete today’s exit slip. 2. Please only write the letter of your answer in the appropriate blank. 3. Complete it in silence. 4. When you are done, carefully check over your answers. 5. After checking your answers, please begin your homework.
  • 3, 2, 1, See Ya! What are 3 things that you learned today? What are 2 things that confused you? What is 1 thing you want to know more about?