Theory of knowledge (tok)


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Theory of knowledge (tok)

  1. 1. Theory of Knowledge (TOK) “ A transcendent interdisciplinary course that fosters internationalism and develops a coherent approach to learning”
  2. 2. Nature of the subject <ul><li>Critical thinking about knowledge itself </li></ul><ul><li>To help young people make sense of what they encounter </li></ul><ul><li>Through questions students learn to discover and reflect on knowledge in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Student centered course-student as “knower” </li></ul>
  3. 3. “ Nobody untrained in Geometry may enter my house”… Plato
  4. 4. Aims <ul><li>To develop fascination with the richness of knowledge as a human endeavor </li></ul><ul><li>Empower students by teaching them how to reflect </li></ul><ul><li>Understand how knowledge is constructed, critically examined, evaluated and renewed by communities and individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage students to reflect on their experiences as learners in life and school </li></ul>
  5. 5. Making connections between academic disciplines, thoughts, feelings and actions….
  6. 6. Encourage an interest in the diversity of Ways of thinking and ways of living of Individuals and communities …
  7. 7. “ Awareness of personal and ideological assumptions….”
  8. 8. Encourage consideration of the responsibilities originating from the relationship between knowledge the community and the individual as a citizen of the World….
  9. 9. Objectives of TOK <ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning </li></ul><ul><li>Explaining </li></ul><ul><li>Conjecture </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Demonstrate an understanding of different Perspectives on knowledge issues…
  11. 11. <ul><li>Draw links and make comparisons between different approaches to </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge issues derived from: </li></ul><ul><li>Areas of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Ways of knowing </li></ul><ul><li>Theoretical positions </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural values </li></ul>
  12. 12. Demonstrate the ability to give a personal self-aware response to a knowledge issue…
  13. 13. Formulate and communicate ideas clearly with due regard for accuracy and academic honesty…..
  14. 14. TOK Course Requirements
  15. 15. re Length of course- 100 hours
  16. 16. Summary <ul><li>The Subject of TOK is the nature of knowledge and experience, and its impact on the life of the individual, groups and society </li></ul><ul><li>The Content of TOK is a series of questions about areas of knowledge, ways of knowing, knowers and knowing, ranging from scientific to aesthetic, from ethical to common sense </li></ul>
  17. 17. Summary Continued <ul><li>The Process of TOK is critical reflection or “deep thinking” about knowledge issues, public discussions, group dialogue, and articulating views in written text. </li></ul><ul><li>The Goal of TOK is to understand what it means to know or believe something, and what responsible action flows from such knowledge/belief that is learned wisdom </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Commitment of TOK is to understand via Dialogue , to become insightful by appreciating Alternative perspectives, and to help “knowers” become increasingly perceptive and compassionate.
  19. 19. Assessment <ul><li>Part I- External , one essay (1200-1600 words) chosen from a list of 10 questions judged using the following criteria. </li></ul><ul><li>-Understanding knowledge issues </li></ul><ul><li>-Knowers Perspective </li></ul><ul><li>-Quality of analysis of knowledge issues </li></ul><ul><li>-Organization of Ideas (40 points) </li></ul>Up to 3 bonus points may be awarded towards the IB Diploma According to the overall performance of students on TOK and Extended Essay assessment. This is done using an IB rubric.
  20. 20. Internal Assessment <ul><li>Presentation- Approximately 10 minutes per student up to 30 minutes for groups (Maximum size 5)This involves at least one presentation to the class and one written document in two parts: a) concise planning document stating the knowledge issue and approach, and b) a presentation marking form-given to students. (20 Points 5% of Presentations must be videotaped) </li></ul>
  21. 21. TOK Overview <ul><li>Knowledge issues, knowers and knowing, discussion on the nature and complexities of knowing: </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge issues </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of knowing </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge communities </li></ul><ul><li>Knowers and sources of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Justification of knowledge claims </li></ul><ul><li>Linking questions </li></ul>
  22. 22. Ways of Knowing <ul><li>Sense perception-nature of perception </li></ul><ul><li>Language-nature of language/culture </li></ul><ul><li>Reason-nature of reason and knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Emotion-nature of emotion and knowledge </li></ul>
  23. 23. Areas of Knowledge Nature of ethics, ethics: methods of gaining knowledge and knowledge claims, ethics and knowledge perspectives, ethics and politics, ethics and areas of knowledge Nature of the arts, methods, arts and knowledge claims, arts and values, arts and knowledge perspectives Nature of History, methods of gaining knowledge, history and knowledge claims, history and values Nature of human sciences, methods of gaining knowledge, knowledge claims, human sciences and values… Nature of the sciences, methods of gaining knowledge, knowledge claims, science and values, science and technology, metaphor and reality… Nature of mathematics, mathematics and the world, mathematics and knowledge claims, mathematics and the knower Ethics The Arts History Human Science Natural Science Maths
  24. 24. Linking Questions <ul><li>Beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Certainty </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Explanation </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Intuition </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Truth </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul>
  25. 25. Incorporating TOK into lesson(s) <ul><li>Create a lesson plan that incorporates TOK approach into your IB Diploma course. </li></ul><ul><li>Place it in the TOK folder in the IB Diploma section of the Kabiraserver. </li></ul><ul><li>Teach the lesson sometime during the course next year. </li></ul><ul><li>Include a short note based on the result of your experience teaching the lesson. </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations or essays are recommended as these are assessments used for TOK </li></ul>
  26. 26. IB Learner Profile <ul><li>Inquirers </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledgeable </li></ul><ul><li>Thinkers </li></ul><ul><li>Communicators </li></ul><ul><li>Principled </li></ul><ul><li>Open-minded </li></ul><ul><li>Caring </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Takers </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective </li></ul>
  27. 27. INQUIRERS
  28. 28. Communicators
  30. 30. THINKERS
  31. 31. Principled…..
  32. 32. Open-minded
  33. 33. CARING
  34. 34. RISK TAKERS
  35. 35. Balanced
  36. 36. Reflective
  37. 37. For more info on TOK see “Larry the Lion” THE END………