AoC to Constitution


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AoC to Constitution

  1. 1. Objective <ul><li>SW evaluate the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation in order to describe how Principles of Democracy were utilized in addressing them. </li></ul>Warm-Up <ul><li>Consent of the governed can best be described as... </li></ul><ul><li>when government derives its powers from the people </li></ul><ul><li>when people formally agree to be governed </li></ul><ul><li>when laws are enforced by the governed </li></ul><ul><li>when governments powers are limited </li></ul>
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Objective and Warm-Up </li></ul><ul><li>INM: Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>Frayer Models: Principles of Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>GP: How to analyze Problem / Solution </li></ul><ul><li>IP: Describing the role of the Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Exit Slip </li></ul>
  3. 3. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Creates the first form of U.S. Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>unicameral legislature (one law-making body) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>one vote and representative per state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2/3 majority required to make laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>unanimous vote required to change the document </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. AoC Weaknesses <ul><li>No executive (president) for national level </li></ul><ul><li>No national court system </li></ul><ul><li>National Government could not </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>collect taxes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>raise an army </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>regulate trade </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. New Philosophies <ul><li>Because of the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation, new philosophies developed </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>popular sovereignty </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>separation of powers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>checks and balances </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>judicial review </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>federalism </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>DO NOT WRITE THIS!!!
  6. 6. rule by the people popular sovereignty direct democracy authoritarian governments DEFINITION DRAWING or DESCRIPTION EXAMPLE NON-EXAMPLE
  7. 7. when legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government have different powers Congress makes laws. President enforces laws. Courts interpret laws. The Congress makes, enforces, and interprets all laws. separation of powers DEFINITION DRAWING or DESCRIPTION EXAMPLE NON-EXAMPLE
  8. 8. a system where each branch of government can limit powers of other branches President enforcing laws however he wants. checks and balances President vetoes law made by Congress. Courts declare a law made by Congress illegal. DEFINITION DRAWING or DESCRIPTION EXAMPLE NON-EXAMPLE
  9. 9. the power of the Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments illegal judicial review Court declares ban on marijuana use illegal National government makes and interprets all laws DEFINITION DRAWING or DESCRIPTION EXAMPLE NON-EXAMPLE
  10. 10. a system where power is shared amongst the national and state governments federalism Free and independent states without a national government. States working with national government to make a better country. DEFINITION DRAWING or DESCRIPTION EXAMPLE NON-EXAMPLE
  11. 11. GP: The Constitution <ul><li>The U.S. Government changed quickly as a result of the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the principles we just discussed, there is a call for change. </li></ul><ul><li>The Constitution is presented and solves many of the issues. </li></ul>
  12. 12. GP: The Constitution <ul><li>Go on to the Guided Practice portion of our notes </li></ul><ul><li>We are going to fill out a Problem/Solution chart together. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>We will move from the Problem created by the Articles of Confederation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Then work on the Solution provided by the Constitution. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Be sure to reference your notes on the Principles!!! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Evaluate the problems that the weakness of the Articles of Confederation created. Explain the impacts of the problem. Name the PRINCIPLE that you would use to solve the problem. Explain how the principle solves the problem. Problem #1: No executive (president) for national level Who had all of the decision making power under this arrangement? Why could this be a problem? Why would it be unfair for people if one branch of government creates, enforces, and interprets laws? Solution: The Constitution creates multiple branches of government Which principles were used to arrive at this solution? Principle #1: __________________________ Principle #2: __________________________ How do you know this is the principle used to arrive at the solution? Why is it important to ensure that there is a president?
  14. 14. Independent Practice <ul><li>You will work with a person sitting next to you; </li></ul><ul><li>You must listen carefully for your instructions; </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You are going to work on answering the questions located in your graphic organizer. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you don’t have enough space to write, then use a blank sheet of paper. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You have 20 minutes to complete the activity. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you need help, I will work on problem #3 on the board. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Problem #3: National government cannot collect taxes Who collects taxes under this arrangement? Why is it a problem that only they can collect taxes? What do taxes pay for that states need in order to work together under a national government? Solution: The Constitution permits the National Government to collect taxes Which principle was used to arrive at this solution? Principle: ______________________________ How do you know this is the principle used to arrive at the solution? Why is it important for the national government to be able to collect taxes?
  16. 16. Homework: Finish the final two Problem/Solution models from the classwork.
  17. 17. Exit Slip: <ul><li>You will have 5 minutes to complete today’s exit slip. </li></ul><ul><li>Please only write the letter of your answer in the appropriate blank. </li></ul><ul><li>Complete it in silence. </li></ul><ul><li>When you are done, carefully check over your answers. </li></ul><ul><li>After checking your answers, please begin your homework. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 3, 2, 1, See Ya! <ul><li>What are 3 things that you learned today? </li></ul><ul><li>What are 2 things that confused you? </li></ul><ul><li>What is 1 thing you want to know more about? </li></ul>